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1989

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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Newsletter Vol.17 No.4 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Nov 1989

Newsletter Vol.17 No.4 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Progressive Union Organizing: The Seiu Justice For Janitors Campaign, Richard W. Hurd, William Rouse Oct 1989

Progressive Union Organizing: The Seiu Justice For Janitors Campaign, Richard W. Hurd, William Rouse

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The Justice for Janitors campaign was conceived during a bitter labor dispute with Pittsburgh's Mellon Bank which started late in 1985. Mellon Bank, having just renewed an Service Employees International Union collective-bargaining agreement, replaced their former cleaning contractor with a nonunion company. The new contractor refused to honor the Mellon-SEIU labor accord and was willing to hire only half of Mellon's 80 janitors on a part-time basis with a substantial pay cut and no benefits. Mellon disclaimed any responsibility, stating that the dispute was strictly between the new cleaning contractor and the janitors. In response the SEIU ...


Efficiency And Equity As Goals For Contemporary U.S. Immigration Policy, Vernon M. Briggs Jr Oct 1989

Efficiency And Equity As Goals For Contemporary U.S. Immigration Policy, Vernon M. Briggs Jr

Articles and Chapters

As the United States has entered its postindustrial stage of economic development, mass immigration has again become a distinguishing feature of the U.S. economy. In all of its diverse forms, immigration presently accounts for anywhere from one-quarter to one-third of the annual growth of the U.S. labor force. By the turn of the 21st century, it could conceivably comprise all of such growth. Immigration is the one aspect of population and labor force growth that public policy should be able to shape and control. Unfortunately, however, the extant public policies that govern the size and composition of the ...


Newsletter Vol.17 No.3 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Sep 1989

Newsletter Vol.17 No.3 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Aug 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about the Government Department, retirees, and taxes.


The Impact Of U.S. News & World Report College Rankings On Admissions Outcomes And Pricing Policies At Selective Private Institutions, James Monks, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jul 1989

The Impact Of U.S. News & World Report College Rankings On Admissions Outcomes And Pricing Policies At Selective Private Institutions, James Monks, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

Despite the widespread popularity of the U.S. News & World Report College rankings there has been no empirical analysis of the impact of these rankings on applications, admissions, and enrollment decisions, as well as on institutions' pricing policies. Our analyses indicate that a less favorable rank leads an institution to accept a greater percentage of its applicants, a smaller percentage of its admitted applicants matriculate, and the resulting entering class is of lower quality, as measured by its average SAT scores. While tuition levels are not responsive to less favorable rankings, institutions offer less visible price discounts in the form ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jun 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Harry Largen, Jim Tomes and the minority vita bank.


[Review Of The Book ”Big Bill” Haywood], Nick Salvatore Jun 1989

[Review Of The Book ”Big Bill” Haywood], Nick Salvatore

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This brief biography of William D. "Big Bill" Haywood, the charismatic leader of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) between 1905 and 1918, is an engaging introduction to Haywood's life. Although the volume was not intended to supplant Peter Carlson's Roughneck: The Life and Times of Big Bill Haywood (1983) or Melvyn Dubofsky's own impressive We Shall Be All: A History of the IWW (1969), this biography effectively sketches a number of the central juxtapositions that framed Haywood's life.


Innovation In Student Affairs: The Influence Of Individual And Organizational Factors On Programmatic And Technological Change, Sally S. Thomas May 1989

Innovation In Student Affairs: The Influence Of Individual And Organizational Factors On Programmatic And Technological Change, Sally S. Thomas

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper was to explore the influence individual and organizational factors exerted on technological innovations, programmatic innovations and combined technological and programmatic innovations. Student affairs divisions in Comprehensive I colleges and universities constituted the administrative unit examined. The two types of program innovations examined were substance abuse prevention/education programs and retention/academic support programs. The technological innovations examined were financial aid computerized award calculation and computerized career counseling. The individual factors examined were professionalism, gender and age of the chief student affairs officer. The organizational factors were vertical, horizontal and combined vertical and horizontal complexity, centralization ...


Making Vocational Education More Effective For At-Risk Youth, John H. Bishop May 1989

Making Vocational Education More Effective For At-Risk Youth, John H. Bishop

Articles and Chapters

"Occupationally specific vocational training pays off for disadvantaged students, but only if graduates work in the jobs they were trained for. Implication: Vocational educators must help make sure that the skills they teach are used."


