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The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak Dec 2014

The Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Large Employers And The Impact On The Human Resources Function, Maksim Spivak

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] The purpose of this paper is to explore how Fortune 500 companies have been affected by the passing of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). More importantly, this paper will explore what strategies companies have adopted, and what the legislation means to the following stakeholders: company boards, executives, managers, employees, the Human Resource function, and the Benefits staff.


Aviation Internship Toolkit For The Next Generation Of Aviation Professionals, Lori J. Brown, James C. Fox Dec 2014

Aviation Internship Toolkit For The Next Generation Of Aviation Professionals, Lori J. Brown, James C. Fox

Lori Brown

On behalf of the Next Generation of Aviation Professionals (NGAP) Outreach partners, we would like to congratulate you on your first step toward building or improving a comprehensive, competitive internship program for your organization. Through internships and externships, a company can provide exciting work in aerospace and a rewarding learning experience for young professionals, who are the industry's future. Interns also will gain insight into the demands and tasks of the many roles, as well as the important internal and external interactions that make up the team. The power of internships as a first step to expose youth to ...


A Study On Employee Turnover In Shanghai’S Fine Dining Restaurants, Yang Liu Dec 2014

A Study On Employee Turnover In Shanghai’S Fine Dining Restaurants, Yang Liu

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Changing Course To Stay In Power At The University Of Virginia: A Coalition Theory Perspective, Steven Conaton Nov 2014

Changing Course To Stay In Power At The University Of Virginia: A Coalition Theory Perspective, Steven Conaton

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] For several weeks in the summer of 2012 the University of Virginia became the center of national media attention in America because of the forced resignation of the university’s first female president. Teresa Sullivan, a highly reputable academic administrator, had been hired as president in 2010 with a 5 year contract by the unanimous decision of the Board of Visitors, UVA’s formal leadership body. Yet on June 8, 2012 the Board of Visitors forced Sullivan to resign from her position as president by a vote of 15 to 1—without any warning or prior indication of dissatisfaction ...


From Measurement To Ownership: The Evolution And Organizational Implications Of Modern Performance Management, Laura Wendt Nov 2014

From Measurement To Ownership: The Evolution And Organizational Implications Of Modern Performance Management, Laura Wendt

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] At the core of performance management and human resources more generally is the idea that people make the difference in organizations. Research has shown time and time again that effective deployment of human capital is a key differentiator in business. People, and more specifically their distinct knowledge and skills, function as the most reliable source of competitive advantage for companies in today’s economy. Realizing the need for continual development of the workforce, American companies spent an estimated total of $164.2 billion, or $1,196 per employee, on workforce training and development in 2012. Effective performance management has ...


Fast-Food Workers Fight For A Raise And Create A Movement, Angela B. Cornell Nov 2014

Fast-Food Workers Fight For A Raise And Create A Movement, Angela B. Cornell

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Business Partner Balancing Act: An Analysis Of Alternative Employee Advocacy Practices In The Modern Hr Function, Matt Olson Oct 2014

The Business Partner Balancing Act: An Analysis Of Alternative Employee Advocacy Practices In The Modern Hr Function, Matt Olson

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Over the past 15 years, human resource (HR) organizations shifted to “business-based HR” or “business partnering,” as firms adopted a three-legged HR functional design comprising shared services, centers of expertise and HR business partner roles. This new structure offers a firm additional HR value by freeing the business partner of administrative work and leveraging technology to automate and centralize human resource processes.


Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa Oct 2014

Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

[Excerpt] In this talk I want to trace the development of the field and how international labour law has taken root in five areas: 1) trade legislation (namely, the US and EU Generalized System of Preferences), 2) trade agreements, 3) international organizations, 4) corporate social responsibility, and 5) lawsuits in national courts. In each, I try to give one or two examples of how international labour law works in practice. But first, some background on the international labour law field and my involvement with it.


Do Hitters Boost Their Performance During Their Contract Years?, Heather M. O'Neill Oct 2014

Do Hitters Boost Their Performance During Their Contract Years?, Heather M. O'Neill

Business and Economics Faculty Publications

Each season, baseball fans and journalists alike identify which players are in the final years of their contracts because a lot rides on how the players produce in their “contract year.” Will a player boost his effort and performance in an effort to improve his value and bargaining power? Or will he crumble under the pressure? Or are players’ performances uncorrelated with where they stand in their contract cycles?


