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Full-Text Articles in Business

Decentralization And Firm Investment: Evidence From China, Xiaofei Pan, Yiping Wu, Huihang Wu Jan 2018

Decentralization And Firm Investment: Evidence From China, Xiaofei Pan, Yiping Wu, Huihang Wu

Faculty of Business - Papers

Taking advantage of decentralization reform that enlarges the authority of county government in China, we construct a quasi-experiment. Using a large sample of Chinese firms, we show that after the implementation of decentralization reform, firms located in decentralized counties experienced a significant increase in investment expenditure compared with other firms. We also find that after the decentralization reform, state owned enterprises (SOEs) experienced greater increase in investment expenditure on average compared with non-SOEs, and that, within non-SOEs, collective firms have an even larger increase in investments, followed by foreign firms and private firms. Further analysis shows that the influence of ...


Women's Gambling Behaviour, Product Preferences, And Perceptions Of Product Harm: Differences By Age And Gambling Risk Status, Simone Mccarthy, Samantha L. Thomas, Melanie J. Randle, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Sean Cowlishaw, Mike Daube Jan 2018

Women's Gambling Behaviour, Product Preferences, And Perceptions Of Product Harm: Differences By Age And Gambling Risk Status, Simone Mccarthy, Samantha L. Thomas, Melanie J. Randle, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Sean Cowlishaw, Mike Daube

Faculty of Business - Papers

Background: Women's participation in, and harm from gambling, is steadily increasing. There has been very limited research to investigate how gambling behaviour, product preferences, and perceptions of gambling harm may vary across subgroups of women.

Methods: This study surveyed a convenience sample of 509 women from Victoria and New South Wales, Australia. Women were asked a range of questions about their socio-demographic characteristics and gambling behaviour. Focusing on four gambling products in Australia-casino gambling, electronic gambling machines (EGMs), horse betting, and sports betting-women were asked about their frequency of participation, their product preferences, and perceptions of product harms. The ...


Grappling With Grapes: Developing Strategy For The Poncini Vineyards, Mary Barrett, Luca Gottardi, Ken Moores Jan 2018

Grappling With Grapes: Developing Strategy For The Poncini Vineyards, Mary Barrett, Luca Gottardi, Ken Moores

Faculty of Business - Papers

Brothers Lorenzo and Angelo Poncini are part of a family business in the Trentino region of northern Italy. It began as a trucking firm but diversified over the years. One such diversification is grape growing, which began in 1988. The Poncini family sends its grape harvest, currently Pinot Grigio, to a local cooperative, Gruppo Italiano Cantine, which makes and markets the wine. However, the vines the family originally planted - a major proportion of the planting surface - are getting past their prime and the quantity, if not the quality, of the family's grapes will soon begin to decline. Lorenzo and ...


Lean Six Sigma And The Australian Business Excellence Framework: An Exploratory Case Within Local Government, Oriana Price, Matthew P. Pepper, Matthew Stewart Jan 2018

Lean Six Sigma And The Australian Business Excellence Framework: An Exploratory Case Within Local Government, Oriana Price, Matthew P. Pepper, Matthew Stewart

Faculty of Business - Papers

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine a contextualized local government case study of the application of Lean Six Sigma (LSS) in conjunction with the Australian Business Excellence Framework (ABEF) to highlight the importance of a good strategic fit between LSS and organizational objectives before implementation.

Design/methodology/approach A local government council is used in a case study-based approach. Organizational artefacts and documents were used for data collection in conjunction with interviews from senior executives within the organization.

Findings Results indicate that when used in conjunction with the ABEF, LSS provides focus on organizational learning practices embedded ...


Companies Keep Slashing Jobs, But New Technologies Won't Replace Good Management, Mary Barrett Jan 2018

Companies Keep Slashing Jobs, But New Technologies Won't Replace Good Management, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers

As technology improves, it's tempting for company executives to slash jobs that are "standard" and "routine", making them easy to automate. But research shows focusing on improving management practices will do more to improve companies' bottom lines.


On The (Nonmonotonic) Relation Between Economic Growth And Finance, Alberto Bucci, Simone Marsiglio, Catherine Prettner Jan 2018

On The (Nonmonotonic) Relation Between Economic Growth And Finance, Alberto Bucci, Simone Marsiglio, Catherine Prettner

Faculty of Business - Papers

We analyze the simplest possible model of endogenous growth to account for the role of financial development. In our setting, financial development affects productivity and determines the amount of resources subtracted to capital investment. We show that under very general assumptions, the relation between economic growth and financial depth is nonmonotonic, and eventually bell-shaped. We empirically assess our results in a framework that allows to distinguish between long-run and short-run effects. We establish a cointegrating relation and derive the long-run elasticities of per capita gross domestic product (GDP) with respect to employment, the physical capital stock, and financial depth-relying on ...


