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Full-Text Articles in Technology and Innovation

Teaching Trade Secret Management With Threshold Concepts, Haakon Thue Lie, Leif Martin Hokstad, Donal O'Connell Jan 2021

Teaching Trade Secret Management With Threshold Concepts, Haakon Thue Lie, Leif Martin Hokstad, Donal O'Connell

Secrecy and Society

Trade secret management (TSM is an emerging field of research. Teaching trade secret management requires the inclusion of several challenging topics, such as how firms use secrets in open innovation and collaboration. The threshold concepts framework is an educational lens well suited for teaching subjects such as TSM that are transformative and troublesome. We identify four such areas in trade secret management and discuss how threshold concepts can be a useful framework for teaching. We then present an outline of a curriculum suited for master’s programs and training of intellectual property (IP) managers. Our main contribution is to fields ...


Bert For Question Answering On Bioasq, Eric R. Fu, Rikel Djoko, Maysam Mansor, Robert Slater Jan 2021

Bert For Question Answering On Bioasq, Eric R. Fu, Rikel Djoko, Maysam Mansor, Robert Slater

SMU Data Science Review

Machine reading comprehension and question answering are topics of considerable focus in the field of Natural Language Processing (NLP). In recent years, language models like Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) [3] have been very successful in language related tasks like question answering. The difficulty of the question answering task lies in developing accurate representations of language and being able to produce answers for questions. In this study, the focus is to investigate how to train and fine tune a BERT model to improve its performance on BioASQ, a challenge on large scale biomedical question answering. Our most accurate BERT ...


Gophish: Implementing A Real-World Phishing Exercise To Teach Social Engineering, Andy Luse, Jim Burkman Jan 2021

Gophish: Implementing A Real-World Phishing Exercise To Teach Social Engineering, Andy Luse, Jim Burkman

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Social engineering is a large problem in our modern technological world, but while conceptually understood, it is harder to teach compared to traditional pen testing techniques. This research details a class project where students implemented a phishing exercise against real-world targets. Through cooperation with an external corporate partner, students learned the legal, technical, behavioral, analysis, and reporting aspects of social engineering. The outcome provided both usable data for a real-world corporation as well as valuable educational experience for the students.


Applying High Impact Practices In An Interdisciplinary Cybersecurity Program, Brian K. Payne, Lisa Mayes, Tisha Paredes, Elizabeth Smith, Hongyi Wu, Chunsheng Xin Jan 2021

Applying High Impact Practices In An Interdisciplinary Cybersecurity Program, Brian K. Payne, Lisa Mayes, Tisha Paredes, Elizabeth Smith, Hongyi Wu, Chunsheng Xin

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The Center for Cybersecurity Education and Research at Old Dominion University has expanded its use of high impact practices in the university’s undergraduate cybersecurity degree program. Strategies developed to promote student learning included learning communities, undergraduate research, a robust internship program, service learning, and electronic portfolios. This paper reviews the literature on these practices, highlights the way that they were implemented in our cybersecurity program, and discusses some of the challenges encountered with each practice. Although the prior literature on high impact practices rarely touches on cybersecurity coursework, the robust evidence of the success of those practices provides a ...


An Assessment Of Internet Use And Cyber-Risk Prevalence Among Students In Selected Nigerian Secondary Schools, Adeola O. Opesade Dr, Abiodun O. Adetona Mr Jan 2021

An Assessment Of Internet Use And Cyber-Risk Prevalence Among Students In Selected Nigerian Secondary Schools, Adeola O. Opesade Dr, Abiodun O. Adetona Mr

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

The use of the Internet has become highly pervasive among adolescents. While these people derive numerous benefits from their use of this technology, they are also faced with a challenge of being exposed to many cyber risks. Nigeria is a developing country with a teeming population of adolescents who are regular users of the Internet, but with inadequate research on adolescent Internet safety. There is therefore, a need to conduct studies on child online risks in Nigeria, to help evaluate the enormity of child online abuses. The present study investigated Internet use and cyber-risk prevalence among four hundred secondary school ...


Can The Timeframe Of Reported Uas Sightings Help Regulators?, Spencer Erik Pitcher, Kelly A. Whealan-George Jan 2021

Can The Timeframe Of Reported Uas Sightings Help Regulators?, Spencer Erik Pitcher, Kelly A. Whealan-George

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Remotely controlled small aircraft, otherwise known as Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) or drones have started to impact the United States National Airspace System by interfering with the safe flight of aircraft. As the UAS industry continues its expected growth into the future, lawmakers, as well as regulators at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the aviation community must be able to predict when there will be more UAS craft in the air that could cause an interruption to air traffic so that more resources can be allocated optimally to counter the threat of UAS craft. The purpose of this study ...


