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Full-Text Articles in Taxation

Elements Of A Preventative Approach Towards Undeclared Work: An Evaluation Of Service Vouchers And Awareness Raising Campaigns, Colin C. Williams May 2018

Elements Of A Preventative Approach Towards Undeclared Work: An Evaluation Of Service Vouchers And Awareness Raising Campaigns, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

1.          Introduction
The aim of this study is to review the range of preventative approaches for tackling undeclared work available to Member States, and to focus upon two types of preventative measure, namely service vouchers and the use of awareness raising campaigns.
2.          Rationales for a preventative approach
·       The rationale for a preventative approach is to shift away from resolving problems after they have occurred towards preventing non-compliance in the first place.
·       Article 1 of Decision (EU) 2016/3441, establishing the Platform, explicitly encourages such a preventative approach. It states that ‘”tackling”, in relation to undeclared work, means preventing, deterring ...


State Aid: How Economic Development Trumps Tax Revenue, Kristen Leigh Purcell May 2018

State Aid: How Economic Development Trumps Tax Revenue, Kristen Leigh Purcell

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Assessment Limits And Timing Of Real Estate Transactions, Sebastien J. Bradley Apr 2018

Assessment Limits And Timing Of Real Estate Transactions, Sebastien J. Bradley

Sebastien J Bradley

Michigan homebuyers face large potential discontinuities in property tax obligations for purchases made around January 1 and May 1 under the state's application of acquisition-value based assessment limits and principal residence (homestead) exemptions, respectively.  Consistent with incentives, roughly 3.7 percent of sales concluded in the first 10 business days of January are thus attributable to timing responses among the subset of properties listed by the largest 25 percent of firms by sales volume.  Underlying this effect is a willingness to stretch the number of days between contract and closing dates by an average of 2 to 4 business ...


Comparison Of Illinois Individual Income Tax Amounts With Surrounding States--Who Wins, Who Loses?, Mark R. Williams Apr 2018

Comparison Of Illinois Individual Income Tax Amounts With Surrounding States--Who Wins, Who Loses?, Mark R. Williams

Scholar Week 2016 - present

In July 2017 the Illinois General Assembly essentially made permanent the 66 2/3% tax rate increase which was originally enacted in January 2011 but which had sunset after 2014. Since Illinois is a flat tax state, there were some who argued that the Illinois tax rate, even after the increase in 2011 and again in 2017, was lower than surrounding states implying that Illinois taxpayers were still relatively better off than residents of surrounding states. This study provides a brief history of the Illinois individual income tax. This study also compares the individual income tax amounts for Illinois and ...


2nd Place: Budget Disparity In Education, Angelyz Rohena-Franceschini Apr 2018

2nd Place: Budget Disparity In Education, Angelyz Rohena-Franceschini

Harrisburg University Research Symposium

The social issue this project deals with is the budget disparity in America's public schools. This problem is important to investigate because today's children are tomorrow's leaders and if they are not being educated properly, then how do we as a society expect them to lead us in the future.


Do State Marginal Tax Rates Lower State Labor Productivity?, Joseph E. Mcphail, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh, Rick Stammer Apr 2018

Do State Marginal Tax Rates Lower State Labor Productivity?, Joseph E. Mcphail, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh, Rick Stammer

Economics Working Papers

There are substantial differences in output per job across states that have persisted over time. This study demonstrates that in the context of a neoclassical growth model, differences in marginal tax rates on income from capital investment, capital ownership, and consumption will lead to persistent differences in labor productivity across states. Conversely, taxes on wages will not alter labor productivity. These theoretical predictions are supported by data on state marginal tax rates and output per job over the 1981- 2015 sample period. Over that period, the mix of state marginal tax rates lower labor productivity by an average of 15 ...


Glossary Of Business Evidence, Paul C. Boyd Apr 2018

Glossary Of Business Evidence, Paul C. Boyd

MBA Faculty Conference Papers & Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Trusting Harvard: The Cost Of Unprincipled Investing (2014), Marcy Murninghan, Robert A.G. Monks Mar 2018

Trusting Harvard: The Cost Of Unprincipled Investing (2014), Marcy Murninghan, Robert A.G. Monks

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article provides a framework for answering two questions: How can Harvard fulfill its fiduciary obligation as an investor in ways that advance its beliefs, values, and commitments? How can Harvard take the lead in creating a curriculum for students, professionals, and the general public about the civic moral obligations of wealth? While aimed at Harvard, the issues covered are relevant to other universities and tax-exempt institutional investors, because they have a special duty to advance the public interest. Commissioned and co-authored by the noted corporate governance and responsible ownership guru Robert A. G. Monks, it calls on Harvard to ...


Why Section 179(B)(3)(A)'S Business Income Limitation Does Not Apply To Partnerships And S Corporations, David Randall Jenkins Ph.D. Feb 2018

Why Section 179(B)(3)(A)'S Business Income Limitation Does Not Apply To Partnerships And S Corporations, David Randall Jenkins Ph.D.