Sports, Inc. Volume 7, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society Oct 2014

Sports, Inc. Volume 7, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Realizing The Potential Of Strategic Human Resource Management: Employee Self-Advocacy In The Information Age, Steven Conaton Sep 2014

Realizing The Potential Of Strategic Human Resource Management: Employee Self-Advocacy In The Information Age, Steven Conaton

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Human Resources has an identity crisis. The HR function is increasingly called upon to be a strategic business partner but this role is often in conflict with HR’s long-held identity as the firm’s employee advocate. Contemporary Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) initiatives seek to maximize human capital, align strategic fit throughout an organization and increase the firm’s profits; these initiatives are not designed to directly further the interests of the firm’s employees.[1] HR functions that try to simultaneously act as strategic business partners while maintaining their employee advocacy identity inevitably suffer from a lack ...


Privately Funded Family Medical Leave?, Bernie D. Jones Aug 2014

Privately Funded Family Medical Leave?, Bernie D. Jones

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Women’s greater participation in the workplace spurred support for the Family Medical Leave Act of 1993. Nonetheless, advocates have not gained what they desired the most: a program of federally funded paid family medical leave and wage replacement. American social insurance models that offer paid family leave through workers’ compensation benefits has been effectuated in states like California, Rhode Island and New Jersey, but it is time to consider an alternative: privately funded family medical leave pensions similar to 401(k) plans authorized by the Internal Revenue Code[1] or the Traditional IRA[2] and Roth IRA plans ...


Systematic Ict Surveillance By Employers: Are Your Personal Activities Private?, Arlene J. Nicholas Jul 2014

Systematic Ict Surveillance By Employers: Are Your Personal Activities Private?, Arlene J. Nicholas

Faculty and Staff - Articles & Papers

This paper reviews the various methods of information and communications technology (ICT) that is used by employers to peer into the work lives and, in some cases, private lives of employees. Some of the most common methods – such as computer and Internet monitoring, video surveillance, and global positioning systems (GPS) – have resulted in employee disciplines that have been challenged in courts. This paper provides background information on United States (U.S.) laws and court cases which, in this age of easily accessible information, mostly support the employer. Assessments regarding regulations and policies, which will need to be continually updated to ...


Social Dumping As Marketization: Management Whipsawing In Europe’S Auto Industry, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier Jul 2014

Social Dumping As Marketization: Management Whipsawing In Europe’S Auto Industry, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The focus of this paper is one slow-burning change in the organization of capitalism in Europe, marketization (Greer and Doellgast 2013, Hauptmeier 2011). We argue that a specific species of marketization, management whipsawing, is causing social dumping in the automotive sector. By management whipsawing we mean the staging of economic competition by large corporations with several production units in a way that extracts labor concessions by pitting local workers against each other in contests for investment and production. Multinational companies (MNC) were the first movers and developed various management whipsawing practices; however, the term was also used historically to ...


Throwing Out The Baby And Weighing The Bathwater: The Nonsense Of Executive Compensation Oversight, Wynn Willard May 2014

Throwing Out The Baby And Weighing The Bathwater: The Nonsense Of Executive Compensation Oversight, Wynn Willard

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] CEO pay averages less than 2.5% of after-tax earnings of S&P 500 companies,[i] making it a rounding error on the corporate profit and loss statement (P&L), but it makes headlines and may be the one thing that rouses the passions of those otherwise uninvolved with the corporation.[ii] It is axiomatic that any given issue of The Wall Street Journal reports companies losing money on this or that, yet daily reports of spending far exceeding amounts paid to the CEO or the entire executive team do not generate Congressional action or public rebuke. Further, it ...


