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Full-Text Articles in Business

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells Jan 2019

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells

Faculty Publications

To be an effective communicator, students need to learn how to select the appropriate means of communication and be aware of potential obstacles. The model of communication process can be an effective framework for students to understand many pitfalls of the communication process. The described activity enables students to experience communication at different levels of richness (e.g., face to face, instant messaging, email) and with varying levels of feedback and noise. After completing the activity, students will understand the importance of precise, rich messages, seeking and providing feedback, and the difficulties that can occur at every step in communication.


Bringing Culture Back: Managing Unconscious Bias To Strengthen Your Corporate Culture, Michael Sholinbeck, Michele Villagran Jun 2018

Bringing Culture Back: Managing Unconscious Bias To Strengthen Your Corporate Culture, Michael Sholinbeck, Michele Villagran

Faculty Publications

Have you ever examined the sources of unconscious bias and how bias can influence interactions with others? Have you ever explored how cultural values impact our own biases and interactions? Cultural awareness and seeking to understanding unconscious biases are critical first steps towards improving our performance; however, we cannot stop there. Awareness alone does not guarantee success; individuals need to put that awareness into action in order to ensure these biases do not influence judgments about others. When done effectively, these actions can have a direct and positive impact on a library’s inclusive work environment and the strength of ...


The Quest For Carbon-Neutral Industrial Operations: Renewable Power Purchase Versus Distributed Generation, Tongdan Jin, Tianqin Shi, Taeho Park Jan 2018

The Quest For Carbon-Neutral Industrial Operations: Renewable Power Purchase Versus Distributed Generation, Tongdan Jin, Tianqin Shi, Taeho Park

Faculty Publications

Integrating renewable energy into the manufacturing facility is the ultimate key to realising carbon-neutral operations. Although many firms have taken various initiatives to reduce the carbon footprint of their facilities, there are few quantitative studies focused on cost analysis and supply reliability of integrating intermittent wind and solar power. This paper aims to fill this gap by addressing the following question: shall we adopt power purchase agreement (PPA) or onsite renewable generation to realise the eco-economic benefits? We tackle this complex decision-making problem by considering two regulatory options: government carbon incentives and utility pricing policy. A stochastic programming model is ...


Improving Physician Schedules By Leveraging Equalization: Cases From Hospitals In U.S., Pelin Damcı-Kurt, Minjiao Zhang, Brian Marentay Jan 2018

Improving Physician Schedules By Leveraging Equalization: Cases From Hospitals In U.S., Pelin Damcı-Kurt, Minjiao Zhang, Brian Marentay

Faculty Publications

In this paper, we consider physician scheduling problems originating from a medical staff scheduling service provider based in the United States. Creating a physician schedule is a complex task. An optimal schedule must balance a number of goals including adequately staffing required assignments for quality patient care, adhering to a unique set of rules that depend on hospital and medical specialties, and maintaining a work-life balance for physicians. We study various types of physician and hospital requirements with different priorities, including equalization constraints to ensure that each provider will receive approximately the same number of a specified shift over a ...


Interpersonal Affect, Accountability And Experience In Auditor Fraud Risk Judgments And The Processing Of Fraud Cues, Jennifer Schafer, Brad Schafer Jan 2018

Interpersonal Affect, Accountability And Experience In Auditor Fraud Risk Judgments And The Processing Of Fraud Cues, Jennifer Schafer, Brad Schafer

Faculty Publications

This paper examines whether auditors’ affect toward client management influences fraud likelihood judgments and whether accountability and experience with fraud risk judgments moderate this effect. This research also explores the process by which affect influences fraud judgments by examining affect’s influence on the evaluation of fraud evidence cues. Results indicate that more positive affect toward the client results in lower fraud likelihood judgments. Accountability is found to moderate this effect, but only for experienced auditors. These findings have implications for fraud brainstorming sessions where all staff levels provide input into fraud risk assessments and because client characteristics are especially ...


