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Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Systemic Risk And The Ripple Effect In The Supply Chain, Kevin P. Scheibe, Jennifer Blackhurst Apr 2019

Systemic Risk And The Ripple Effect In The Supply Chain, Kevin P. Scheibe, Jennifer Blackhurst

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Supply chains are highly complex systems, and disruptions may ripple through these systems in unexpected ways, but they may also start in unexpected ways. We investigate the causes of ripple effect through the lens of systemic risk. We derive supply chain systemic risk from the finance discipline where sources of risk are found in systemic risk-taking, contagion, and amplification mechanisms. In a supply chain context, we identify three dimensions that influence systemic risk, the nature of a disruption, the structure, and dependency of the supply chain, and the decision-making. Within these three dimensions, there are several factors including correlation of ...


Can Banks Placate Knowledgeable Depositors By Offering Higher Interest Rates During A Banking Crisis?, Glenn Boyle, Roger D. Stover, Amrit Tiwana, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy Apr 2018

Can Banks Placate Knowledgeable Depositors By Offering Higher Interest Rates During A Banking Crisis?, Glenn Boyle, Roger D. Stover, Amrit Tiwana, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy

Economics Working Papers

Using a conjoint analysis of 417 finance professionals from six countries, we find no evidence that higher interest rates cause knowledgeable depositors to moderate their withdrawals during a banking crisis. In fact, intended withdrawals are positively correlated with expected interest rate changes. After accounting for endogeneity, this relationship disappears, consistent with the attractiveness of higher returns being offset by increased doubts about bank solvency. The withdrawal decisions of finance professionals are also independent of their personal characteristics, but they appear to place considerable store on deposit insurance generosity and the presence of a formal insurance fund.


Female Power Portrayals In Ads, Underlying Dimensions, Melika Kordrostami, Russell N. Laczniak Jan 2018

Female Power Portrayals In Ads, Underlying Dimensions, Melika Kordrostami, Russell N. Laczniak

Marketing Publications

Stereotypical female portrayals are still common in advertisements, though the role of women in society has progressed. In recent years, it appears there has been a move toward portraying women in power positions in ads. This research focuses on this new trend of female portrayals in ads. Power is defined as the capability to change others’/self behavior or thoughts. Building on theories of social power and feminine power, a new typology for different types of female power in ads is proposed. This typology includes five types of female power in ads including sexual power, athletic power, expert power, family ...


Why U.S. Consumers Buy Sustainable Cotton Made Collegiate Apparel? A Study Of The Key Determinants, Jenisha Gerard, Alison Dephillips, Mohan Li, Jing Sun, Ting Chi Jan 2018

Why U.S. Consumers Buy Sustainable Cotton Made Collegiate Apparel? A Study Of The Key Determinants, Jenisha Gerard, Alison Dephillips, Mohan Li, Jing Sun, Ting Chi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

sustainable cotton, collegiate apparel, U.S. consumers


Differing Expectations For Corporate Moral Responsibility: A Product Category Analysis, Sojin Jung, Stacy Hyun Nam Lee, Jung Ha-Brookshire Jan 2018

Differing Expectations For Corporate Moral Responsibility: A Product Category Analysis, Sojin Jung, Stacy Hyun Nam Lee, Jung Ha-Brookshire

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The moral responsibility theory of corporate sustainability (MRCS) argues that according to the concept of corporate personhood, a corporation has moral responsibilities toward society and the environment, and can determine its level of commitment to meet those responsibilities (Ha-Brookshire, 2015). Using the MRCS theory, Jung and Ha-Brookshire (2017) attempted to empirically demonstrate U.S. consumers’ perceptions on a variety of corporate moral responsibility activities performed by consumer product companies, to determine whether each activity is a perfect or imperfect duty. Therefore, this exploratory study raised the following research question: What are the differences in consumers’ expectations toward corporate moral responsibility ...


Factors Affecting Fashion Retail Employees’ Workplace Behavior And Their Relationship With Employer, Stacy Hyun Nam Lee, Jung Ha-Brookshire Jan 2018

Factors Affecting Fashion Retail Employees’ Workplace Behavior And Their Relationship With Employer, Stacy Hyun Nam Lee, Jung Ha-Brookshire

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Extensive studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between CSR and firms’ performance, but there is still a lack of research examining how CSR can be enhanced by different stakeholders. Furthermore, the organizational behavior literature suggests that employees’ organizational citizenship behavior and counterproductive work behavior can be critical to organizational performance. Thus, this study aimed to investigate employees’ positive and negative workplace behaviors and the factors that enhance positive behavior that helps improve organizations’ sustainability performance. The findings suggest that fashion retail employees’ perceptions of a corporation’s ethical values may encourage them to engage in OCB while reducing ...


