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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1982

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by Personnel Services to disseminate information to WKU faculty and staff. This issue has articles about performance appraisals, staff development and John Scarborough.


The Effect Of Collective Bargaining On Teacher Pay: A Review Of The Evidence, David B. Lipsky Jan 1982

The Effect Of Collective Bargaining On Teacher Pay: A Review Of The Evidence, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

This analysis examines the effect of collective bargaining on teacher pay in the light of an early theory of teacher bargaining power. Trends in the salaries of teachers are discussed, and the methodology and results of major studies are critically analyzed. The problems with existing research are noted and suggestions for researchers and all partisans are presented.


The Effects Of Pensions And Earnings On Retirement: A Review Essay, Olivia Mitchell, Gary S. Fields Jan 1982

The Effects Of Pensions And Earnings On Retirement: A Review Essay, Olivia Mitchell, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

Does retirement behavior react predictably to economic incentives? Evidence on this question would be useful to policy makers responsible for work and retirement programs affecting the elderly. This paper reviews the lessons and limitations of recent economics literature on pensions, earnings, and retirement. Section I develops the life cycle context for analyzing this problem. Theoretical literature is examined in Section II, followed by a review of the empirical literature in Section III. Conclusions appear at the end of each Section.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Dec 1981

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by Personnel Services to disseminate information to WKU faculty and staff. This issue has articles about tuition scholarships, payroll staff and A.F. Godby.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Nov 1981

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by Personnel Services to disseminate information to WKU faculty and staff. This issue has articles about annuities, credit union and KERS Retirement Program.


Compensating Wage Differentials For Mandatory Overtime, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Paul L. Schumann Nov 1981

Compensating Wage Differentials For Mandatory Overtime, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Paul L. Schumann

Articles and Chapters

Our paper estimates the extent to which employees are compensated for an unfavorable job characteristic, being required to accept mandatory assignment of overtime, by receiving higher straight—time wages. Our estimating equations are derived from a model in which wage rates and the existence of mandatory assignment of overtime are jointly determined in the market by the interaction of employee and employer preferences. While on average, we do not observe the existence of a compensating wage differential for mandatory overtime, we do observe the existence of such differentials for unionized workers and workers with only a few years experience at ...


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Oct 1981

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by Personnel Services to disseminate information to WKU faculty and staff. This issue has articles about promotional opportunities, reorganization and WKU's 75th anniversary.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Sep 1981

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by Personnel Services to disseminate information to WKU faculty and staff. This issue has articles about budget cuts, United Way and medical benefits.


Unions Implementing Managerial Techniques, Lois Spier Gray Jun 1981

Unions Implementing Managerial Techniques, Lois Spier Gray

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] National unions are gradually adopting the sophisticated management selection and training practices of business and government but employment and promotion decisions remain essentially political.


Economic Development: A Poverty Solution For The Rural South?, Vernon M. Briggs Jr., Brian Rungeling Oct 1980

Economic Development: A Poverty Solution For The Rural South?, Vernon M. Briggs Jr., Brian Rungeling

Articles and Chapters

"From the founding of the nation, the South has been the least economically developed region of the United States. Many of the necessary preconditions for economic growth and diversification, such as the presence of essential physical resources, large quantities of capital, skilled labor, sufficient technology, and a class of innovators and entrepreneurs, have traditionally been lacking."


Retirement System Characteristics And Compensating Wage Differentials In The Public Sector, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jul 1980

Retirement System Characteristics And Compensating Wage Differentials In The Public Sector, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

This paper presents evidence that a trade-off exists between wages and certain characteristics of retirement systems in the public sector. Cross-section econometric estimates for uniformed municipal employees, based upon data from two national surveys of municipalities, suggest that, other things equal, an increase in the contribution made by uniformed employees to their retirement system leads to a compensating increase in their salaries, while retirement systems with more "generous" characteristics are associated to some extent with lower salaries. The estimates also indicate that the extent of retirement system underfunding is related to employers' and employees' perceptions of the probability that promised ...


Apprenticeship Training: Where Does It Stand Today?, Lois Spier Gray, Alice O. Beamesderfer Dec 1979

Apprenticeship Training: Where Does It Stand Today?, Lois Spier Gray, Alice O. Beamesderfer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In its simplest form, apprenticeship has existed since the beginning of civilization. More than 4,000 years ago, Hammurabi’s code provided that artisans teach their crafts to young people, and our earliest records from Egypt, Greece, Rome, and the Orient show that skills were being passed on from one generation to the next in this way.


The Costs Of Defined Benefit Pension Plans And Firm Adjustments, Burt S. Barnow, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Nov 1979

The Costs Of Defined Benefit Pension Plans And Firm Adjustments, Burt S. Barnow, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] While it is obvious that the costs of term life insurance vary directly with age, it is less obvious how employers' contributions to pension funds, which comprise a major share of nonwage compensation, vary. As such, we focus in this paper on the most common variant of pension plans and demonstrate how an employer's cost of fully funding a plan varies with the age and service characteristics of his work force. This cost, as a percent of annual salary, is seen to increase with employees' ages and, in some cases, years of service. This variation has important implications ...


