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Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Managerial Gender Diversity And Firm Performance: An Integration Of Different Theoretical Perspectives, Andreas Schwab, James D. Werbel, Heike Hofmann, Paulo L. Henriques Feb 2016

Managerial Gender Diversity And Firm Performance: An Integration Of Different Theoretical Perspectives, Andreas Schwab, James D. Werbel, Heike Hofmann, Paulo L. Henriques

Management Publications

This study examines the relationship between managerial gender diversity and firm performance. It outlines how extremely low and extremely high levels of managerial gender diversity can trigger group processes that can impede the attainment of the performance benefits associated with moderate levels of managerial gender diversity. Findings from a longitudinal panel data from financial service firms in Portugal suggest the effects of managerial gender diversity on firm performance are best captured by a nonlinear function with two breaking points. This study introduces a framework that combines different theoretical perspectives focused on tokenism, sub-group formation, divergent thinking, and other group processes ...


Building Sustainable Entrepreneurship Ecosystems, Togar M. Simatupang, Andreas Schwab, Donald C. Lantu Jul 2015

Building Sustainable Entrepreneurship Ecosystems, Togar M. Simatupang, Andreas Schwab, Donald C. Lantu

Management Publications

This special issue focuses on the development of sustainable entrepreneurship ecosystems to support innovation and the creation of new businesses where sustainability is the nexus for entrepreneurial activities. In this editorial, we outline and integrate the distinct contributions of the six empirical studies included in the special issue. In addition, we comment on current state of our academic understanding of entrepreneurship ecosystems and offer some specific guidance for future empirical research. Given the continued strong interest in creating entrepreneurship ecosystems around the world, we consider related research crucial not only for advancing academic knowledge, but also for providing better guidance ...


Classroom Cheating And Student Perceptions Of Ethical Climate, Charles B. Shrader, Sue Ravenscroft, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Timothy D. West Oct 2012

Classroom Cheating And Student Perceptions Of Ethical Climate, Charles B. Shrader, Sue Ravenscroft, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Timothy D. West

Management Publications

This study examines relationships between perceived ethical climate types, as determined using Victor and Cullen’s (1988) ethical climate questionnaire, and actual cheating behavior by students completing a take-home exam problem. Data regarding students’ behavior were gathered from sixty-four students in two sections of an accounting course at a well-known university. Our major finding is that students who perceive the classroom as a benevolent climate focused on local groups (i.e. team identification is preeminent) engage in more cheating behavior than do students who perceive a benevolent climate focused on broader organization or societal groups. We conclude by discussing the ...


Learning In Hybrid-Project Systems: The Effects Of Project Performance On Repeated Collaboration, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner Jan 2008

Learning In Hybrid-Project Systems: The Effects Of Project Performance On Repeated Collaboration, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner

Management Publications

This study advances contingency theories of performance-outcome learning in hybrid-project systems, in which both project participants and superordinate organizations influence the formation of project ventures. We propose that performance-outcome learning depends on the perceived relevance of prior performance and on organizational control over project participants. We examine this framework using data on 239 U.S. movie projects from the years 1931-40. In keeping with our theory, higher project performance led to future collaborations with the same partners, contingent on prior collaborations, project similarity, and organizational control. Our findings imply distinct patterns of network evolution and unfolding adaptation of hybrid-project systems ...


Moral Judgment And Causal Attributions: Consequences Of Engaging In Earnings Management, Steven E. Kaplan, James C. Mcelroy, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader Jan 2007

Moral Judgment And Causal Attributions: Consequences Of Engaging In Earnings Management, Steven E. Kaplan, James C. Mcelroy, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Recent, well-publicized accounting scandals have shown that the penalties outsiders impose on those found culpable of earnings management can be severe. However, less is known about how colleagues within internal labor markets respond when they believe fellow managers have managed earnings. Designers of responsibility accounting systems need to understand the reputational costs managers impose on one another within internal labor markets. In an experimental study, 159 evening MBA students were asked to assume the role of a manager in a company and respond to a scenario in which another manager (the target manager) has the opportunity to engage in earnings ...


Ethical Distancing: Rationalizing Violations Of Organizational Norms, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader Oct 2005

Ethical Distancing: Rationalizing Violations Of Organizational Norms, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Recent work on moral reasoning has focused on the psychological relationship between the actor, the action and the outcome. The argument is that a tighter connection between these categories leads to more moral behavior. Using data from students who cheated on an exam, we extend this literature by delineating how people can rationalize non-moral behavior by loosening the above relationships. In particular, we found that students tried to distance themselves from the wrongfulness of cheating using four types of rationalization: separating themselves from the action, blaming a third-party for influencing the decision, re-defining the action as something good, and defining ...


Investigating The Dimensions Of Social Responsibility And The Consequences For Corporate Financial Performance, Virginia Blackburn, M. Doran, Charles B. Shrader Jul 1994

Investigating The Dimensions Of Social Responsibility And The Consequences For Corporate Financial Performance, Virginia Blackburn, M. Doran, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Corporate social responsibility as an area of scientific inquiry has received little attention in the popular and academic press during the last decade. Efforts to investigate social responsibility and its relationship to corporate performance have been frustrated by a lack of adequate operationalizations and measures of social responsibility. Regardless of the reasons for this inattention to the is- sues of corporate responsibility, the tide appears to be turning. Recently, TIAA-CREF, the largest institutional trader in the country, initiated an optional fund which invests exclusively in firms that are deemed socially responsible. Such actions suggest that corporations will increasingly be held ...


Retirement Planning: Rounding Out The Career Planning Process, Paula C. Morrow Jan 1985

Retirement Planning: Rounding Out The Career Planning Process, Paula C. Morrow

Management Publications

Retirement planning has historically been the responsibility of the private citizen with governmental involvement restricted to Social Security program administration. A number of factors have arisen during the last decade, however, which have shifted some of the responsibility for retirement preparation onto a new third party: the employer. Federal legislation raising the minimum compulsory retirement age from 65 to 70 years (1978 amendments to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act), tighter restrictions on pension policies, and demographic trends which threaten the solvency of the Social Security program have forced many employers to take a more active role in their employees ...


Concept Redundancy In Organizational Research: The Case Of Work Commitment, Paula C. Morrow Jul 1983

Concept Redundancy In Organizational Research: The Case Of Work Commitment, Paula C. Morrow

Management Publications

A facet design describing the theoretical and empirical interrelationships among five forms of work commitment (Protestant work ethic, career salience, job involvement/work as a central life interest, organizational commitment, and union commitment) is presented. The analysis reveals that these concepts are partially redundant and insufficiently distinct to warrent continued separation. Suggestions for advancing the study of work commitment are rendered.


Work Related Communication, Environmental Uncertainty, And Subunit Effectiveness: A Second Look At The Information Processing Approach To Subunit Communication, Paula C. Morrow Dec 1981

Work Related Communication, Environmental Uncertainty, And Subunit Effectiveness: A Second Look At The Information Processing Approach To Subunit Communication, Paula C. Morrow

Management Publications

The article discusses communication in organizations and looks at the effectiveness of contingency theory in analyzing operational research. The author critiques earlier research in this area, specifically by Boehm, Zedeck, and Tushman. She uses data from 90 of 100 subunits of a midwest state Extension Service. Questionnaires were sent out to assess work-related communications and information exchanges between the subunits, environmental conditions within each subunit, and the effectiveness of each office.