A Mixed-Method Multiple Case Study Of Three Business Models For Local Healthy Food Delivery Systems In Underprivileged Urban Areas, Gretchen Elizabeth Krivak, Garth B. Woodruff, S. Forrest, Hannah Mbungu, Kechler Orcel, Soraya Fish, Sherine R. Brown-Fraser Oct 2017

A Mixed-Method Multiple Case Study Of Three Business Models For Local Healthy Food Delivery Systems In Underprivileged Urban Areas, Gretchen Elizabeth Krivak, Garth B. Woodruff, S. Forrest, Hannah Mbungu, Kechler Orcel, Soraya Fish, Sherine R. Brown-Fraser

Faculty Publications

Define a USDA food desert Analyze the three business models for benefits and deficiencies Identify methods for starting a sustainable mobile farmers market program. Over 40% of Berrien County Michigan land use is agricultural. Many products are fruits and vegetables. Yet, the county has six identified USDA defined Food Deserts. Past research, based on a mobile farmers market, confirmed local trends and deficits. The purpose for this research is to define a sustainable business model that delivers healthy local food options to USDA Food Deserts combating food inequity. A mixed method multiple case study was created to test three business ...


Opportunities And Challenges For Self-Monitoring Technologies For Healthy Aging: An In-Situ Study, Mirana Randriambelonoro, Yu Chen, Onur Yuruten, Pearl Pu Oct 2017

Opportunities And Challenges For Self-Monitoring Technologies For Healthy Aging: An In-Situ Study, Mirana Randriambelonoro, Yu Chen, Onur Yuruten, Pearl Pu

Faculty Publications

The current need to adopt a healthy lifestyle opens the way for researchers to investigate the efficiency of using technology to motivate a change towards such behavior. Senior people’s technology adoption barriers have been largely investigated in previous research but remain unclear to design efficient solution to promote behavior change in the long term. In this paper, we present the findings of an experiment with 20 older adults using pervasive sensors for 6 weeks at their homes. In particular, we present their attitudes for physical activities and self-monitoring technologies before and after the actual usage. We then discuss the ...


Internal Control: The Human Risk Factor, Annetta M. Gibson Aug 2017

Internal Control: The Human Risk Factor, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

EUD orientation for new Union and Conference officers, August 28 - September 1, 2017


When Life Throws A Curve: Mid - Course Financial Corrections, Annetta M. Gibson Aug 2017

When Life Throws A Curve: Mid - Course Financial Corrections, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

A presentation on mid-course financial corrections given at the mid-American union conference pastors convention, August 2017


Financial Success From The Start: Personal Finance For New Pastors, Annetta M. Gibson Jul 2017

Financial Success From The Start: Personal Finance For New Pastors, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the Mid-America Union Conference Pastor's Convention, July 31, 2017


An Introduction To Financial Analysis, Annetta M. Gibson Jul 2017

An Introduction To Financial Analysis, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the WAD Quinquennial Division-wide Council, July 5, 2017


Managing And Analyzing Cash Flow, Annetta M. Gibson Jul 2017

Managing And Analyzing Cash Flow, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the WAD Quinquennial Division - Wide Council, July 4, 2017


The Care And Keeping Of Receivables And Payables, Annetta M. Gibson Jul 2017

The Care And Keeping Of Receivables And Payables, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the WAD Quinquennial Division - Wide Council, July 3, 2017


Managing And Analyzing Cash Flow, Annetta M. Gibson May 2017

Managing And Analyzing Cash Flow, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for SPD 2017 Business Professional Convention May 18, 2017


Presenting Financial Information In An Understandable Way, Annetta M. Gibson May 2017

Presenting Financial Information In An Understandable Way, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the SPD 2017 Business Professional ConventionMay 17, 2017


Transparency, Accountability, Governance, And Ethics, Annetta M. Gibson May 2017

Transparency, Accountability, Governance, And Ethics, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the SPD 2017 Business Professional Convention, May 16, 2017


Internal Control: The Human Risk Factor, Annetta M. Gibson May 2017

Internal Control: The Human Risk Factor, Annetta M. Gibson

Faculty Publications

Presentation for the SPD new CFO orientation program, May 15, 2017


A Note On K-Price Auctions With Complete Information When Mixed Strategies Are Allowed, Timothy Mathews, Jesse A. Schwartz Apr 2017

A Note On K-Price Auctions With Complete Information When Mixed Strategies Are Allowed, Timothy Mathews, Jesse A. Schwartz

Faculty Publications

Restricting attention to players who use pure strategies, Tauman (2002) proves that in a k-price auction (k> 3) for every Nash equilibrium in which no player uses a weakly dominated strategy: (i) the bidder with the highest value wins the auction and (ii) pays a price higher than the second-highest value among the players, thereby generating more revenue for the seller than would occur in a first- or second-price auction. We show that these results do not necessarily hold when mixed strategies are allowed. In particular, we construct an equilibrium for k > 4 in which the second-highest valued player ...


