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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Summary: Antitrust In Labor Markets, Herbert Hovenkamp Sep 2019

Summary: Antitrust In Labor Markets, Herbert Hovenkamp

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

Today, unlike in years past, labor is much more likely to be viewed as the victim and not the perpetrator of an antitrust violation, and there is increasing recognition that firm behavior can negatively affect wages, restrict worker mobility, and otherwise harm the interests of workers. Pretty much all the labor-related antitrust litigation of the last 20 years has involved problematic agreements or arrangements among employers, from which labor deserves protection.


Businesses On The 1790 Census Of Philadelphia, Billy G. Smith Dec 2018

Businesses On The 1790 Census Of Philadelphia, Billy G. Smith

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

ALL BUSINESSES ON THE 1790 CENSUS of Philadelphia (both city wards and suburbs of Northern Liberties and Southwark)

Source: Bureau of the Census, Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States (Washington, D.C., 1908)


The Other Side Of A Merger: Labor Market Power, Wage Suppression, And Finding Recourse In Antitrust Law, Ioana Marinescu Mar 2018

The Other Side Of A Merger: Labor Market Power, Wage Suppression, And Finding Recourse In Antitrust Law, Ioana Marinescu

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

Labor market concentration can worsen after a merger takes place, and this heightened concentration can negatively affect wages. The focus of antitrust analysis, however, has been on the prices of consumer products, not the wages of laborers. New research indicates that, on average, labor markets are highly concentrated, and that higher concentration is associated with significantly lower posted wages for new jobs. This brief uses existing economic tools to develop a model for evaluating labor market concentration and its effects, to determine if a merger will run the risk of anticompetitively suppressing wages, employment, and output. Regulators can use this ...


Back To Work: The Effects Of Goal Conflict On Working Mothers, Lauren Ogle Sep 2017

Back To Work: The Effects Of Goal Conflict On Working Mothers, Lauren Ogle

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Why is the rate of depression for women two times that of men? In the “we can do it all” generation, becoming a mother can be one of the most frustrating and rewarding experiences in one’s lifetime. Fulfilling career goals in addition to the demands motherhood can cause psychological distress. In this paper I present literature reviews on mothering, careers, goal conflict and how positive psychology tools can help alleviate depression in women. Based on research, I outlined four topics to build a workshop that will help working mothers bounce back from adversity, develop their signature strengths, avoid negative ...


The Determinants And Implications Of Firms' Workforce Composition: The Case Of Home Health, Kunhee Kim Apr 2017

The Determinants And Implications Of Firms' Workforce Composition: The Case Of Home Health, Kunhee Kim

Health Care Management Papers

This paper presents and tests a new model that highlights the role of reputation in determining firms' workforce composition and strategy. Facing demand uncertainty, firms in labor-intensive service industries, such as health care, often rely on temporary workers. Past research has shown that firms that employ more temporary workers when facing greater demand fluctuations. However, this strategy is challenged by accumulating evidence that permanent and temporary workers are not perfectly interchangeable in the production of quality. This paper examines the strategies of firms facing this trade-off: temporary workers provide flexibility in responding to demand fluctuations but can lower reputation through ...


When Job Performance Is All Relative: How Family Motivation Energizes Effort And Compensates For Intrinsic Motivation, Jochen I. Menges, Danielle V. Tussing, Andreas Wihler, Adam M. Grant Apr 2017

When Job Performance Is All Relative: How Family Motivation Energizes Effort And Compensates For Intrinsic Motivation, Jochen I. Menges, Danielle V. Tussing, Andreas Wihler, Adam M. Grant

Management Papers

Supporting one’s family is a major reason why many people work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications of family motivation. Drawing on theories of prosocial motivation and action identification, we propose that family motivation increases job performance by enhancing energy and reducing stress, and it is especially important when intrinsic motivation is lacking. Survey and diary data collected across multiple time points in a Mexican maquiladora generally support our model. Specifically, we find that family motivation enhances job performance when intrinsic motivation is low—in part by providing energy, but not by reducing stress. We conclude that ...