Key Factors Influencing Consumer Intent To Recycle Denim Apparel: A Study Of U.S. Millennials, Jessica Ganak, Yini Chen, Dan Liang, Ting Chi Jan 2018

Key Factors Influencing Consumer Intent To Recycle Denim Apparel: A Study Of U.S. Millennials, Jessica Ganak, Yini Chen, Dan Liang, Ting Chi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Denim, recycle, sustainability, perceived value


Policies Versus Practices: Transparency Of Supply Chain Disclosures Among Luxury And Mass Market Fashion Brands, Iva Jestratijevic, James Uanhoro, Dr. Nancy Ann Rudd Jan 2018

Policies Versus Practices: Transparency Of Supply Chain Disclosures Among Luxury And Mass Market Fashion Brands, Iva Jestratijevic, James Uanhoro, Dr. Nancy Ann Rudd

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Policies versus Practices: Transparency of supply chain disclosures among luxury and mass market fashion brands

Supply chain transparency can be defined as the minimum degree of disclosure to which supply chain policies, practices, agreements and procedures are open for public verification. In 2017, a Fashion Transparency Index rated and ranked 100 of the most affluent global fashion brands according to the level of transparent information they publicly share in five key areas: policies, corporate governance, traceability; audits and remediation; and negative impact reporting. For the 100 global fashion brands included in the index, we analyzed: (1) The amount, typology and ...


The Effects Of Design Piracy On Consumer Perception: When Large Fashion Corporates Pirate Small Independent Fashion Designers, Kassandra Ross, Wi-Suk Kwon, Hongjoo Woo Jan 2018

The Effects Of Design Piracy On Consumer Perception: When Large Fashion Corporates Pirate Small Independent Fashion Designers, Kassandra Ross, Wi-Suk Kwon, Hongjoo Woo

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Fashion design piracy has the potential to highly impact small designers through a combination of limited legal fashion rights and the proliferation of online exposure to their work. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of a revelation of fashion design piracy cases on consumers' perceptions about small designers and their designs, particularly when these designers were purportedly pirated by large fashion corporations. Through an online experiment of 260 college students, we examined perceptions of two designers and their designs narrowed from a pretest of purported piracy cases. Designers' value and uniqueness of designs, as well as brand ...


Impact Of Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) Labelling On U.S. Consumers' Purchase Intentions Toward Sustainable Denim Jeans, Katie Jo Engle, Audrey Nelson, Zihui Zhao, Ting Chi Jan 2018

Impact Of Life Cycle Assessment (Lca) Labelling On U.S. Consumers' Purchase Intentions Toward Sustainable Denim Jeans, Katie Jo Engle, Audrey Nelson, Zihui Zhao, Ting Chi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Lifecycle assessment (LCA), labeling, denim, U.S. consumers


Debt, Value And Economic Theology, Daniel A. Krier Jan 2017

Debt, Value And Economic Theology, Daniel A. Krier

Sociology Publications

Economic theologies are systems of religiously legitimated beliefs and practices that align value (in Marx’s sense) with values (in broad anthropological usage). This article outlines the place of debt and the credit system in the economic theologies of four ideal-typical variants of capitalism: CatholicismAnglicanism, Calvinism-Puritanism, Pietism-Quakerism, and Free-Grace Evangelism. At the threshold of capitalist modernity, the economic theology of Catholicism-Anglicanism interwove debts into prevailing systems of status honor that maintained aristocratic boundaries for elites while forcing contenders into displays of sacrificial virtue. Calvinism-Puritanism sanctioned profit-seeking through rational assumption of risk in the credit system as a necessary ethicalduty to ...


