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Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics Commons

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Aligning Organisational Environmental Policy And Practice In The Australian Coal Industry, Mahdi Mason Jan 2015

Aligning Organisational Environmental Policy And Practice In The Australian Coal Industry, Mahdi Mason

Theses

This study examines how well environmental sustainability policy and practice align in Australian coal mining organisations. Espoused theory, institutional theory, institutional logic and field theory provide the theoretical framework, and Dunphy et al.’s (2003) organisational sustainability scale framed a qualitative, industry-wide case study drawing on a document review of public company sustainability information, an online questionnaire, and in-depth interviews. The findings indicate that organisations do not align their environmental sustainability policies and practices in two ways: (i) companies are aiming for lower standards of environmental performance than those stated in their policies; and (ii) companies are performing at lower ...


Corporate Governance : Board Diversity And Ethnic Minority Directors On New Zealand's Stock Exchange Top 50 Boards, Wayne E. Beilby Jan 2015

Corporate Governance : Board Diversity And Ethnic Minority Directors On New Zealand's Stock Exchange Top 50 Boards, Wayne E. Beilby

Theses

This thesis investigated the lack of ethnic diversity on New Zealand’s stock exchange top NZX50 listed boards.

A qualitative methodology was used, founded on a realist paradigm using a case study research design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and the findings were triangulated using a focus group.

This research found there is a need to increase the education of NZX50 directors on the benefits of ethnic board diversity and for prescriptive changes to be made by the New Zealand government to its corporate governance regime.


A Study Of The Participation Of Stakeholders In The Loss Control And Prevention And Improvements Of Occupational Safety And Health At Work For Property Management In Hong Kong, Leo Fung Man-Kam Jan 2014

A Study Of The Participation Of Stakeholders In The Loss Control And Prevention And Improvements Of Occupational Safety And Health At Work For Property Management In Hong Kong, Leo Fung Man-Kam

Theses

Synopsis: This research explored valuable and critical Occupational Safety and Health Management (OSHM) issues in the local Property Management (PM) industry of Hong Kong. It focuses on key theoretical and practical issues arising from efficient, effective and reliable OSH Management proposed for implementation in the industry and considers Loss Control and Prevention (LCP) and improvement of OSH Standard (IOS). In sum, the stakeholders should overcome the difficulties in implementing OSHM, eliminate potential job hazards and formulate the most suitable proposals for their LCP, IOS and other benefits by OSHM.

Methodology: This research starts from an initial review of the available ...


Consumer Ethical Beliefs And Intention: Investigation Of Young Malaysian Consumers, Teck Chai Lau Jan 2012

Consumer Ethical Beliefs And Intention: Investigation Of Young Malaysian Consumers, Teck Chai Lau

Theses

The aim of the research is to examine the impact of attitude towards business, intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and money ethics on the four consumer ethics dimensions. The study also investigates the demographic effect of gender and ethics course on consumer ethical beliefs. Finally the association between the four consumer ethics dimensions with ethical intention is also explored. The sample is drawn from young consumers from one public and one private university in Malaysia and comprises of 510 individuals. For the dimension of ‘actively benefiting from illegal activities (CE1)’, the result indicates positive relationship with extrinsic religiosity and money ethics ...


Corporate Social Responsibility In Small And Medium Enterprises: Application Of Stakeholder Theory And Social Capital Theory, Suman Sen Jan 2011

Corporate Social Responsibility In Small And Medium Enterprises: Application Of Stakeholder Theory And Social Capital Theory, Suman Sen

Theses

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a business management concept that originated in the early 1930s after the Wall Street crash of 1929 exposed corporate irresponsibility in large organisations. Since then, social responsibility has continued to be the focus of business operations and a popular topic of investigation for practitioners and academics from a range of disciplines.

Whilst the initial interpretation of CSR has been modified and refined since it was first used, the significance of this multidimensional concept for the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector has continued to be overshadowed by its application to large and multinational organisations. Due ...


