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1999

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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

1999-12-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Dec 1999

1999-12-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for December 6, 1999.


Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault Dec 1999

Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The strikes narrated in this paper have illustrated different ways in which individuals' recognition of ethnic identity could interact with their recognition of gender and class identities. In each strike workers' identities developed along with the serial narrative of the particular strike situation. The use of Sartre's concept of the series helps us think about the many possible variations of class, ethnicity, and gender. Though Sartre planned to use his concept of series as a way to examine peoples' class identities, my employment of the concept broadens it to include other categories of identification as well. Using the ...


The Timeliness Of Performance Information In Determining Executive Compensation, Kevin F. Hallock, Paul Oyer Dec 1999

The Timeliness Of Performance Information In Determining Executive Compensation, Kevin F. Hallock, Paul Oyer

Articles and Chapters

We study whether boards of directors concentrate on performance near compensation decision times rather than providing consistent incentives for chief executive officers (CEO). throughout the fiscal year. We show empirically that managers can profit by moving sales revenue among fiscal quarters. Though this may suggest that boards use short-term trends when determining rewards, we find evidence consistent with boards tying pay to recent sales growth so as to use the best information about future performance. We also find that the timing of profits throughout the year does not affect CEO pay, which may suggest that smoothing firm income is important ...


A Comparison Of Public Agency And Casino Employee Turnover Rates In Las Vegas, Timothy A. Clemens Nov 1999

A Comparison Of Public Agency And Casino Employee Turnover Rates In Las Vegas, Timothy A. Clemens

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The primary focus of this professional paper is to determine and then compare turnover rates between public agencies and the gaming industry in the Las Vegas area. The paper's intention is to discover what differences and similarities in employee turnover rates exist between public agencies and casinos. A secondary focus is to determine if the public sector can provide any lessons to lower employee turnover to the Las Vegas gaming industry. This secondary focus is based on the assumption that public agencies have higher employee retention (and, therefore, a lower rate of turnover) than those found within the Las ...


1999-11-01 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Nov 1999

1999-11-01 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for November 11, 1999.


Strategic Segmentation In Frontline Services: Matching Customers, Employees, And Human Resource Systems, Rosemary Batt Oct 1999

Strategic Segmentation In Frontline Services: Matching Customers, Employees, And Human Resource Systems, Rosemary Batt

Articles and Chapters

This paper examines variation in the use of high involvement work practices in service and sales operations. I argue that the relationship between the customer and frontline service provider is a central feature that distinguishes production-level service activities from manufacturing. In particular, through strategic segmentation, firms are able to segment customers by their demand characteristics and to match the complexity and potential revenue stream of the customer to the skills of employees and the human resource system that shapes the customer-employee interface. Unlike manufacturing, where high involvement systems have emerged in a wide variety of product markets, therefore, service organizations ...


1999-10-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Oct 1999

1999-10-04 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for October 4, 1999.


[Review Of The Book The Trials Of Anthony Burns: Freedom And Slavery In Emerson's Boston], Nick Salvatore Oct 1999

[Review Of The Book The Trials Of Anthony Burns: Freedom And Slavery In Emerson's Boston], Nick Salvatore

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The intellectual core of The Trials of Anthony Burns explores the connection between Ralph Waldo Emerson and the New England Transcendentalists and the abolitionist cause. Ideas effect social life, von Frank insists, and he examines that point in a rich analysis that weaves intellectual, religious, political, and cultural perspectives into a sophisticated and detailed narrative. Emersonians came to embrace abolitionist activity as a central component of their philosophical idealism, particularly during the i850s. In an interesting way, the Burns case called upon many of New England's social and cultural elites to rethink their understanding of the relationship between ...


The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly: The Peculiar Discrimination Case Of Joe’S Stone Crabs, David Sherwyn, Melenie J. Lankau Oct 1999

The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly: The Peculiar Discrimination Case Of Joe’S Stone Crabs, David Sherwyn, Melenie J. Lankau

Articles and Chapters

Joe's tried to be good, but the government said it was bad. The result was ugly.


1999-09-13 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Sep 1999

1999-09-13 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for September 13, 1999.


Are National Exit Examinations Important For Educational Efficiency?, John H. Bishop Sep 1999

Are National Exit Examinations Important For Educational Efficiency?, John H. Bishop

Articles and Chapters

“This paper analyses effects of national or provincial exit examinations on education quality. On theoretical grounds, the paper argues that such examinations should increase high school achievement, particularly in examination subjects, and that teachers and students and parents and school administrators should focus more on academic achievement when making school-quality decisions. On the negative side, exit examinations may lead to a tendency to concentrate on learning facts, rather than understanding contexts.”