The Impact Of Ceo Long-Term Equity-Based Compensation Incentives On Economic Growth In Collectivist Versus Individualist Countries, Cynthia J. Campbell, Rosita P. Chang, Jack C. Dejong Jr., Robert Doktor, Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randoy Jul 2016

The Impact Of Ceo Long-Term Equity-Based Compensation Incentives On Economic Growth In Collectivist Versus Individualist Countries, Cynthia J. Campbell, Rosita P. Chang, Jack C. Dejong Jr., Robert Doktor, Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randoy

Finance Publication

This study examines the impact of the prevalence of long-term equity-based chief executive officer (CEO) compensation incentives on GDP growth, and we address the moderating role of individualist versus collectivist cultures on this relationship. We argue that long-term incentives given to CEOs in some firms may convey to other CEOs that they too may be able to receive such incentives and rewards if they emulate the incentivized and rewarded CEOs. In a longitudinal study across 22 nations over a 5-year period, we find that the higher proportion of CEOs in a country are awarded long-term equity-based incentive compensation, the greater ...


Managerial Gender Diversity And Firm Performance: An Integration Of Different Theoretical Perspectives, Andreas Schwab, James D. Werbel, Heike Hofmann, Paulo L. Henriques Feb 2016

Managerial Gender Diversity And Firm Performance: An Integration Of Different Theoretical Perspectives, Andreas Schwab, James D. Werbel, Heike Hofmann, Paulo L. Henriques

Management Publications

This study examines the relationship between managerial gender diversity and firm performance. It outlines how extremely low and extremely high levels of managerial gender diversity can trigger group processes that can impede the attainment of the performance benefits associated with moderate levels of managerial gender diversity. Findings from a longitudinal panel data from financial service firms in Portugal suggest the effects of managerial gender diversity on firm performance are best captured by a nonlinear function with two breaking points. This study introduces a framework that combines different theoretical perspectives focused on tokenism, sub-group formation, divergent thinking, and other group processes ...


Building Sustainable Entrepreneurship Ecosystems, Togar M. Simatupang, Andreas Schwab, Donald C. Lantu Jul 2015

Building Sustainable Entrepreneurship Ecosystems, Togar M. Simatupang, Andreas Schwab, Donald C. Lantu

Management Publications

This special issue focuses on the development of sustainable entrepreneurship ecosystems to support innovation and the creation of new businesses where sustainability is the nexus for entrepreneurial activities. In this editorial, we outline and integrate the distinct contributions of the six empirical studies included in the special issue. In addition, we comment on current state of our academic understanding of entrepreneurship ecosystems and offer some specific guidance for future empirical research. Given the continued strong interest in creating entrepreneurship ecosystems around the world, we consider related research crucial not only for advancing academic knowledge, but also for providing better guidance ...


Is Anything Ever New? Fashion Design Students’ Perceptions Of Piracy, Sara B. Marcketti, Katharine Celia Greder, Heather Sinclair Jun 2014

Is Anything Ever New? Fashion Design Students’ Perceptions Of Piracy, Sara B. Marcketti, Katharine Celia Greder, Heather Sinclair

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Design piracy is the unauthorized copying of another designer or manufacturer’s work. While controversial, it is an instiutionalized practice in the aparel industry. The purpose of this study was to beter understand student perceptions of design piracy, particularly as it is one they wil encounter in their future carers. The authors interviewed twenty-four aparel design students at a land-grant Midwestern University. Data was analyzed using theme analysis. Thre themes developed including: 1) Expresions of cognitve disonance in statements expresing enjoyment of the practice of design piracy as a consumer; yet disapointment when (and if) their own design work was ...


The Use Of Design Patents To Protect Apparel Dresses, 1910 To 1950, Sara B. Marcketti, Jean L. Parsons Oct 2013

The Use Of Design Patents To Protect Apparel Dresses, 1910 To 1950, Sara B. Marcketti, Jean L. Parsons

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Intellectual property pertains to the intangible aspects of the mind. Design piracy of apparel is possible within the United States because intellectual property rights do not fully protect clothing design. The purpose of this study was to examine the efforts of apparel designers and apparel companies to protect their fashion designs through patents.


"Is Anything Ever New?" Student Perceptions Of Design Piracy In Their Apparel Design Work And As Consumers, Sara B. Marcketti, Katharine Celia Greder, Heather Sinclair Oct 2013

"Is Anything Ever New?" Student Perceptions Of Design Piracy In Their Apparel Design Work And As Consumers, Sara B. Marcketti, Katharine Celia Greder, Heather Sinclair

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to better understand fashion design students' beliefs and perceptions of the practice of design piracy. Different from counterfeiting when objects are fraudulently branded with a designer's name or logo design piracy is the unauthorized copying of another manufacturer's or designer's styles.