Technology In Finance, Bryan Herlihy Jan 2021

Technology In Finance, Bryan Herlihy

Research and Innovation Village

As a technology continues to improve rapidly, every company in all sectors must learn how to adapt or otherwise face the consequences of going bankrupt. One industry in particular that is continuously innovating is finance. In finance, technology had developed into artificial intelligence.


Crowdfunding Digital Platforms: Backer Networks And Their Impact On Project Outcomes, Yee Heng Tan, Srinivas K. Reddy Jan 2021

Crowdfunding Digital Platforms: Backer Networks And Their Impact On Project Outcomes, Yee Heng Tan, Srinivas K. Reddy

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Crowdfunding platforms serve to connect project creators and backers. Previous research has explored several project and platform determinants that impact crowdfunding outcomes. However, there has been limited research on these determinants at an individual level. Our paper addresses how backers may influence the outcomes of projects in crowdfunding platforms. We explore several methods commonly used in the industry to identify influence and show that centrality measures through a backer affiliation network best exemplifies influence. Using data from Kickstarter, we construct a weighted backer network based on 52,678 common projects backed by 11,134 backers. Controlling for digital media mentions ...


Perceive It Or Not: Information Quality And The Investors’ Response To Earning Surprises Of Technologically Advanced Companies, Aliza Rotenstein, David Gelb, Abraham Fried, Shoshana Altschuller Jan 2021

Perceive It Or Not: Information Quality And The Investors’ Response To Earning Surprises Of Technologically Advanced Companies, Aliza Rotenstein, David Gelb, Abraham Fried, Shoshana Altschuller

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

One of the primary measures of information systems (IS) success that has been the subject of much investigation in a variety of contexts is information quality (DeLone & McLean, 1992; 2003). This paper hones in on the impact of perceived information quality in the context of the financial markets, where quality of accounting information is particularly important, as it informs investment decisions and impacts stock prices. In particular, seminal accounting research has consistently found that earnings announcements possess informational value (information content) based upon which the market reacts (Beaver, 1968). Market reaction to surprises in earnings announcements has long been used to understand ...


The Future Of Api (Application Programming Interface) Security: The Adoption Of Apis For Digital Communications And The Implications For Cyber Security Vulnerabilities, Alison Munsch Phd, Peter Munsch Mba Jan 2021

The Future Of Api (Application Programming Interface) Security: The Adoption Of Apis For Digital Communications And The Implications For Cyber Security Vulnerabilities, Alison Munsch Phd, Peter Munsch Mba

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Businesses and consumers need to have a robust Application Programming Interface (API) management and security program in place to ensure they are using the most updated policies to certify that these transactions are adequately secure. Technology vendors do provide API Management tools for Customers, and there are established API security standards for securing API transactions. Given the effort to keep APIs open and easy to implement for Business to Business (B2B) and Business to Consumer (B2C) communications, security standards must be part of API management.

This research gathered data to investigate why APIs are vulnerable. The research explored the different ...


Informal Institutions And Comparative Advantage Of South-Based Mnes: Theory And Evidence, Pao-Li Chang, Yuting Chen Jan 2021

Informal Institutions And Comparative Advantage Of South-Based Mnes: Theory And Evidence, Pao-Li Chang, Yuting Chen

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper builds a theory based on “informal institutions” to characterize the comparative advantage of South-based MNEs. MNEs headquartered in countries with poorer state institutions are shown to endogenously invest more in firm-specific institutional capital to compensate for the lack of state institutions, and as an optimal response, undertake FDI in countries with weaker institutions. We conduct an extensive test of the theory using worldwide firm-level greenfield FDI flows during 2009–2016, employing (among others) variations in the interaction of prevalence of informal institutions at home and state institutional qualities of host countries, as well as heterogeneity across sectors and ...


