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2001

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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

2001-12-03 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 2001

2001-12-03 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for December 3, 2001.


Gerechtigkeit Ohne Gewerkschaft Und Betriebsrat? Konfliktschlichtung In Gewerkschaftsfreien Betrieben In Den Usa, Alexander Colvin Dec 2001

Gerechtigkeit Ohne Gewerkschaft Und Betriebsrat? Konfliktschlichtung In Gewerkschaftsfreien Betrieben In Den Usa, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

Zu den Faktoren, die in jüngster Zeit in mehreren Ländern – insbesondere in den USA – zu einem Rückgang der Mitgliederzahlen der Gewerkschaften geführt haben, zählen Strategien des Human Resource Managements wie „nonunion arbitration“ (gewerkschaftsfreies Schiedsverfahren“. Arbeitgeber in nicht tarif- und gewerkschaftsgebundenen Betrieben führen solche „neuen Verfahren der Konfliktschlichtung“ (NVK) mit dem Ziel ein, einen Teilersatz für die gewerkschaftliche Interessenvertretung zu gewähren. Sie stellen eine besondere Herausforderung für die Gewerkschaften dar und machen die Anpassung ihrer Interessenvertretungsstrategien erforderlich. Zwei alternative Handlungsmöglichkeiten bieten sich an. Eine Möglichkeit besteht darin , solche NVK einfach mit dem Argument abzulehnen, dass es sich um Einrichtungen handelt, die ...


2001-10-17 President's Message, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Oct 2001

2001-10-17 President's Message, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

President's message to the Staff Congress on insurance benefits from October 17, 2001.


Mandatory Arbitration Of Employment Disputes: Implications For Policy And Practice, David Sherwyn, J. Bruce Tracey Oct 2001

Mandatory Arbitration Of Employment Disputes: Implications For Policy And Practice, David Sherwyn, J. Bruce Tracey

Articles and Chapters

In jurisdictions where mandatory-arbitration policies for employment disputes are enforceable, they can be a useful tool for employers and employees alike.


Identifying Uniform Employment-Termination Practices For Multinational Employers, James J. Zueh, David Sherwyn Oct 2001

Identifying Uniform Employment-Termination Practices For Multinational Employers, James J. Zueh, David Sherwyn

Articles and Chapters

Multinational hospitality operators can benefit from developing a uniform termination policy. Here are some of the basic criteria of such a policy, as well as the exceptions.


Faculty Retirement Policies After The End Of Mandatory Retirement, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Michael J. Rizzo Oct 2001

Faculty Retirement Policies After The End Of Mandatory Retirement, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Michael J. Rizzo

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The findings we report above have implications for both institutions and their faculty members. In some states, rapidly growing college age cohorts will require academic institutions to hire large numbers of new faculty in the years ahead to fill positions created to meet the expanding demand for enrollments. Nationally, institutions will have to replace a large number of retiring faculty members in the years ahead. This suggests that most institutions’ concern in upcoming years will not be how to encourage their faculty members to retire. Rather, their concern will be how to continue to draw on the skills of ...


Paying Our Presidents: What Do Trustees Value?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, John J. Cheslock, Julia Epifantseva Oct 2001

Paying Our Presidents: What Do Trustees Value?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, John J. Cheslock, Julia Epifantseva

Articles and Chapters

Our study makes use of data from a panel of over 400 private colleges and universities on their presidents’ salaries and benefits. These data, reported annually to the Internal Revenue Service on Form 990, have been collected by and reported in the Chronicle of Higher Education for academic years 1992–1993 through 1997–1998. We merge these data with those from other sources including the American Association of University Professors, the American Council on Education, Who’s Who in America, the National Association of College and University Business Officers, the Council on Aid to Education, and the National Science Foundation ...


2001-09-10 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Sep 2001

2001-09-10 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for September 10, 2001.


Changing To Organize: Unions Know What Has To Be Done. Now They Have To Do It, Kate Bronfenbrenner Sep 2001

Changing To Organize: Unions Know What Has To Be Done. Now They Have To Do It, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Even leaving aside the unusual events of last year, it is clear that despite all the new initiatives and resources devoted to organizing and all the talk of “changing to organize,” American unions are at best standing still. They will need to organize millions, not hundreds of thousands, of workers each year if they are to reverse the tide and begin to regain their influence and power in American society.

Why is this so difficult? Why has it taken so long for new organizing initiatives to bear significant fruit? After spending the past fourteen years conducting a series of ...


