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Full-Text Articles in Business

Keeping Members United In Contentious Times, Susan E. Woods Jan 2020

Keeping Members United In Contentious Times, Susan E. Woods

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In contentious times, members often don’t see eye to eye, generating division and rivalries that undermine solidarity. Increasing membership diversity can lead to misunderstandings, which can escalate to disrespect. As a steward, you play a critical role


Worker Centers: Labor Policy As A Carrot, Not A Stick, Kati L. Griffith, Leslie C. Gates Jan 2020

Worker Centers: Labor Policy As A Carrot, Not A Stick, Kati L. Griffith, Leslie C. Gates

Articles and Chapters

Worker centers empower communities of workers that are challenging for labor unions to organize. This includes immigrant workers and other vulnerable workers in high turnover jobs. These centers often organize workers that fall within the definition of “employee” under the Depression-era laws designed to protect some forms of collective worker activity from employer retaliation. Although employees associated with these centers can benefit from labor law’s carrot, worker centers are not “labor organizations” subject to labor law’s vast reporting requirements and restrictions on associational behavior (labor law’s stick). We use an original study of worker centers’ filings to ...


After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini Jan 2020

After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini

Articles and Chapters

This article contributes to debates on the conditions for strengthening collective worker voice in financialized organizations. It examines change in employment relations at France Télécom/Orange (FT) following a social crisis associated with employee suicides in 2007-2009. FT’s labor unions developed creative approaches to study and publicize the negative effects of employment restructuring on workers’ psychosocial health. The common framing they developed became a source of ‘communicative power’, used to influence how the suicides were interpreted both within the firm and in the media. This power was deployed to encourage substantive social dialogue that institutionalized worker participation in management ...


Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel Oct 2019

Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel

Articles and Chapters

With the growing attention to entrepreneurship as an engine of job creation and economic development, it is important for social scientists who are broadly interested in labor market and employment topics to focus attention on new firms and the policies and practices that surround them. The authors argue that the next generation of scholarship should pay particular attention to labor market institutions, the ecosystem of existing employers, and the human resource management practices that provide the strategic context for entrepreneurs and shape the career opportunities for workers. Remarkable variation occurs across space and time in the prevalence and performance of ...


Trump’S ‘Immployment’ Law Agenda: Intensifying Employment-Based Enforcement And Un-Authorizing The Authorized, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson Oct 2019

Trump’S ‘Immployment’ Law Agenda: Intensifying Employment-Based Enforcement And Un-Authorizing The Authorized, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

This article considers President Trump’s immigration efforts through an immployment law lens. Immployment is a conceptual frame that reminds us to consider (1) immigration policy’s impacts on employers and the employment-based rights of workers, and (2) employment and labor law’s impacts on immigration policy. It draws from available enforcement data to argue that Trump’s regime is intensifying the use of workplace-based immigration enforcement tools such as audits of employer records and arrests of workers at their place of work. While his predecessors used these tools too, Trump is simultaneously pursuing both high profile worker arrests and ...


Economic Fundamentals, Capital Expenditures And Asset Dispositions, Brent Ambrose, Eva Steiner Feb 2019

Economic Fundamentals, Capital Expenditures And Asset Dispositions, Brent Ambrose, Eva Steiner

Articles and Chapters

The real estate literature recognizes the real option to invest in capital expenditures (CAPEX) or sell a property but treats these options as independent. We show that these real options are interconnected. We provide empirical evidence that, consistent with the real option framework, CAPEX increases in income growth expectations but declines in their volatility; that CAPEX are partially capitalized into property market values; and that CAPEX signifcantly reduce the subsequent likelihood of sale. We also present evidence that, controlling for market timing, past property performance infuences CAPEX but not disposition choices, consistent with a value-add investment strategy.


The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

On the 80th anniversary of the federal wage and hour statute, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), critics warn that it cannot keep pace with shifting business trends. More and more individuals engage in “contract work,” some of which takes place in the much publicized “gig economy.” These work arrangements raise questions about whether these workers are “employees,” covered by U.S. labor and employment law, or “independent contractors.” Subcontracting arrangements, or what some call domestic outsourcing, are also expanding. Indeed, more and more workers in the U.S. economy engage with multiple businesses, raising questions of which ...


An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

The “Fight for Fifteen and a Union” movement among fast-food workers and their allies has raised awareness about wage inequality in the United States. Rather than negotiating for better wages and working conditions with economically weak restaurant-level franchisees, the movement aims to affect the practices of what they view as the all-powerful brands—the franchisors. Few would dispute the notion that the franchisor brands, not their franchisees, set industry-wide standards and, thus, have the ability to offset rising wage inequality and improve working conditions. And yet, the movement has raised controversial law and policy questions about the legal responsibilities of ...


