Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Labor Relations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 324

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

The Fate Of $15, John S. Spina Dec 2015

The Fate Of $15, John S. Spina

Capstones

The Fight for $15 is reinvigorating the labor moment in ways people never thought possible. In just over three years it spanned the nation and won increased minimum wages in major cites across the country. Governor Cuomo now prepares to pass the nation's first state wide $15 minimum wage in New York, but not without strong opposition.


Regional Labour Market Integration In England And Wales, 1850-1913, George R. Boyer, Timothy J. Hatton Dec 2015

Regional Labour Market Integration In England And Wales, 1850-1913, George R. Boyer, Timothy J. Hatton

George R. Boyer

[Excerpt] This chapter examines the integration of labour markets within the rural and urban sectors of England and Wales during the second half of the nineteenth century. Although there is a large literature on internal migration and emigration in Victorian Britain, historians typically have focused on the direction and causes of migration rather than on its consequences for the labour market. Broadly speaking, the literature has found that workers did indeed migrate towards better wage-earning opportunities, that most moves were short-distance moves, and that once certain patterns of migration were established they often persisted. The studies leave the strong impression ...


2015-12-07 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2015

2015-12-07 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for December 7, 2015.


2015-12-07 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2015

2015-12-07 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for December 7, 2015.


La Aplicación De Los Acuerdos Laborales Internacionales: El Paradigma Del Acuerdo De Bangladesh 2013, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés Dec 2015

La Aplicación De Los Acuerdos Laborales Internacionales: El Paradigma Del Acuerdo De Bangladesh 2013, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés

Global Scholarship Collection

The studies on the enforcement of international labour contracts and agreements are today quite rare, due to the fact that there are not many subject to study. Enforcement represents, however, the main problem, since such instruments are made to be observed. Moreover, when we speak about labour contracts other than collective agreements, like that of Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety, the subject assumes yet more importance, since we are speaking of a country at the head of miserable work after a clear option of its Parliament.


Industrial Actions In Germany - Realistic In An International Context?, Wolfgang Däubler Dec 2015

Industrial Actions In Germany - Realistic In An International Context?, Wolfgang Däubler

Global Scholarship Collection

In the EU, transborder collective action exists in theory but not in practice. Which would be the conditions to cooperate and even fight together? One should know each other, especially the underlying economic interest, the institutions, the traditions and the mentality of the other labour movement. The article tries to give concrete information about labour relations in Germany. Viewed from other European countries, it seems to be a very specific case today. This myth will be modified, if not destroyed.


The Eclipse Of The Rule Of Law: Trade Union Rights And The Eu, Keith D. Ewing, John Hendy Qc Dec 2015

The Eclipse Of The Rule Of Law: Trade Union Rights And The Eu, Keith D. Ewing, John Hendy Qc

Global Scholarship Collection

This article examines the principle of the rule of law (TEU, article 2) and its application to social and economic rights. The paper considers what is meant by the rule of law, and contends that it as a minimum it must mean that EU institutions and member states must act in accordance with the law, including international legal obligations. The paper considers the extent to which EU member states comply with the right to organize, the right to bargain collectively and the right to strike in accordance with ILO Conventions 87 and 98 and the European Social Charters Articles 5 ...


Typology And Efficacy Of Framework Agreements Negotiated Between The European Commission And The Professional And Union Organizations Representing Its Staff, Jesus Martínez Girón Dec 2015

Typology And Efficacy Of Framework Agreements Negotiated Between The European Commission And The Professional And Union Organizations Representing Its Staff, Jesus Martínez Girón

Global Scholarship Collection

On the basis that the European Commission has the legal condition of employer of the staff (civil servants and employees) serving it, this work analyzes the collective agreements (called "framework agreements") negotiated between the European Commission and the trade unions (eventually, tiny trade unions) it considers representative of such staff. Surprisingly, they are agreements separately celebrated with the representative trade unions of serving and retired staff. Regarding those affecting to serving staff, the European case-law sustains that they are agreements having contractual efficacy, but not true normative efficacy.


