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1986

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Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

The "Albatross" Of Immigration Reform: Temporary Worker Policy In The United States, Vernon M. Briggs Jr. Dec 1986

The "Albatross" Of Immigration Reform: Temporary Worker Policy In The United States, Vernon M. Briggs Jr.

Articles and Chapters

"Temporary worker policy in the United States traditionally has been advocated as a means to meet shortages for labor - a demand problem. Over the past decade, however, there has been support for the use of such policies as a means of addressing illegal immigration - a supply problem. Despite the fact that experiences show that such endeavors actually foster illegal immigration, the drive for immigration reform in the 1980s was seriously encumbered with a variety of attempts both to expand existing and to add new temporary worker programs. This article reviews the evolution of temporary worker policy and indicates how efforts ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Dec 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Academic Affairs, Mike Lasater and tuition scholarships.


Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 5 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Nov 1986

Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 5 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Nov 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Jerry Wilder, Curtis Logsdon and gratuitous days.


[Review Of The Book Values And Assumptions In American Labor Law], Nick Salvatore Oct 1986

[Review Of The Book Values And Assumptions In American Labor Law], Nick Salvatore

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Reading this book it is difficult not to think that the intent of the author was less to understand the origins and developments of the values and assumptions that gild the practice of labor law than it was to 'prove' that labor law in America is really capitalist law and thus it invalidates itself. This is not only circular reasoning, but it is unfortunate as well. For there is another book to be written that would analyze these questions through a serious and sustained reading in the history of industrial relations and then apply that knowledge to specific case ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Oct 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Administrative Affairs, George Vourvopoulos and personnel changes.


“The Rise And Demise Of Patco” Reconstructed, Richard W. Hurd, Jill K. Kriesky Oct 1986

“The Rise And Demise Of Patco” Reconstructed, Richard W. Hurd, Jill K. Kriesky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In his article "The Rise and Demise of PATCO" (Northrup 1984), Herbert Northrup presents a narrow and misleading explanation of the ill-fated air traffic controllers' strike of 1981. Northrup's thesis is that the goal of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) strike was to establish the right to bargain over wages within a private sector framework. He attributes the failure of the strike to the union's inept leadership and praises the Reagan administration for its firm response to the challenge presented by PATCO.

Although most of the facts he reports are accurate, Northrup omits crucial information ...


The Faces Of Global Competition, Lance A. Compa Sep 1986

The Faces Of Global Competition, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Most unions are seen as protectionist, and the label is often justified. "Stop Imports" and "Buy American" have been the main themes of many union campaigns. These sentiments stir the blood, but they are devoid of political content. They define the enemy as foreign products and, by implication, foreign workers willing to work cheaply. As long as workers abroad are seen as part of the problem, however, the American labor movement cannot solve either its trade problem or its collective bargaining crisis. Protectionism accepts the employers' premise that U.S. workers are locked in competition with third-world pay levels ...


Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 4 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Sep 1986

Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 4 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Sep 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about health insurance, faculty honors and United Way.


Level-Of-Aspiration Theory And Initial Stance In Bargaining, Bruce K. Macmurray, Edward J. Lawler Sep 1986

Level-Of-Aspiration Theory And Initial Stance In Bargaining, Bruce K. Macmurray, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

This research focuses on the effect of initial stance in bargaining. Following level-of-aspiration theory, the research examines whether the pattern of early concession making modifies the impact of tough vs. soft initial stance. The experiment manipulated opponent's concession pattern (decreasing, constant, increasing) in the early phase of bargaining within an overall tough or soft initial stance. Results indicated that a decreasing concession pattern within the early bargaining extracted larger initial concessions than a constant or increasing concession pattern. Implications for Siegel and Fouraker's (1960) level-of-aspiration theory are discussed.