Sports, Inc. Volume 6, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society Apr 2014

Sports, Inc. Volume 6, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


The Ins And Outs Of Change Of Shift Handoffs Between Nurses: A Communication Challenge, John S. Carroll, Michele Williams, Theresa M. Gallivan Jan 2014

The Ins And Outs Of Change Of Shift Handoffs Between Nurses: A Communication Challenge, John S. Carroll, Michele Williams, Theresa M. Gallivan

Michele Williams

Background: Communication breakdowns have been identified as a source of problems in complex work settings such as hospital-based healthcare. Methods: The authors conducted a multi-method study of change of shift handoffs between nurses, including interviews, survey, audio taping and direct observation of handoffs, posthandoff questionnaires, and archival coding of clinical records. Results: The authors found considerable variability across units, nurses and, surprisingly, roles. Incoming and outgoing nurses had different expectations for a good handoff: incoming nurses wanted a conversation with questions and eye contact, whereas outgoing nurses wanted to tell their story without interruptions. More experienced nurses abbreviated their reports ...


A Voice Is Worth A Thousand Words: The Implications Of The Micro-Coding Of Social Signals In Speech For Trust Research, Benjamin Waber, Michele Williams, John Carroll, Alex Pentland Jan 2014

A Voice Is Worth A Thousand Words: The Implications Of The Micro-Coding Of Social Signals In Speech For Trust Research, Benjamin Waber, Michele Williams, John Carroll, Alex Pentland

Michele Williams

While self-report measures are often highly reliable for field research on trust (Mayer and Davis, 1999), subjects often cannot complete surveys during real time interactions. In contrast, the social signals that are embedded in the non-linguistic elements of conversations can be captured in real time and extracted with the assistance of computer coding. This chapter seeks to understand how computer-coded social signals are related to interpersonal trust.


Intermediary Cooperative Associations And The Institutionalization Of Participate Work Practices: A Case Study In The Danish Public Secto, Ole Henning Sørensen, Virginia Doellgast, Anders Bojesen Jan 2014

Intermediary Cooperative Associations And The Institutionalization Of Participate Work Practices: A Case Study In The Danish Public Secto, Ole Henning Sørensen, Virginia Doellgast, Anders Bojesen

Articles and Chapters

Scandinavian countries are known for having a high adoption of cooperative models of work design. This article investigates the role of parity labour market associations, termed intermediary cooperative associations, in the dissemination of these models. Findings are based on an examination of the Centre for the Development of Human Resources and Quality Management (SCKK), a social partnership-based organization that funds workplace development projects at state workplaces, and of nine participative development projects that received financial and logistical support from the SCKK. These projects increased union and management commitment to partnership-based approaches to problem-solving, despite their ambiguous results for both groups ...


Navigating Occupational Health Rights: The Function Of Illegality, Language, And Class Inequality In Workers' Compensation, Shannon Gleeson Jan 2014

Navigating Occupational Health Rights: The Function Of Illegality, Language, And Class Inequality In Workers' Compensation, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this chapter, I argue that although undocumented status has little formal bearing on the ability of workers like Jose to access key rights such as workers' compensation, illegality shapes every aspect of occupational health and the claims-making experience. I interrogate three key factors of institutional inequality: 1) undocumented workers' position within the labor market; which shapes risk of injury and eligibility for coverage; 2) the ability of undocumented workers to navigate their claims through the workers' compensation bureaucracy; and 3) undocumented workers' disenfranchisement from the welfare state and their limited options following disability.

Within each of these institutional ...


Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes Jan 2014

Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This book is a practical guide to labor law in the private sector. The first 8 chapters present a discussion of legal principles primarily based on the Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA), 1947, as amended, commonly referred to as the “Act.” The remaining chapters discuss principles based on the Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, as well as on the LMRA.


Review Of Cleaning Up: How Hospital Outsourcing Is Hurting Workers And Endangering Patients, Adam Seth Litwin Jan 2014

Review Of Cleaning Up: How Hospital Outsourcing Is Hurting Workers And Endangering Patients, Adam Seth Litwin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Researchers sensitive to the plight of low-wage workers in advanced industrialized economies have long sought to convey the magnitude of the problem by retelling sorrowful tales of worker exploitation. Sadly, even their most sympathetic readers have numbed to these accounts. Author Dan Zuberi has found a clever way to transcend this apathy in his new monograph based on about 100 interviews plus behind-the- scenes observations of the impact of hospital support staff outsourcing on patients and workers. Through a well-developed understanding of the work process and changes in the employment relationship, he ties outsourcing and the resulting exploitation of ...


