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Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Is Google & People?, Sajjad Khaksari Jul 2015

Is Google & People?, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

"Google Advertisement Strategy" strictly dominated the "Searching Ranks Results". On the other hand, 70% of the United State population and 90% of European use to used Google as their "Favorite Search Engine".
People use Google but the Google thanks to its "Famous Google Algorithm" offers them the arrangement of links that is consciously favored before by "Google Ad. Engine". In addition, unfortunately Google has many traps to bind, copy and save almost all the information from the users.


Navigating The Life Cycle Of Trust In Developing Economies: One-Size Solutions Do Not Fit All, Laura Hartman, Julie Gedro, Courtney Masterson Jun 2015

Navigating The Life Cycle Of Trust In Developing Economies: One-Size Solutions Do Not Fit All, Laura Hartman, Julie Gedro, Courtney Masterson

Laura Hartman

Trust is critical to the development and maintenance of collaborative and cohesive relationships in societies, broadly, and in organizations, specifically. At the same time, trust is highly dependent on the social context in which it occurs. Unfortunately, existing research involving trust remains somewhat limited to a particular set of developed economies, providing a window to explore a culture's stage of economic development as a key contextual determinant of trust within organizations. In this article, we review the state of the scholarship on trust and identify those qualities of trust that are common in organizations at similar stages of economic ...


Accountability In The Church, Professor Ben C Osisioma Aug 2013

Accountability In The Church, Professor Ben C Osisioma

Prof Ben Chuka Osisioma

Traditionally, accountability is the obligation to give a reckoning or explanation for one’s actions and responsibilities to a higher authority. However, for the purpose of this paper, we define accountability as the processes through which an organisation makes a commitment to respond to and balance the needs of stakeholders in its decision making processes and activities, and delivers against this commitment. In the church setting accountability involves managing the resources God has entrusted us with, organising for service and mission, and providing programmes to carry out the church’s mandate. The goal is to help people grow in Christ ...


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Neoliberalism can be understood as the deregulation of the economy from political control by deliberate action or inaction of the state. As such it is both constituted by the law and deeply affects it. I show how the methods of historical materialism can illuminate this phenomenon in all three branches of the the U.S. government. Considering the example the global financial crisis of 2007-08 that began with the housing bubble developing from trade in unregulated and overvalued mortgage backed securities, I show how the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which established a firewall between commercial and investment banking, allowed ...


Wat Is Coöperatief Ondernemen?, Lieve Jacobs, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2013

Wat Is Coöperatief Ondernemen?, Lieve Jacobs, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

De discussie van wat een echte coöperatie is en hoort te zijn, is haast zo oud als de coöperatieve beweging zelf en lijkt soms wel op de zoektocht naar de heilige graal. Toch beschikt de internationale coöperatieve beweging, vertegenwoordigd door de Internationale Coöperatieve Alliantie (ICA), over een referentiekader met een gemeenschappelijke definitie, principes en waarden. Dit referentiekader is zelf het compromis tussen vele verschillende visies en stromingen binnen het coöperatieve denken. Net daarom is het verstandig om dit eerder als een kompas in plaats van als een keurslijf te beschouwen. In deze bijdrage illustreren we de praktische grondslagen en gevolgen ...


Coöperaties In België. Top 100 Van De Grootste Belgische Coöperatieve Vennootschappen In 2011, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2013

Coöperaties In België. Top 100 Van De Grootste Belgische Coöperatieve Vennootschappen In 2011, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

In deze publicatie presenteren we de top 100 van de grootste Belgische coöperatieve vennootschappen in 2011. We bespreken de grootste coöperaties volgens hun economische activiteit en geven zo een venster op de rijke diversiteit aan coöperatieve initiatieven in ons land.


Can The Hong Kong Icac Help Reduce Corruption On The Mainland?, Bryane Michael Jan 2013

Can The Hong Kong Icac Help Reduce Corruption On The Mainland?, Bryane Michael

Bryane Michael (bryane.michael@stcatz.ox.ac.uk)

Hong Kong’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) serves as the example par excellence of a successful anti-corruption agency. Yet, the Agency works in one of the more corrupt jurisdictions world-wide (the People’s Republic of China). To what extent can the ICAC – and the Prevention of Bribery Ordinance (POBO) which regulates its work – contribute to reductions in corruption on the Mainland? In this paper, we look at the ways in which the ICAC – technically a Chinese agency (albeit operating in a legally independent jurisdiction) – can help to reduce and prevent corruption on the Mainland. We find that with the ...


Consumer-Driven Health Care, Kip Klingman Aug 2012

Consumer-Driven Health Care, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

No abstract provided.


Medicare's "Value-Based" Purchasing, Kip Klingman Aug 2012

Medicare's "Value-Based" Purchasing, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

No abstract provided.