Compensating Financial Experts, Vincent Glode, Richard Lowery Nov 2016

Compensating Financial Experts, Vincent Glode, Richard Lowery

Finance Papers

We propose a labor market model in which financial firms compete for a scarce supply of workers who can be employed as either bankers or traders. While hiring bankers helps create a surplus that can be split between a firm and its trading counterparties, hiring traders helps the firm appropriate a greater share of that surplus away from its counterparties. Firms bid defensively for workers bound to become traders, who then earn more than bankers. As counterparties employ more traders, the benefit of employing bankers decreases. The model sheds light on the historical evolution of compensation in finance.


How Costly Is Corporate Bankruptcy For The Ceo?, B. Espen Eckbo, Karin S. Thorburn Jul 2016

How Costly Is Corporate Bankruptcy For The Ceo?, B. Espen Eckbo, Karin S. Thorburn

Finance Papers

We examine chief executive officer (CEO) career and compensation changes for large firms filing for Chapter 11. One-third of the incumbent CEOs maintain executive employment, and these CEOs experience a median compensation change of zero. However, incumbent CEOs leaving the executive labor market suffer a compensation loss with a median present value until age 65 of $7 million (five times pre-departure compensation). The likelihood of leaving decreases with profitability and CEO share ownership. Furthermore, creditor control rights during bankruptcy (through debtor-in-possession financing and large trade credits) are associated with CEO career change. Despite large equity losses (median $11 million for ...


Walls Or Welcome Mats? Immigration And The Labor Market, Howard F. Chang May 2016

Walls Or Welcome Mats? Immigration And The Labor Market, Howard F. Chang

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

While the public debate on immigration reform has been divisive, the tools of economics provide clear lessons for a way forward. The single most important lesson that economics holds for immigration policymakers is that immigration restrictions are costly, because they interfere with the free movement of labor. Most economists believe that the gains to global GDP from greater labor mobility are very large. Beyond the estimated gains to the world economy, the consensus among economists is that, as a whole, U.S. natives gain from immigration in the labor market. While immigration may have an adverse effect on some native ...


Reflections On The Occasion Of The 100th Anniversary Of The Monthly Labor Review, Lawrence D. Brown, Lisa M. Lynch, Constance F. Citro Jan 2016

Reflections On The Occasion Of The 100th Anniversary Of The Monthly Labor Review, Lawrence D. Brown, Lisa M. Lynch, Constance F. Citro

Statistics Papers

It is an honor to comment on directions for the Monthly Labor Review MLR over its next 25 years. The MLR is the federal government's oldest continuous publication—first printed in 1915 and now published online by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), one of the nation's oldest statistical agencies, established in 1884. BLS embodies the standards articulated by the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) in the fifth edition of its quadrennial volume Principles and Practices for a Federal Statistical Agency (National Research Council, 2013). P&P lays down four principles: that a statistical agency produce data relevant ...


Measuring The Impact Of Income-Generating Projects On Women's Empowerment Outcomes: Evidence From Rural Morocco, Ola Aboukhsaiwan May 2014

Measuring The Impact Of Income-Generating Projects On Women's Empowerment Outcomes: Evidence From Rural Morocco, Ola Aboukhsaiwan

Wharton Research Scholars

No abstract provided.


International Trade Openness And Gender Gaps In Pakistani Labor Force Participation Rates Over 57 Years, Asma Hyder, Jere R. Behrman Feb 2011

International Trade Openness And Gender Gaps In Pakistani Labor Force Participation Rates Over 57 Years, Asma Hyder, Jere R. Behrman

PSC Working Paper Series

The extent of openness to international trade may alter incentives differentially by gender for labor force participation, particularly in economies in which gender differentials in human capital investments such as schooling are large and in which norms about gender behaviors are strong. This paper uses historical census data since 1951 and two recent Labor Force Surveys to investigate the impact of international trade openness on gender differences in labor force participation rates in broad occupational categories in Pakistan. The method used controls for average gender differences in these occupational categories and the unobserved factors that affect male and female labor ...


A Faultine-Based Model Of Team Leadership, Andrew M. Carton, Jonathan N. Cummings Jan 2009

A Faultine-Based Model Of Team Leadership, Andrew M. Carton, Jonathan N. Cummings

Management Papers

Modern work teams operate in environments where increasingly salient member differences lead to the emergence of subgroups. Building on findings from the faultline literature, we propose that team members typically organize into three types of subgorups—cliques, coalitions, and cohorts, and that different leader orientations are mandated by each subgroup type.