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal's Interview With Mr. Jim Fuller, Ophelia Ding Feb 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal's Interview With Mr. Jim Fuller, Ophelia Ding

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li Feb 2018

Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Constructing Tax Efficient Withdrawal Strategies For Retirees, James Dilellio, Dan Ostrov Feb 2018

Constructing Tax Efficient Withdrawal Strategies For Retirees, James Dilellio, Dan Ostrov

Graziadio Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The 2017 Irs-Sjsu Small Business Tax Institute, Ruchi Chopra Cpa, Mba, Ophelia Ding, Surbhi Doshi, Nilesh Lad Cpa, Sara Yaqin Sun Feb 2018

Summaries For The 2017 Irs-Sjsu Small Business Tax Institute, Ruchi Chopra Cpa, Mba, Ophelia Ding, Surbhi Doshi, Nilesh Lad Cpa, Sara Yaqin Sun

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018 Feb 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Latent Semantic Analysis: A Big Data Opportunity For Tax Research, Paul D. Hutchison Ph.D., C. Elizabeth Plummer Ph.D., Cpa, Benjamin George Ph.D. Feb 2018

Latent Semantic Analysis: A Big Data Opportunity For Tax Research, Paul D. Hutchison Ph.D., C. Elizabeth Plummer Ph.D., Cpa, Benjamin George Ph.D.

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Tax Treatment Of High-Tech Start-Up Costs, June (Yun) Hostetter Cpa Feb 2018

Tax Treatment Of High-Tech Start-Up Costs, June (Yun) Hostetter Cpa

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


R&D Credit Against Payroll Tax Liabilities - The Payroll Tax Credit, Sarah Yaqin Sun Feb 2018

R&D Credit Against Payroll Tax Liabilities - The Payroll Tax Credit, Sarah Yaqin Sun

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason Jan 2018

Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, we respond to Professor Zelinsky’s criticism of our arguments regarding the constitutionality of New York’s tax residence rule. We argue that the Supreme Court’s decision in Wynne requires reconsideration of the New York Court of Appeal’s decision in Tamagni.


Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer Jan 2018

Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer

Paul Schloemer, Ph.D.

Issues regarding charitable contributions have been a frequent source of contention between the IRS and taxpayers - the charitable contribution deduction was identified as one of the most litigated issues in the National Taxpayer Advocate’s latest report to Congress.1 Thus, a review of the key issues taxpayers encounter in claiming this deduction is warranted.


Certain But Stable? A Diachronic Analysis Of Taxation In Ireland From 1970-2015, Ewan Alexander Macdonald, John Hogan, Brendan O'Rourke Jan 2018

Certain But Stable? A Diachronic Analysis Of Taxation In Ireland From 1970-2015, Ewan Alexander Macdonald, John Hogan, Brendan O'Rourke

Other

Certain but stable? A diachronic analysis of taxation in Ireland from 1970-2015

This paper explores the discursive development of taxation within budget speeches in Ireland from 1970 to 2015 by means of a corpus-assisted discourse analysis. We ask the following questions; how have discourses of taxation developed diachronically and what are the similarities and differences in the observable discourses? In answering these questions, this paper makes use of corpus linguistics, a methodological approach which utilises computational analysis of large bodies of text to draw statistically significant conclusions about word usage. It is expected, though not taken a priori, that significant ...


On The Disparate Treatment Of Business And Personal Salt Payments, Michael S. Knoll Jan 2018

On The Disparate Treatment Of Business And Personal Salt Payments, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, H.R. 1, would eliminate the federal income tax deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes while maintaining the deduction for business state and local taxes. That disparate treatment has generated a storm of negative commentary. In this short essay, I consider whether the federal tax law should allow a deduction for business state and local taxes assuming that there is no deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes. I argue that investors and businesses, including pass-through businesses, should be allowed to deduct state and local property and sales taxes, but not general income ...


Do Social Values Trump Economics For Wealthy Voters: An Empirical Analysis Of "Trading And Voting", Michael C. Gurock Jan 2018

Do Social Values Trump Economics For Wealthy Voters: An Empirical Analysis Of "Trading And Voting", Michael C. Gurock

Wharton Research Scholars

Yilmaz and Musto (2003) theorized that with access to equity markets and theoretical election-contingent securities, voters could financially hedge against the outcome of an election so that social values and ideology were the only factors determining their vote. Mattozzi (2008) found that creating a portfolio of such election-contingent securities was realistic. This paper examines if this may be happening in practice by creating an index of economic and social variables within congressional districts compared to the district’s vote for Trump in the election. Looking at wealthier districts where voters are more likely to have investments, I find that only ...