Ttip: Time For A New Approach To Labor Rights And Standards, Owen Herrnstadt Dec 2015

Ttip: Time For A New Approach To Labor Rights And Standards, Owen Herrnstadt

Global Scholarship Collection

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership represents an opportunity to assert U.S. and EU leadership in defining uniform and unambiguous international labor standards in trade and investment agreements by adopting ILO Conventions. Under the current U.S. trade model, labor chapters are limited to the principles referenced in the ILO’s 1998 Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Limiting labor chapters to the Declaration permits the U.S. to preserve its statutory and regulatory inconsistencies with ILO Conventions, which express actual rights. Since many European countries are consistent with these rights, limiting the TTIP to the Declaration ...


China Employment Law Update - December 2015, Baker & Mckenzie Dec 2015

China Employment Law Update - December 2015, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

In This Issue:

  • Beijing Issues Implementation Measures on Labor Union Law
  • Highest Court in Shenzhen Issues New Guidance on Labor Disputes
  • National Holiday Arrangement Announced for 2016
  • Courts and Local Legislature Grapple with Discrimination Issues
  • Terminations Ruled Unlawful Due to Procedural Defects in Employee Handbook Consultation Processes
  • Employee Termination for Misuse of Home-Visit Leave Upheld by Court
  • Ex-CEO Reinstated to an Alternative Position After Successful Wrongful Termination Claim
  • Two Cases on Agreements Requiring Minimum Service Periods Have Different Outcomes


Corporate Hypocrisy: Violations Of Trade Union Rights By European Multinational Companies In The United States, Lance A. Compa Dec 2015

Corporate Hypocrisy: Violations Of Trade Union Rights By European Multinational Companies In The United States, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

Many European corporations adopt American management-style attitudes toward trade unions, notwithstanding their publicly-declared support for global norms on workers’ freedom of association. They exploit US labor laws that violate international standards and interfere with trade union formation. Case studies examine several examples of this anti-union hypocrisy on the part of European firms. At the same time, some European companies have chosen to respect workers’ organizing rights in the United States. The conclusion contains recommendations for securing multinational companies’ respect for workers’ freedom of association in the United States, including application of ILO core standards, UN Guiding Principles, OECD Guidelines, and ...


2015-12-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2015

2015-12-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress concerns for December of 2015.


The Potential Of Data Envelopment Analysis (Dea) In Labor Adjustment Policy, Intae Choi Nov 2015

The Potential Of Data Envelopment Analysis (Dea) In Labor Adjustment Policy, Intae Choi

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Through labor-management policy, the management is responsible for establishing mutually beneficial relations between workers and employers. Establishing proper relations from the perspective of the worker refers to protecting workers’ rights by guaranteeing their quality of life. Areas of labor-management policy set by management include those that appropriate wages and labor conditions; stipulate and settle collective relations between management and workers; and establish industrial safety and workers’ compensation. Management also sets employment policies related to labor welfare, vocational training, employment security, maintenance of employment agencies, and other policies that push forward human resource development.

When setting these policies, management seeks ...


Conceptualizing Labour Union Revitalization, Martin Behrens, Kerstin Hamann, Richard W. Hurd Nov 2015

Conceptualizing Labour Union Revitalization, Martin Behrens, Kerstin Hamann, Richard W. Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Unions have engaged in revitalization efforts in all five country cases that form the basis of comparison of this book, though they differ in the strategies they have pursued and the level of success they have had. Some of the strategies have been promising or even successful in terms of their immediate outcomes; others are still waiting to be fully implemented; and still others have failed to live up to the original expectations. While in many countries union activists are eagerly developing strategies to turn their fate, they are also facing some doubt or even resistance by politicians and ...


How Does Restructuring Contribute To Union Revitalization?, Martin Behrens, Richard W. Hurd, Kerstin Hamann Nov 2015

How Does Restructuring Contribute To Union Revitalization?, Martin Behrens, Richard W. Hurd, Kerstin Hamann

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] As we look cross-nationally at labour movement revitalization, we see a complex process of change that varies depending on the socio-political/economic context. Although we observe a diverse set of union strategies and outcomes, we find that structural adjustment is a common element of revitalization efforts. The mere presence of restructuring does not, of course, assure positive results. In this chapter we define various forms of restructuring, outline factors that shape and promote restructuring, and discuss the likelihood that restructuring leads to union revitalization by using examples from our cross-country comparison.


