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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

New Evidence On Gender Differences In Promotion Rates: An Empirical Analysis Of A Sample Of New Hires, Francine D. Blau, Jed Devaro Jul 2007

New Evidence On Gender Differences In Promotion Rates: An Empirical Analysis Of A Sample Of New Hires, Francine D. Blau, Jed Devaro

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Using a large sample of establishments drawn from the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality (MCSUI) employer survey, we study gender differences in promotion rates and in the wage gains attached to promotions. Several unique features of our data distinguish our analysis from the previous literature on this topic. First, we have information on the wage increases attached to promotions, and relatively few studies on gender differences have considered promotions and wage increases together. Second, our data include job-specific worker performance ratings, allowing us to control for performance and ability more precisely than through commonly-used skill indicators such as educational ...


Race, Gender, And The Rebirth Of Trade Unionism, Kate Bronfenbrenner, Dorian T. Warren Jun 2007

Race, Gender, And The Rebirth Of Trade Unionism, Kate Bronfenbrenner, Dorian T. Warren

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Diversity is not the enemy of solidarity. We contend that solidarity can, and must, be built among an ever-diversifying labor movement, nation, and world. The labor movement's very survival depends on it.


How Much Should We Care About Changing Income Inequality In The Course Of Economic Growth?, Gary S. Fields Mar 2007

How Much Should We Care About Changing Income Inequality In The Course Of Economic Growth?, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

This paper asks how much we should care about changes in Lorenz curves and standard inequality measures when economic growth takes place. I conclude that these changes are of some importance but that other aspects of inequality and poverty are more important.


Affect And Group Attachments: The Role Of Shared Responsibility, Edward J. Lawler Jan 2007

Affect And Group Attachments: The Role Of Shared Responsibility, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

This paper theorizes the role of shared responsibility in the development of affective group attachments, interweaving ideas from social exchange and social identity theories. The main arguments are that (1) people engaged in task interaction experience positive or negative emotions from those interactions; (2) tasks that promote more sense of shared responsibility across members lead people to attribute their individual emotions to groups or organizations; and (3) group attributions of own emotions are the basis for stronger or weaker group attachments. The paper suggests that social categorization and structural interdependence promote group attachments by producing task interactions that have positive ...


Small Meat Lockers Working Group: A Participatory Action Research Project To Revitalize The Decentralized Meatpacking Sector In Iowa, Arion Jean Thiboumery Jan 2007

Small Meat Lockers Working Group: A Participatory Action Research Project To Revitalize The Decentralized Meatpacking Sector In Iowa, Arion Jean Thiboumery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small meat lockers are critical pieces of Lyson's (2004) "civic agriculture." Unfortunately, in Iowa they have been declining for several decades. This thesis examines how civic engagement and our modern orientation towards bureaucratic structure have and do impact small meat lockers and how this impact can be negotiated by Habermas' (1987) "communicative rationality." The results come from a participatory action research working group composed of various stakeholders, attempting to revitalize small, decentralized meat processing in Iowa, specifically by negotiating bureaucracy. Lockers are found to need help in five areas: Business Planning & Feasibility, Financial Assistance, Plant Design, Plant Construction, and ...


Introduction To Part 1: The Division Of Labor, Rosemary Batt Jan 2007

Introduction To Part 1: The Division Of Labor, Rosemary Batt

Articles and Chapters

The changing nature of work, technology, and the division of labor in the last quarter of the twentieth century has been a central preoccupation of scholarship on organizations. Debate has centered on the extent to which a fundamental shift in employment systems has occurred—from so-called Fordist to post-Fordist models. The stylized facts portray the former as characterized by internal labor market systems in large organizations, narrow jobs in hierarchical career ladders, and long-term employment relations. The latter include decentralized organizations, flatter hierarchies, team-based forms of work organization, and shorter employment relations that reflect external market pressures.

The accumulated body ...


Organizational Performance In Services, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast Jan 2007

Organizational Performance In Services, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast

Articles and Chapters

The question of performance in service activities and occupations is important for several reasons. First, over two-thirds of employment in advanced economies is in service activities. Second, productivity growth in services is historically low, lagging far behind manufacturing, and as a result, wages in production-level service jobs remain low. In addition, labor costs in service activities are often over 50% of total costs, whereas in manufacturing they have fallen to less than 25% of costs. This raises the question of whether management practices that have improved performance in manufacturing, such as investment in the skills and training of the workforce ...


The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr. Jan 2007

The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning in the 1970s, graduate assistants have organized labor unions. Presently, 36 universities have a graduate-student union. However, the effect graduate-student unions have on wages, wage variance, health benefits, and organizational structure is unknown. This study uses data from the Chronicle of Higher Education and government data to estimate the economic effects of unionization. By using a multilevel model is used to control for intra-university correlation of wages, this study concludes graduate unions are effective at raising stipends, but ineffective at lowering fees, providing health-care coverage, and lowering intra-university wage variance.