Time Segmentation As The Compromise Solution For Retirement Income, Wade D. Pfau Phd Mar 2017

Time Segmentation As The Compromise Solution For Retirement Income, Wade D. Pfau Phd

Faculty Publications

The Financial Planning Association (FPA) divides retirement income strategies into three categories: systematic withdrawals, time-based segmentation and essential-versus-discretionary income. Time-based segmentation provides a middle ground between the two extremes represented by systematic withdrawals (relying on a total-return investment portfolio for all distributions) and essential-versus-discretionary (using insurance-based products to implement a lifetime-income floor before considering investments).


Monitoring And Employee Shirking: Evidence From Mlb Umpires, John Charles Bradbury Feb 2017

Monitoring And Employee Shirking: Evidence From Mlb Umpires, John Charles Bradbury

Faculty Publications

Standard neoclassical principal-agent theory predicts that stricter monitoring should reduce employee shirking from principal desires; however, recent analyses indicate that social aspects of principal-agent relationships may result in monitoring “crowding out” disciplinary effects. From 2001 to 2008 Major League Baseball (MLB) instituted an automated pitch-tracking system (QuesTec) to assist in monitoring its umpires. The asymmetric implementation of this new monitoring technology allows for the comparison of monitored and unmonitored umpires to identify shirking to placate on-field lobbying pressure. Estimates identify deviations in calls associated with monitoring; however, overall, umpires appeared to be quite sensitive to league directives for changes in ...


Be Wary When Giving Investment Advice To Clients, Jamie Patrick Hopkins Feb 2017

Be Wary When Giving Investment Advice To Clients, Jamie Patrick Hopkins

Faculty Publications

In April 2016, the Department of Labor (DOL) finalized its long-awaited conflict of interest rule and related prohibited transaction exemptions, expanding the definition of "fiduciary advice" under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) and The Internal Revenue Code. While the new rules were primarily developed in an attempt to further regulate the advice provided by professionals in the financial services industry with respect to individual retirement accounts, the newly expanded definition of "investment advice" will inevitably cover advice commonly provided by estate planners.


Searching For Illicit Behavior Through Changes In Productivity: The Case Of Roger Clemens And Performance-Enhancing Drugs, John Charles Bradbury Jan 2017

Searching For Illicit Behavior Through Changes In Productivity: The Case Of Roger Clemens And Performance-Enhancing Drugs, John Charles Bradbury

Faculty Publications

Major League Baseball pitcher Roger Clemens has been accused of using performance-enhancing drugs to boost his performance. If Clemens used ergogenic aids consistent with the accusations of use, then unusual changes in productivity may be evident in his performance record. Two previous studies have examined Clemens’s career and reached conflicting conclusions: Bradlow et al. (2008) declares Clemens’s career to be “atypical” while Albert (2009) finds Clemens’s productivity to be unusually strong but similar to other pitchers who have not been linked with performance-enhancing drugs. This study examines Clemens’s performance at times of alleged use and over ...


An Investment Analysis For China's Sustainable Development Based On Inverse Data Envelopment Analysis, Lei Chen, Ying-Ming Wang, Fujun J. Lai, Feng Feng Jan 2017

An Investment Analysis For China's Sustainable Development Based On Inverse Data Envelopment Analysis, Lei Chen, Ying-Ming Wang, Fujun J. Lai, Feng Feng

Faculty Publications

In the face of environmental degradation, sustainable development has become a common goal across the globe. Making a scientifically based investment scheme is of great significance to promote the sustainable development of China's economy. However, there is scarce research related to such an investment scheme of sustainable development. This paper proposes a new inverse data envelopment analysis method with undesirable outputs to make several scientifically based investment schemes from different perspectives, namely, the natural, regulation, and optimal perspectives. By this method, decision makers can scientifically forecast the specific amount of investment based on their actual sustainable development objectives, which ...


Deep Value Investing Has Not Gone Out Of Style, Robert R. Johnson Phd, Thomas R. Robinson Phd, Stephen M. Horan Phd Jan 2017

Deep Value Investing Has Not Gone Out Of Style, Robert R. Johnson Phd, Thomas R. Robinson Phd, Stephen M. Horan Phd

Faculty Publications

Benjamin Graham defined stocks trading with a large margin of safety as those whose prices were below net working capital after all debt was deducted. Graham found that a portfolio of such bargain issues outperformed the broader indexes, with none of the 150 identified stocks incurring significant losses. An updated version of Graham’s Deep Value screen was created in 2012; through November 2016, the portfolio beat the S&P 500 with all its stocks achieving positive returns.