On The Implications Of Tourism Specialization And Structural Change In Tourism Destinations, Simone Marsiglio Jan 2018

On The Implications Of Tourism Specialization And Structural Change In Tourism Destinations, Simone Marsiglio

Faculty of Business - Papers

We explore the relationship between tourism specialization and structural change in an endogenous growth model, analyzing its implications for both economic growth and tourist flows. We consider a two-sector economic growth model where the development of tourism activities generates a production externality and a structural change, which modifies the resources-use intensity, ultimately affecting tourist flows. We characterize the balanced growth path equilibrium and analyze under which conditions structural change may generate fast economic growth, providing a theoretical support for the empirical evidence on tourism countries. We also show that structural change may alternatively lead to stages of rejuvenation, stagnation, or ...


Turning Information Quality Into Firm Performance In The Big Data Economy, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Shahriar Akter, Laura Trinchera, Marc De Bourmont Jan 2018

Turning Information Quality Into Firm Performance In The Big Data Economy, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Shahriar Akter, Laura Trinchera, Marc De Bourmont

Sydney Business School - Papers

Purpose: Big data analytics (BDA) increasingly provide value to firms for robust decision making and solving business problems. The purpose of this paper is to explore information quality dynamics in big data environment linking business value, user satisfaction and firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on the appraisal-emotional response-coping framework, the authors propose a theory on information quality dynamics that helps in achieving business value, user satisfaction and firm performance with big data strategy and implementation. Information quality from BDA is conceptualized as the antecedent to the emotional response (e.g. value and satisfaction) and coping (performance). Proposed information quality ...


A Pilot Study Into Mapping Atypical Supply Networks, Mark Edwards, Pauline J. Ross, Lee Styger Jan 2018

A Pilot Study Into Mapping Atypical Supply Networks, Mark Edwards, Pauline J. Ross, Lee Styger

Sydney Business School - Papers

A system can only be improved if it is measured. In order to adequately measure a system, that system needs to be mapped and all key inter-nodal linkages, constraints and pathways recorded. Commercial supply chains demonstrate similar characteristics to other systems. Much has been written about mapping supply systems, where typically, the product or service is tracked from the originating source such as a raw materials supplier to the end customer of the product such as the consumer. There is however, another classification of supply system, where the payment for the product or service is not undertaken by the end ...


Wikirate Student Engagement Report: International Case Studies, Stephanie Perkiss, Bonnie Amelia Dean, Belinda Kathlyn Gibbons, Theresa Heithaus, Alec Wersun, Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez, Stephanos Anastasiadis, Pilar Acosta, Roman H. Mesicek, Hannah Jun, Richard Mills Jan 2018

Wikirate Student Engagement Report: International Case Studies, Stephanie Perkiss, Bonnie Amelia Dean, Belinda Kathlyn Gibbons, Theresa Heithaus, Alec Wersun, Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez, Stephanos Anastasiadis, Pilar Acosta, Roman H. Mesicek, Hannah Jun, Richard Mills

Faculty of Business - Papers

This report is the product of a year-long international collaboration across eight countries. The research was initiated to explore the multiple ways the WikiRate Student Engagement Project was being implemented in higher education institutions in diverse classrooms around the world. By eliciting the perspectives of students and teachers, our aim was to learn more about its impact, challenges and potential.


Heterogeneous Effects Of High School Peers On Educational Outcomes, Silvia Mendolia, Alfredo R. Paloyo, Ian Walker Jan 2018

Heterogeneous Effects Of High School Peers On Educational Outcomes, Silvia Mendolia, Alfredo R. Paloyo, Ian Walker

Faculty of Business - Papers

We investigate peer ability effects on high-stakes test scores at ages 16 and 18, and on the probability of university attendance. To account for endogeneity in peer ability, we use the average ability of the primary school peers of one's secondary school peers, excluding those from the same primary school of the individual, as an instrumental variable for average secondary school peer ability. Our results show that average peer quality has a small effect on an individual's test scores, and a larger proportion of low-quality peers has a significantly detrimental effect on achievements of an average student. Furthermore ...


