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1988

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Articles 1 - 30 of 42

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Dec 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Student Activities & Organizations, Sue Pillow and taxes.


The Education Reform Movement And The Realities Of Collective Bargaining, Robert E. Doherty, David B. Lipsky Dec 1988

The Education Reform Movement And The Realities Of Collective Bargaining, Robert E. Doherty, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The response to what many believe to be a serious decline in educational achievement and standards has been, so far, a spate of studies, commissions, and reports, all aiming toward reform of the education system. Most of the recommendations that have been implemented to date have come about through state-level legislation and mandates (Darling-Hammond and Berry, 1988). Education reformers disagree on the role of teacher bargaining in achieving their objectives. One wing of the reform movement believes collective bargaining is an obstacle to change and maintains collective bargaining is one reason the schools are in bad shape. But another ...


The Politics Of The Education Reform Movement: Some Implications For The Future Of Teacher Bargaining, David B. Lipsky Nov 1988

The Politics Of The Education Reform Movement: Some Implications For The Future Of Teacher Bargaining, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In summary, the ongoing battle over education reform and emerging demographic trends do not bode well for the success of reform efforts in this country and probably mean tougher, if nonetheless more interesting, days at the bargaining table.

In recent years taxpayers have been willing to support increased expenditures for public education. But sooner or later taxpayers will want to see results. Both liberal and conservative politicians have been staunch supporters of the school reform movement, but politicians are a notoriously fickle group.

To improve the quality of education, we need a sustained effort over an indefinite period of ...


Newsletter Vol.16 No.5 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Nov 1988

Newsletter Vol.16 No.5 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Unions And The Contingent Work Force, Kate Bronfenbrenner Nov 1988

Unions And The Contingent Work Force, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Unions seeking to organize the unorganized face increasing numbers of part-time, temporary and leased employees. These contingent workers now make up more than a quarter of the American work force. Of the new work force they are the least organized and perhaps the most difficult to organize. But they are also the group most in need of the protections, benefits and representation that a union can provide.

There have always been some service industries such as hotel, health care and retail, that have maintained a large contingent work force because of long hours and fluctuating demand. Also there have ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Oct 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Computer and Informational Services, Eula Monroe, WKU organization and Mike Wallace.


Effects Of Local Labor Market Conditions On Husband-Wife Wage Labor Participation And Labor Demand: U.S. Farm And Rural Nonfarm Households, Wallace E. Huffman Oct 1988

Effects Of Local Labor Market Conditions On Husband-Wife Wage Labor Participation And Labor Demand: U.S. Farm And Rural Nonfarm Households, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

Nonmetropolitan America contains almost 25 percent of the nation's population and 33 percent of its labor force. Rural residents are more likely to experience subemployment or poverty than their urban counterparts', and nonmetropolitan areas have lower wage rates and family income than urban areas. During the 1970s, rural areas benefited from a shift of manufacturing jobs from the metropolitan to nonmetro areas. However, during the 1980s employment prospects for nonmetro areas have deteriorated (USDA 1987). Part of this change in prospects is a result of increased international competition for U.S. manufactured goods and agricultural products. In addition, a ...


Newsletter Vol.16 No.4 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Sep 1988

Newsletter Vol.16 No.4 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Bottom-Up Organizing In The Trades: An Interview With Mike Lucas, Ibew Director Of Organizing, Jeff Grabelsky Sep 1988

Bottom-Up Organizing In The Trades: An Interview With Mike Lucas, Ibew Director Of Organizing, Jeff Grabelsky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Like the bottom-up organizers who built the IBEW 100 years ago by traveling from city to city, working at their trade and preaching the union creed, Lucas has been around the block. From Florida to Oklahoma, Indiana to Tennessee, he worked from 1954 to 1959 as a member of the Laborers and Teamsters unions. He began his organizing career in the utility construction industry, and first volunteered his talents to the IBEW in 1960 by organizing the manufacturing workers at a new Studebaker plant in Bloomington, Indiana, which he had recently helped build as a union electrician. He served ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Aug 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Administrative Office Systems, faculty honors.


