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Articles 361 - 380 of 380

Full-Text Articles in Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics

Confronting The Ethical Case Against The Ethical Case For Constituency Rights, William W. Bratton Jan 1993

Confronting The Ethical Case Against The Ethical Case For Constituency Rights, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Self-Regulation, Normative Choice, And The Structure Of Corporate Fiduciary Law, William W. Bratton Jan 1993

Self-Regulation, Normative Choice, And The Structure Of Corporate Fiduciary Law, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch Jan 1993

From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Lawyer Liability In Third Party Situations: The Meaning Of The Kaye Scholar Case, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Jan 1993

Lawyer Liability In Third Party Situations: The Meaning Of The Kaye Scholar Case, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Kaye Scholer I case has excited much attention and alarm within the legal profession. 2 It is interpreted as greatly expanding the scope of lawyer liability to third parties and heralding much greater regulatory intervention into the relationship between lawyer and client. In some respects this interpretation is accurate. The Kaye Scholer proceeding is at least a "wake up call" to the legal profession, signalling that lawyers should be much more attentive to their legal and ethical obligations in transactional and regulatory matters. However, there is also much misunderstanding about Kaye Scholer, particularly the supposition that it created novel ...


The Pricing Decision: Balancing The Cost-Based And Market-Based Approaches In Different Industries, Shawn M. Kain, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig Aug 1992

The Pricing Decision: Balancing The Cost-Based And Market-Based Approaches In Different Industries, Shawn M. Kain, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig

Accounting Faculty Publications

The objectives of this paper are to discuss cost estimating and pricing issues in four different industries, to analyze methods and strategies that are used in the costing and pricing of products in those industries, and to make general comparisons about costing and pricing techniques.

Accurate projection of costs is essential to the survival of any firm because cost estimates often determine whether a project will be authorized to begin or continue, the amount of resources that will be allocated to a particular product or product line, the prices of products, and the firm's and product line's profitability ...


Bargaining And The Division Of Value In Corporate Reorganization, Howard F. Chang, Lucian A. Bebchuk Jan 1992

Bargaining And The Division Of Value In Corporate Reorganization, Howard F. Chang, Lucian A. Bebchuk

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Public Values And Corporate Fiduciary Law, William W. Bratton Jan 1992

Public Values And Corporate Fiduciary Law, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Auditing Practices In Singapore, See Liang Foo Jan 1992

Auditing Practices In Singapore, See Liang Foo

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

The accounting profession in Singapore plays an important part in the country's economy because it ensures foreign investors' confidence that their investments are audited by competent, independent, and credible auditors. The emergence of joint stock companies in Singapore was made possible by the Indian Joint Stock Companies Act of 1857. The Act requires every company to maintain proper accounting and other records which will explain sufficiently the transactions and financial position of the company and to enable true and fair profit and loss account and balance-sheet and any documents required to be attached thereto to be prepared from time ...


Audit Quality Attributes: The Perceptions Of Partners, Preparers, And Financial Statement Users, Joseph Carcello, R. Hermanson, N. Mcgrath Dec 1991

Audit Quality Attributes: The Perceptions Of Partners, Preparers, And Financial Statement Users, Joseph Carcello, R. Hermanson, N. Mcgrath

Joseph V. Carcello

No abstract provided.


Survey Finds Limited Aid For Postgraduate Accounting Students, R. Hermanson, D. Turner, Joseph Carcello, D. Hermanson Sep 1991

Survey Finds Limited Aid For Postgraduate Accounting Students, R. Hermanson, D. Turner, Joseph Carcello, D. Hermanson

Joseph V. Carcello

No abstract provided.


A Public Accounting Career: The Gap Between Student Expectations And Accounting Staff Experiences, Joseph Carcello, J. Copeland, R. Hermanson, D. Turner Aug 1991

A Public Accounting Career: The Gap Between Student Expectations And Accounting Staff Experiences, Joseph Carcello, J. Copeland, R. Hermanson, D. Turner

Joseph V. Carcello

No abstract provided.


Education, Certification, And The Earnings Of Industrial Accountants, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, Lawrence Hadley Oct 1990

Education, Certification, And The Earnings Of Industrial Accountants, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, Lawrence Hadley

Accounting Faculty Publications

Utilizing a model of the relationship between skill accumulation and earnings known as human capital theory, we analyzed the incremental earnings associated with various educational and professional credential for a sample of members of the National Association of Accountants (NAA). Data were collected by means of a questionnaire survey of NAA members and were analyzed utilizing a multiple regression technique. Earnings is regressed on various education and certification variables. Employment characteristics and personal characteristics of the respondents are included as control variables.

Our analysis documents positive earnings increments for the bachelor’s and MBA degrees and the CPA certificate. For ...