Assessing A Client's Risk Profile: A Review Of Solution Providers, Michael Finke, Shawn Brayman, John E. Grable, Paul Griffin Jan 2017

Assessing A Client's Risk Profile: A Review Of Solution Providers, Michael Finke, Shawn Brayman, John E. Grable, Paul Griffin

Faculty Publications

The purpose of this paper is to provide financial advisors with an overview of the different ways a client’s risk profile can be measured and assessed. The paper begins by providing a definitional framework to help financial advisors better understand the similarities and differences between and among concepts such as risk tolerance, risk preference, risk need, and risk profiling. Next, information based on interviews of representatives from several risk profiling firms is presented. Based on these interviews and an assessment of each firm’s risk profiling methodology, risk profiling tools are classified as being (a) comprehensive, (b) subjective, or ...


Values, Attitudes, And Behaviors Midway Through Retirement, Sandra Timmermann Jan 2017

Values, Attitudes, And Behaviors Midway Through Retirement, Sandra Timmermann

Faculty Publications

People who have reached age 75 are at the midpoint of their retirement and have had a wake-up call about need to confront the realities of aging and what lies ahead. We examine their changing and conflicting attitudes toward money, health and long-term care, living arrangements, work and leisure, and legacy and mortality, and provide insights as to how advisors can help them prepare both financially and psychologically


Supply Chain Coordination With Two-Part Tariffs Under Information Asymmetry, Chongqi Wu, Kunpeng Lu, Tianqin Shi Jan 2017

Supply Chain Coordination With Two-Part Tariffs Under Information Asymmetry, Chongqi Wu, Kunpeng Lu, Tianqin Shi

Faculty Publications

Supply chain coordination literature indicates that two-part tariff contracts cannot coordinate a supply chain with a supplier and a retailer under information asymmetry, but can coordinate the channel under full information, while leaving the retailer zero profit. Motivated by the practice of Costco Business Centres, we incorporate customer heterogeneity, near-saturated retail market and asymmetric information into a stylised model. The retailer has the knowledge of customer heterogeneity while the supplier does not. The supplier, on the other hand, designs a menu of two-part tariffs for the retailer to choose from. We have found that two-part tariffs can coordinate the supply ...


Luther Seminary: It Takes A Village, Adam J. Copeland, Jason Misselt Jan 2017

Luther Seminary: It Takes A Village, Adam J. Copeland, Jason Misselt

Faculty Publications

The authors describe how, framed within an initiative to equip faith leaders and congregations around matters of stewardship, Luther Seminary’s Economic Conditions Facing Future Ministers (ECFFM) program has emerged as part of the work of the seminary’s Center for Stewardship Leaders. The ECFFM initiative focused on conducting new research and strengthening current campus programs in order to decrease student debt through building financial literacy, stewardship training, and financial support.


In The Green Classroom—Tax Policy Of Environmental Tax Rules And Incentives: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Annette Nellen Jan 2017

In The Green Classroom—Tax Policy Of Environmental Tax Rules And Incentives: New Directions In Teaching And Research, Annette Nellen

Faculty Publications

There is no shortage of tax rules that address energy and natural resources in some manner. There are taxes on most types of fuel, tax credits for energy saving devices, and various tax incentives to encourage specified activities such as use of LED lighting or energy efficient heaters. In addition, numerous proposals are offered annually by lawmakers at the federal, state and local levels that also address conservation, energy and innovation in conservation and energy-efficiencies.How do we know if existing rules and proposals are appropriate for a tax system? Principles of good tax policy can be applied to them ...


Big Data And The Perceived Expectations Gap In Digital Authentication Processes, Thomas Calderon, Colin Onita Jan 2017

Big Data And The Perceived Expectations Gap In Digital Authentication Processes, Thomas Calderon, Colin Onita

Faculty Publications

Perceptions of the security and efficacy of technological innovations significantly affect behavioral intentions and the eventual diffusion of such innovations in organizations and the broader society. This paper uses Twitter as a data source and a big data analysis tool to investigate the public’s perceptions of current authentication methods in financial institutions. This data source has not been used previously in the literature to examine perceptions of authentication methods. We focus on the financial sector because of its high vulnerability, the extensive use of information technology in both products and value chain (i.e., its high business information intensity ...