Classroom Cheating And Student Perceptions Of Ethical Climate, Charles B. Shrader, Sue Ravenscroft, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Timothy D. West Oct 2012

Classroom Cheating And Student Perceptions Of Ethical Climate, Charles B. Shrader, Sue Ravenscroft, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Timothy D. West

Management Publications

This study examines relationships between perceived ethical climate types, as determined using Victor and Cullen’s (1988) ethical climate questionnaire, and actual cheating behavior by students completing a take-home exam problem. Data regarding students’ behavior were gathered from sixty-four students in two sections of an accounting course at a well-known university. Our major finding is that students who perceive the classroom as a benevolent climate focused on local groups (i.e. team identification is preeminent) engage in more cheating behavior than do students who perceive a benevolent climate focused on broader organization or societal groups. We conclude by discussing the ...


Sustainable Fashion Consumption: An Expanded Theory Of Planned Behavior, Srikant Manchiraju, Ann Marie Fiore, Daniel W. Russell Jan 2012

Sustainable Fashion Consumption: An Expanded Theory Of Planned Behavior, Srikant Manchiraju, Ann Marie Fiore, Daniel W. Russell

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This study is an effort to understand consumers' perceptions of sustainable consumption towards fashion, including their beliefs, attitude, and behavioral intention toward purchase sustainable fashion products, which may be used to increase demand for sustainable fashion, thus diminishing the negative impact of fashion products on the environment.


Fair Competition In The Corset And Brassiere Industry, 1933-1935, Xinxin Wang, Sara B. Marcketti Nov 2011

Fair Competition In The Corset And Brassiere Industry, 1933-1935, Xinxin Wang, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to explore the practice of fair competition in the corset and brassiere industry during the time of the National Recovery Act.


Cash Holdings And R&D Smoothing, James R. Brown, Bruce C. Petersen Jun 2011

Cash Holdings And R&D Smoothing, James R. Brown, Bruce C. Petersen

Finance Publication

The sharp increase in R&D investment in recent decades has important but unexplored implications for corporate liquidity management. Because R&D has high adjustment costs and is financed with volatile sources, it is very expensive for firms to adjust the flow of R&D in response to transitory finance shocks. The main contribution of this paper is to directly examine whether firms use cash reserves to smooth their R&D expenditures. We estimate dynamic R&D models and find that firms most likely to face financing frictions rely extensively on cash holdings to smooth R&D. In particular, our ...


Codes Of Fair Competition: The National Industrial Recovery Act, 1933-1935 And The Women's Ready-To-Wear Apparel Industry, Sara B. Marcketti Oct 2009

Codes Of Fair Competition: The National Industrial Recovery Act, 1933-1935 And The Women's Ready-To-Wear Apparel Industry, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper examines the ethical, economic, and social considerations regarding what constituted "fair competition" during the NIRA and analyzes the role of industry members, workers, and consumers in these arguments.


Learning In Hybrid-Project Systems: The Effects Of Project Performance On Repeated Collaboration, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner Jan 2008

Learning In Hybrid-Project Systems: The Effects Of Project Performance On Repeated Collaboration, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner

Management Publications

This study advances contingency theories of performance-outcome learning in hybrid-project systems, in which both project participants and superordinate organizations influence the formation of project ventures. We propose that performance-outcome learning depends on the perceived relevance of prior performance and on organizational control over project participants. We examine this framework using data on 239 U.S. movie projects from the years 1931-40. In keeping with our theory, higher project performance led to future collaborations with the same partners, contingent on prior collaborations, project similarity, and organizational control. Our findings imply distinct patterns of network evolution and unfolding adaptation of hybrid-project systems ...


Moral Judgment And Causal Attributions: Consequences Of Engaging In Earnings Management, Steven E. Kaplan, James C. Mcelroy, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader Jan 2007

Moral Judgment And Causal Attributions: Consequences Of Engaging In Earnings Management, Steven E. Kaplan, James C. Mcelroy, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Recent, well-publicized accounting scandals have shown that the penalties outsiders impose on those found culpable of earnings management can be severe. However, less is known about how colleagues within internal labor markets respond when they believe fellow managers have managed earnings. Designers of responsibility accounting systems need to understand the reputational costs managers impose on one another within internal labor markets. In an experimental study, 159 evening MBA students were asked to assume the role of a manager in a company and respond to a scenario in which another manager (the target manager) has the opportunity to engage in earnings ...


