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Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics Commons

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1996

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Moral Theory And Moral Life, Michael Pritchard Dec 1996

Moral Theory And Moral Life, Michael Pritchard

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

This paper was originally presented as The Distinguished Scholar Award Lecture, January 25, 1996.


Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1996, Case Western Reserve University Oct 1996

Newsletter: The Center For Professional Ethics, Fall 1996, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Table of Contents:

  • Director's Corner by Robert P. Lawry
  • 1525 - CPE Summer Ethics Fellowship Program Off to a Great Start
  • The 1996 1525 - CPE Summer Ethics Fellows
  • Dennis F. Thompson Visits Campus
  • News & Notes


Our Publication Series, Joseph Ellin Aug 1996

Our Publication Series, Joseph Ellin

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, September 28, 1995.


The Place Of Ethics Centers In Higher Education, Douglas Ferraro Aug 1996

The Place Of Ethics Centers In Higher Education, Douglas Ferraro

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, September 28, 1995.


The Ethics Center: Tenth Anniversary, Wmu Center For The Study Of Ethics In Society Aug 1996

The Ethics Center: Tenth Anniversary, Wmu Center For The Study Of Ethics In Society

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, September 28, 1995.


The First Ten Years, Michael Pritchard Aug 1996

The First Ten Years, Michael Pritchard

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, September 28, 1995.


Ethics At The End Of The Century: A Mosaic Form Genesis To Genetics, David H. Smith Aug 1996

Ethics At The End Of The Century: A Mosaic Form Genesis To Genetics, David H. Smith

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, September 28, 1995.


Social Issues Of Genome Innovation And Intellectual Property, Elaine Alma Draper Jun 1996

Social Issues Of Genome Innovation And Intellectual Property, Elaine Alma Draper

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Dr. Draper's focus is the use of personal information derived from genome research. She identifies several potential problems, including access to and control of genetic information, employment discrimination and social stratification. She also recommends possible solutions.


An Appraisal Of Local Exchange And Trading Systems In The United Kingdom, Colin C. Williams May 1996

An Appraisal Of Local Exchange And Trading Systems In The United Kingdom, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

During the past few years, Local Exchange and Trading Systems (LETS) have emerged through the
United Kingdom and are being widely heralded as a new tool for promoting community development.
Indeed, 64 per cent of local authorities have expressed an intention to develop a LETS in their area (Gibbs et al, 1995). However, there has been little, if any, appraisal of LETS which can inform such policy initiatives. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to report the results of a national survey of the origins, objectives, growth, magnitude, character and impacts of LETS. Arising out of this, several alterations ...


A Thracian Charm And Socratic Teaching: The Politics Of Education, Arlene W. Saxonhouse May 1996

A Thracian Charm And Socratic Teaching: The Politics Of Education, Arlene W. Saxonhouse

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, May, 1996. Dr. Saxonhouse's lecture was sponsored by the Institute for the Study of Politics and Government and was part of the Sam Clark Lectures. We extend our appreciation to the Institute and its director, James Butterfield.


Corporate Governance And Managerial Incompetence: Lessons From Kmart, D. Gordon Smith Apr 1996

Corporate Governance And Managerial Incompetence: Lessons From Kmart, D. Gordon Smith

Faculty Scholarship

Modern corporate governance scholars often extol an activist role by institutional investors in directing corporate activity. Widely viewed as a solution to the collective action problems that inhibit such activism by individual investors, institutional investors are praised for adding value to corporations through their participation in the decision making process. The ouster of Joseph Antonini as Chief Executive Officer of Kmart Corporation in 1995 might be taken as a vindication of this view, because substantial evidence indicates that institutional investors played a crucial role in influencing Kmart's board of directors to remove him. In this Article, Professor Smith challenges ...


The Marginal Cost Of Funds With Nonseparable Public Spending, Shaghil Ahmed, Dean D. Croushore Apr 1996

The Marginal Cost Of Funds With Nonseparable Public Spending, Shaghil Ahmed, Dean D. Croushore

Economics Faculty Publications

This article provides new calculations of the welfare effects of fiscal changes when the publicly provided good is nonseparable in utility and production so that it affects economic agents' marginal decisions. The authors' results show that these nonseparabilities significantly alter the marginal cost of funds (MCF) that previous studies have calculated. The authors also report estimates of the nonseparable marginal benefits (NSMB) associated with aggregate government purchases. The net marginal cost offunds (NMCF ), which is equal to MCF - NSMB, is in general positive over a wide range of parameter values that encompass empirically relevant specifications. Thus the nonseparable benefits by ...