Newsletter Vol.16 No.3 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Jul 1988

Newsletter Vol.16 No.3 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Women In Union Leadership Roles, Lois Spier Gray Jul 1988

Women In Union Leadership Roles, Lois Spier Gray

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Progress has been slower at the policy making level, as illustrated by the report that in these same unions with 45% or more female membership, women hold less than 10% of .the executive board positions. While the percentages are higher in professional unions - for example, 32% in the American Federation of Teachers which has a 60% female membership - in almost all cases, representation on executive boards falls far below that of local membership. Few of the more than 90 AFL-CIO unions are headed by women: only the Association of Flight Attendants, which has a predominantly female membership, and the ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jun 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Steve Small, Cashier's Office and new employees.


What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer Jun 1988

What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

The article examines the development of the insurance function of trade unions. It analyzes how such policies worked, and why union benefit packages differed across occupations. It also addresses the impact of insurance policies on union organization. Insurance benefits increased the ability of unions to attract and retain members. They did not, however, significantly increase the power of union leaders relative to employers or union rank and file.


Advance Notice Provisions In Plant Closing Legislation: Do They Matter?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, George H. Jakubson Jun 1988

Advance Notice Provisions In Plant Closing Legislation: Do They Matter?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, George H. Jakubson

Articles and Chapters

This paper evaluates the cases for and against plant closing legislation. In spite of the growth of legislative efforts in the area, there has been surprisingly little effort devoted to analyzing what the effects are of existing plant closing legislation, of provisions in privately negotiated collective bargaining agreements that provide for advance notice in case of plant shutdowns and/or layoffs, and of voluntary employer provision of advance notice. The paper summarizes the results of previous research, and our own empirical analyses that used the January 1984 Bureau of Labor Statistics Survey of Displaced Workers, on the effects of advance ...


Review Of The Book Labor Relations And The Litigation Explosion, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jun 1988

Review Of The Book Labor Relations And The Litigation Explosion, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Labor Relations and the Litigation Explosion is a very readable book that is easily accessible to nonspecialists. (The author has presented more technical treatments of the material elsewhere; see Flanagan 1986a, 1986b.) The early chapters begin with a discussion of federal policy towards labor relations in the United States under the National Labor Relations Act, a documentation of the growth of unfair labor practice charges that occurred over the 1950-1980 period and then a demonstration that this growth can be only partially "explained" by the changing industrial and regional distribution of employment in the United States. Quite interestingly, he ...


An Economic Analysis Of The Market For Law School Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg May 1988

An Economic Analysis Of The Market For Law School Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

This study utilizes data from a number of sources to estimate how lawyers' starting salaries relate to their ability, the quality of law school they attended, and whether the law school was a private institution. Based upon this analysis, a benefit—cost analysis is conducted of the value of attending a high-quality private institution. Analyses are also done of how the financial attractiveness of law vis-a-vis other careers has changed in recent years and a conceptual framework discussed for law schools to use in allocating their financial aid resources.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Apr 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Chemistry Department, Mary Boemker and employment eligibility.


Organizing Clerical Workers: Determinants Of Success, Richard W. Hurd, Adrienne Mcelwain Apr 1988

Organizing Clerical Workers: Determinants Of Success, Richard W. Hurd, Adrienne Mcelwain

Articles and Chapters

This paper investigates factors influencing the outcome of union organizing efforts among clerical workers in the private sector. Drawing on interviews with union officials involved in clerical organizing campaigns, the authors analyze NLRB data on elections held in 1979. They find that the percentage of clerical workers voting yes in representation elections was related positively to the strength of the union presence in the state and employment growth in the industry, and negatively to the level of strike activity in the state and management resistance to unionization. The delay between the filing of an election petition and the holding of ...


Determinants Of The Compensation And Mobility Of School Superintendents, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Richard P. Chaykowski, Randy Ehrenberg Apr 1988

Determinants Of The Compensation And Mobility Of School Superintendents, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Richard P. Chaykowski, Randy Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

Analyzing 197-83 panel data from more than 700 New York State school districts, the authors find evidence that school superintendents were rewarded, both by higher salary increases and by enhanced opportunities to move to belter-paying jobs, for having low school tax rates and high educational achievement within their districts, relative to the values of those variables in comparable school districts in the state. The rewards were, however, quite small. The analysis also suggests that the superintendents themselves did not significantly influence either school tax rates or educational test scores in their districts.