Three's A Crowd? Understanding Triadic Employment Relationships, Matthew Bidwell, Isabel Fernandez-Mateo Jan 2008

Three's A Crowd? Understanding Triadic Employment Relationships, Matthew Bidwell, Isabel Fernandez-Mateo

Management Papers

There are many facets to the typical employment relationship. At its very simplest, employment involves the exchange of labor for compensation. Nevertheless, employment relationships also involve control of the worker by the firm, the acquisition of skills through experience and training, learning about each others’ qualities and intentions, and career progression as the worker moves from role to role within the organization. In addition, employment usually imposes a variety of specific legal obligations on both employer and employee. Traditionally, these obligations have been combined into a single relationship between worker and firm.


Putting The Organization On Wheels: Workplace Design At Sei, Alfred P. West, Jerry Yoram Wind Jan 2007

Putting The Organization On Wheels: Workplace Design At Sei, Alfred P. West, Jerry Yoram Wind

Marketing Papers

When a new employee joins SEI, it is an unusual experience. The new hire is given a map and sent down to a storeroom on the lower floor of the main building. There, the employee is issued a chair and desk, both on wheels, with a computer and phone on the desktop. The map shows where in the complex of nine barn-like buildings on the corporate campus in Oaks, Pennsylvania, the new hire will initially be located. The employee then rolls the desk through the buildings, into the oversized elevators designed for this purpose, past hallways filled with a provocative ...


Cosmopolitans And Locals: Status Rivalries, Deference, And Knowledge In International Teams, Martine R. Haas Jan 2005

Cosmopolitans And Locals: Status Rivalries, Deference, And Knowledge In International Teams, Martine R. Haas

Management Papers

Drawing on sociological role theory, this chapter introduces and explains the distinction between cosmopolitan and local role orientations as status categories in international teams. Qualitative data from a multimethod field study conducted at a leading international development agency illustrates that the high status of cosmopolitans and locals in this setting was based on expectations that these team members would enable their teams to more effectively interpret knowledge obtained from outside sources. The possible dynamics of status rivalry and deference in teams with cosmopolitan and local membership are explored, and their implications for team performance are addressed. Thus, status in groups ...


Will There Really Be A Labor Shortage?, Peter Cappelli Jun 2004

Will There Really Be A Labor Shortage?, Peter Cappelli

Management Papers

A number of studies have been released in recent years from prestigious think-tanks, such as the Hudson Institute, and leading consulting firms, such as Wyatt and McKinsey, predicting severe labor market shortages for the U.S. economy in the decades ahead. Some go as far as to suggest that the U.S. economy will experience widespread job vacancies that cannot be filled because of a shortfall of workers. In these arguments, the shortfall is typically blamed on the small size of the "baby bust" cohort, the generation that has followed the baby boomers into the labor market.


The Plea Of The Land: "Teach Our Children Better". Legislated Educational Reform And National Education Association Affiliates: Stakeholder Reports In Minnesota, South Carolina, And Pennsylvania, Phyllis Fox Catz Jan 1996

The Plea Of The Land: "Teach Our Children Better". Legislated Educational Reform And National Education Association Affiliates: Stakeholder Reports In Minnesota, South Carolina, And Pennsylvania, Phyllis Fox Catz

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Since the 1983 publication of A Nation at Risk, our country has engaged in an educational reform movement. This study examines the intervening years of National Education Association (NEA) state affiliate key members' activities and attitudes in Minnesota, South Carolina, and Pennsylvania involved with state-legislated educational reform. A neglected issue in A Nation at Risk is teacher unionism on reforms. Exploratory field study conducted (1988-89) unearthed salient issues. Five major variables considered in selection of states studied include: known unionism level; reform degree undertaken legislatively since 1983; value ascribed and citation frequency of reform; accessibility of significant players; and Elazar ...


Putting People In Place, Roy A. Bauer, Emilio Collar, Victor Tang, Jerry Yoram Wind, Patrick Houston Jan 1992

Putting People In Place, Roy A. Bauer, Emilio Collar, Victor Tang, Jerry Yoram Wind, Patrick Houston

Marketing Papers

When Tom Furey finished spinning his dream of hope and glory for us that day in the cafeteria, the cavernous room didn't spontaneously erupt into a rally. Its walls didn't ring with cheering and chanting. There wasn't even any applause.