[Review Of The Book Technology Choice And Employment Generation By Multinational Corporations In Developing Countries], Gary S. Fields Jul 1986

[Review Of The Book Technology Choice And Employment Generation By Multinational Corporations In Developing Countries], Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The present volume, by addressing technology choice and employment in multinational enterprises (MNEs), adds to our understanding of the determinants of demand for labor in developing countries. The book synthesizes results from case studies of MNEs in Singapore, Nigeria, Brazil, India, and Kenya, and it does so in such a way that the main conclusions can easily be identified.


Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 3 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Jul 1986

Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 3 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


[Review Of The Book The Economics Of The Industrial Revolution], George R. Boyer Jul 1986

[Review Of The Book The Economics Of The Industrial Revolution], George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This book contains a collection of papers on the causes and impact of the Industrial Revolution in Britain. The authors are, with perhaps one exception, practitioners of the New Economic History, which relies on economic theory and statistical testing of hypotheses. The papers cover three topics: the causes of the Industrial Revolution; the role of agriculture; and the impact of industrialization on the standard of living of British workers.


Ethnic Democracy And Its Ambiguities: The Case Of The Needle Trade Unions, Gerd Korman Jun 1986

Ethnic Democracy And Its Ambiguities: The Case Of The Needle Trade Unions, Gerd Korman

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] During the years between World War I and World War II the conduct among well-known Jewish labor leaders seems to have foreshadowed events in the history of America’s nationality following the tumult of the 1960’s. In the 1920’s and 1930’s America’s elected or appointed officials still used a pecking order based on assumed inequalities of race, ethnicity, and gender in making policy decisions. They presumed that their private interests, those of the “insiders,” the “leading groups,” or “controlling minorities,” were the only appropriate ones for determining public policy. It was then, especially in the ...


The Poor Law, Migration, And Economic Growth, George R. Boyer Jun 1986

The Poor Law, Migration, And Economic Growth, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

The loss to the English economy caused by decreased migration resulting from relief payments to agricultural laborers is estimated. I conclude that, at worst, the Poor Law had a small negative impact on national product. If poor relief and wages were substitutes, the Poor Law may have had a positive impact on capital formation and economic growth.


Merit Pay For School Superintendents?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Richard P. Chaykowski, Randy A. Ehrenberg Jun 1986

Merit Pay For School Superintendents?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Richard P. Chaykowski, Randy A. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

Given the important role that school district administrators play in the educational process, one might expect their 'performance" to be of fundamental importance in determining both how much students learn and the cost of public education to taxpayers. Yet, while public debate has considered the issue of merit pay plans for teachers, virtually no attention has been directed to the methods by which school administrators are compensated.

This paper provides evidence on whether school superintendents are explicitly or implicitly rewarded for their "performance" by higher compensation and/or greater opportunities for mobility. We analyze panel data from over 700 school ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources May 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about John Oldham, Engineering Technology and cancer.


Planning Education For Economic Development, Gary S. Fields Apr 1986

Planning Education For Economic Development, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper presents the most important approaches to the economics of education. Three topics are developed:

  1. The logic of economic analysis of educational planning
  2. Three approaches to educational planning
  3. Evaluating the social rate-of-return approach in a developing country context.


An Exploration Of Worker Participation-Ownership As A Social Process: Toe Impact Of Worker Participation On Occupational Injury Rates, Daryl Kelley Apr 1986

An Exploration Of Worker Participation-Ownership As A Social Process: Toe Impact Of Worker Participation On Occupational Injury Rates, Daryl Kelley

Dissertations

Work is an everyday activity which is a normal part of life. A sociological analysis combined with a historical orientation allows for an examination which goes beyond surface appearances in order to examine the social relationships embedded in the organization of the labor process. An adverse manifestation of the social relationships contained in the labor process is occupational injuries.

The review of historical research explicates the social construction of the labor process which is an outcome of the struggle between capital and labor. Research also documents that the organization of work which emerged has created problems in the workplace. Worker ...


Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 2 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Mar 1986

Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 2 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


The Old Poor Law And The Agricultural Labor Market In Southern England: An Empirical Analysis, George R. Boyer Mar 1986

The Old Poor Law And The Agricultural Labor Market In Southern England: An Empirical Analysis, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

The paper examines the economic role played by poor relief in early nineteenth-century England. A three-equation model is estimated to explain cross-parish variations in per capita relief expenditures, agricultural laborers' annual wage income, and unemployment rates. Relief expenditures are found to be related to crop mix, the political power of labor-hiring farmers, distance from London, and employment opportunities in cottage industry. The results strongly support the revisionist analysis of the Old Poor Law, and reject the analysis contained in the Report of the Royal Poor Law Commission.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Mar 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Journalism, Youn Kim and nutrition.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Feb 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Diagnostic Network Coordination Center, Owen Lawson and deskercise.


A Retrospective On The Patco Strategy, Richard W. Hurd Jan 1986

A Retrospective On The Patco Strategy, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The destruction of PATCO has been written off by most labor leaders as the inevitable result of an ill-conceived challenge to an anti-union U.S. President. Although there is widespread sympathy for the rank and file members who lost their jobs in an attempt to exercise collective bargaining rights in the best tradition of the U.S. labor movement, there is at the same time much disdain for the actions of the national officers of PATCO, most notably President Bob Poli. Although the criticisms of the officers are at least partially valid, it is important to recognize that the ...


Current Research On Industrial Relations Regulation, Bargaining Theory, Progressive Discipline, And Occupational Influences On Unionism, David Lewin, David B. Lipsky Jan 1986

Current Research On Industrial Relations Regulation, Bargaining Theory, Progressive Discipline, And Occupational Influences On Unionism, David Lewin, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

We are pleased to be able to present, in this third volume of the Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations series, some original, important, and in some cases provocative research on industrial relations regulation, bargaining theory, progressive discipline, and occupational influences on unionism. In what follows we will briefly review each of the papers in the volume and pinpoint what we believe to be the major contributions each makes to the advancement of research in industrial relations. Where relevant, we will also mention questions left unresolved by the research at hand and potential directions for future research on the subjects ...


Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 1 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions Jan 1986

Newsletter Vol. 14 No. 1 1986, National Center For The Study Of Collective Bargaining In Higher Education And The Professions

National Center Newsletters

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Corporate Strategy And Workplace Innovations On Union Representation, Thomas A. Kochan, Robert B. Mckersie, John Chalykoff Jan 1986

The Effects Of Corporate Strategy And Workplace Innovations On Union Representation, Thomas A. Kochan, Robert B. Mckersie, John Chalykoff

WCOB Faculty Publications

This paper explores the decline of union membership within partially organized firms. Using data from two Conference Board surveys of labor relations practices (1977 and 1983), the authors test a series of propositions concerning the effects of corporate industrial relations values and strategies and workplace innovations on union representation and membership. The results show that whereas the average firm reduced the number of workers represented by unions by approximately 977 from 1977 to 1983, firms that placed a high priority on union avoidance reduced union representation by an average of 2,647 workers over the same period. Moreover, the typical ...


Appraising Work Group Performance: New Productivity Opportunities In Hospitality Management, Mark R. Edwards, Leslie Edwards Cummings Jan 1986

Appraising Work Group Performance: New Productivity Opportunities In Hospitality Management, Mark R. Edwards, Leslie Edwards Cummings

Hospitality Review

In - Appraising Work Group Performance: New Productivity Opportunities in Hospitality Management – a discussion by Mark R. Edwards, Associate Professor, College of Engineering, Arizona State University and Leslie Edwards Cummings, Assistant Professor, College of Hotel Administration University of Nevada, Las Vegas; the authors initially provide: “Employee group performance variation accounts for a significant portion of the degree of productivity in the hotel, motel, and food service sectors of the hospitality industry. The authors discuss TEAMSG, a microcomputer based approach to appraising and interpreting group performance. TEAMSG appraisal allows an organization to profile and to evaluate groups, facilitating the targeting of training ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1986

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Finance & Management Information Systems, Ken Davis and W-4 forms.