Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Labor Relations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 91 - 120 of 4224

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Statedata: The National Report On Employment Services And Outcomes, 2016, Jean Winsor, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, John Butterworth, John Shepard, Cady Landa, Frank A. Smith, Daria Domin, Alberto Migliore, Jennifer Bose, Lydia Landim Mar 2019

Statedata: The National Report On Employment Services And Outcomes, 2016, Jean Winsor, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, John Butterworth, John Shepard, Cady Landa, Frank A. Smith, Daria Domin, Alberto Migliore, Jennifer Bose, Lydia Landim

Daria Domin

This report provides statistics over 25 years from several national datasets that address the status of employment and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The authors use abbreviations for both intellectual disability (ID) and intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in this report. This is because data sources vary in the specific target groups that can be described. Please refer to each chapter for the disability definition used in that chapter. We provide a comprehensive overview that describes national trends in employment for people with IDD, and the appendices provide individual state profiles with data from several sources ...


Statedata: The National Report On Employment Services And Outcomes, 2014, John Butterworth, Jean Winsor, Frank A. Smith, Alberto Migliore, Daria Domin, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall Mar 2019

Statedata: The National Report On Employment Services And Outcomes, 2014, John Butterworth, Jean Winsor, Frank A. Smith, Alberto Migliore, Daria Domin, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall

Daria Domin

This report provides statistics over 25 years from several national datasets that address the status of employment and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The authors use abbreviations for both intellectual disability (ID) and intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in this report. We do this because data sources vary in the specific target groups that can be described.

We provide a comprehensive overview that describes national trends in employment for people with IDD, and the appendices provide individual state profiles with data from several sources. These include the ICI’s IDD Agency National Survey of Day and ...


Ifth Plenary Meeting Of The European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work Report On Tackling Under-Declared Employment In The European Union, Colin C. Williams Mar 2019

Ifth Plenary Meeting Of The European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work Report On Tackling Under-Declared Employment In The European Union, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

The fifth Plenary meeting of the European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work was held in Brussels on 18-19 October 2018. The first day of this meeting was dedicated to the topic of tackling under-declared employment in the European Union. This report summarises the discussions at the workshop, which drew on the findings of two studies on this topic produced as part of the Platform’s work programme.

The objective of this thematic discussion on under-declared employment in the European Union was: (i) to exchange information on what works and what does not, (ii) to generate knowledge about under-declared employment, and (iii ...


Tackling Undeclared Work In The Agricultural Sector: A Learning Resource, Colin C. Williams Mar 2019

Tackling Undeclared Work In The Agricultural Sector: A Learning Resource, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

On 24 January 2019, the European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work organised a seminar in Brussels on Tackling undeclared work in the agricultural sector, with a focus upon seasonal workers and horticulture. The seminar brought together Platform members or designated representatives from EU Member States (MS) representing labour inspectorates and social security, tax and customs authorities, and national and European social partner representatives from the agricultural sector. The intention was to provide participants with an opportunity to engage in mutual learning and exchange knowledge on how to tackle undeclared work in the agricultural sector and transform undeclared into declared work. Participants ...


2019-03-14 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President. Mar 2019

2019-03-14 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President.

Staff Congress Records

A message from the President of Morehead State University delivered to the faculty and staff on March 14, 2019.


2019-03-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Mar 2019

2019-03-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for March 4, 2019.


2019-03-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Mar 2019

2019-03-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for March 4, 2019.


2019-02-15 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President. Feb 2019

2019-02-15 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President.

Staff Congress Records

A message sent to the faculty and staff by the Office of the President on February 15, 2019.


2019-02-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Feb 2019

2019-02-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for February 4, 2019.


2019-02-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Feb 2019

2019-02-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for February 4, 2019.


Institutional Asymmetry And The Acceptability Of Undeclared Work: Synthesis Report, Colin C. Williams Jan 2019

Institutional Asymmetry And The Acceptability Of Undeclared Work: Synthesis Report, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

This report is part of the project SHADOWSwhich aims to investigate the effectiveness of different policy measures in reducing undeclared work. As such, the project evaluates not only the effectiveness of using a rational economic actor approach (that tackles undeclared work by ensuring that the payoff from undeclared work is outweighed by the costs), and a social actor approach (grounded in a view that undeclared work arises when tax morale is low), but also analyses the interaction effects (between deterrents and tax morale, and vertical and horizontal trust) in various contexts. This report focuses on the social actor approach ...


2019-01-18 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President. Jan 2019

2019-01-18 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President.

Staff Congress Records

A message sent to the faculty and staff by the Office of the President on January 18, 2019.


Notes On The Same Side, Margaret E. Winters Jan 2019

Notes On The Same Side, Margaret E. Winters

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Administration-side academic contract administrators have a complex job. It includes, in addition to carrying out negotiations and the implementation of contracts, the sometimes fraught task of serving as the liaison between the union and the university administration. A further set of roles for contract administrators involve their relationships with other members of the university administration, chairs, deans, provosts, presidents, and board members. These relationships will be examined first in light of each of these positions, taken in turn, vis-à-vis collective bargaining and then through a discussion of how the various aspects of the role of the contract administrator (negotiations, implementation ...