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Apr 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Torie Cockriel, WKU Ticket Office and medical insurance audits.


Physicians’ Work, Alice A. Oberfield, Pamela S. Tolbert Apr 1989

Physicians’ Work, Alice A. Oberfield, Pamela S. Tolbert

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In order to evaluate the full impact of such changes on physicians' work and the health care system, it is necessary to understand the forces bringing change about. Thus, we begin by providing a brief history of the contemporary medical care system, then turn to an assessment of current trends and their consequences for the practice of medicine.


Learning From Clerical Unions: Two Cases Of Organizing Success, Richard W. Hurd Apr 1989

Learning From Clerical Unions: Two Cases Of Organizing Success, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

This paper summarizes two successful clerical organizing campaigns. The first case describes the District 65 campaign to gain representation rights and contract protection for the clerical employees of Columbia University. The discussion reviews the tactics employed to win a representation election, to maintain rank and file involvement during an extended legal battle, and to conduct a successful strike for a first contract. The second case describes a campaign by Teamsters Local 364 to achieve recognition and bargaining rights for public school secretaries in South Bend, Ind. Already members of an employee association, the secretaries sought to affiliate with the Teamsters ...


Newsletter Vol.17 No.2 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Apr 1989

Newsletter Vol.17 No.2 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Book Incentives, Cooperation And Risk Sharing: Economic And Psychological Perspectives On Employment Contracts, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Apr 1989

Review Of The Book Incentives, Cooperation And Risk Sharing: Economic And Psychological Perspectives On Employment Contracts, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The current volume, which grew out of a two-day conference held at New York University in 1984, is an excellent introduction to compensation policy research and practice. A unique aspect of the volume is its interdisciplinary orientation; the contributors include academic economists and industrial psychologists, as well as practicing compensation and personnel and human resource specialists. A very readable introductory essay by the editor provides general discussion of analytical issues in compensation policy research and whets the reader's appetite for the papers that follow.


Review Of The Book An Incentives Approach To Improving The Unemployment Compensation System, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Apr 1989

Review Of The Book An Incentives Approach To Improving The Unemployment Compensation System, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This volume is the result of over two decades of research by the author on the unemployment insurance (UI) system. It focuses on the overpayment of UI benefits: payments to individuals that are larger than they should be because of miscalculations of benefit levels by administrative agencies or the failure of individuals to meet initial or continuing eligibility requirements for the receipt of benefits.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Feb 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Rita Isenberg, Minority Vita Bank and maternity leave.


Malthus Was Right After All: Poor Relief And Birth Rates In Southeastern England, George R. Boyer Feb 1989

Malthus Was Right After All: Poor Relief And Birth Rates In Southeastern England, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

The payment of child allowances to laborers with large families was widespread in early nineteenth-century England. This paper tests Thomas Malthus's hypothesis that child allowances caused the birth rate to increase. A cross-sectional regression model is estimated to explain variations in birth rates across parishes in 1826-30. Birth rates are found to be related to child allowances, income, and the availability of housing, as Malthus contended. The paper concludes by examining the role played by the adoption of child allowances after 1795 in the fertility increase of the early nineteenth century.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Special fall semester issue.


The Impact Of Government Policies On Urban Employment In Small Economies, Gary S. Fields Jan 1989

The Impact Of Government Policies On Urban Employment In Small Economies, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Most of the policies intended to affect urban employment are not specifically employment policies nor are they specifically urban. Rather, the amount of urban employment, the composition of that employment, and the returns from it are determined by a whole host of policies. To review them all in a short paper is an impossible undertaking. The criterion by which I decided which policies to consider is policy-relevance, asking which set of policies is apt to have the largest impact on employment.


Wage-Setting Institutions And Economic Growth, Gary S. Fields, Henry Wan Jr. Jan 1989

Wage-Setting Institutions And Economic Growth, Gary S. Fields, Henry Wan Jr.

Articles and Chapters

Wage-setting institutions in several Asian and Latin American economies are compared and contrasted. The Asian economies have relied more on market wage determination, whereas the Latin American economies have encouraged institutions which push wages in key sectors up above market-clearing levels. Market wage determination, combined with export-led growth, has resulted in rapidly rising real wages in the context of full employment in the Asian economies. The Latin American economies have done less well.