When Too Many Anti-Consumption Opportunities Lead To Anti-Consumption Of Anti-Consumption, Michael S. Lee, Ulku Yuksel, Nguyen T. Thai Jan 2018

When Too Many Anti-Consumption Opportunities Lead To Anti-Consumption Of Anti-Consumption, Michael S. Lee, Ulku Yuksel, Nguyen T. Thai

Faculty of Business - Papers

A petition is a document signed by numerous people, announcing a demand that requires a corporation or public entity to take an action to remedy a transgression via essential course of practices. Signing a petition to support a positive cause or a boycott call, as an upshot of a negative cause worth boycotting, may be less taxing for consumers than partaking in boycotts organized by boycott organizers. Thanks to the internet and social media, hundreds of thousands of online petitions are created worldwide each year with millions of signatures supporting various causes (Antonetti & Manika, 2017; Wright, 2016). This raises a question as ...


Constructing Careers And Negotiating Barriers: Success Factors Of Skilled Immigrants In Western Countries, Santina Bertone, Marian Crowley-Henry, Shamika Almeida Jan 2018

Constructing Careers And Negotiating Barriers: Success Factors Of Skilled Immigrants In Western Countries, Santina Bertone, Marian Crowley-Henry, Shamika Almeida

Faculty of Business - Papers

Abstract presented at the International Metropolis Conference, 29 October - 2 November 2018, Sydney, Australia


Imagining A Better Future: The Outcomes Of The Wellness Wednesday Self-Care Program For Healthcare Staff, Alison Franklin, Marie Tobin, Shamika Almeida, Jackie Donsante, Padmini Pai, Alera Riley-Henderson, Valerie J. Wilson Jan 2018

Imagining A Better Future: The Outcomes Of The Wellness Wednesday Self-Care Program For Healthcare Staff, Alison Franklin, Marie Tobin, Shamika Almeida, Jackie Donsante, Padmini Pai, Alera Riley-Henderson, Valerie J. Wilson

Faculty of Business - Papers

There is recognition that working in the aged care setting can be physically and psychologically demanding, stressful and can lead to staff burnout. These types of demands can result in reduced job satisfaction, disengaged staff and can be detrimental to care delivery. In order to address these issues in a 52 bed sub - acute geriatric hospital within Australia, a self-care program was initiated to support staff wellbeing. The staff (nursing, allied health, managers, security staff) themselves were engaged in co-designing the self-care program alongside the project team. The Wellness Wednesday program runs for 45-60mins every Wednesday for eight weeks and ...


Can Haptic Inputs Mitigate Choice Overload?, Nguyen T. Thai, Ulku Yuksel Jan 2018

Can Haptic Inputs Mitigate Choice Overload?, Nguyen T. Thai, Ulku Yuksel

Faculty of Business - Papers

This paper investigates the effects of haptic inputs on consumers' preference for large assortments after selecting an option from different assortment sizes. Our experiments reveal that physically touching and imagining touching (i.e., haptic imagery), compared to the control (i.e., no-touch) condition, eliminate adverse effects caused by large assortments. A moderate, but not high, level of touch frequency is required to reduce perceived difficulty and increase preference for large assortments when being exposed to large (vs. small) assortments. These findings expand our current understanding of the literature on haptic and choice overload.


The Knowledge Enhancement Process Of Knowledge Workers, Carol Mcgowan, Kate L. P Reid, Lee Styger Jan 2018

The Knowledge Enhancement Process Of Knowledge Workers, Carol Mcgowan, Kate L. P Reid, Lee Styger

Faculty of Business - Papers

Using Constructivist Grounded Theory this research sought to explore the nature of knowledge workers and knowledge work itself. The interview findings reveal that knowledge workers have a set of processes they employ to remain connected and informed both personally and professionally in their domain area of expertise. They have learned to collect, curate, work with and share information to their best advantage. We have described this as knowledge workers knowledge enhancement process. A deeper understanding of this process has implications for organisations aiming to optimise the work of knowledge workers and for those teaching new knowledge workers for the future.


Designing A Knowledge Management System For Social Services Not-For-Profit Organisations, Peter R. Massingham, Rada Massingham, Alan A. Pomering Jan 2018

Designing A Knowledge Management System For Social Services Not-For-Profit Organisations, Peter R. Massingham, Rada Massingham, Alan A. Pomering

Faculty of Business - Papers

This article discusses knowledge management system design for SSNFPOs. The transfer of best practice knowledge management to SSNFPOs is not easy. SSNFPOs have different strategies and ways of doing business compared to 'for-profit' organisations. Sector reforms in disability services, aged care, and child services in Australia threaten to disrupt social value as new for-profit rivals enter and pursue economic value. In response, the case study organisation (CSO) has been working with the research team to consider how knowledge management might help it become a stronger organisation and ensure its survival and growth in the reformed sector. The research was informed ...