A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2019

A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

The purpose of this article is to establish a principled basis for restraint of judicial lawmaking. The principle is that all findings of fact, whether of legislative or adjudicative facts, must be based on evidence in the record of a case. This principle is grounded in moral philosophy. I will begin with a discussion of the relevant aspect of moral philosophy, then state and defend the principle, and finally apply it to a line of cases.


Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson Oct 2018

Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson

Articles and Chapters

The authors analyze Danish registry data from 1991 to 2006 to determine how firm age and firm size influence wages. Unadjusted statistics suggest that smaller firms paid less than larger firms paid, and that firm age had little or no bearing on wages. After adjusting for differences in the characteristics of employees hired by these firms, however, they observe both firm age and firm size effects. Larger firms paid more than did smaller firms for observationally equivalent individuals but, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger firms paid more than older firms. The size effect, however, dominates the age effect. Thus, although ...


Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn Aug 2018

Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn

Articles and Chapters

This article is the third in a series to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the ILR Review. The series features articles that analyze the state of research and future directions for important themes the journal has featured over its many years of publication. In this issue, we also feature a special cluster of articles and book reviews on one of the most critical labor market issues across the globe—the legalization and integration of immigrants into national labor markets.

Despite the urgent need for immigration reform in the United States, there is a paucity of US research that looks at ...


Learning To Become A Taste Expert, Kathryn A. Latour, John A. Deighton Jun 2018

Learning To Become A Taste Expert, Kathryn A. Latour, John A. Deighton

Articles and Chapters

Evidence suggests that consumers seek to become more expert about hedonic products to enhance their enjoyment of future consumption occasions. Current approaches to becoming expert center on cultivating an analytic mindset. In the present research the authors explore the benefit to enthusiasts of moving beyond analytics to cultivate a holistic style of processing. In the taste context the authors define holistic processing as non-verbal, imagery-based, and involving narrative processing. The authors conduct qualitative interviews with taste experts (Master Sommeliers) to operationalize the holistic approach to hedonic learning, and then test it against traditional analytic methods in a series of experiments ...


We Can Thank Harvey Weinstein For Doing What Congress And The Supreme Court Failed To Do, David S. Sherwyn, Paul Wagner Apr 2018

We Can Thank Harvey Weinstein For Doing What Congress And The Supreme Court Failed To Do, David S. Sherwyn, Paul Wagner

Articles and Chapters

While the years 2017 and 2018 will be remembered for numerous geo political and social movements, any retrospective of this time will include the issue of sexual harassment and the corresponding “Me Too” movement. In this time, sexual harassment has transformed from a workplace legal concept to an issue that is defining the fabric of the country. While no one could persuasively argue that sexual harassment has not expanded from its legal roots to a movement that transcends the law, the fact is that the concept is rooted and adjudicated in law. Sadly, the commentators and the popular press often ...


Cq: From The (New) Editor, J. Bruce Tracey Apr 2018

Cq: From The (New) Editor, J. Bruce Tracey

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Great to be back! I am delighted to have the opportunity to take the reins of the Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (CQ) for a second term. I offer a huge and heartfelt thanks to Mike Lynn for his service and leadership. Mike has had a very successful 3 years at the helm, and his efforts have had an increasingly positive impact on the journal’s standing. The numbers look great, so the transition will be easy.


Summary Of Cq’S 2017 Submissions And Editorial Decisions, Michael Lynn Apr 2018

Summary Of Cq’S 2017 Submissions And Editorial Decisions, Michael Lynn

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In 2017, the Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (CQ) received 262 new submissions with 258 receiving editorial decisions within the year. Thirty-eight manuscripts were accepted for publication last year. Some of the new submission are still under invited revision and some of the acceptances were of manuscripts originally submitted in 2016, so dividing 38 by 258 to get an acceptance rate is not fully appropriate, but it does provide a reasonable approximation of the journal’s acceptance rate. By that calculation, CQ’s acceptance rate was 15% last year. Sixty percent of new submissions were desk-rejected last year—usually within 2 ...