Public Health Insurance And Pharmaceutical Innovation: Evidence From China, Xuan Zhang, Huihua Nie Jan 2021

Public Health Insurance And Pharmaceutical Innovation: Evidence From China, Xuan Zhang, Huihua Nie

Research Collection School Of Economics

Developing countries are characterized by low levels of pharmaceutical innovation. A likely reason is their small market size, which is not because of the population size but because of low levels of income and lack of health insurance coverage. This study exploits a natural experiment from the implementation of a public health insurance program for rural residents in China (New Cooperative Medical Scheme [NCMS]) to examine whether the pharmaceutical industry increases innovation regarding diseases covered by the NCMS that are prevalent in rural areas. We examine the 1993–2009 patent data to gauge pharmaceutical innovation in China. Diseases with a ...


The Design, Development And Validation Of A Persuasive Content Generator, Sam Khataei, Michael J. Hine, Ali Arya Jan 2021

The Design, Development And Validation Of A Persuasive Content Generator, Sam Khataei, Michael J. Hine, Ali Arya

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This paper addresses the automatic generation of persuasive content to influence users’ attitude and behaviour. Our research extends current approaches by leveraging individuals’ social media profiles and activity to personalize the persuasive content. Unlike most other implemented persuasive technology, our system is generic and can be adapted to any domain where collections of electronic text are available. Using the Yale Attitude Change approach, we describe: the multi-layered Pyramid of Individualization model; the design, development, and validation of integrated software that can generate individualized persuasive content based on a user’s social media profile and activity. Results indicate the proposed system ...


An Ant-Based Intelligent Design For Future Self-Driving Commercial Car Service Strategy, Jian (Denny) Lin, Naveed Saleem, Vance Allen Etnyre, Gokhan Gercek, Nanfei Sun Jan 2021

An Ant-Based Intelligent Design For Future Self-Driving Commercial Car Service Strategy, Jian (Denny) Lin, Naveed Saleem, Vance Allen Etnyre, Gokhan Gercek, Nanfei Sun

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The technology of self-driving cars will inevitably change the industry of taxis and ride-sharing cars that provide important commercial ground transportation services to travelers, tourists and local residents. There is no doubt that new techniques, business models and strategies will be needed to follow the use of self-driving cars. This paper focuses on a forward-looking research topic that route commercial, vacant self-driving vehicles so that the values to both businesses and passengers are improved. Importance of solutions to the new problem is discussed. We also propose a novel design which simulates behaviors of ants in nature to the vehicles. The ...


Ransomware - A Strategic Threat To Organizations, James Frost, Alan R. Hamlin Dec 2020

Ransomware - A Strategic Threat To Organizations, James Frost, Alan R. Hamlin

Mountain Plains Journal of Business and Technology

Ransomware is a strategic threat to government, business, and academic organizations. It has both short term and long term consequences, requiring strategic planning to create defenses, assess options, and create policies.

The purpose of the study is to answer three questions: What is the strategic risk of cyberattack to organizations? What are the current attitudes and practices of executives who are vulnerable to such threats? What are specific options that organizations should consider to prevent and deal with possible incidents in the future? The article is thus comprised of the following components: A) a history of the development and complexity ...


Monetary Impact Of National Exchange Carrier Association Tariffs On Internet Access Cost In Rural Areas, Tim Obermier, Angela K. Hollman Dec 2020

Monetary Impact Of National Exchange Carrier Association Tariffs On Internet Access Cost In Rural Areas, Tim Obermier, Angela K. Hollman

Mountain Plains Journal of Business and Technology

This study examines the monetary impact of tariffs on consumer internet access via a digital subscriber line (DSL). Historically, the Communications Act of 1934 mandated that telephony services be provided to everyone, without exclusion. With the rapid emergence of the internet, the Connect America Fund was recently implemented to ensure equal access to both voice and broadband services. Since many telephony companies have emerged as internet service providers, DSL internet service is often bundled together with a landline telephone, especially in rural areas. This study examines the total cost of such bundled DSL internet service across the classes of cities ...


Improving Clinical Communication And Collaboration Through Technology, Michelle Machon Dec 2020

Improving Clinical Communication And Collaboration Through Technology, Michelle Machon

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Problem: Over the last 30 years, clinical communication methodologies in healthcare have evolved to become such disparate systems that they lead to confusion, wasted time, and clinician dissatisfaction. The Joint Commission (2016) reports up to 78% of sentinel events in hospitals are linked to communication failures, which have obvious implications for hospital systems in the quality and safety of their current communication systems.

Context: The purpose of this project was to determine the effectiveness of implementing a unified clinical communication technology platform in an acute care hospital setting and to make recommendations from that implementation to the organization’s larger ...