How Charitable Organizations Influence Federal Tax Policy: "Rent-Seeking" Charities Or Virtuous Politicians?, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 1996

How Charitable Organizations Influence Federal Tax Policy: "Rent-Seeking" Charities Or Virtuous Politicians?, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

Tax-exempt charitable organizations exert considerable influence over Congress, the Department of the Treasury, and the Internal Revenue Service in matters dealing with exemption from federal income tax and the tax deductibility of charitable contributions. This Article uses both public choice and public interest analysis to help identify various features of the charitable community and explain how exempt organizations weild political influence despite the restrictions placed on their activities under the tax code. Arguing that the influence of charitable organizations over tax policy can be explained from either a public choice or public interest vantage point, the Article concluds that the ...


Less Meat, Less Misery: Reforming Factory Farms, Henry Spira Jan 1996

Less Meat, Less Misery: Reforming Factory Farms, Henry Spira

Farm Animal Campaign

No abstract provided.


Civility In America, Brian Schrag Jan 1996

Civility In America, Brian Schrag

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Presented to the WMU Center for the Study of Ethics in Society, October 5, 1995.


Business Leadership And Moral Imagination In The Twenty-First Century, Joanne B. Ciulla Jan 1996

Business Leadership And Moral Imagination In The Twenty-First Century, Joanne B. Ciulla

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

My assignment in this year's series on "Moral Values: The Challenge of the Twenty-First Century" is to talk about moral values in a free society and the challenge for business leaders in the twenty-first century. My perspective on this topic is as a philosopher and educator. I also speak as a consultant who has developed corporate programs on ethics and leadership, primarily in the financial services industry. The focus of my presentation is on the issues that need to be addressed in order to educate the next generation of leaders.


Aids: Crisis In Professional Ethics, Mike W. Martin Jan 1996

Aids: Crisis In Professional Ethics, Mike W. Martin

Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research

Mike Martin reviews Elliot D. Cohen and Michael Davis' AIDS: Crisis in Professional Ethics.


Club Gaming In New South Wales, Australia: The Transition To Industry Maturity, Nerilee Hing Jan 1996

Club Gaming In New South Wales, Australia: The Transition To Industry Maturity, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

The New South Wales club gaming industry has existed for nearly forty years since the introduction of slot machines in 1956 and has witnessed the impact of changing legal, competitive, social, economic and technological factors on its competitiveness. Using Michael Porter's framework of competitive forces (1980), this paper analyzes the industry's lifecycle in terms of entry barriers, industry rivals, customer markets and substitute products. This analysis provides evidence that the industry has evolved from an emergent industry to one which is now approaching maturity. Industry cooperation, strategic management and a refocussing of marketing efforts are suggested as suitable ...


Inappropriate Audit Partner Behavior: Views Of Partners And Senior Managers, Joseph Carcello Dec 1995

Inappropriate Audit Partner Behavior: Views Of Partners And Senior Managers, Joseph Carcello

Joseph V. Carcello

No abstract provided.


Three Kinds Of Ethics, John Hooker Dec 1995

Three Kinds Of Ethics, John Hooker

John Hooker

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Multinational “Audit Failures”, Heather Hermanson, Dana Hermanson, Joseph Carcello Dec 1995

An Analysis Of Multinational “Audit Failures”, Heather Hermanson, Dana Hermanson, Joseph Carcello

Joseph V. Carcello

The shift toward multinational corporations has exposed the auditor to many risks not found on domestic audits, including foreign currency issues, international political risks, international economic risks, greater information asymmetry, and greater complexity. As the client base of the large accounting firms becomes more multinational, it is important to understand whether multinational risk factors are associated with “audit failures.” We identified only eight multinational audit failures (multinational client bankruptcy shortly after an unmodified audit opinion) from the period 1988–1992. An examination of these eight failures provided very little evidence that multinational risk factors played any role in the failures.