Public Service Broadcasting And Minorities: Investigating Radio 3 In Hong Kong, John Gideon Patkin Jan 2011

Public Service Broadcasting And Minorities: Investigating Radio 3 In Hong Kong, John Gideon Patkin

Theses

Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) is the government appointed public service broadcaster (PSB) in Hong Kong. Following a review of Public Service Broadcasting in 2007 the Hong Kong Government issued a charter that required the broadcaster to serve minority audiences. The new charter replaced a previous agreement that also included provisions for serving minorities. The charter holds similar values to RTHK’s corporate mission statement. This thesis focuses on a group of non-Chinese Hong Kong residents who are linked by the use of English as a lingua franca. English is one of three official languages in Hong Kong. The researcher ...


Human Capital Management: Asian Studies And Generation Y’S Value Of Human Security And International Business Ethics In Their Career Development, Bernice Ly Jan 2010

Human Capital Management: Asian Studies And Generation Y’S Value Of Human Security And International Business Ethics In Their Career Development, Bernice Ly

Theses

This Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) thesis is aimed at contributing to the body of knowledge concerning generation Y undergraduate students studying an Asian studies degree and their career expectations. The research will highlight differences and similarities of these students’ interpretation of human security and international business concepts and their ideas on the level of relevancy these concepts impact on international business operations in Asia. By understanding the ideologies of a proportion of generation Y undergraduate students who are interested in Asia and potentially a career involving Asia, international businesses can better understand the needs of potential employees and their ...


Managing Environmental Regulations For The 21st Century: Challenges And Opportunities In An Australian Industry Context, Tania Von Der Heidt, Michael B. Charles, Rachel Ryan, Brett Hughes Jan 2008

Managing Environmental Regulations For The 21st Century: Challenges And Opportunities In An Australian Industry Context, Tania Von Der Heidt, Michael B. Charles, Rachel Ryan, Brett Hughes

Southern Cross Business School

The growing awareness of the deleterious effects of climate change is leading to greater environmental regulation of industries around the world. This paper argues that there are difficulties in identifying and addressing environmental externalities in the context of developing a mandated approach to environmental issues. Furthermore, environmental regulation in Australia is complicated by the federal system of government, in which different environmental impacts are managed at local, state and/or federal levels. This paper analyses the problems associated with enacting environmental regulation and implementing environmental policies in a federal system. At an industry level, more self-regulation and co-regulation may overcome ...


Fraud Risk Factors And Auditing Standards : An Integrated Identification Of A Fraud Risk Management Model, Tumpal Wagner Sitorus Jan 2008

Fraud Risk Factors And Auditing Standards : An Integrated Identification Of A Fraud Risk Management Model, Tumpal Wagner Sitorus

Theses

The aims of this thesis are to set out the ten audit outcome based scenarios and the research questions and auditing problems derived from the scenarios, to develop a wide fraud framework and two hypothesised models of fraud symptoms, and to examine the questions and problems using literature review studies and the models using structural equations modelling. This approach is in accordance with the direct call for the use of more advanced statistical methods by Michael & Adler (1971), Steane & Cockerell (2005), and Zahra et al. (2005). The thesis uses a range of references drawn from the fields of economics, finance ...


Workplace Factors That Encourage And Discourage Gambling Amongst Gaming Venue Employees: An Employees' Perspective, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen Jan 2006

Workplace Factors That Encourage And Discourage Gambling Amongst Gaming Venue Employees: An Employees' Perspective, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper reports on the second stage of a multi-stage qualitative study into gambling by gaming venue employees and aspects of working in gaming venues that are perceived to influence staff gambling. The paper draws on face-to-face interviews with 34 club, 14 hotel and 18 casino employees. From these data, the paper extracts over 50 reasons why working in a gaming venue can encourage staff gambling, and these are grouped into eight workplace factors – frequent interaction with gamblers, frequent exposure to gambling, influence of fellow employees, influence of management, workplace stress, working shift work, frequent exposure to gambling marketing and ...