1999-08-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Aug 1999

1999-08-02 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for August 2, 1999.


The Library As An Agent Of Change: Pushing The Client Institution Forward, Stuart Basefsky Aug 1999

The Library As An Agent Of Change: Pushing The Client Institution Forward, Stuart Basefsky

Articles and Chapters

The library in today's world must transform itself into an agent of change. Basefsky discusses why informing, discussing, soliciting, targeting, teaming and stretching need to be implemented if libraries want to remain useful and the institutions they serve wish to prosper.


1999-07-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. Jul 1999

1999-07-06 Meeting Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress meeting minutes for July 6, 1999.


Immigration Policy And Human Resource Development, Vernon M. Briggs Jul 1999

Immigration Policy And Human Resource Development, Vernon M. Briggs

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Population projections made by both the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Research Council in 1995 show that, if existing immigration policies remain in place, immigration will account for two-thirds of the anticipated population growth of between 124 and 131 million people that will occur by 2050. Immigration, which is currently accounting for about 40 percent of annual population growth, is in the process of becoming the dominant influence on the nation's human resource development. Two national commissions established by Congress since 1965 have strongly criticized prevailing immigration policy and offered significant recommendations for changes. Independent research ...


Steelworkers' Victory At Ravenswood: Picket Line Around The World, Tom Juravich, Kate Bronfenbrenner Jul 1999

Steelworkers' Victory At Ravenswood: Picket Line Around The World, Tom Juravich, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

The second in a two-part series details the sophisticated international campaign and grass-roots activism that gave labor one of its biggest wins in the '90s.


The Changing Distributions Of New Ph.D. Economists And Their Employment: Implications For The Future, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jul 1999

The Changing Distributions Of New Ph.D. Economists And Their Employment: Implications For The Future, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Academic careers are no longer the be-all and end-all for economics Ph.D. students, and the findings and background provided by Siegfried and Stock help to explain why this is so.

The median age at which individuals receive economics Ph.D.'s in the Siegfried and Stock sample is 32. While they are somewhat surprised at this finding, it parallels the experiences of many other fields. Increasingly, students are working before proceeding to doctoral studies. Often Ph.D. students in economics enter their programs after having spent several years working for government agencies or research consulting companies—work that ...


Partnership Competency Framework: A Report On The Skills And Competencies Required For Effective Labor-Management Partnerships, Jean Joines Strasser May 1999

Partnership Competency Framework: A Report On The Skills And Competencies Required For Effective Labor-Management Partnerships, Jean Joines Strasser

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Locked Out But Holding Together In Ravenswood, Tom Juravich, Kate Bronfenbrenner May 1999

Locked Out But Holding Together In Ravenswood, Tom Juravich, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

The first in a two-part series that details the Steelworkers' victory at Ravenswood Aluminum - one of labor's biggest wins in the '90s.


No Longer Forced Out: How One Institution Is Dealing With The End Of Mandatory Retirement, Ronald G. Ehrenberg May 1999

No Longer Forced Out: How One Institution Is Dealing With The End Of Mandatory Retirement, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

: [Excerpt] Why should academic institutions or their faculty care about the end of mandatory retirement for tenured faculty, which became effective in January 1994? From the perspective of an individual tenured faculty member who wants to continue her career beyond age seventy, the elimination is a welcome event. In the past, faculty members who wanted to remain active after reaching seventy had to negotiate their status with institutions that were under no legal obligation to allow them to continue. Now, however, tenured faculty members have the legal right to continue indefinitely in their tenured appointments.

From the point of view ...


Railroad Voices: Stories Of Railroad Life In America, Linda Niemann Apr 1999

Railroad Voices: Stories Of Railroad Life In America, Linda Niemann

Linda G. Niemann

Stories of railroad life in America.


Organizing For Keeps: Building A Twenty-First Century Labor Movement, Kate Bronfenbrenner Apr 1999

Organizing For Keeps: Building A Twenty-First Century Labor Movement, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In the last several years a great deal of discussion has taken place both inside and outside the labor movement about the need for American unions to organize massive numbers of unorganized workers. Who exactly this target workforce should be, ranging from low-wage contingent workers in home care, janitorial, or food service occupations, to the legions of unorganized clerical workers in business services, to the expanding professional and technical workforce in our "high tech" economy; to both skilled and unskilled production workers in the light manufacturing plants which have sprouted up across the South and rural Midwest, remains a ...


My Life And Economics, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Apr 1999

My Life And Economics, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Age 51 is a bit early to be writing a retrospective about one's career as an economist and one's life. This is especially true for me since I am not on track to win a Nobel Prize, to be admitted to the National Academy of Science, or even to be elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society. Nonetheless, as I write this essay during the fall of 1997, I look back on the 28 years I have spent as a PhD economist and see a record of accomplishment of which I am proud and a number of ...