On-The-Job Search In A Labor Market Model: Ex Ante Choices And Ex Post Outcomes, Gary S. Fields Jan 1989

On-The-Job Search In A Labor Market Model: Ex Ante Choices And Ex Post Outcomes, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

This paper builds a multi-sector labor market model including wage dualism, open unemployment, underemployment, on-the-job search, and expected wage equalization. The innovative feature of this model is the distinction between the ex ante allocation of the labor force among search strategies and the ex post allocation of the labor force among labor market outcomes. Among the findings are: more efficient on-the-job search lowers the equilibrium unemployment rate; in a rational expectations equilibrium, the average rural and urban wages will not be equal; modern sector enlargement may leave labor market conditions in one of the sectors unchanged, even when wages and ...


Changes In Poverty And Inequality In Developing Countries, Gary S. Fields Jan 1989

Changes In Poverty And Inequality In Developing Countries, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

This paper presents new data on poverty, inequality, and growth in those developing countries of the world for which the requisite statistics are available. Economic growth is found generally but not always to reduce poverty. Growth, however, is found to have very little to do with income inequality. Thus the "economic laws" linking the rate of growth and the distribution of benefits receive only very tenuous empirical support here.


Big Labor Regains Its Muscle: Social Responsibility Leads To Greater Political Clout, Richard W. Hurd Jan 1989

Big Labor Regains Its Muscle: Social Responsibility Leads To Greater Political Clout, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The political fortunes of organized labor have improved remarkably in the past two years. Following a decade of disappointments in Congress and at the polls, the AFL-CIO has successfully orchestrated a return to its position as one of the premier lobbying powers in Washington. The recently concluded 100th Congress was marked by a series of major victories, including plant closing protection, strict limits on the use of polygraph tests to screen employees, omnibus trade legislation, and a successful override of President Reagan's veto of funding for highway construction. The defeat of AFL- CIO-endorsed presidential candidate Michael Dukakis notwithstanding ...


Newsletter Vol.17 No.1 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Jan 1989

Newsletter Vol.17 No.1 1989, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about David Mefford, faculty/staff recreational program and campus day care.


Organizing Clerical Workers, Richard W. Hurd Jan 1989

Organizing Clerical Workers, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] There are two organizing models that are effective among clerical workers. One model is the media-oriented, high-tech type of organizing. AFSCME does this very well; some other unions have also used it effectively. It starts with polling and opinion research on the work force that might be organized. This is followed up by targeted direct mail, telephone banks, radio and TV ads, campaign-specific newspapers and so on. This type of campaign is most appropriate for large public-sector units, especially when the clericals work in multiple locations. It is an important and successful means of organizing, but it has limited ...


Why The Apathy In American High Schools?, John H. Bishop Jan 1989

Why The Apathy In American High Schools?, John H. Bishop

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Yes, it is a classic chicken versus egg problem. We assign teachers the responsibility for setting high standards but we do not give them any of the tools that might be effective for inducing student observance of the academic goals of the classroom. They finally must rely on the force of their own personalities. All too often teachers compromise academic demands because the majority of the class sees no need to accept them as reasonable and legitimate.


Organized Labor At The Crossroads, Wei-Chiao Huang Jan 1989

Organized Labor At The Crossroads, Wei-Chiao Huang

Upjohn Press

This group of essays offers a detailed look at the problems, choices and future of industrial relations.


Power And Bargaining In Authority-Client Relations, Mary A. Blegen, Edward J. Lawler Jan 1989

Power And Bargaining In Authority-Client Relations, Mary A. Blegen, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

This article presents a theory of tactical action designed to analyze the authority- client relationship, i.e., voluntary, noncontractual relation between service-providers and their clients. The focus is on conflicts that arise when authorities refuse requests from clients, and the theory predicts the tactical choices of the clients. Authority-client relationships are seen from an exchange perspective. The theory is structured around power-dependence and integrates legitimacy and attribution notions with previous theories of tactical action. The major predictions indicate that the client’s choice of tactic is a function of an interaction between (1) the client’s attribution of the authority ...