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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Fear And Reaction To Toxic Leadership, Sabrina Michele Maxwell Aug 2015

Fear And Reaction To Toxic Leadership, Sabrina Michele Maxwell

Sabrina Michele Maxwell

The brain is a powerful muscle when it comes to emotional understanding. This article provides a new viewpoint on the reaction of fear, paralleled with toxic leadership.


Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, Bahram Mahmoudi Mazraeh Shadi Mar 2015

Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, Bahram Mahmoudi Mazraeh Shadi

bahram mahmoudi mazraeh shadi

Abstract The aim of this research is to study the nature of Training Needs Assessment within the context Managers in company of HÜCO (Maharashtra) in India and the impact of TNA on organizational performance. According to the findings of this study in the field of theoretical arguments arising from them found that training needs assessment (TNA) using the dimensions of strategic competence, which is compatible with McGhee and Thayer's three-fold analysis. This study achieves in survey method with the use of a questionnaire on the 25 Managers in company of HÜCO (Maharashtra) were regarded as the research samples to ...


Workplace Factors As Determinants Of Job Commitment Among Senior Non-Teaching Staff Of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi Feb 2015

Workplace Factors As Determinants Of Job Commitment Among Senior Non-Teaching Staff Of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

Studies have focused on workplace environment in relations to health and safety of workers in health industries. There is however scanty empirical research on workplace environmental factors and employee job commitment in universities. While others showed the connection between work environment and job attitude across organisations, studies on workplace environment which are conducted in the university setting seem to focus on the influence of university environment on job performance of teaching staff and not on job commitment among senior non-teaching staff. Others focus their study on job commitment among lecturers. In a bid to fill this gap, this research work ...


Youth Structures In Six European Trade Union Federations: A Short Overview, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2015

Youth Structures In Six European Trade Union Federations: A Short Overview, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This short contribution focuses on the structures for organizing and representing young workers in six European trade union federations (ETUFs). The reason for this is that recently trade union youth structures have stepped up their efforts, internally and externally, to promote the interests and needs of young workers. At least two motives in particular underlie the reinforcement of existing structures or the establishment of new ones. First of all, the increased prominence of those youth structures should be seen in light of the widespread growth in youth unemployment in Europe and European Commission initiatives, such as the Youth Guarantee, to ...


More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2015

More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Even as the danger of deflation looms large, the strategy of internal devaluation continues to dominate EU crisis management. In the field of wages and collective bargaining this strategy entails constant pressure on wages and the relentless pursuit of further ‘structural reforms’ aimed primarily at increasing the downward flexibility of wages. This strategy is applied, what is more, not to the ‘crisis countries’ alone but also to the rest of Europe in the context of the country-specific recommendations adopted in the framework of the European Semester (Schulten and Müller 2015). This chapter sets out to achieve 2 aims, the first ...


Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2015

Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In Chapter 2, Kurt Vandaele focusses on the integration and participation of young workers in union life and structures. Vandaele uses data from six European Trade Union Federations to provide a comparative perspective of the established relationship between young workers and unions. As he notes, youth trade union structures can be successful and yield results in terms of membership and organising if they are not seen merely as ‘cosmetic constructions’.


Explaining Leaving Union Membership By The Degree Of Labour Market Attachment: Exploring The Case Of Germany, Janine Leschke, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2015

Explaining Leaving Union Membership By The Degree Of Labour Market Attachment: Exploring The Case Of Germany, Janine Leschke, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

By particularly stressing the weaker labour market attachment of workers with non-standard contracts, this article contributes to the rather unexplored issue of mainly non-union-related reasons for leaving trade unions. Germany has been selected as a case study because German unions experienced a steady decline in membership, while at the same time non-standard employment arrangements increased considerably and more so than the European average. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel data, the authors construct a labour market attachment variable capturing different degrees of attachment. Their analysis shows the impact of labour market attachment and firm-level characteristics on union leaving and points especially ...