Of Giving And Taking: Applications And Implications Of City Of Los Angeles, Department Of Water & Power V. Manhart, Michael Gold May 1979

Of Giving And Taking: Applications And Implications Of City Of Los Angeles, Department Of Water & Power V. Manhart, Michael Gold

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This article next explores the economic implications of the various applications of Manhart. Because women outlive men, equal contributions and equal monthly benefits for counterparts make women more costly employees than men. Employers who realize this fact will be tempted to hire fewer women or to pay them less money. Equal contributions and equal monthly benefits also often mean that men must subsidize women's benefits. A man therefore can increase his compensation by working for an employer who has either no retirement plan or a severance pay plan, while a woman can increase her remuneration by working for ...


Retirement Policies, Employment, And Unemployment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg May 1979

Retirement Policies, Employment, And Unemployment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] There is a growing consensus among economists that reliance on aggregate demand policies alone will not be sufficient to move the economy to full employment with a nonaccelerating inflation rate, and that policies which alter the structure of labor markets will be required. While obvious structural policies such as public sector employment programs and training programs are the focus of current debate, many other public policies affect labor markets in subtle ways which may well adversely affect the level and distribution of employment and unemployment. To help improve the inflation-unemployment tradeoff, policymakers should seek to marginally modify these policies ...


The Impact Of Retirement Policies On Employment And Unemployment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jan 1979

The Impact Of Retirement Policies On Employment And Unemployment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper has focused on the impact of retirement policies on the level and distribution of employment and unemployment. All of the policies discussed, except for early retirement provisions in privately negotiated collective bargaining contracts were seen to have adverse effects on the level and distribution of employment. Hence, the paper illustrates the more general point that policies designed to promote one social goal may well detract from achieving other goals and suggests that more explicit attention should be given to the employment effects of social programs and legislation prior to their adoption.


Labour Management, D Blesing Jan 1979

Labour Management, D Blesing

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

labour management is more than ensuring the tractor has a driver when the soil is right. It is more than a simple excersise of matching man to machine, more than the simple arithmetic of hiring and firing to suit a short-term budget. Labour management needs to be wise, sensitive, prsctical and system-orientated.


Veterans In Maine - A Report, Maine Department Of Manpower Affairs - Manpower Research Division Dec 1978

Veterans In Maine - A Report, Maine Department Of Manpower Affairs - Manpower Research Division

Maine Collection

Veterans in Maine : A Report.

"Labor Market Information Publication" Maine Department of Manpower Affairs, Employment Security, Manpower Research Division, 20 Union Street, Augusta, Maine 04330.

December 1978


Union Attitudes Toward Management Cooperation, Lee Dyer, David B. Lipsky, Thomas A. Kochan Jan 1977

Union Attitudes Toward Management Cooperation, Lee Dyer, David B. Lipsky, Thomas A. Kochan

Articles and Chapters

Much has been written in recent years about the need for unions and managements in the United States to move beyond traditional collective bargaining and begin working together cooperatively to establish creative new programs which will increase productivity and improve the quality of working life. In this context, many authors have criticized union leaders for being hostile toward cooperative efforts, intimidated by prospects of increased productivity, and indifferent toward workers’ needs for greater psychic satisfaction from their work. Some of these criticisms have been directed toward national union leaders who, it is said, are seriously out of touch with their ...


Officer Performance And Compensation In Local Building Trades Unions, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jan 1977

Officer Performance And Compensation In Local Building Trades Unions, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper presents estimates of the relationship between the performance and compensation of local building trades union leaders. A growing literature has revived the common-sense notion that organizations should structure the compensation of both their employees and their executives so as to encourage them to take actions consistent with the goals of the organizations. One way to minimize the probability that executives will take actions contrary to the organization's goals is to tie their compensation to measures of their organization's performance.


Executive Compensation In Municipalities, Gerald S. Goldstein, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jul 1976

Executive Compensation In Municipalities, Gerald S. Goldstein, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this paper we are concerned with the salaries of three important municipal officials; city-managers, police chiefs, and fire chiefs. We present a model that relates the salaries of these officials to a set of explanatory variables, the most important being measures associated with job performance. Two of these measures of performance are developed in the study. Further, the influence of the city-manager form of government on the incentive structure facing police chiefs and fire chiefs, and the interdependence betwen the salaries of police chiefs and fire chiefs is investigated. The model is tested using cross-section data for 1967.


Manpower Training And Public Sector Job Creation Under Ceta: The Experience In Maine And New Hampshire, Allen Thompson, Richard W. Hurd Apr 1976

Manpower Training And Public Sector Job Creation Under Ceta: The Experience In Maine And New Hampshire, Allen Thompson, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

On December 28, 1973 President Nixon signed Public Law 93-203, the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA). The new law represents a significant shift in the roles played by federal, state, and local officials in the expenditure of federal money for manpower services. The key characteristics of CETA are often described as "decentralization" and "decategorization." Prior to the passage of CETA the manpower system was almost exclusively under the control of federal officials. Under CETA, authority has, to some extent, been decentralized as state and local governments have been given block grants of money to be spent on manpower services ...