Managing Internal Tensions In Contract Negotiations: A Perspective From The Academic Union’S Side, John Allison, Jonathan Blitz Jan 2019

Managing Internal Tensions In Contract Negotiations: A Perspective From The Academic Union’S Side, John Allison, Jonathan Blitz

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Academic collective bargaining, like all collective bargaining, presupposes conflicts between goals of the administration and the academic union. The represented parties on both sides, as well as the general public, typically perceive conflicts in collective bargaining in that way. However, both the administration’s and union’s bargaining teams must substantially resolve internal conflicts among the teams‘ own represented parties before the teams can hope to achieve an acceptable collective-bargaining agreement (i.e., a binding contract). After briefly addressing the very real strengths of academic unions in collective bargaining, we will at greater length explain the origin, nature, and usually ...


Bargaining For Adjuncts: An Assessment Of Adjunct Union Growth In The Saint Louis Region, Jameson Ramirez Jan 2019

Bargaining For Adjuncts: An Assessment Of Adjunct Union Growth In The Saint Louis Region, Jameson Ramirez

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Minimum-wage labor is no longer confined to sectors once associated with low-skill occupations. In college classrooms across the United States, we are witness to the rise of a “gig-economy” among faculty positions where highly skilled work is being completed by part-time workers known commonly as adjuncts. Despite performing highly-skilled work, adjuncts are compensated at the levels of low-skilled workers. Lack of access to benefits, capricious contract agreements, and a general sense of feeling dispensable are common themes to the adjunct experience. The aim of this paper is to address the concerns of adjuncts and suggest some workable solutions to their ...


Salary Compression Among University Faculty: A Review And Case Study Of Remediation And Prevention In A Collective Bargaining Environment, Brent M. Graves, Dale Kapla Jan 2019

Salary Compression Among University Faculty: A Review And Case Study Of Remediation And Prevention In A Collective Bargaining Environment, Brent M. Graves, Dale Kapla

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Salary compression has been an issue in higher education for almost four decades, during which a diverse literature on the topic has accumulated. Perhaps because of the absence of a compilation and review of this literature, administrations and collective bargaining agents commonly develop their own methods for identifying and rectifying salary compression on each campus. Most responses are short-term and do not prevent the problem from recurring. We review the literature concerning salary compression in higher education, then summarize our approach to correcting salary structure and preventing future compression.


A Higher Authority For Collective Bargaining: 2018, John Lavin Jan 2019

A Higher Authority For Collective Bargaining: 2018, John Lavin

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. articulated a high moral ground in his 1961 address to the National AFL-CIO. Dr. King’s speech identified the common sense shared by the Civil Rights and Labor movements. In particular, he praised unions’ leadership for advocating the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). Furthermore, he envisioned the ethical principles bringing Labor and Civil Rights together to realize a high moral ground for promulgating workers’ equity, equality and respectful dialogue across divisions of class, race and national origin. I contrast Dr. King’s ethical statement and system of values regarding the NLRA to a series of ...


University Adjudications Of Sexual Assaults: A Lesson To Be Learned From Collective Bargaining Agreements, James Ottavio Castagnera Jan 2019

University Adjudications Of Sexual Assaults: A Lesson To Be Learned From Collective Bargaining Agreements, James Ottavio Castagnera

Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy

At one time, Title IX of the federal Higher Education Act was read only as requiring equal opportunity for female athletes in universities’ varsity sports programs. In 2011 the U.S. Department of Education announced a radically expanded reading of the law to include sexual misconduct. This has resulted in a proliferation of litigation against the universities. Since 2011, more than 150 lawsuits have been filed against colleges and universities involving claims of due-process violations during the course of Title IX investigations and proceedings related to sexual assault allegations. In the two decades preceding that year, only 15 such lawsuits ...


Decasticization, Dignity, And ‘Dirty Work’ At The Intersections Of Caste, Memory, And Disaster, Ramaswami Mahalingam, Srinath Jagannathan, Patturaja Selvaraj Jan 2019

Decasticization, Dignity, And ‘Dirty Work’ At The Intersections Of Caste, Memory, And Disaster, Ramaswami Mahalingam, Srinath Jagannathan, Patturaja Selvaraj

Management Faculty Publications

In this qualitative study we examine the role of caste, class, and Dalit janitorial labor in the aftermath of floods in Chennai, India, in 2015. Drawing from a variety of sources including interviews, social media, and news coverage, we studied how Dalit (formerly known as ‘untouchable’) janitors were treated during the performance of janitorial labor for cleaning the city. Our study focuses on two theoretical premises: (a) caste-based social relations reproduce inequalities by devaluing Dalit labor as ‘dirty work’; and (b) Dalit subjectivities, labor, and sufferings including occupational hazards become invisible and ungrievable forcing Dalits to provide a counter narrative ...