Historical Appraisal Of Military And Civilian Governments Intervention And Contributions To The Growth Of Industrial Relations In Nigeria, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi Jan 2015

Historical Appraisal Of Military And Civilian Governments Intervention And Contributions To The Growth Of Industrial Relations In Nigeria, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

Governance differs in approaches, methods and policy focuses because they are guided by different administrative and philosophical orientations. The resultant shifts in government policies and programs have consequences on all aspects of the country’s socio-economic, political and technological development. Industrial relations constitute one of the most delicate and complex problems of the modern society which merits national concern for proper examination and balancing. Tracing government intervention in Nigerian industrial relations, this paper weighs the contributions of military dictators and their civilian counterparts to the growth of Nigerian industrial relations. With an historical account of how government’s principle of ...


Bad Math: How Non-Union Employees Are Unconstitutionally Compelled To Subsidize Political Speech, Shirley V. Svorny, Melanie S. Williams Jan 2015

Bad Math: How Non-Union Employees Are Unconstitutionally Compelled To Subsidize Political Speech, Shirley V. Svorny, Melanie S. Williams

Melanie S. Williams

Employees’ right to organize and be represented by unions is in tension with the right of other employees not to join organizations as a condition of employment. Current law permits unions to assess agency fees from represented non-members, reflecting the cost of representational activities (for example, contract negotiation). Unions may not, however, assess non-members for the cost of political activities, since this would infringe on the constitutional rights of such employees by requiring them to subsidize political speech. The method of calculating agency fees, however, has been almost uniformly mishandled, resulting in overcharging non-union members. In this paper, we examine ...


Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele Dec 2014

Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This visual presentation shows the development of days not worked due to industrial action per 1,000 employees in most European countries since the year 2000.


Appraisal Of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (Ptdf) Mandates On Human Capacity Development In Nigeria; Benefits For Nigerian Youths, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Samuel Olutokunbo Adekalu Mar 2014

Appraisal Of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (Ptdf) Mandates On Human Capacity Development In Nigeria; Benefits For Nigerian Youths, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Samuel Olutokunbo Adekalu

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

The need for Human Resources Development vis-a-vis Career Development (CD), Training and Development (TD) and Organization Development (OD) is constantly increasing with intense rapidity across the globe. Today, Nigerian government agencies, organizations, and NGOs invest in developing human capacity to meet up with global challenges. This paper discusses the roles of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) in the development of human resources for Nigeria. It examines its progress and success in partnering with the local and international organizations/institutions in training Nigerian youths to fill the gaps in Nigeria oil and gas industries. Using secondary information with discourse analysis of ...


The Hidden Ball Trick: How Major League Baseball Endured Through Its Tumultuous Labor History, Derek Carrillo Feb 2014

The Hidden Ball Trick: How Major League Baseball Endured Through Its Tumultuous Labor History, Derek Carrillo

DEREK CARRILLO

No abstract provided.


Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2012 Et 2013, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2014

Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2012 Et 2013, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Ce Courrier hebdomadaire est consacré aux conflits qui ont marqué l’actualité belge en 2013. Particulièrement significatifs par rapport à l’histoire sociale et aux enjeux futurs, ceux-ci sont regroupés en six chapitres : la conflictualité sociale interprofessionnelle (en ce compris celle suscitée par l’épineux dossier de l’harmonisation des statuts d’employé et d’ouvrier), la restructuration de l’entreprise de construction d’engins de génie civil Caterpillar à Gosselies, la fermeture de divers outils de la firme sidérurgique ArcelorMittal en région liégeoise, le secteur aérien (Swissport, Belgocontrol, Brussels Airlines), les transports en commun (à travers les cas de ...