Implementing Responsible Gambling Practices In A Regional Area, Helen Breen, Jeremy Buultjens, Nerilee Hing Jan 2006

Implementing Responsible Gambling Practices In A Regional Area, Helen Breen, Jeremy Buultjens, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

In recognition that they largely control the context in which legalised gambling is operated, state governments in Australia have taken an increasingly active role in encouraging the gambling industry to implement responsible gambling practices. In the state of Queensland, the government introduced the voluntary Queensland Responsible Gambling Code of Practice in May 2002. This paper reports part of a larger study investigating gambling providers’ awareness of this Code, their implementation of its provisions and their views on its likely effectiveness in hotels, casinos and clubs in certain case study areas in remote, regional and urban Queensland. This paper draws only ...


A History Of Machine Gambling In The Nsw Club Industry: From Community Benefit To Commercialisation, Nerilee Hing Jan 2006

A History Of Machine Gambling In The Nsw Club Industry: From Community Benefit To Commercialisation, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper documents a history of the NSW club industry, with particular emphasis on its evolution to a major contemporary operator of gaming machines at state, national and international levels. It argues that three conditions of club registration - their not-for-profit status, membership requirements, and social benefit objectives - have been instrumental for clubs in gaining and maintaining dominant rights to machine gambling in NSW. These three features of clubs traditionally have underpinned their legitimacy as major providers of machine gambling, reflecting prevailing government policy that linked legalised gambling to social benefit. However, the substantial revenues that accrued from machine gambling, amidst ...


A Study Of Business Ethical Practices In Australian Organisations: A Multiple Case Study, Peter Wai-Hong Wong Jan 2006

A Study Of Business Ethical Practices In Australian Organisations: A Multiple Case Study, Peter Wai-Hong Wong

Theses

In view of the latest corporate collapses globally, the purpose of this thesis is an attempt to investigate and to theorise how managers make decisions when faced with an ethical dilemma.

Philosophers over the years have proposed different moral theories. For example, Kantian’s Categorical Imperative (O’Neil 2001, Peters, 1971) suggests that there are laws that should apply universally. However, its principles are too abstract to guide action, in that it does not provide a detailed set of instructions for following them. Others such as Baier, (2001) suggest that people behave to satisfy their own self-interest. The literature review ...


Giving The Gamblers A Voice: The Perceived Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Practices In Nsw Clubs, Nerilee Hing Jan 2005

Giving The Gamblers A Voice: The Perceived Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Practices In Nsw Clubs, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper analyses qualitative data gathered from 339 patrons of ten NSW clubs via a survey assessing their perceived efficacy of venue-based responsible gambling measures. Analysis of over 25,000 words of ‘additional comments’ from these patrons yielded 541 comments, subsequently grouped into 17 themes and 56 sub-themes. Each is summarised, drawing heavily on the respondents’ verbatim comments to convey the sentiments and emotions expressed. As such, this paper gives a voice to one important, but often overlooked, stakeholder group in the gambling debate – the gamblers themselves. Most respondents were critical of governments and gambling venues in their focus on ...


Gambling Amongst Gaming Venue Employees: Counsellors’ Perspectives On Risk And Protective Factors In The Workplace, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen Jan 2005

Gambling Amongst Gaming Venue Employees: Counsellors’ Perspectives On Risk And Protective Factors In The Workplace, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper reports on Stage One of a project examining the gambling behaviour of employees in Queensland gaming venues and how aspects of their workplace might influence that behaviour, to identify how gaming venues can provide a work environment that encourages responsible gambling amongst employees. From interviews with 32 gambling counsellors, 40 risk factors for gambling problems, 15 protective factors against gambling problems and 14 venue strategies for encouraging responsible gambling amongst employees were identified. A number of broad conclusions can be reached. First, staff who work in gaming venues appear an at-risk group for problem gambling. Second, this risk ...


Challenges In Responsible Provision Of Gambling: Questions Of Efficacy, Effectiveness And Efficiency, Nerilee Hing, Jo Mckellar Jan 2004

Challenges In Responsible Provision Of Gambling: Questions Of Efficacy, Effectiveness And Efficiency, Nerilee Hing, Jo Mckellar

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper aims to explain why responsible provision of gambling is an important corporate social issue facing many gambling providers by examining its status with reference to three characteristic features of such issues proposed in the corporate social responsibility literature – expectational gaps, impacts and controversy (Wartick and Mahon, 1994). The existence of expectational gaps, impacts and controversy relating to contemporary gambling operations thus clarifies why gambling providers are under pressure to manage their gambling operations in a more socially responsible manner. A second aim of this paper is to clarify why resolving this issue has been difficult. Drawing on a ...


The Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Measures In Nsw Clubs: The Gamblers' Perspective, Nerilee Hing Jan 2004

The Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Measures In Nsw Clubs: The Gamblers' Perspective, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

In 2000, the NSW Government legislated for gambling venues, including registered clubs, to implement certain responsible gambling measures. Many clubs also have introduced some voluntary strategies, including those contained in the Clubsafe program developed by Clubs NSW. However, no evidence exists that such measures are effective in minimising harm and protecting consumers in gambling. This paper reports on a 2002-2003 research project, funded by the NSW Casino Community Benefit Fund, which sought to address this gap in knowledge. It surveyed members from ten large Sydney clubs to assess their level of awareness of their clubs’ responsible gambling measures, how adequate ...


Perceived Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Strategies In Queensland Hotels, Casinos And Licensed Clubs, Helen Breen, Jeremy Buultjens, Nerilee Hing Jan 2003

Perceived Efficacy Of Responsible Gambling Strategies In Queensland Hotels, Casinos And Licensed Clubs, Helen Breen, Jeremy Buultjens, Nerilee Hing

Southern Cross Business School

No abstract provided.


Principles, Processes And Practices In Responsible Provision Of Gambling: A Conceptual Discussion, Nerilee Hing Jan 2003

Principles, Processes And Practices In Responsible Provision Of Gambling: A Conceptual Discussion, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper develops a definition and conceptual framework of responsible provision of gambling that integrates three central constructs in the corporate social performance literature. It depicts responsible provision of gambling as the congruence between the socially responsible principles, socially responsive processes and socially desirable outcomes that gambling operators pursue and those expected by their key stakeholders in managing the social impacts of gambling. The framework therefore provides some theoretical underpinnings to clarify the meaning of responsible provision of gambling and to facilitate its implementation in order to inform scholarly research and applied initiatives. Some potential research applications of the framework ...


The Emergence Of Problem Gambling As A Corporate Social Issue In Australia, Nerilee Hing Jul 2002

The Emergence Of Problem Gambling As A Corporate Social Issue In Australia, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Commercial gambling recently has expanded exponentially in Australia such that annual gambling losses now total over $12 billion dollars, representing $886 per adult and 3.4 percent of household disposable income (Tasmanian Gaming Commission 2000). In tandem with this expansion, problem gambling has emerged as a significant social issue. This paper documents how the epistemic community, governments, gambling operators and pressure groups have advanced this issue by tracking their changing stances and the widening expectational gaps between them. It develops an integrated lifecycle model of problem gambling to demonstrate how these four stakeholders have propelled the issue along its lifecycle ...


A Conceptual Framework Of The Corporate Management Of Social Impacts: The Case Of Problem Gambling, Nerilee Hing, Jan Mcmillen Jan 2002

A Conceptual Framework Of The Corporate Management Of Social Impacts: The Case Of Problem Gambling, Nerilee Hing, Jan Mcmillen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper integrates concepts from the corporate social issues management and corporate social performance literature to develop a framework that might inform future investigations into how organisations manage their social impacts. Drawing on a study examining how registered clubs in New South Wales Australia manage one of their social impacts, problem gambling, the paper first documents historical contributors to the emergence of problem gambling as a corporate social issue for the clubs, before assessing their corporate social performance in addressing problem gambling to the satisfaction of key stakeholders. Some insights into the future direction of the clubs in responsible management ...


A Profile Of Gaming Machine Players In Clubs In Sydney, Australia, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen Jan 2002

A Profile Of Gaming Machine Players In Clubs In Sydney, Australia, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

New South Wales, Australia, is one of the major markets in the world for machine gaming, with its 1,441 registered clubs holding the dominant share of the state’s machines. This study examined machine gambling behavior amongst a random sample of 3,000 club members from six of the largest clubs in Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales. The findings identify their machine gambling preferences and participation levels, isolate significant sociodemographic and other differences between gaming machine and non-gaming machine players, measure the prevalence of probable pathological gambling associated with machine gambling, and identify certain characteristics which ...