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin Jan 2018

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


Investor Valuations Of Japan's Adoption Of A Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying The Direct And Competitive Effects Of International Tax Reform, Sebastien J. Bradley, Estelle Dauchy, Makoto Hasegawa Dec 2017

Investor Valuations Of Japan's Adoption Of A Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying The Direct And Competitive Effects Of International Tax Reform, Sebastien J. Bradley, Estelle Dauchy, Makoto Hasegawa

Sebastien J Bradley

Despite an extensive literature on the normative implications of different international tax regimes and an empirical literature addressing individual specific predictions, there exists little evidence encompassing the broad range of effects of taxing corporations' foreign-source income on a worldwide or territorial basis. This paper takes a more comprehensive quantitative approach by examining stock market reactions surrounding four events over the course of which Japan's 2009 adoption of a dividend exemption system was developed into proposed law. Using an event study methodology which leverages individual firm characteristics and accounts for contemporaneous financial market developments, we find that Japanese firms with ...


An Evaluation Of The Scale Of Undeclared Work In The European Union And Is Structural Determinants: Estimates Using The Labour Input Method, Colin C. Williams, Josip Franic, Ioana Horodnic Dec 2017

An Evaluation Of The Scale Of Undeclared Work In The European Union And Is Structural Determinants: Estimates Using The Labour Input Method, Colin C. Williams, Josip Franic, Ioana Horodnic

Colin C Williams

On average, 11.6% of total labour input in the private sector in the EU is undeclared, and undeclared work constitutes on average 16.4% of gross value added (GVA) (the difference due to undeclared labour being concentrated in sectors with higher labour productivity).

These, however, are unweighted averages, and do not take into account the relative size of the labour force in each Member State. The weighted averages, therefore, are that 9.3% of total labour input in the private sector in the EU is undeclared, and undeclared work constitutes 14.3% of GVA in the private sector. The ...


The Effects Of Repealing The Estate Tax And Reducing The Corporate Tax Rate Coupled With A Repatriation Act, Trenton Vanderlende Dec 2017

The Effects Of Repealing The Estate Tax And Reducing The Corporate Tax Rate Coupled With A Repatriation Act, Trenton Vanderlende

Honors Theses

Given that significant U.S. federal tax reform is taking place for the first time in over 30 years, this paper examines how changing specific tax provisions may affect the average individual taxpayer as well as the wealthiest 1% of Americans. Three potential federal tax law changes are addressed: repealing the estate tax, reducing the corporate statutory income tax rate, and offering a repatriation holiday for remitting the foreign profits earned by U.S. businesses. These changes are analyzed using publicly available data from U.S. Congressional hearings, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS ...


Why Taxing Carbon May Not Make The World More Green, Serguei Netessine, Sam Aflaki Dec 2017

Why Taxing Carbon May Not Make The World More Green, Serguei Netessine, Sam Aflaki

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Although taxing carbon is an idea that enjoys significant support among policymakers and business leaders, new research indicates that carbon taxation can actually cause energy investments to gravitate away from the cleanest energy technologies. This counterintuitive finding reflects two key characteristics of energy markets: the worldwide increase in renewable energy sources whose output is intermittent and variable; and greater market liberalization, which has made the spot driving of electricity more volatile. The intermittency of renewable energy sources requires backup generation, typically from generators using fossil fuels. The dynamics of market liberalization amplify this negative effect of intermittency. Policymakers need to ...


Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer Dec 2017

Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer

Business Administration Faculty Publications

Issues regarding charitable contributions have been a frequent source of contention between the IRS and taxpayers - the charitable contribution deduction was identified as one of the most litigated issues in the National Taxpayer Advocate’s latest report to Congress.1 Thus, a review of the key issues taxpayers encounter in claiming this deduction is warranted.


Introduction To Animal Therapy And Its Related Tax Benefits, Claudia L. Kelley, Christopher K. Eller Nov 2017

Introduction To Animal Therapy And Its Related Tax Benefits, Claudia L. Kelley, Christopher K. Eller

Journal of Counseling and Psychology

How are animals being used to improve the emotional and physical health of individuals? What are the tax implications associated with service and therapy animals? We examine these questions by providing an introduction to the subject of Animal Assisted Therapy, including how therapists and counselors are routinely using therapy animals in both individual and group treatment settings. Additionally, we discuss the potential tax savings that may be available to counselors and their clients who are using service and therapy animals. We also offer recommendations and guidance for counselors who wish to incorporate animal therapy into their treatment options.


Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason Nov 2017

Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason

University of New Hampshire Law Review

A tax on the harmful elements of finance—a tax on systemic risk—would raise revenue and also lower the likelihood of future crisis. Financial institutions, which pay the tax, would try to minimize its cost by lowering their systemic risk. In theory, a tax on systemic risk is perfect policy. In practice, however, this perfect policy is unattainable. Tax laws need clear definitions to be administrable. Our current understanding of systemic risk is too abstract and too metaphorical to serve as a target for taxation.

Despite the absence of a clear definition of systemic risk, academics and policy makers ...