Book Reviews. Global Anti-Unionism. Nature, Dynamics, Trajectories And Outcomes (Edited Gregor Gall And Tony Dundon), Kurt Vandaele Jan 2014

Book Reviews. Global Anti-Unionism. Nature, Dynamics, Trajectories And Outcomes (Edited Gregor Gall And Tony Dundon), Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Undermining Mobilization? The Effect Of Job Flexibility And Job Instability On The Willingness To Strike, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2014

Undermining Mobilization? The Effect Of Job Flexibility And Job Instability On The Willingness To Strike, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This article addresses the question of whether, and to what extent job flexibility is detrimental to mobilization with regard to the willingness to take part in industrial action. The authors examine the influence of job flexibility (‘standard’ versus ‘non-standard’ work) and job instability (changes from one job to another) on employees’ willingness to strike. Based on Dutch survey data it is shown that only minor differences exist between ‘standard’ and ‘non-standard’ employees in their willingness to participate in a strike. While this study did not establish a major direct effect of job flexibility on strike participation, tests of interaction effects ...


Is Industrial And Labour Relations A Misfit As An Academic Programme Floated In Specialised Universities Of Education?, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi Jan 2014

Is Industrial And Labour Relations A Misfit As An Academic Programme Floated In Specialised Universities Of Education?, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

Some of us who drank from the pot of wisdom and knowledge and who benefited from the technical skills and professional understanding advanced by the premier university of education, Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUED), Ijebu Ode, Ogun State, consider the upkeep and continuous development of this vast-growing university as a serious subject of concern. Among other issues considered as germane to the university in her quest for excellence in teaching, research and community service, the recent deletion of some courses in the university, is one of such areas of worries to some of us who hold the institution in ...


The Dialectics Of Staff Unionism And University Management; Critical Discourse For Effective Educational Service Delivery, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Adebayo Olatunde Akinsanya Sep 2013

The Dialectics Of Staff Unionism And University Management; Critical Discourse For Effective Educational Service Delivery, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Adebayo Olatunde Akinsanya

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

This paper was poised by the lingering lamentations about the acute fall in standard of education and rapid knowledge declination among Nigerians today. The problem has become so intense that Nigerian ivory towers are now accused of producing ill-prepared and unemployable graduates who seriously lack the skills and competencies needed to positively assist the nation in its quest for growth and development. Unfortunately apart from poor university management, suspicious and insincere, if not selfish relationship between leadership of staff unions and leadership of university management is another factor impeding adequate and effective educational service delivery in Nigeria today. With pluralist ...


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Personnel As A Factor Of Production In Development Of Regional Tourism Economy – A Conceptual Paper, Aleksander Panasiuk Jan 2013

Personnel As A Factor Of Production In Development Of Regional Tourism Economy – A Conceptual Paper, Aleksander Panasiuk

Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation JEMI

Tourism economy appears in every sphere of economy: production of goods and services, their division, exchange and consumption; it also occurs in the majority of the national economy branches that directly or indirectly deal with meeting tourist demand. The majority of economic processes in tourism sector are realized by direct tourism economy and its representatives, tourist entrepreneurs. Territorial selfgovernment units and tourist organizations play a significant role in formation of economic processes in tourism sector on the regional and local levels. The classic economy distinguishes three basic production factors: labor, land and capital. In the modern approaches they are completed ...


Students’ Attitudes Towards Career In The Tourism Industry – Implications For Tacit Knowledge Management, Marlena A. Bednarska, Marcin Olszewski Jan 2013

Students’ Attitudes Towards Career In The Tourism Industry – Implications For Tacit Knowledge Management, Marlena A. Bednarska, Marcin Olszewski

Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation JEMI

The success of tacit knowledge management lies in firms’ capabilities to attract and retain employees possessing unique knowledge. The purpose of the paper is to investigate students’ attitudes towards career in tourism in the context of tacit knowledge management. The study was conducted on the group of 345 undergraduates and graduates enrolled in tourism and hospitality studies in Poznan. Research revealed that majority of students plan short-term career in tourism, which entails tacit knowledge leakage outside the tourism industry. It was also found that students’ attitudes towards tourism careers are significantly influenced by previous work experience and satisfaction with the ...