Contesting The Dinosaur Image: The Labor Movement's Search For A Future, Richard W. Hurd Nov 2015

Contesting The Dinosaur Image: The Labor Movement's Search For A Future, Richard W. Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] As labor contests the dinosaur image it will find no easy answers. Hard work, careful assessment of options, and a willingness to take risks are all required. Without widespread experimentation and a significant reallocation of resources to organizing, extinction awaits.


Building And Rebuilding Trust: Why Perspective Taking Matters, Michele Williams Nov 2015

Building And Rebuilding Trust: Why Perspective Taking Matters, Michele Williams

Michele Williams

[Excerpt] There is growing interest surrounding the function of perspective taking in social interactions and organizational life. In this chapter, I examine the role of perspective taking in trust building and trust repair. Whereas some researchers focus on the ability of perspective taking to elicit sympathy, concern, and cooperative behavior (Batson, Turk, Shaw, & Klein, 1995; Parker, Atkins, & Axtell, 2008; Parker & Axtell, 2001), others focus on the strategic impact of perspective taking (Epley, Caruso, & Bazerman, 2006; Galinsky, Maddux, Gilin & White, 2008; Galinsky & Mussweiler, 2001). I build on both streams of research by examining work that connects perspective taking to trustworthy, cooperative behavior and by delineating how the proactive (or more strategic) aspects of perspective taking can generate and repair trust.


Perspective Taking Building Positive Interpersonal Connections And Trustworthiness One Interaction At A Time, Michele Williams Nov 2015

Perspective Taking Building Positive Interpersonal Connections And Trustworthiness One Interaction At A Time, Michele Williams

Michele Williams

There is growing interest in the role of perspective taking in organizations. Perspective taking has been linked to enhanced interpersonal understanding and the strengthening of social bonds. In this chapter, I integrate research from sociology, communications, and psychology to provide insight into why, when, and how perspective taking facilitates the relational resources of positive connections and trustworthy actions. I introduce the importance of a three-dimensional view of perspective taking for building relational resources and present data validating this conceptualization. I conclude with directions for future research.


The New Solidarity? Trade Union Coalition-Building In Five Countries, Carola Frege, Edmund Heery, Lowell Turner Nov 2015

The New Solidarity? Trade Union Coalition-Building In Five Countries, Carola Frege, Edmund Heery, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

[Excerpt] The purpose of this chapter is to present a framework for the analysis of union coalition-building and demonstrate its utility using comparative empirical material mainly from the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom though we also comment on union action in Italy and Spain. In what follows, we seek to define union-coalitions and specify their functions, identify a variety of types of coalition and the variety of factors that encourage unions to forge coalitions. We then set out and seek to explain the variable patterns of coalition use across our five countries. The chapter concludes in speculative vein ...


Why Revitalize? Labour’S Urgent Mission In A Contested Global Economy, Lowell Turner Nov 2015

Why Revitalize? Labour’S Urgent Mission In A Contested Global Economy, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

What looked like carte blanche for corporate-led globalization just a few years ago is now increasingly contested. The brave new vision of market fundamentalism has been challenged on several fronts, from massive demonstrations in Seattle and Genoa to contested trade and environmental summits at Johannesburg and Cancun. The critical insights of highly placed insiders have undermined the dominant neo-liberal ideology and given credence to mounting protests and opposition viewpoints (e.g. Soros 2002; Stiglitz 2002). Economic stagnation, inequality, desperate poverty and violence— whether in Japan, East Asia, Russia, Germany, or the United States and Latin America—have belied optimistic predictions ...