Some Thoughts On The Cost Effectiveness Of Graduate Education Subsidies, John H. Bishop Jul 1974

Some Thoughts On The Cost Effectiveness Of Graduate Education Subsidies, John H. Bishop

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] How much should doctorate training be subsidized? The answer proposed is, "Doctorate training should be subsidized to the extent and only to the extent that it produces externality or public benefits – i.e. benefits received by people other than the one receiving the diploma." This value judgment derives from three propositions: (1) In general, an adult knows better than anyone else what is best for himself; (2) the price (measured in both time and money) he is willing to pay for graduate education is the best measure of how much he values it relative to other offerings; and (3 ...


Heterogeneous Labor, Minimum Hiring Standards, And Job Vacancies In Public Employment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Nov 1973

Heterogeneous Labor, Minimum Hiring Standards, And Job Vacancies In Public Employment, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Although a government employer may be the only employer of a particular class of employees in an area (say firemen), it does not necessarily follow that the government agency possesses monopsony power, as current or potential employees can find employment in alternative occupations in the private sector. Moreover, a model is presented in this paper that indicates that the existence of persistent vacancy rates for a class of employees is compatible with there being a greater number of applicants than there are positions, at a wage rate that is predetermined either through a legislative process or collective bargaining. In ...


Union Attitudes Towards Significant Aspects Of Job Training Programs For The Disadvantaged, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky, Myron D. Fottler Jan 1972

Union Attitudes Towards Significant Aspects Of Job Training Programs For The Disadvantaged, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky, Myron D. Fottler

Articles and Chapters

Complementing their earlier study of employer non-participation in manpower programs for the disadvantaged, the authors now turn their attention to the union aspect of non-participation. The present survey extensively explores the attitudes of union rank and file as well as those of local and regional union leaders in an effort to determine exactly where unions stand on this issue.


Reasons For Employer Non-Participation In Manpower Training Programs For The Disadvantaged, Myron D. Fottler, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky Nov 1971

Reasons For Employer Non-Participation In Manpower Training Programs For The Disadvantaged, Myron D. Fottler, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

On-the-job training has become one of the federal government's most current methods of aiding the disadvantaged worker. However, a major problem in implementation is the recruiting of employers who will take part in the programs. The authors of this article present the results of a nationwide study, conducted to determine the underlying reasons for employer non-participation.


Craft Entry For Minorities: The Case Of Project Justice, David B. Lipsky, Joseph B. Rose Oct 1971

Craft Entry For Minorities: The Case Of Project Justice, David B. Lipsky, Joseph B. Rose

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Demonstrations in Chicago and Pittsburgh in 1969 focused national attention on the problem of the racial integration of the building trades. Many solutions to the problem have been suggested or tried, including efforts to create equal opportunities for blacks in apprenticeship programs. But apprenticeship programs provide only a limited means of entry to the building trades. Most construction workers who attain journeyman status do so through informal means. As Quinn Mills has observed, “Integration of the building trades will be necessarily slow if it is accomplished only through indenturing apprentices. . . . National policy regarding integration of the trades should concern ...


How Union Leaders View Job Training Programs, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky Apr 1971

How Union Leaders View Job Training Programs, John E. Drotning, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

How do local union leaders view manpower training programs for hard-core-disadvantaged blacks? How do they perceive their members' attitudes towards these training programs? Do unions block the implementation of job training, or do they support it? What are the union leaders' views on special treatment and double work standards for the hard-core-disadvantaged black trainees? How difficult do union leaders think it will be for these trainees to achieve the educational standards set by the firms?

We, along with Myron D. Fottler, explored some aspects of these questions in fairly intensive interviews with 51 local and regional union leaders in western ...


National Manpower Policy, Vernon M. Briggs Jr Jan 1971

National Manpower Policy, Vernon M. Briggs Jr

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In terms of governmental concern for the operation of the labor market, the 1960's has been called the era of the manpower revolution. During this decade the United States constructed the foundation for a national manpower policy. Although the evolution of this policy has been piecemeal and at times more hortative than substantive, it represents a significant departure from past attitudes regarding society's responsibilities to its members.


Absenteeism And The Overtime Decision, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jun 1970

Absenteeism And The Overtime Decision, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Upon reading the congressional hearing on the Overtime Pay Penalty Act of 1964, one cannot fail to be impressed by the emphasis that management places on absenteeism as a primary cause of overtime. The argument given is basically quite simple: Large firms, it is claimed, attempt to account for absenteeism by hiring standby workers; however because of the stochastic nature of the absentee rate, it is impossible for them to have replacements always available. Hence overtime must be worked by existing employees in order to meet production schedules. One concludes from this argument that the randomness of absenteeism is ...