Stark Voluntary Self-Referral Disclosure Protocol (Srdp) And Stark Law, Kip Klingman May 2012

Stark Voluntary Self-Referral Disclosure Protocol (Srdp) And Stark Law, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

When you’ve made a serious mistake, sometimes it is best to step forward and confess before the government regulators find out on their own. The federal Stark Law, governing physician self-referral, provides a mechanism for voluntary disclosing a violation, but using that option requires a carefully crafted game plan.


Hipaa - What Rns Need To Know, Kip Klingman May 2012

Hipaa - What Rns Need To Know, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

“HIPAA regulations were instituted to protect the privacy of individuals by safeguarding individually identifiable healthcare records, including those housed in electronic media.”


Ethical Dilemma Of Foreign Aid And China's One-Child Policy, Kip Klingman Apr 2012

Ethical Dilemma Of Foreign Aid And China's One-Child Policy, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

Discussion: whether to or not to provide funds for a group in China, which provides family health clinics in the most poverty-stricken regions in China.


The Alternative Forms Of Dispute Settlement And The Essential Difference Between These And Arbitration, Michael Diathesopoulos Mar 2012

The Alternative Forms Of Dispute Settlement And The Essential Difference Between These And Arbitration, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

The paper examines the characteristics of some common alternative forms of dispute settlement and their key differences from arbitration regarding their nature and scope. Its purpose is to explore each mechanism's suitability for specific types of disputes.


Reit White Paper, Frederic Juillet Feb 2012

Reit White Paper, Frederic Juillet

Frederic Juillet

Subject: Resulting from the recent financial crisis, this white paper discusses how to better defend shareholders’ investments in Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) for the long-term and how to reduce volatility in the REITs market.


Contemporary Innovation And Entrepreneurship Concepts, Journal Of Entrepreneurship, Management And Innovation, Vol. 8, Issue 4, Anna Ujwary-Gil Jan 2012

Contemporary Innovation And Entrepreneurship Concepts, Journal Of Entrepreneurship, Management And Innovation, Vol. 8, Issue 4, Anna Ujwary-Gil

Anna Ujwary-Gil

This collection of articles constitutes an important review of innovativeness concepts in micro and macro perspectives and innovation capital measurement as well as organizational learning, modeling and problem-solving, age management or female entrepreneurship. Employees and their innovative behavior are of crucial importance for the organization’s market success. The article provided by researchers from HIVA- KULeuven and CESO-KULeuven contributed to the discussion on how organizations can become more learning and flexible through innovative involvement of their employees. The research also emphasized the significance of distinguishing between various categories of employees (blue versus white-collar workers) in the context of variables used ...


Coöperaties In België. Profielschets 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2012

Coöperaties In België. Profielschets 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Coöperaties kennen de jongste jaren een groeiende aandacht binnen de academische wereld, het bedrijfsleven, het maatschappelijke middenveld en het beleid. Coöperaties worden tijdens een groeiend aantal studiedagen gewikt en gewogen als mogelijk instrument voor diverse uitdagingen die we vandaag kennen op economisch, sociaal en ecologisch vlak. Cijfers over coöperaties in ons land zijn echter schaars. In deze publicatie presenteren we een profielschets van de coöperatieve vennootschappen in België met daarin enkele kerngegevens die de lezer wegwijs maken in het Belgische coöperatieve landschap. We bestrijken daarmee de periode 2005-2010 en baseren ons hiervoor op administratieve gegevens, afkomstig uit de Balanscentrale van ...


Les Co-Opératives En Belgique. Profil 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2012

Les Co-Opératives En Belgique. Profil 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Cette publication présente le profil des sociétés coopératives en Belgique, principaux chiffres à la clef, afin de faire découvrir au lecteur le paysage coopératif en Belgique. La période concernée est 2005-2010 et nous nous basons sur les données fournies par la Centrale des bilans de la Banque Nationale de Belgique (BNB), la Banque- Carrefour des entreprises (BCE) et l’Office National de Sécurité Sociale (ONSS). Grâce à la collaboration du Département Emploi et Economie Sociale du gouvernement flamand, ces données ont pu être obtenues auprès de la cellule de coordination Vlaams e-Government (CORVE), qui rassemble les données dans la Verrijkte ...