Machine Gaming In Sydney Clubs: Characteristics Of The Supporting Resident Populations, Helen Breen, Nerilee Hing, Paul Weeks Jan 2002

Machine Gaming In Sydney Clubs: Characteristics Of The Supporting Resident Populations, Helen Breen, Nerilee Hing, Paul Weeks

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This research provided background for surveys and interviews in later stages of a 3 part project. It aimed to identify, from secondary research, socio-demographic characteristics which tend to support registered clubs and their machine gaming activities in the Sydney Statistical Division. Using multiple methods including: Pearson’s Product Moment correlation, Principle Components factor analysis and stepwise regression, the study profiled Sydney populations which spend highly on gaming machines. The most important sociodemographic predictors of Sydney statistical local areas where per capita gaming machine expenditure is high are large proportions of the adult resident population who: were born in Malta, Greece ...


Changing The Odds: A Study Of Corporate Social Principles And Practices In Addressing Problem Gambling, Nerilee Hing Jan 2001

Changing The Odds: A Study Of Corporate Social Principles And Practices In Addressing Problem Gambling, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper documents a quantitative study into socially responsible principles and practices adopted in registered clubs in New South Wales Australia to manage one of their social impacts – problem gambling. The survey utilised an adapted version of Aupperle’s (1982) corporate social responsibility instrument to measure the priority given to economic, legal, ethical and discretionary principles in club machine gambling operations. The survey also assessed support for certain management practices in responsible gambling. The results indicate that the participating club managers prioritise economic, legal, ethical and discretionary principles respectively, and that these are statistically related to practices they have implemented ...


An Empirical Study Of Gaming Machine Play Among Club Members, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen Jan 2001

An Empirical Study Of Gaming Machine Play Among Club Members, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper helps address a deficiency of gender specific research into gambling. Using predominantly non-parametric tests, the paper analyses data from 1 257 female and 1 743 male respondents in a telephone survey of 3 000 members selected randomly from six large Sydney clubs. The results support female gambling stereotypes of lower individual bets and lower overall expenditure, but not of lower participation and frequency of play, and shorter duration of gambling sessions. Further, regular female gaming machine players appear more likely than non-regular female players to be migrants, either young or old, and from lower socio-economic groups. Regular female ...


Profiling Lady Luck: An Empirical Study Of Gambling And Problem Gambling Amongst Female Club Members, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen Jan 2001

Profiling Lady Luck: An Empirical Study Of Gambling And Problem Gambling Amongst Female Club Members, Nerilee Hing, Helen Breen

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

This paper helps to address a deficiency of gender specific research into gambling. It focuses on gambling participation, gaming machine play and problem gambling amongst 1,257 female respondents to a telephone survey of 3,000 members selected randomly from the membership lists of six of the largest clubs in Sydney, Australia. Using predominantly nonparametric tests, results identify a range of behaviors that characterize the gambling activities of female club members when compared to their male counterparts. Testing four hypotheses revealed that, when compared to male club members, the females had a higher preference for bingo, lotto, lotteries, pools and ...


Club Gaming In New South Wales, Australia: The Transition To Industry Maturity, Nerilee Hing Jan 1996

Club Gaming In New South Wales, Australia: The Transition To Industry Maturity, Nerilee Hing

School of Tourism and Hospitality Management

The New South Wales club gaming industry has existed for nearly forty years since the introduction of slot machines in 1956 and has witnessed the impact of changing legal, competitive, social, economic and technological factors on its competitiveness. Using Michael Porter's framework of competitive forces (1980), this paper analyzes the industry's lifecycle in terms of entry barriers, industry rivals, customer markets and substitute products. This analysis provides evidence that the industry has evolved from an emergent industry to one which is now approaching maturity. Industry cooperation, strategic management and a refocussing of marketing efforts are suggested as suitable ...