Women And The Labor Movement: An Interview With Linda Chavez-Thompson, Pam Henderson, Susan Woods Mar 1999

Women And The Labor Movement: An Interview With Linda Chavez-Thompson, Pam Henderson, Susan Woods

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Linda Chavez-Thompson is the executive vice-president of the AFL-CIO and the highest ranking elected woman officer in the labor federation's I IO-year history. She rose from the organizing ranks of The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees to achieve a distinguished career as a national labor leader and representative of public-sector employees. A second generation Mexican-American, her work life began at age ten laboring with her parents, ten-hour days at thirty cents an hour: in the cotton fields of West Texas. Before assuming one of the three highest leadership positions within the AFL-CIO, she directed AFSCME ...


Patterns Of Adr Use In Corporate Disputes, David B. Lipsky, Ronald L. Seeber Feb 1999

Patterns Of Adr Use In Corporate Disputes, David B. Lipsky, Ronald L. Seeber

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Is it reasonable to expect that the use of ADR by U.S. corporations will continue to grow in the future? We asked the respondents in our survey a series of questions designed to determine their view on this issue....In general, a large majority of the respondents in our survey believe that they are "likely" or "very likely" to use mediation in the future—38% and 46%, respectively. They were more cautious about the use of arbitration. Only 24% said they were very likely to use it in the future, while 47% said they were likely to do ...


Do Indirect Cost Rates Matter?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Jaroslava K. Mykula Feb 1999

Do Indirect Cost Rates Matter?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Jaroslava K. Mykula

Articles and Chapters

This study addresses the relationship between a university's indirect cost rate and its level of federal research funding. Both direct and indirect cost funding are examined. The data used in the analyses include unpublished institutional level data for all doctoral and research universities on funding and indirect cost rates obtained from the National Science Foundation for the fiscal years 1988 to 1997 period. Our major finding is that higher indirect cost rates are associated with higher levels of direct and indirect cost funding for institutions that initially are among the largest recipients of federal funding. In contrast, for universities ...


Is There An Emerging Transnational Regime For Labor Standards? Remarks, Lance A. Compa Jan 1999

Is There An Emerging Transnational Regime For Labor Standards? Remarks, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In concluding his remarks, Professor Compa outlined what he sees as the major benefits of the NAALC. First, the submission process under the NAALC is open, allowing anyone to file. Second, the NAALC impels cross-border partnerships between labor activists who must work together in order to file a submission. Third, the NAALC offers a range of targets, including corporations, unions, governments and retailers. Finally, the NAALC mobilizes the regional arena to force action within the national arena.


The Measurement Of Income Mobility: An Introduction To The Literature, Gary S. Fields, Efe A. Ok Jan 1999

The Measurement Of Income Mobility: An Introduction To The Literature, Gary S. Fields, Efe A. Ok

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Our main purpose in this survey is, therefore, to provide a somewhat unified setting within which the basic features of the theory of income mobility measurement can be outlined. Our aim is to provide a (subjectively) selective introduction to the literature on income mobility, and thereby shed some light on particular aspects of mobility measurement. Consequently, the present study should not be viewed as an exhaustive survey of the related literature. It is rather a very concise account of some key elements of the theory of income mobility measurement.


Economic And Demographic Aspects Of Taiwan's Rising Family Income Inequality, Gary S. Fields Jan 1999

Economic And Demographic Aspects Of Taiwan's Rising Family Income Inequality, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Since 1980, however, family income inequality in Taiwan has risen slowly but steadily. In this chapter, we apply decomposition methodologies devised by Fei and co-authors and by Shorrocks to Taiwan's Family Income and Expenditure Surveys to quantify the sources of Taiwan's rising family income inequality.

Our principal finding is that labor income inequality accounts for more than 100 percent of the observed change— that is, household income inequality would have increased even more had not business income, property income and transfer income contributed to an equalization of incomes. However, the reason for this is not that individual ...


Measuring Movement Of Incomes, Gary S. Fields, Efe A. Ok Jan 1999

Measuring Movement Of Incomes, Gary S. Fields, Efe A. Ok

Articles and Chapters

We consider a small set of elementary properties for income movement measures, and show that there is essentially only one measure that satisfies all of these properties: the per capita aggregate change in log-incomes. We demonstrate next that this movement-mobility measure has a number of appealing descriptive and normative properties, and provide a formal generalization of our basic characterization theorem drawing from the related literature on poverty measurement. Finally, we present here an empirical application in which we show by using our new measure that there has been a broad-based increase in income movement in the United States between the ...