Human Resource Practices As Predictors Of Work-Family Outcomes And Employee Turnover, Rosemary Batt, P. Monique Valcour Sep 2001

Human Resource Practices As Predictors Of Work-Family Outcomes And Employee Turnover, Rosemary Batt, P. Monique Valcour

Articles and Chapters

Drawing on a non-random sample of 557 dual- earner white collar employees, this paper explores the relationship between human resource practices and three outcomes of interest to firms and employees: work-family conflict, employees’ control over managing work and family demands, and employees’ turnover intentions. We analyze three types of human resource practices: work-family policies, HR incentives designed to induce attachment to the firm, and the design of work. In a series of hierarchical regression equations, we find that work design characteristics explain the most variance in employees’ control over managing work and family demands, while HR incentives explain the most ...


The Steward’S Role In Bargaining, Ken Margolies Sep 2001

The Steward’S Role In Bargaining, Ken Margolies

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Bargaining a new contract is one of the biggest events in the life of a union, and one that offers stewards many opportunities to build a stronger organization. For many stewards, though, the bargaining process consists of responding the three big questions from the members.


Stw In The 1990s: School–Employer Partnerships And Student Outcomes, John H. Bishop, Ferran Mane, S. Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla Sep 2001

Stw In The 1990s: School–Employer Partnerships And Student Outcomes, John H. Bishop, Ferran Mane, S. Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Before the school-to-work (STW) movement began improving communication between schools and employers in the past decade, high-school achievement counted little in hiring decisions, because recent graduates could not signal skills and discipline to employers. Most requests for high school transcripts went unanswered, and employers hired workers with demonstrated job skills, freezing most graduates out of the primary labor market. Relegated to the secondary, unskilled market, graduates with strong basic skills saw a long delay before good job performance improved their income. Consequently, high-school students saw little relation between studying and labor-market rewards. Since they observed recent graduates with good ...


An Affect Theory Of Social Exchange, Edward J. Lawler Sep 2001

An Affect Theory Of Social Exchange, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

This article develops a theory that explains how and when emotions, produced by social exchange, generate stronger or weaker ties to relations, groups, or networks. It is argued that social exchange produces positive or negative global feelings, which are internally rewarding or punishing. The theory indicates that social units (relations, groups, networks) are perceived as a source of these feelings, contingent on the degree of jointness in the exchange task. The jointness of the task is greatest if (1) actors find it difficult to distinguish their individual effects on or contributions to solving the exchange task (nonseparability) and (2) actors ...


Interview With Ron Usher, Michael Hillard Aug 2001

Interview With Ron Usher, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Usher was a rank and file worker and a son of an S.D. Warren worker. He worked at mill from 1960 into the 2000s. Usher participated in union organizing at mill in 1960s, and was recruited by leaders of United Paper Workers International Union (UPIU) Local 1069 to run (successfully) for Maine State Legislature.


Ensuring A Decent Global Workplace: Labor Rights Belong In Trade Agreements, Lance A. Compa Aug 2001

Ensuring A Decent Global Workplace: Labor Rights Belong In Trade Agreements, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Linking workers' rights to international trade is an idea whose time has come and stayed, despite the best efforts of free trade ideologues to chase it away. In looming congressional debates about "fast track" negotiating authority, the Bush administration and Congress confront powerful demands from workers, trade unionists and a wider public for rules protecting human rights and labor rights, not just corporate investments, in trade agreements.


Interview With Curtis Pease, Michael Hillard Aug 2001

Interview With Curtis Pease, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Curtis Pease offers rich descriptions of work life in the mill, the jobs and skills of 1st through 5th hands in the color room and paper machines. He later became a union leader who was then hired into labor relations management by mill manager Howard Reiche. Pease has sharp observations on the failure of Scott Paper's major initiative "Jointness" in the late 1980s.


2001-07-07 Staff Evaluation Revisal, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jul 2001

2001-07-07 Staff Evaluation Revisal, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress staff evaluation revisals for July 7, 2001.


2001-07-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jul 2001

2001-07-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for July 2, 2001.


Workers’ Rights In The Global Economy, Lance A. Compa Jul 2001

Workers’ Rights In The Global Economy, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Fresh information, insightful analysis, and sharp controversy marked presentations by eminent experts and advocates at the distinguished panel on workers' rights in the global economy at the annual meeting in New Orleans.


Uniting A Divided Workforce, Ken Margolies Jul 2001

Uniting A Divided Workforce, Ken Margolies

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Keeping your co-workers united and focused on common goals, ready to respond and act as a solid force I confronted by a management threat to wages, benefits or conditions, is a big part of a steward’s job – and one of the most difficult. Here are three big causes of disunity, and some tips on how to get members past them.


Career's End: A Survey Of Faculty Retirement Policies, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jul 2001

Career's End: A Survey Of Faculty Retirement Policies, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

There are almost as many ways to retire from the academy as there are types of schools. But, as a recent study shows, institutional planning can prevent unpleasant surprises.