Occupations, Organizations, And Boundaryless Careers, Pamela S. Tolbert Nov 2015

Occupations, Organizations, And Boundaryless Careers, Pamela S. Tolbert

Pamela S Tolbert

[Excerpt] The central premise of this chapter is that, as organizations become less important in defining career pathways and boundaries, occupations will become increasingly more important. While occupational demarcations have always had a significant, albeit often unacknowledged, impact on individual career patterns, the significance of such demarcations for careers is likely to be heightened by current trends in employment relationships. In this chapter, then, I review the sociological literature on occupational labor markets and on the structure of professional occupations, in an effort to shed light on a number of issues associated with occupationally based careers. Of specific concern are ...


On Organizations And Oligarchies: Michels In The Twenty-First Century, Pamela S. Tolbert, Shon R. Hiatt Nov 2015

On Organizations And Oligarchies: Michels In The Twenty-First Century, Pamela S. Tolbert, Shon R. Hiatt

Pamela S Tolbert

[Excerpt] A central problem for those interested in studying and explaining the actions of organizations is how to conceptualize these social phenomena. In particular, because organizations are constituted by individuals, each of whom may seek to achieve his or her interests through the organization, questions of how decisions are made in organizations and whose preferences drive those decisions are critical to explaining organizational actions. Although early organizational scholars spent much time wrestling with these questions (e.g. Barnard 1938; Simon 1947; Parsons 1956; March and Simon 1958), more recent work in organizational studies has tended to elide them, adopting an ...


Comparing Mandatory Arbitration And Litigation: Access, Process, And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark D. Gough Nov 2015

Comparing Mandatory Arbitration And Litigation: Access, Process, And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark D. Gough

Alexander Colvin

[Excerpt] What do we know about mandatory arbitration and its impact? Some existing studies have examined samples of employment arbitration cases, usually obtained from the American Arbitration Association (AAA), which is currently the largest arbitration service provider in the employment area. Although some early studies found relatively high employee win rates and damage awards in arbitration, comparable to those in litigation, these results were mainly based on arbitration under individually negotiated agreements or in the securities industry and involved relatively highly paid individuals. More recent studies using larger samples of cases based on mandatory arbitration agreements find much lower employee ...


Individual Employment Rights Arbitration In The United States: Actors And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark Gough Nov 2015

Individual Employment Rights Arbitration In The United States: Actors And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark Gough

Alexander Colvin

The authors examine disposition statistics from employment arbitration cases administered over an 11-year period by the American Arbitration Association (AAA) to investigate the process of dispute resolution in this new institution of employment relations. They investigate the predictors of settlement before the arbitration hearing and then estimate models for the likelihood of employee wins and damage amounts for the 2,802 cases that resulted in an award. Their findings show that larger-scale employers who are involved in more arbitration cases tend to have higher win rates and have lower damage awards made against them. This study also provides evidence of ...


2015-11-02 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2015

2015-11-02 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for November 2, 2015.


2015-11-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2015

2015-11-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for November 2, 2016.


Who Are My Employees?, Paul L. Bressan, Ruth L. Seroussi, Buchalternemer Nov 2015

Who Are My Employees?, Paul L. Bressan, Ruth L. Seroussi, Buchalternemer

CIHLER: From Our Members

The legal landscape for employers is changing. Led by the National Labor Relations Board (the “NLRB”), there is a growing trend to hold employers accountable, not only for their own employees, but also for the employees of their contractors, franchisees, and others with whom they do business. This increased accountability results from the expanding definition of “joint employer.”


Can The Aec Address Asean’S Skilled Labour Shortage?, Singapore Management University Nov 2015

Can The Aec Address Asean’S Skilled Labour Shortage?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The answer is “yes” if training and immigration issues are tackled head on


2015-11-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 2015

2015-11-00 Concerns, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress concerns for November of 2015.


Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla Oct 2015

Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In this introduction to the special issue ‘Changing work, labour and employment relations in China’, we argue that China is taking an experimental and decentralized approach to the development of new labor relations frameworks. Particular political constraints in China prevent interest aggregation among workers, as the central state sees this as posing a risk to social stability. Firms and local governments have been given a degree of space to experiment with different arrangements, as long as the categorical ban on independent unions is not violated. The consequence has been an increasingly differentiated labor relations landscape, with significant variation by region ...