Lending To Private Firms: Evidence From China On The Role Of Firm Openness And Bribery, Wenjuan Ruan, Erwei Xiang, Shiguang Ma Jan 2018

Lending To Private Firms: Evidence From China On The Role Of Firm Openness And Bribery, Wenjuan Ruan, Erwei Xiang, Shiguang Ma

Faculty of Business - Papers

This article investigates the effects of firm openness and bribery on bank lending decisions. Using World Bank data covering 1,781 private firms, we do not find supportive evidence on the role of bribery in helping private firms to obtain bank credit. However, we find evidence that firm openness has a positive effect on helping private firms to obtain banking finance. This finding holds true only for large firms, manufacturing firms, and firms located in regions with good banking development. We also find that private firms with greater government assistance are more likely to obtain bank loans, and more credit ...


Caught Between Two Worlds: Clusters, Microfinance Officers And Accountability Mechanisms In A Sri Lankan Mfi, Nadeera Ranabahu Mudiyanselage, Lee C. Moerman Jan 2018

Caught Between Two Worlds: Clusters, Microfinance Officers And Accountability Mechanisms In A Sri Lankan Mfi, Nadeera Ranabahu Mudiyanselage, Lee C. Moerman

Faculty of Business - Papers

This paper studies the accountability mechanisms and dynamics that exist within a microfinance context when microfinance officers (MFOs) interact with borrowers at the community level (MFO-community interface). In the Sri Lankan microfinance institution (MFI) used in this study, community units or clusters comprising of several peer or solidarity groups engage with MFOs in the field. Using Ritchie and Richardson's (2000) accountability typologies (codified, contingent, assumed and collateral), this article explores how multiple and complex accountability relationships manifest at the MFO community interface.The data collected from interviews, discussions, observations, document reviews and the primary researcher's reflective notes demonstrate ...


Disclosure And Reporting Against The Sustainable Development Goals: Connecting New Stakeholders To Sustainability Data, Theresa Heithaus, Richard Mills, Stephanie Perkiss Jan 2018

Disclosure And Reporting Against The Sustainable Development Goals: Connecting New Stakeholders To Sustainability Data, Theresa Heithaus, Richard Mills, Stephanie Perkiss

Faculty of Business - Papers

This case study focuses on the disclosures of thirty seven companies and a unique research approach to making their corporate sustainability performance more open, comparable and engaging. A group of 40 students at the University of Wollongong worked in a structured way to aggregate comparable data on corporate sustainability on a selection of metrics related to the SDGs. This report offers an in depth look at one example of the kind of projects that WikiRate and the Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME) have been running since 2016, involving more than 2,000 students. For this case study, WikiRate staff ...


Hard To Reach: Examining The National Disability Insurance Scheme Experience - A Case Study In Wollongong, Freda C. Hui, Corinne L. Cortese, Mona Nikidehaghani, Sandra H. Chapple, Kellie M. Mccombie Jan 2018

Hard To Reach: Examining The National Disability Insurance Scheme Experience - A Case Study In Wollongong, Freda C. Hui, Corinne L. Cortese, Mona Nikidehaghani, Sandra H. Chapple, Kellie M. Mccombie

Faculty of Business - Papers

We report on interviews conducted to examine the effectiveness of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Our aims were to assess the effectiveness of the NDIS in communicating with people with disabilities who are socio‐economically disadvantaged, to consider the types of assistance required, and to provide recommendations to improve the NDIS. Our interviewees are characterised as ‘hard to reach’, a cohort that is missing out on benefits they might receive under the NDIS because of the socioeconomic disadvantage that compounds their disability hardship. Some of our key findings were that many of our interviewees were unaware of the ...


Big Data And Predictive Analytics In Humanitarian Supply Chains: Enabling Visibility And Coordination In The Presence Of Swift Trust, Rameshwar Dubey, Zongwei Luo, Angappa Gunasekaran, Md Shahriar Akter, Benjamin Hazen, Matthew A. Douglas Jan 2018

Big Data And Predictive Analytics In Humanitarian Supply Chains: Enabling Visibility And Coordination In The Presence Of Swift Trust, Rameshwar Dubey, Zongwei Luo, Angappa Gunasekaran, Md Shahriar Akter, Benjamin Hazen, Matthew A. Douglas

Faculty of Business - Papers

Purpose - The primary objective of this research is to understand how big data and predictive analytics (BDPA), as an organizational capability, can improve both visibility and coordination in humanitarian supply chains.