2019-01-07 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jan 2019

2019-01-07 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for January 7, 2019.


2019-01-07 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jan 2019

2019-01-07 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for January 4, 2019.


Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura Jan 2019

Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This paper examines the effect of different skill levels of emigration on a country’s labor market, from high skill brain drain to low skill emigration. By utilizing an IADB Brain Drain data set to measure emigration rates among those with low, medium, and high educational attainment in a country, the effect of brain drain vs. low skill emigration on productivity and unemployment is examined. These data span from 1980 to 2010 with measurements every five years for 195 World Bank countries. By utilizing two two-way fixed effects models with GDP per capita and unemployment rate as the dependent variables ...


An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

The “Fight for Fifteen and a Union” movement among fast-food workers and their allies has raised awareness about wage inequality in the United States. Rather than negotiating for better wages and working conditions with economically weak restaurant-level franchisees, the movement aims to affect the practices of what they view as the all-powerful brands—the franchisors. Few would dispute the notion that the franchisor brands, not their franchisees, set industry-wide standards and, thus, have the ability to offset rising wage inequality and improve working conditions. And yet, the movement has raised controversial law and policy questions about the legal responsibilities of ...


On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler Jan 2019

On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler

Policy & Issue Briefs

[Excerpt] On-demand platform work, like other forms of contingent and temporary employment, destabilizes industries, undermines worker protections and living standards, and significantly contributes to wealth and income inequality.


On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu Jan 2019

On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] This report examines one specific subset of New York state’s contingent workforce: on-demand workers who obtain work through online platforms or “apps.” Often referred to popularly as “gig” workers, we use the phrase “on-demand platform workers” in an attempt to clarify the workers to whom we refer.

Our research shows that on-demand platform workers:

  • Are notoriously difficult to count, due to factors such as the part-time quality of their work, high turnover rates and confusion over the definition of terms;

  • Experience low and unstable earnings and a lack of benefits, requiring reliance on second or third jobs, other ...


A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2019

A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

The purpose of this article is to establish a principled basis for restraint of judicial lawmaking. The principle is that all findings of fact, whether of legislative or adjudicative facts, must be based on evidence in the record of a case. This principle is grounded in moral philosophy. I will begin with a discussion of the relevant aspect of moral philosophy, then state and defend the principle, and finally apply it to a line of cases.


Flexible Workers, Fissured Workplaces: Cultural Exchange For Hire In An Era Of Precarious Labor, Catherine Griebel Bowman Jan 2019

Flexible Workers, Fissured Workplaces: Cultural Exchange For Hire In An Era Of Precarious Labor, Catherine Griebel Bowman

Sociology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Since the mid-1990s, the J-1 Summer Work Travel (SWT) program, a once obscure U.S. cultural exchange visa category, has quadrupled in size. While many J-1 visa holders are in the United States to study or conduct research, the primary activity of SWT participants is low-wage labor. In recent years, the program has come under attack for alleged labor abuses and unchecked growth. My dissertation bridges scholarly discourse on immigration, labor studies, and citizenship to closely examine the SWT program’s ascendency and attendant controversy. I ask: why has the program grown so precipitously in two decades? And, what—if ...


The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

On the 80th anniversary of the federal wage and hour statute, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), critics warn that it cannot keep pace with shifting business trends. More and more individuals engage in “contract work,” some of which takes place in the much publicized “gig economy.” These work arrangements raise questions about whether these workers are “employees,” covered by U.S. labor and employment law, or “independent contractors.” Subcontracting arrangements, or what some call domestic outsourcing, are also expanding. Indeed, more and more workers in the U.S. economy engage with multiple businesses, raising questions of which ...


The 2011 Nfl Collective Bargaining Agreement: Intentions Vs. Incentives, Andrew Friedlander Jan 2019

The 2011 Nfl Collective Bargaining Agreement: Intentions Vs. Incentives, Andrew Friedlander

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis examines the impacts of four major negotiating elements in the 2011 NFL Collective Bargaining Agreement. This first entails considering the financial impacts of the Collective Bargaining Agreement through adjustments to the salary cap and changes in the rookie pay scale in conjunction with the increase of the veteran minimum salary. Veteran players sought to improve their earnings potential through the creation of the rookie pay scale and increases in the veteran minimum salary, but research has shown that these policies may not have actually accomplished the goal. Next, I inspect the changes in preseason training rules, which were ...


Businesses On The 1790 Census Of Philadelphia, Billy G. Smith Dec 2018

Businesses On The 1790 Census Of Philadelphia, Billy G. Smith

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

ALL BUSINESSES ON THE 1790 CENSUS of Philadelphia (both city wards and suburbs of Northern Liberties and Southwark)

Source: Bureau of the Census, Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States (Washington, D.C., 1908)