Living Without Otas—Goodbye Columbus: Putting The Jenie Back In The Bottle, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han Feb 2018

Living Without Otas—Goodbye Columbus: Putting The Jenie Back In The Bottle, Chris K. Anderson, Saram Han

Articles and Chapters

A recent Cornell Hospitality Quarterly article highlighted a unique natural experiment where an entire city had all its hotel delisted from all online travel agents for more than 4 years. The article provides great background to the delisting and highlights the impacts on hotel revenue and accommodation taxes for the county. The article estimates that even though the hotels relisted at all online travel agents (OTAs), there was a substantial gain to both hotels and accommodation tax collectors during the OTA delisting period. The impact estimates are based solely on the loss of demand realized in neighboring Phenix City, AL ...


Cq Reviewers’ Reactions To My Editorial Policies, Michael Lynn Feb 2018

Cq Reviewers’ Reactions To My Editorial Policies, Michael Lynn

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Peer review is an important part of the scientific process. It helps to separate good research from bad so that scarce journal pages and readers’ attention go the former rather than the latter. As editor of Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (CQ), I am particularly dependent on reviewers’ help because CQ is a cross-disciplinary journal whose submissions cover literatures and methodologies that vastly exceed my ken.


Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky Jan 2018

Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

This article empirically examines whether employment discrimination claims differ from other types of disputes resolved through arbitration. Whether arbitration is appropriate for resolving violations of anti-discrimination statutes at work is a focus of ongoing policy debates. Yet empirical scholarship has rarely considered whether different types of complaints might have distinct characteristics and receive varied outcomes in arbitration. The authors analyze all of the employment arbitration awards for cases filed between 1991 and 2006 in the financial services industry to determine whether differences in the type of allegation affect award outcomes. They also examine the effects of the financial industry’s ...


Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2018

Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This article applies the concept of levels of abstraction to legal thinking. Perhaps the most important use of the concept is to constrain judicial lawmaking in a principled way.

Level of abstraction refers to:

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that generate an issue,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions of which a piece of evidence is true,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions to which an argument applies, and

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that are affected by the resolution of an issue.

In general, the more persons and transactions to which an issue and its resolution ...


Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore Jan 2018

Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore

Articles and Chapters

Dramatic changes have occurred in learning, training, and development in organizations in recent years. This chapter examines the implications of these changes for research in four areas: (1) training design and delivery, (2) team training and development, (3) training transfer, and (4) training evaluation. We suggest that research in these areas not only has been most heavily impacted by recent trends in training and development but also can help guide the field as it responds to emerging opportunities and challenges. We review recent research that advances our understanding of how to design and deliver training to meet the needs of ...


Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case Jan 2018

Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Since the publication of Janice Fine’s path-breaking book, Worker Centers: Communities at the Edge of the Dream in 2006, scholars and commentators on the left and the right of the political spectrum have grappled with how to characterize these emergent worker organizations on the US labor relations scene. This chapter deepens our understanding of the nature of worker centers by examining the funding trends that underlay the wide range of experimental organizing and advocacy strategies highlighted in other chapters of this volume. Undoubtedly, to emerge and survive, these organizations need money (Bobo and Pabellon 2016). But how financially ...


Natural Occupancy Shifts In Hotel Markets, Bram Gallagher, John B. Corgel Jan 2018

Natural Occupancy Shifts In Hotel Markets, Bram Gallagher, John B. Corgel

Articles and Chapters

The natural occupancy rate underpins room price adjustment models for hotel market evaluations; however, models that assume that this rate is time invariant and everywhere constant may introduce error when forecasting future real room rates and benchmarking market strength. We use monthly STR room rate and occupancy data for five large U.S. metropolitan hotel markets to estimate natural occupancy differences in time and across markets. The notion of a time-varying natural occupancy aligns with changing market equilibrium. When aggregating over the entire sample, long-run average occupancy is reasonably good approximation of estimated constant natural occupancy. We use a Markov ...


Should Cookie Monster Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle Or Continue To Indulge? Insights Into Brand Icons, Altaf Merchant, Kathryn A. Latour, John B. Ford, Michael S. Latour Jan 2018

Should Cookie Monster Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle Or Continue To Indulge? Insights Into Brand Icons, Altaf Merchant, Kathryn A. Latour, John B. Ford, Michael S. Latour

Articles and Chapters

Developing a brand icon has been a way for marketers to humanize and forge relationships with consumers. Icon development takes time. During this time, marketers have to face how much they stay true and consistent with their icons and how much they allow their icons to adapt to cultural changes in the marketplace. Little is known about how consumers respond to changing icons, and even less is known about whether there may be certain consumer groups that are more or less receptive to such changes. Four experiments and qualitative interviews were undertaken to gain insights into these issues. People who ...