Students, Innovation Studio Team Up To Help Whiteclay Makerspace, Deann Gayman Dec 2020

Students, Innovation Studio Team Up To Help Whiteclay Makerspace, Deann Gayman

Nebraska Innovation Campus Materials

First two paragraphs:

Through a partnership with Rotary International District 5610 out of southern South Dakota, staff from Nebraska Innovation Studio and students from the College of Engineering learning community, Engineering to Change the World, made 30 individual toolboxes for Native American artists who are utilizing the new and developing Whiteclay Makerspace.

Whiteclay Makerspace took shape in 2018, when a nonprofit was formed to purchase a former liquor store and make something good out of it. The tiny, unincorporated town of Whiteclay — population, nine — had gained infamy for its four liquor stores that sold 3.5 million cans of beer ...


Bibliometric Analysis Of The Literature In The Field Of Information Technology Relatedness, Ilham M, Anis Eliyana, Praptini Yulianti Dec 2020

Bibliometric Analysis Of The Literature In The Field Of Information Technology Relatedness, Ilham M, Anis Eliyana, Praptini Yulianti

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This bibliometric describe Information Technology Relateness is defined as the use of information technology infrastructure and information technology management processes betweeWas this submission previously published in a journal? Bepress will automatically create an OpenURL for published articles. Learn more about OpenURLsn business units together. There is not much research on Information Technology Relateness by providing a big picture that is visualized from year to year. This study aims to map research in the field of Information Technology Relateness with data from all international research publications. This study performs a bibliometric method and analyzes research data using the Services Analyze ...


Speaker Prototyping Design, Andrew Lathe Dec 2020

Speaker Prototyping Design, Andrew Lathe

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Audio design is a pertinent industry in today’s world, with an extremely large market including leaders such as Bose, Harman International, and Sennheiser. This project is designed to explore the processes that are necessary to create a new type of product in this market. The end goal is to have a functioning, high–quality set of speakers to prove various concepts of design and prototyping.

The steps involved in this project go through the entire design process from initial choice of product to a finished prototype. Processes include the selection of outsourced components such as drivers and necessary connectors ...


How To Prepare Young Finance & Accounting Professionals For Digital Revolution, Clarence Goh, Gary Pan, Chi Kwan Yuen Dec 2020

How To Prepare Young Finance & Accounting Professionals For Digital Revolution, Clarence Goh, Gary Pan, Chi Kwan Yuen

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Automation will alter the work of accountants in the coming years. However, accountants will always have a central role to play in business. In order to continue to thrive, the profession will need to position itself to capitalise on the opportunities that automation will bring. This involves identifying areas of work which computers cannot automate, and to focus on deepening contributions in these areas. This calls for a radical transformation of accounting education in order to equip accounting graduates with relevant work skills that will allow students to navigate a future workplace where computers and technology are the norm.


Analysis Of The Challenges In The Planning And Implementation Of Lean Construction, Sultan Alsabi Dec 2020

Analysis Of The Challenges In The Planning And Implementation Of Lean Construction, Sultan Alsabi

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science by Sultan Alsabi on December 1, 2020.


What Has Changed? The Impact Of Covid Pandemic On The Technology And Innovation Management Research Agenda, Gerard George, Karim R. Lakhani, Phanish Puranam Dec 2020

What Has Changed? The Impact Of Covid Pandemic On The Technology And Innovation Management Research Agenda, Gerard George, Karim R. Lakhani, Phanish Puranam

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Whereas the pandemic has tested the agility and resilience of organizations, it forces a deeper look at the assumptions underlying theoretical frameworks that guide managerial decisions and organizational practices. In this commentary, we explore the impact of the Covid‐19 pandemic on technology and innovation management research. We identify key assumptions, and then discuss how new areas of investigation emerge based on the changed reality.


Blockchain-Based Public Auditing And Secure Deduplication With Fair Arbitration, Haoran Yuan, Xiaofeng Chen, Jianfeng Wang, Jiaming Yuan, Hongyang Yan, Willy Susilo Dec 2020

Blockchain-Based Public Auditing And Secure Deduplication With Fair Arbitration, Haoran Yuan, Xiaofeng Chen, Jianfeng Wang, Jiaming Yuan, Hongyang Yan, Willy Susilo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Data auditing enables data owners to verify the integrity of their sensitive data stored at an untrusted cloud without retrieving them. This feature has been widely adopted by commercial cloud storage. However, the existing approaches still have some drawbacks. On the one hand, the existing schemes have a defect of fair arbitration, i.e., existing auditing schemes lack an effective method to punish the malicious cloud service provider (CSP) and compensate users whose data integrity is destroyed. On the other hand, a CSP may store redundant and repetitive data. These redundant data inevitably increase management overhead and computational cost during ...