How High Performance Human Resource Practices And Workforce Unionization Affect Managerial Pay, Alexander J.S. Colvin, Rosemary Batt, Harry C. Katz Jul 2001

How High Performance Human Resource Practices And Workforce Unionization Affect Managerial Pay, Alexander J.S. Colvin, Rosemary Batt, Harry C. Katz

Articles and Chapters

Using data from a nationally representative sample of telecommunications establishments, this study finds that HR practices and workforce unionization influence managerial pay levels and the ratio of manager-to-worker pay. High performance HR practices, including investment in the skills of the workforce, in computer-based technologies, and in performance-based worker pay practices, are all positively related to managerial pay; but the use of workforce teams, which shift some managerial responsibilities to workers, has the opposite association. High performance HR practices also are associated with lower manager-to-worker pay differentials. In addition, workforce unionization is positively associated with managerial pay levels, with worker base ...


Training Needs Assessment Of Farm Workers In Orange And Sullivan Counties, Ny, Ken Margolies Jun 2001

Training Needs Assessment Of Farm Workers In Orange And Sullivan Counties, Ny, Ken Margolies

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] A team of three faculty members from Cornell interviewed people from agencies or organizations that provide services to or work with farm workers in and near Orange and Sullivan Counties NY. We also met many times with the staff of the Centro Independiente de Trabajadores Agricolas (CITA, Independent Farm Workers Center located in Florida, NY) and groups of farm workers. Most of the farm workers with whom we met work in the onion fields in the black dirt area of Orange County or on a large duck farm in Sullivan County. At the same time, we did a review ...


2001-06-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jun 2001

2001-06-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for June 4, 2001.


Academic Education And Occupational Training, John H. Bishop Jun 2001

Academic Education And Occupational Training, John H. Bishop

Articles and Chapters

“Most of the young people entering professional, technical, and managerial occupations start their occupational training in a school. Higher education is predominantly occupational education and is becoming more 80 each year. In 1980-81, only 17 percent of rnaster9s degrees and 33 percent of bachelor's degrees were in traditional liberal arts fields. Many of those who get these degrees remain in school to get a Ph.D., M.D., D.D.S. or L.L.B., all of which certify three or more years of intensive occupational training. Consequently, almost all college graduates obtain training for a particular occupation before ...


2001-05-07 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. May 2001

2001-05-07 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for May 7, 2001.


An Assessment Of The Singapore Skills Development System: Does It Constitute A Viable Model For Other Developing Nations?, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Christopher L. Erickson, Alvin Hwang May 2001

An Assessment Of The Singapore Skills Development System: Does It Constitute A Viable Model For Other Developing Nations?, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Christopher L. Erickson, Alvin Hwang

Articles and Chapters

In this paper, we briefly describe the institutional background to Singapore’s successful national skills development model. We devise a tentative framework to evaluate national level skills development efforts, and we use it to assess the Singapore model. We argue that the model has the potential to constantly move towards higher skills equilibria, and in those terms, it is successful. However, we question the long-term sustainability of the model, and whether it is transferable to other developing nations. We outline several useful principles that other nations might use in organizing their own skills development systems.


2001-04-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Apr 2001

2001-04-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for April 2, 2001.


What Do Workers Want: Reflections On The Implications Of The Freeman And Rogers Study, Kate Bronfenbrenner Apr 2001

What Do Workers Want: Reflections On The Implications Of The Freeman And Rogers Study, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Despite talk in the media and academia concerning worker attitudes about unions and workplace participation, there is precious little data to inform any of these discussions. Thus, research of the scope and scale of the Workplace Representation and Participation Study is of enormous value to the field of industrial relations because it provides important insights into worker attitudes about their jobs, rights, power, and future opportunities.

Yet, because there is so little other data available to put Freeman and Rogers's research into context, it becomes all the more essential that we bring great care to our analysis of ...


Editor's Introduction (Review Symposium On Converging Divergences: Worldwide Changes In Employment Systems), George R. Boyer Apr 2001

Editor's Introduction (Review Symposium On Converging Divergences: Worldwide Changes In Employment Systems), George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] During the past two decades there have been significant changes in employment systems across industrialized countries. Converging Divergences: Worldwide Changes in Employment Systems, by Harry C. Katz and Owen Darbishire, examines changes since 1980 in employment practices in seven industrialized countries—the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Japan, Sweden, and Italy—with a focus on the automotive and telecommunications industries. Katz and Darbishire find that variations in employment patterns within these countries have been increasing over the past two decades. The increase in variation is not simply a result of a decline in union strength in some ...