Ethical Distancing: Rationalizing Violations Of Organizational Norms, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader Oct 2005

Ethical Distancing: Rationalizing Violations Of Organizational Norms, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Recent work on moral reasoning has focused on the psychological relationship between the actor, the action and the outcome. The argument is that a tighter connection between these categories leads to more moral behavior. Using data from students who cheated on an exam, we extend this literature by delineating how people can rationalize non-moral behavior by loosening the above relationships. In particular, we found that students tried to distance themselves from the wrongfulness of cheating using four types of rationalization: separating themselves from the action, blaming a third-party for influencing the decision, re-defining the action as something good, and defining ...


U.S. Farm Policy And The Wto: How Do They Match Up?, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock Jan 2002

U.S. Farm Policy And The Wto: How Do They Match Up?, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock

Economics Publications

The debate over a new farm bill has focused on how to spend an additional $73.5 billion in funding for the agricultural budget over ten years. The House of Representatives, the Senate Agriculture Committee, and Senators Cochran and Roberts (supported by the Bush Administration) have each proposed a structure for the next farm bill. A critical question becomes whether these proposals conflict with U.S. commitments to limit subsidies under the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. This paper explores this issue and concludes with a discussion of the future direction of U.S. farm subsidies and new WTO agreements.


Tight Money Policies And Inflation Revisited, Joydeep Bhattacharya, Noritaka Kudoh Oct 2001

Tight Money Policies And Inflation Revisited, Joydeep Bhattacharya, Noritaka Kudoh

Economic Staff Paper Series

This paper reconsiders the link between tight money policies and inflation in the spirit of Sargent and Wallace's (1981) influential paper "Some Unpleasaiit Monetarist Arithmetic". A standard neoclassical model with production, capital, bonds, and returii dominated currency is used to study the long-run effects on inflation ofa tightening ofmonetary policy engineered via a open market sale of bonds. The potential for tight money policies to.be inflationary (unpleasant arithmetic) exists even when the real interest rate is below the growth rate of the economy, and such equilibria can bestable. Incontrast, when moneta^policy isconducted viaa fixed inflation-rate rule, the ...


Investigating The Dimensions Of Social Responsibility And The Consequences For Corporate Financial Performance, Virginia Blackburn, M. Doran, Charles B. Shrader Jul 1994

Investigating The Dimensions Of Social Responsibility And The Consequences For Corporate Financial Performance, Virginia Blackburn, M. Doran, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

Corporate social responsibility as an area of scientific inquiry has received little attention in the popular and academic press during the last decade. Efforts to investigate social responsibility and its relationship to corporate performance have been frustrated by a lack of adequate operationalizations and measures of social responsibility. Regardless of the reasons for this inattention to the is- sues of corporate responsibility, the tide appears to be turning. Recently, TIAA-CREF, the largest institutional trader in the country, initiated an optional fund which invests exclusively in firms that are deemed socially responsible. Such actions suggest that corporations will increasingly be held ...


Retirement Planning: Rounding Out The Career Planning Process, Paula C. Morrow Jan 1985

Retirement Planning: Rounding Out The Career Planning Process, Paula C. Morrow

Management Publications

Retirement planning has historically been the responsibility of the private citizen with governmental involvement restricted to Social Security program administration. A number of factors have arisen during the last decade, however, which have shifted some of the responsibility for retirement preparation onto a new third party: the employer. Federal legislation raising the minimum compulsory retirement age from 65 to 70 years (1978 amendments to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act), tighter restrictions on pension policies, and demographic trends which threaten the solvency of the Social Security program have forced many employers to take a more active role in their employees ...


A Theory Of Future's Market Responses To Government Crop Forecasts, Barry Falk, Peter F. Orazem Jan 1984

A Theory Of Future's Market Responses To Government Crop Forecasts, Barry Falk, Peter F. Orazem

Economic Staff Paper Series

Recently, there has been considerable debate in the government, business and academic communities regarding the value, accuracy, frequency and necessity of government crop forecasts. This debate has intensified due to several developments. The first is the recent trend toward slowing the growth in non-defense public sector expenditures. As the federal budget has been stretched tighter, some information activities have been curtailed. These cutbacks have coincided with a second, not necessarily uncorrelated, development; the increased sophistication of private information collection activities. Private firms now partially duplicate government efforts to disseminate information on, and predictions of, crop forecasts.