Little Did We Know What We Are Preparing For: Virtual Interviews Before Covid-19, Alina S. Popa, Scott Kubomoto, Lorra Baldes Nov 2020

Little Did We Know What We Are Preparing For: Virtual Interviews Before Covid-19, Alina S. Popa, Scott Kubomoto, Lorra Baldes

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Current circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic require residency programs to conduct virtual interviews. We draw upon our experience with virtual interviews from fall 2019, prior to COVID-19, and propose a potential implementation process for virtual interviewing strategies. We also describe potential pitfalls and strategies to mitigate them.


The Effect Of Information Technology Audit For E-Health Of Indonesia Using Itil Framework V.3 Domain Service Design, Eva Mufidah, Ilham M, Anis Eliyana, Tanti Handriana, Indrianawati Usman Nov 2020

The Effect Of Information Technology Audit For E-Health Of Indonesia Using Itil Framework V.3 Domain Service Design, Eva Mufidah, Ilham M, Anis Eliyana, Tanti Handriana, Indrianawati Usman

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study explain about E-Health Surabaya is a web-based health service technology application that is used to help people register as patients in hospitals and health centers. Although its function is very useful, there are also people who still do not understand how to use this application, there are also some shortcomings that cause inconvenience in its use. So that research is conducted in which the application uses ITIL V.3 framework with Domain Service Design to conduct an audit of the maturity level of this E-Health Surabaya Web Application. ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Technology) is a framework used to ...


Air Traffic Safety Management: The Significance Of Voluntary Reporting And Data Distribution, Xavier M. Ashley Nov 2020

Air Traffic Safety Management: The Significance Of Voluntary Reporting And Data Distribution, Xavier M. Ashley

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

This study primarily investigated inadequacies identified through the utilization of the Air Traffic Safety Action Program (ATSAP), a Voluntary Safety Reporting Program (VSRP) overseen by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The primary objective of this research was to ascertain whether the FAA was properly managing the ATSAP and if the program was capable of effectively identifying safety hazards present in the national airspace. To assist in this determination, this study communicated the basic characteristics and significance of safety management and voluntary reporting in aviation. This served to clarify the intended function of the ATSAP and to articulate contributions ...


Antitrust And Platform Monopoly, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Nov 2020

Antitrust And Platform Monopoly, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Are large digital platforms that deal directly with consumers “winner take all,” or natural monopoly, firms? That question is surprisingly complex and does not produce the same answer for every platform. The closer one looks at digital platforms the less they seem to be winner-take-all. As a result, competition can be made to work in most of them. Further, antitrust enforcement, with its accommodation of firm variety, is generally superior to any form of statutory regulation that generalizes over large numbers.

Assuming that an antitrust violation is found, what should be the remedy? Breaking up large firms subject to extensive ...


Network Effects In Action, Christopher S. Yoo Nov 2020

Network Effects In Action, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Chapter begins by examining and exploring the theoretical and empirical limits of the possible bases of network effects, paying particular attention to the most commonly cited framework known as Metcalfe’s Law. It continues by exploring the concept of network externalities, defined as the positive external consumption benefits that the decision to join a network creates for the other members of the network, which is more ambiguous than commonly realized. It then reviews the structural factors needed for models based on network effects to have anticompetitive effects and identifies other factors that can dissipate those effects. Finally, it identifies ...


An Analysis Of Technological Components In Relation To Privacy In A Smart City, Kayla Rutherford, Ben Lands, A. J. Stiles Nov 2020

An Analysis Of Technological Components In Relation To Privacy In A Smart City, Kayla Rutherford, Ben Lands, A. J. Stiles

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

A smart city is an interconnection of technological components that store, process, and wirelessly transmit information to enhance the efficiency of applications and the individuals who use those applications. Over the course of the 21st century, it is expected that an overwhelming majority of the world’s population will live in urban areas and that the number of wireless devices will increase. The resulting increase in wireless data transmission means that the privacy of data will be increasingly at risk. This paper uses a holistic problem-solving approach to evaluate the security challenges posed by the technological components that make up ...