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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Swedish Wage-Earner Funds: An Experiment In Economic Democracy, Jonas Pontusson, Sarosh Kuruvilla Jul 1992

Swedish Wage-Earner Funds: An Experiment In Economic Democracy, Jonas Pontusson, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Articles and Chapters

This article analyzes the performance of the "wage-earner funds" established in Sweden in 1983 - collective share-holding funds financed by special payroll and profits taxes. The authors' analysis indicates that although the wage-earner funds generally met the financial objectives set by the 1983 legislation, their significance in promoting "wage solidarity" (wage determination based on the work performed rather than on firm or industry profitability) and in providing workers with substantial influence over corporate decisions was limited by the size of their stockholdings and the seven-year (1984-90) restriction on the inflow of revenues into the funds. The authors conclude that the funds ...


Living Standards, Labor Markets And Human Resources In Taiwan, Gary S. Fields Jan 1992

Living Standards, Labor Markets And Human Resources In Taiwan, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper has three general aims: to demonstrate that standards of living have continued to improve during Taiwan's recent economic growth, to analyze the causes of improvements in the 1980s and before, and to discuss some specific issues which are likely to arise and which will need to be resolved in the years ahead.


Modern Sector Enlargement Or Traditional Sector Enrichment? Gnp Effects With Induced Migration, Gary S. Fields Jan 1992

Modern Sector Enlargement Or Traditional Sector Enrichment? Gnp Effects With Induced Migration, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

This paper considers how GNP would change if development resources are allocated in alternative ways, taking account of induced migration. The preferred allocation of development resources between sectors is shown to depend on the amounts of modern sector enlargement and traditional sector enrichment that could be achieved under alternative resource allocations and the labor market effects of each.

The practical significance of these results is the following. Using additional development resources to expand modern sector exports and employment is most efficacious when the marginal product of capital in the modem sector is high and the amounts of induced migration and ...


Industrial Relations And The Reorganization Of Work In West Germany: Lessons For The U.S., Lowell Turner Jan 1992

Industrial Relations And The Reorganization Of Work In West Germany: Lessons For The U.S., Lowell Turner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Some have suggested that to compete in the new world economy we must not only adopt Japanese production practices but also abandon Western traditions of independent unionism. When U.S. trade unionists naturally resist, they are criticized as "adversarial." My argument is that U.S. managers do not need to break the unions or to transform them into subordinate enterprise unions in order to gain the benefits of new work organization. Rather than looking only to Japan for ways to get us out of our current competitive predicament, we should also look to Europe. A particularly useful example is ...