An Analysis Of Current Accounting Programs In The Context Of The Anderson, Treadway, And Bedford Reports, Roger Hermanson, Joseph Carcello Dec 1988

An Analysis Of Current Accounting Programs In The Context Of The Anderson, Treadway, And Bedford Reports, Roger Hermanson, Joseph Carcello

Joseph V. Carcello

The toplc of five-year accounting programs has received much discussion over the past decade. Recent reports issued by groups investigating different aspects of the accounting profession have brought five-year accounting programs back into the spotlight. This article discusses the need to provide accounting graduates with an enhanced level of technical and ethical training. A model five-year program is presented and contrasted with the current AACSB guidelines for masters programs. This program is offered not as a definite solution but in the hope of generating further discussion on this topic.


Company Resistance To Complex Fasb Statements: The Case Of Sfas 33, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig Sep 1987

Company Resistance To Complex Fasb Statements: The Case Of Sfas 33, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig

Accounting Faculty Publications

Over the past fifteen years, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has issued numerous pronouncements designed to narrow the differences in accounting practice and thereby increase the usefulness of financial statements by making them more comparable among different enterprises. Though questions have often been raised over the years about the complex and prescriptive nature of these pronouncements, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 33, “Financial Reporting and Changing Prices” (SFAS 33), has perhaps been the most controversial. The above statement required subject companies to generate and publish information that was radically different from that produced in accordance with conventional financial ...


User-Friendly Financial Statements: A Proposed Model, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, Andrew A. Fioriti Apr 1986

User-Friendly Financial Statements: A Proposed Model, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, Andrew A. Fioriti

Accounting Faculty Publications

In contrast to early bookkeeping systems whose only role was to assist the resident owners, financial reporting today serves to protect various nonresident parties with interests in the enterprise, such as absentee shareholders. It provides them with information useful for monitoring the operations of the enterprise and for making decisions concerning it.

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) formalized this concept of usefulness when it stated:

  • Financial reporting should provide information that is useful to present and potential investors and creditors and other users in making rational investment, credit, and similar decisions. The information should be comprehensible to those who ...


Companies Are Not Using Fas 33 Data, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig Apr 1985

Companies Are Not Using Fas 33 Data, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig

Accounting Faculty Publications

How is price-adjusted information required by FAS 33, “Financial Reporting and Changing Prices,” being used for management decision-making purposes? I mailed a questionnaire survey to the controllers of all companies in the FASB's Statement 33 bank to find out the answers and to examine the company characteristics associated with such use. The questionnaire was designed to find out the extent of use and reporting of FAS 33 information for internal company purposes such as management decision making and the factors that might be associated with that use and reporting.

The controllers were asked about the extent of internal use ...


The Interpretation Of Contracts Governing Corporate Debt Relationships, William W. Bratton Jan 1984

The Interpretation Of Contracts Governing Corporate Debt Relationships, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Economics And Jurisprudence Of Convertible Bonds, William W. Bratton Jan 1984

The Economics And Jurisprudence Of Convertible Bonds, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Professor Bratton examines judicial regulation of issuer-bondholder conflicts of interest within three different, but closely related doctrinal frameworks: neoclassical contract interpretation; contract avoidance; and corporate law fiduciary restraint. After discussing the elements of convertible bond valuation and their interaction with issuer actions giving rise to conflicts of interest, he evaluates the case for judicial intervention to protect bondholder interests. He concludes that ·bondholder protective intervention is fair and tolerably efficient, provided it is kept within the bounds of contract interpretation. But he finds that more aggressive judicial intervention under the frameworks of contract avoidance and fiduciary restraint carries an unnecessary ...


Some Simpler Methods Of Accounting For The Effects Of Changing Prices, Surendra P. Agrawal, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig Oct 1983

Some Simpler Methods Of Accounting For The Effects Of Changing Prices, Surendra P. Agrawal, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig

Accounting Faculty Publications

The complexities of accounting for the effects of changing prices on financial statements could be lessened with the use of simpler accounting methods. Because of existing complexities, even industrialized countries require only their larger business entities to provide inflation-adjusted information. Such information is prepared by making numerous adjustments to the traditional, historical cost-based data. For example, in the United Kingdom, inflation-adjusted income is calculated in two stages: operating profit and profit attributable to shareholders. These calculations are based on the concept of value to the business and require complicated adjustments with respect to cost of goods sold, depreciation, monetary working ...


Warming Up To Climate Change Risk Disclosure, Jeffrey M. Mcfarland Jan 1905

Warming Up To Climate Change Risk Disclosure, Jeffrey M. Mcfarland

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

Investors are clamoring for companies to include more climate change risk disclosure in their periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Yet public companies in the United States do a poor job of disclosing to investors how climate change affects their businesses. Although there have been several proposals for more voluntary disclosure of these risks and one petition for guidance from the SEC, these proposals are not effecting changes in disclosure practices quickly enough. This Article builds on existing proposals to create guidelines for mandatory climate change risk disclosure in periodic securities filings. The guidelines seek to ...