Mandatory Employment Arbitration: Dispelling The Myths, David B. Lipsky, J. Ryan Lamare, Michael D. Maffie Jan 2014

Mandatory Employment Arbitration: Dispelling The Myths, David B. Lipsky, J. Ryan Lamare, Michael D. Maffie

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Using mandatory arbitration to resolve employment disputes has been a major source of controversy since the practice emerged about twenty‐five years ago. On one side of the debate have been proponents of the practice, who contend that mandatory pre‐dispute arbitration provides a faster and cheaper means of resolving employment disputes than relying on conventional litigation.


Estimating Pay Gaps For Workers With Disabilities: Implications From Broadening Definitions And Data Sets, Kevin F. Hallock, Xin Jin, Linda Barrington Jan 2014

Estimating Pay Gaps For Workers With Disabilities: Implications From Broadening Definitions And Data Sets, Kevin F. Hallock, Xin Jin, Linda Barrington

Articles and Chapters

Purpose: To compare pay gap estimates across 3 different national survey data sets for people with disabilities relative to those without disabilities when pay is measured as wage and salary alone versus a (total compensation) definition that includes an estimate of the value of benefits.

Method: Estimates of the cost to the employers of employee benefits at the occupational level from an employer survey data set are matched to individual-level data in each of the 3 data sets. Multiple regression techniques are applied to estimate wage and salary and total compensation gaps between full-time men with and without disabilities.

Results ...


Financial Intermediaries In The United States: Development And Impact On Firms And Employment Relations, Eileen Appelbaum, Rosemary Batt, Jae Eun Lee Jan 2014

Financial Intermediaries In The United States: Development And Impact On Firms And Employment Relations, Eileen Appelbaum, Rosemary Batt, Jae Eun Lee

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Private equity (PE), hedge funds (HFs), sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), and other private pools of capital form part of the growing shadow banking system in the United States, where these new financial intermediaries provide an alternative investment mechanism to the traditional banking system. PE and HFs have their origins in the USA, while the first SWF was created by the Kuwaiti Government in 1953. While they have separate roots and distinct business models, these alternative investment vehicles have increasingly merged into overarching asset management funds which encompass all three alternative investments. These funds have wielded increasing power in financial ...


Rigor And Relevance, Bradford S. Bell Jan 2014

Rigor And Relevance, Bradford S. Bell

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] As the incoming editorial team, our goal is to build on this position of strength and to advance both the reputation and readership of the journal. One way in which we intend to do this is by staying true to the mission that has guided P-Psych since its inception, which is to publish rigorous psychological research centered around people at work. Over the years, this focused mission has enabled the journal to publish seminal articles in personnel selection (Barrick & Mount, 1991), person-organization fit (Schneider, 1987), organizational citizenship behavior (Organ & Ryan, 1995), and many other areas of industrial-organizational psychology, human ...


Explaining The Health Information Technology Paradox, Ariel C. Avgar, Adam Seth Litwin Jan 2014

Explaining The Health Information Technology Paradox, Ariel C. Avgar, Adam Seth Litwin

Articles and Chapters

Excerpt] The substantial gap between the promise inherent in upgrading information systems in health care and the documented reality has baffled health care scholars. Why is a technology so clearly capable of creating efficiencies, increasing safety, and promoting greater information sharing and coordination across professionals failing to live up to expectations?


Grievance Procedures In Non-Union Firms, Alexander Colvin Jan 2014

Grievance Procedures In Non-Union Firms, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This chapter examines the structure, adoption, usage, and impact of non-union grievance procedures. Non-union grievance procedures vary widely in their structure from informal open door policies to elaborate peer review and arbitration based procedures. Adoption of these procedures is driven by a range of factors including union substation, litigation avoidance, and as part of human resource strategies focused on promoting high commitment from employees. Non-union grievance procedures tend to be used less frequently that their union counterparts, but usage levels vary based on the structure of the procedure with those incorporating non-managerial decision-makers exhibiting higher usage levels. Although non-union ...