Laboring For Unity, Lance A. Compa Mar 1988

Laboring For Unity, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Fourteen years after the military coup the Chilean people are still seeking the road back to democracy. Yet finding that road requires a strong, democratic, united labor movement voicing the aspirations of working people. To achieve that goal Chilean labor leaders have to resolve important tensions in the unions' relationship to political parties, the role of union officials who are also committed political partisans and the balance between political and economic demands.


Newsletter Vol.16 No.2 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Mar 1988

Newsletter Vol.16 No.2 1988, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Feb 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Health Services, Carl Holder and benefits.


Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen Feb 1988

Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen

Economic Staff Paper Series

The Future Directions in Iowa Education program was designed with three purposes in mind. First, the program was designed to provide local participants with the latest perspectives on current statewide trends in Iowa schools, school fiananceand legislative options. Second, the program was designed to provide each participant with data on local school district trends and directions for comparison with neighboring districts„ Finallv™ the program was designed to provide each participant with a sense of direction (or lack thereof) on manv of the major education issues as a result of discussions with other state and local leaders- As a result, the ...


Production, Consumption, And Labor Supply Decisions Of Farm Households: A Review Of The Evidence For North America, Wallace E. Huffman Jan 1988

Production, Consumption, And Labor Supply Decisions Of Farm Households: A Review Of The Evidence For North America, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

Agriculture in North America is. highly integrated with the other sectors of the economy through markets for farm inputs,' farm products, consumer goods, and labor; During the early 1950s, and to a-iesser-extent during the early 1980s, farm households incomes were depressed-relative to nonfarm household incomes. The reasons"were primarily that the-'supply curve for agricultural products had been shifting faster due to rapid technical change than the demand curve-arid real wage rates-had been rising"in the nonfarm sector, especially during the 1940s and 1950s. For labor to be fully enqjloyed and farm labor; to earn its opportunity return compared to ...


Stop Sending Mixed Signals To General Pinochet, Lance A. Compa Jan 1988

Stop Sending Mixed Signals To General Pinochet, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] We should not apologize for U.S. enforcement of the new labor rights laws against Chile. Critics have attacked them as "backdoor protectionism" aimed at keeping out foreign products. U.S. unionists, though, report a genuine enthusiasm among their rank-and-file members, not for the prospect of shutting out foreign goods but the hope of better pay and working conditions for their foreign counterparts.


Institutional Sources Of Organizational Culture In Major Law Firms, Pamela S. Tolbert Jan 1988

Institutional Sources Of Organizational Culture In Major Law Firms, Pamela S. Tolbert

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] A large body of research has been generated within the last few years on the forms and functions of organizational culture and on the consequences of culture for organizational control and effectiveness. Surprisingly little attention has been given, however, to the sources of organizational culture and, in particular, to the features of organizations that affect its maintenance and transmission. This chapter uses an institutionalization perspective to explore these issues.


Trade Strategies And The Poor: Adjusting To New Realities, Gary S. Fields Jan 1988

Trade Strategies And The Poor: Adjusting To New Realities, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The major policy issue examined in this paper is that of a country's choice of a trade strategy in the context of helping the poor. As the end of the 1980s approaches, developing countries face a much more difficult economic situation than that which they confronted at the end of the 1970s. The paper begins by reviewing these new realities and the need for adjusting to them. After mentioning some non-policies, I proceed to consider both successful and unsuccessful country experiences and draw lessons from them. One policy singled out for special attention is wage policy and its ...


Income Distribution And Economic Growth, Gary S. Fields Jan 1988

Income Distribution And Economic Growth, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Who benefits how much from economic growth and why? This question is fundamental to today’s development economics. This chapter reviews some of the major lessons learned and major directions for future research in the study of income distribution and economic development.


Employment And Economic Growth In Costa Rica, Gary S. Fields Jan 1988

Employment And Economic Growth In Costa Rica, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

Costa Rica’s economic growth in the last 25 years has had favorable labor market and income distribution consequences. Overall, employment growth kept pace with labor force growth, the mix of jobs improved, real wages rose, and relative inequality and absolute poverty fell. But during the economic crisis of 1980-82, when real per capita income plummeted, labor market conditions deteriorated markedly: unemployment doubled, employment composition worsened, and real wages fell by 40%. Growth, labor market conditions, and income distribution have moved together.