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Full-Text Articles in Insurance

Insuring Uncertainty In Value-Added Agriculture: Ethanol Production, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes Apr 2004

Insuring Uncertainty In Value-Added Agriculture: Ethanol Production, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

A wide variety of insurance products is available to agricultural producers to insure against yield or price risks in the markets for the raw commodities they produce. Value-added enterprises, such as ethanol production, have been expanding over the last decade. This paper outlines the development of an insurance product aimed at corn producers who are members of an ethanol production cooperative. The product has the potential to provide these producers with a new and useful risk management tool to insure against price risks in the markets for corn, distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), ethanol, and natural gas. Monte Carlo ...


Insuring Eggs In Baskets, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock Jul 2003

Insuring Eggs In Baskets, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock

CARD Working Papers

The vast majority of crop and revenue insurance policies sold in the United States are single-crop policies that insure against low yields or low revenues for each crop grown on a particular farm. This practice of insuring one crop at a time runs counter to the traditional risk management practice of diversifying across several enterprises to avoid putting all of ones eggs in a single basket. This paper examines the construction of whole-farm crop revenue insurance programs to include livestock. The whole-farm insurance product covers crop revenues from corn and soybeans and livestock revenues from hog production. The results show ...


Crop Insurance Rates And The Laws Of Probability, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes Apr 2002

Crop Insurance Rates And The Laws Of Probability, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

Increased crop insurance subsidies have increased the demand for insurance at coverage levels higher than the traditional level of 65 percent. Premium rates for higher levels of yield insurance under the Federal Actual Production History (APH) program equal the premium rate at the 65 percent coverage level multiplied by a rate relativity factor that varies by coverage level but not by crop or region. In this paper, we examine the consistency of these constant rate relativity factors with the laws of probability by determining the maximum 65 percent premium rate that is consistent with a well-defined yield distribution. We find ...


Systemic Risk In U.S. Crop And Revenue Insurance Programs, Chuck Mason, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence Mar 2001

Systemic Risk In U.S. Crop And Revenue Insurance Programs, Chuck Mason, Dermot J. Hayes, Sergio H. Lence

CARD Working Papers

This study estimates the probability density function of the Federal Risk Management Agency's (RMA) net income from reinsuring crop insurance for corn, wheat, and soybeans. Based on 1997 data, the authors estimate that there is a 5 percent probability that RMA will need to reimburse at least $1 billion to insurance companies, and that the fair value of RMA's reinsurance services to insurance firms equals $78.7 million. In addition, various hedging strategies are examined for their potential to reduce RMA's reinsurance risk. The risk reduction achievable by hedging is appreciable, but use of derivative contracts alone ...


Livestock Revenue Insurance, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock, Dermot J. Hayes Jan 2001

Livestock Revenue Insurance, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

This study outlines several possible structures for livestock revenue insurance. The policies take the form of an exotic option—an Asian basket option. The actuarially fair premiums for these policies are equal to the prices of the options they represent. Due to the complexity of pricing Asian basket options, we have combined two techniques for pricing options to reach the actuarially fair premiums. Projected premiums, producer welfare, and program efficiency are evaluated for the insurance products and existing market tools. Using efficiency ratios and certainty equivalent returns, we compare the insurance policies to strategies involving existing futures and options.


Estimating The Costs Of Mpci Under The 1994 Crop Insurance Reform Act, Chad E. Hart, Darnell B. Smith Mar 1996

Estimating The Costs Of Mpci Under The 1994 Crop Insurance Reform Act, Chad E. Hart, Darnell B. Smith

CARD Working Papers

The 1994 Crop Insurance Reform Act addressed two major problems of MPCI (multiple peril crop insurance): low participation and additional disaster assistance. In this study, total government costs for the FCIC (Federal Crop Insurance Corporation) and MPCI are estimated to be more than $2 billion, on average, from 1996 to 2003, with half of this amount being in the form of premium subsidies paid by the government.


Input Demand Under Yield And Revenue Insurance, Bruce A. Babcock, David A. Hennessy Dec 1994

Input Demand Under Yield And Revenue Insurance, Bruce A. Babcock, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

The question of how insurance programs affect agricultural input use is commanding increasing attention. Previous studies disagree on the likely effects of insurance on fertilizer application rates. Whether insurance is a complement or a substitute for fertilizer depends, in part, on whether the probability of low yields is positively or negatively affected by increased fertilizer rates. This study uses field-level data measuring the response of corn yields to nitrogen fertilizer to determine if the technical relationship between yield and nitrogen fertilizer supports the hypothesis that crop insurance or revenue insurance could induce increased application rates. Our results indicate no support ...


The Safety Net Of Farming: An Introduction And Literature Review Of Agricultural Insurance And Other Stabilization Policies And Proposals, Chad E. Hart, Darnell B. Smith Mar 1994

The Safety Net Of Farming: An Introduction And Literature Review Of Agricultural Insurance And Other Stabilization Policies And Proposals, Chad E. Hart, Darnell B. Smith

CARD Working Papers

With the pending debate on the 1995 Farm Bill, crop insurance and disaster assistance have become major topics for discussion. This paper explores the performance of the current MPCI program and presents alternative programs. The need for a unified approach to ease the problem of agricultural instability is addressed.