Union Leadership Development As Driver Of Equity And Inclusion, Sally Alvarez, Jose F. Alvarez Jan 2018

Union Leadership Development As Driver Of Equity And Inclusion, Sally Alvarez, Jose F. Alvarez

Articles and Chapters

Analysis generated for the research project on Young Workers and the Labor Movement highlighted the need for innovative leadership development if young workers are to be integrated into an increasingly diverse workers’ movement, and unleashed to provide leadership in established institutions that face a radically changing economy and workforce. We examine one successful leadership development program: the New York State AFL-CIO/Cornell Union Leadership Institute. We look at the theoretical underpinnings, development, and outcomes of this multi-union, multi-sector program over the past 17 years, note its impact on the New York regional labor movement, and analyze the key factors accounting ...


Cq Authors’ Reactions To My Editorial Policies And Practices, Michael Lynn Nov 2017

Cq Authors’ Reactions To My Editorial Policies And Practices, Michael Lynn

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Academic journals can only publish what is submitted to them, so their editors need numerous high quality submissions to consistently publish high quality articles. To encourage more high quality submissions to Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (CQ), I implemented a number of what I considered to be author-friendly editorial policies and practices when I became editor.


Financial Flexibility And Manager-Shareholder Confict: Evidence From Reits, Timothy Riddiough, Eva Steiner Oct 2017

Financial Flexibility And Manager-Shareholder Confict: Evidence From Reits, Timothy Riddiough, Eva Steiner

Articles and Chapters

Using equity REIT data, we show empirically that the use of unsecured debt, which contains standardized covenants that place limits on total leverage and the use of secured debt, is associated with lower leverage outcomes. We then show that firm value is sensitive to leverage levels, where lower leverage is associated with higher firm value. In the presence of weak managerial governance, our results suggest that unsecured debt covenants function as a managerial commitment device that preserves the firm’s debt capacity to enhance financial flexibility.


The Precarity Of Temporality: How Law Inhibits Immigrant Worker Claims, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson Oct 2017

The Precarity Of Temporality: How Law Inhibits Immigrant Worker Claims, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

In this article, we propose that temporary immigrant workers in the United States face unique law-induced challenges to claimsmaking when compared to other categories of workers with precarious immigration statuses, such as unauthorized workers and H-2 guest workers. We present a systematic comparison of each group, drawing on a review of the existing literature and a new pilot study, to examine how the challenges facing each set of immigrants overlap in some ways, but are unique in others. We conclude that particular differences in U.S. immigration law categories (unauthorized, H-2 guest workers, and temporary immigrant workers) may shape how ...


Categorizing Cruise Lines By Passenger Perceived Experience, Yiwei Li, Robert J. Kwortnik Jr. Sep 2017

Categorizing Cruise Lines By Passenger Perceived Experience, Yiwei Li, Robert J. Kwortnik Jr.

Articles and Chapters

In the travel and hospitality industries, categorization of products, brands, and experiences permit efficient comparison and evaluation that aids decision making—from consumer choice to organizational strategy. However, categories often involve self-categorization (e.g., marketer defined) that may not reflect the reality of dynamic markets and industries. In this study of the cruise industry, we derive a new categorization approach using consumer perceptions of their cruise experiences to challenge a long-standing industry typology. Results using a variety of statistical tests of J.D. Power data from more than 3,000 cruisers yield a new and more informative category structure and ...


More Multi-Study Articles Wanted, Michael Lynn Aug 2017

More Multi-Study Articles Wanted, Michael Lynn

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (CQ) readers may have noticed that the lead article for this issue and for each of the previous two issues has been a multi-study paper. The lead article for the next issue of CQ will also be a multi-study paper, and this will be true for future issues as long as I have enough accepted multi-study papers to make it so. I want to use this editorial to explain my preference for multi-study articles and to encourage CQ authors to write and submit more of them.


Multi-Click Attribution In Sponsored Search Advertising: An Empirical Study In Hospitality Industry, Chris K. Anderson, Ming Cheng Aug 2017

Multi-Click Attribution In Sponsored Search Advertising: An Empirical Study In Hospitality Industry, Chris K. Anderson, Ming Cheng

Articles and Chapters

Sponsored search advertising has become a dominant form of advertising for many firms in the hospitality vertical, with Priceline and Expedia each spending in excess of US$2 billion in online advertising in 2015. Given the competition in online advertising, it has become essential for advertisers to know how effectively to allocate financial resources to keywords. Central to budget allocation for keywords is an attribution of revenue (from converted ads) to the keywords generating consumer interest. Conventional wisdom suggests several ways to attribute revenues in the sponsored search advertising domain (e.g., last-click, first & last-click, or evenly distributed approach). We ...