El Individuo Y La Comunidad. Aeon J. Skoble, Mario Šilar Jan 2012

El Individuo Y La Comunidad. Aeon J. Skoble, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


El Fracaso: Su Utilidad Personal Y Social, Mario Šilar Jan 2012

El Fracaso: Su Utilidad Personal Y Social, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


Free The Market. Peter J. Boettke. Spanish Translation, Mario Šilar Oct 2011

Free The Market. Peter J. Boettke. Spanish Translation, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos Sep 2011

Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper we will examine the issue of ownership unbundling and forced divestiture remedies imposed in a series of recent competition law cases of the energy market - examined in other papers - in relation to the possible existence of a series of legal obstacles. These energy market decisions belong to a group of antitrust cases in which a structural divestiture remedy has been imposed under the provisions of Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. This divestiture refers to transmission networks and to generation capacity and is meant to lead to severe structural changes, which are compatible with the findings of ...


Coöperaties In Zorg. Een Verkenning Van Vraagstukken En Goede Praktijken In Binnen- En Buitenland, Wim Van Opstal May 2011

Coöperaties In Zorg. Een Verkenning Van Vraagstukken En Goede Praktijken In Binnen- En Buitenland, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Reeds meer dan twee eeuwen worden coöperaties opgericht om de levensstandaard van arbeiders en boeren te verbeteren. Hoewel de coöperatie in Vlaanderen al enkele decennia aan zichtbaarheid moest inboeten, begint men de laatste jaren ook bij ons de coöperatie opnieuw te ontdekken als instrument voor het combineren van een economische activiteit met sociale doelstellingen. Ook, en misschien zelfs vooral, binnen de social profitsector doen zich tal van interessante ontwikkelingen op dat vlak voor. De social profitsector, en de zorgsector in het bijzonder, wordt anno 2011 immers geconfronteerd met de dubbele uitdaging van toenemende maatschappelijke noden in een context van een ...


Competition Law And Sector Regulation In The European Energy Market After The Third Energy Package: Hierarchy And Efficiency, Michael Diathesopoulos Apr 2011

Competition Law And Sector Regulation In The European Energy Market After The Third Energy Package: Hierarchy And Efficiency, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

The aim of this research is to provide the basic parameters for a model for the definition of the relation between the general competition and sector specific frameworks and rules regarding the regulation of the Internal Energy Market, especially after the Third Energy Package. The research considers the recent sector specific framework in relation to a series of recent competition law cases of the Energy Market where structural remedies were applied under the commitments procedure. Essential facilities doctrine and generally competition law tools do not seem to provide a suitable framework for effectively addressing the dynamic competition concept, treating the ...


Il Comitato Per Il Controllo Interno E Per La Revisione Contabile Introdotto Dall’Art. 19 Del D.Lgs. 39/2010: Riflessioni In Sede Di Prima Istituzione Alla Luce Delle Indicazioni Dell’Unione Europea, Claudio Sottoriva Mar 2011

Il Comitato Per Il Controllo Interno E Per La Revisione Contabile Introdotto Dall’Art. 19 Del D.Lgs. 39/2010: Riflessioni In Sede Di Prima Istituzione Alla Luce Delle Indicazioni Dell’Unione Europea, Claudio Sottoriva

Claudio Sottoriva

L’esperienza nazionale in tema di costituzione di “comitati” interni all’organo amministrativo si arricchisce, alla luce del D.Lgs. 39/2010, del comitato per il controllo interno e per la revisione contabile ai sensi dell’art. 19 dello stesso. Facendo riferimento alla realtà italiana ed europea in generale si evidenzia la progressiva sperimentazione di formule compositive degli organi amministrativi e di controllo finalizzate ad una loro maggiore specializzazione secondo quanto previsto dai principali codici di autodisciplina (soprattutto avuto riguardo alle società aventi titoli negoziati in mercati regolamentati). Il comitato ex art. 19 del D.Lgs. 39/2010 è previsto ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz Jan 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short nontechnical article reviews the Arrow Impossibility Theorem and its implications for rational democratic decisionmaking. In the 1950s, economist Kenneth J. Arrow proved that no method for producing a unique social choice involving at least three choices and three actors could satisfy four seemingly obvious constraints that are practically constitutive of democratic decisionmaking. Any such method must violate such a constraint and risks leading to disturbingly irrational results such and Condorcet cycling. I explain the theorem in plain, nonmathematical language, and discuss the history, range, and prospects of avoiding what seems like a fundamental theoretical challenge to the possibility ...


Natural Law Bibliography 1990-2010, Mario Šilar Jan 2011

Natural Law Bibliography 1990-2010, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


Antropología Filosófica Cristiana Y Economía De Mercado (Review). Revista Empresa Y Humanismo, Xiv/2, 2011, Pp. 121-127., Mario Šilar Jan 2011

Antropología Filosófica Cristiana Y Economía De Mercado (Review). Revista Empresa Y Humanismo, Xiv/2, 2011, Pp. 121-127., Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


"Faraway So Close". Maestros Y Discípulos En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar Jan 2011

"Faraway So Close". Maestros Y Discípulos En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.