Total Participation Management:Toward Psychological Determinants Of Subjective Well-Being At Work, Katarzyna Mika, Ryszard Stocki, Agnieszka Bożek Jan 2013

Total Participation Management:Toward Psychological Determinants Of Subjective Well-Being At Work, Katarzyna Mika, Ryszard Stocki, Agnieszka Bożek

Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation JEMI

Aiming to determine which management practice has the strongest influence on the subjective well-being (SWB) of employees, three workplaces were assessed with reference to different levels of total participation management (TPM), an innovative approach to human resource management. The study examined whether the level of TPM is positively related with SWB, defined according to Diener’s (1984) affective and cognitive facets of work. The psychological explanation of the predicted dependence was the level of satisfaction of three basic needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness) distinguished by Deci and Ryan (2000a). The hypothesis about a positive relationship between SWB and TPM was ...


Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Le Groupe d’analyse des conflits sociaux (GRACOS) est un collectif interdisciplinaire ayant pour objectif l’étude des principaux mouvements de grève et autres éléments de la conflictualité sociale qui jalonnent l’actualité de chaque année civile. Il se compose actuellement de dix chercheurs : A. Bingen, M. Capron, V. Demertzis, F. Dorssemont, A. Dufresne, J. Faniel, C. Gobin, E. Martinez, K. Vandaele et J. Vandewattyne. Dans le second de ses deux volumes sur l’année 2012, le GRACOS se penche tout d’abord sur divers événements représentatifs de l’évolution de la conflictualité sociale dans le secteur public. Trois domaines ...


Het Aantal Stakingsdagen Sinds 1991: Een Beschrijvend Overzicht, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Het Aantal Stakingsdagen Sinds 1991: Een Beschrijvend Overzicht, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This article analyses how youth structures at the confederal level of trade unions are influencing the union agenda in the face of the growing problem of youth unemployment in Europe. Five youth structures from union confederations in Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden have been studied. Although youth structures were already able to influence the union agenda in certain confederations before the crisis, the evidence demonstrates that youth issues have gained prominence today. A particular pattern discernible across countries is coalition-building between youth structures and student organizations for guiding the transition of the next generation of young workers from school to ...


Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In his address to the European Parliament on 14 September 2011, ILO Director-General Juan Somovia declared that ‘respect for fundamental principles and rights at work is non-negotiable: not even in times of crisis when questions of fairness abound. This is particularly important in countries having to adopt austerity measures. We cannot use the crisis as an excuse to disregard internationally agreed labour standards.’ This warning is cleary not being heeded. As will be elaborated in the first section of this chapter, the labour reforms proposed or initiated by the EU and the Troika have indeed had detrimental effects on workers ...


Risk Analysis & Management In Student-Centered Spacecraft Development Projects, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Fevig, James Casler, Om Yadav Jan 2013

Risk Analysis & Management In Student-Centered Spacecraft Development Projects, Jeremy Straub, Ronald Fevig, James Casler, Om Yadav

Jeremy Straub

Student involvement in any engineering project introduces an element of risk. This risk is particularly pronounced with small spacecraft projects, as a failure of the spacecraft on-orbit can result in a complete failure of the mission. However, student involvement in these projects is critical to allow research aims to be accomplished, in a university setting, and to train the next generation of spacecraft engineering professionals. The nature of risks posed by student involvement is discussed and a framework for assessing and mitigating these risks presented.


La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García May 2012

La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

La Transparencia en la Protección de Datos Personales, ponencia elaborada dentro de los trabajos del VII Congreso Nacional de Organismos Públicos Autónomos (OPAM)


The Alternative Forms Of Dispute Settlement And The Essential Difference Between These And Arbitration, Michael Diathesopoulos Mar 2012

The Alternative Forms Of Dispute Settlement And The Essential Difference Between These And Arbitration, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

The paper examines the characteristics of some common alternative forms of dispute settlement and their key differences from arbitration regarding their nature and scope. Its purpose is to explore each mechanism's suitability for specific types of disputes.