Design/methodology/approach - We conceptualize a research model grounded in contingent resource-based view (CRBV), where we propose that BDPA capabilities affect visibility and coordination under the moderating effect of swift trust. Using Ordinary Least Squares Regression, we test the hypotheses using survey data collected from informants at 205 International Non-Government Organizations (NGOs).

Findings - Results indicate that BDPA has a significant influence on visibility and coordination. Further, results suggest that ...


Fractal Attractors In Economic Growth Models With Random Pollution Externalities, Davide La Torre, Simone Marsiglio, Fabio Privileggi Jan 2018

Fractal Attractors In Economic Growth Models With Random Pollution Externalities, Davide La Torre, Simone Marsiglio, Fabio Privileggi

Faculty of Business - Papers

We analyze a discrete time two-sector economic growth model where the production technologies in the final and human capital sectors are affected by random shocks both directly (via productivity and factor shares) and indirectly (via a pollution externality). We determine the optimal dynamics in the decentralized economy and show how these dynamics can be described in terms of a two-dimensional affine iterated function system with probability. This allows us to identify a suitable parameter configuration capable of generating exactly the classical Barnsley's fern as the attractor of the log-linearized optimal dynamical system.


Overcrowded Housing Looms As A Challenge For Our Cities, Shanaka Herath, Rebecca Bentley Jan 2018

Overcrowded Housing Looms As A Challenge For Our Cities, Shanaka Herath, Rebecca Bentley

Faculty of Business - Papers

Overcrowding is an inevitable and often overlooked result of the affordable housing shortage in our cities. When a dwelling requires four or more extra bedrooms to reasonably accommodate occupants, the standard commonly used in Australia defines that as severe overcrowding. In 2011, 41,390 Australians lived in severely overcrowded dwellings, an increase of one-third from 2006. This increase occurred mostly in cities where house prices had risen sharply.


Do We Really Need Funeral Insurance?, Sandra L. Van Der Laan, Lee C. Moerman Jan 2018

Do We Really Need Funeral Insurance?, Sandra L. Van Der Laan, Lee C. Moerman

Faculty of Business - Papers

TV advertisements for funeral insurance often warn of the huge financial impost created for families when you die. They argue the only way to protect your loved ones is to take out insurance. However, what these ads don't tell you is that funeral insurance is a financial product and not really any different from life insurance, except the cover is usually for a much lower amount.


The Interplay Between Accounting Professionals And Political Ideologies: The Emergence Of Chinese Accounting Standards From 1978 To 1992, Lina Xu, Corinne L. Cortese, Eagle Zhang Jan 2018

The Interplay Between Accounting Professionals And Political Ideologies: The Emergence Of Chinese Accounting Standards From 1978 To 1992, Lina Xu, Corinne L. Cortese, Eagle Zhang

Faculty of Business - Papers

This article explores the role of accounting professionals in the emergence of the first set of accounting standards - Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises (ASBE) - in China between 1978 and 1992. Based on a variety of sources drawn from the archives of Chinese language accounting textbooks and highly ranked academic journals, this article reveals how accounting professionals adapted accounting thoughts and practice to fit the demands of the prevailing political ideologies, which facilitated the social conditions essential for the development of ASBE. Drawing on theoretical perspectives on the interplay between accounting and its social context, as pronounced and advocated by Hopwood ...


Rights, Respect And Responsibilities Online - Reflections And Efficacy, Michelle J. Eady, Michael L. Jones, Irit Alony, Yoke Berry Jan 2018

Rights, Respect And Responsibilities Online - Reflections And Efficacy, Michelle J. Eady, Michael L. Jones, Irit Alony, Yoke Berry

Faculty of Business - Papers

Demands for moral development are increasing in business and professional training. Mixed results of diversity training programs in the higher education sector suggest that innovative approaches are required for preparing students to become morally upright leaders and teachers. This research looks at the implementation of an online interactive tutorial that focuses on students working and learning together with others from a variety of diverse backgrounds. The study comprises a three-year investigation on the attitudes and understandings of students prior to a group work assessment task, and after completing the online tutorial. First year primary education students (n=594) completed pre- ...


Five Tips To Get The Most Out Of Your Workday, Mary Barrett Jan 2017

Five Tips To Get The Most Out Of Your Workday, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers

Getting a lot done each day is about more than just having the right productivity tools and setup. It’s about taking care of your body and mind, and this starts even outside of the workplace. We all need strategies for increasing productivity; here are five to get you started.


Political Connections And Corporate Investments: Evidence From The Recent Anti-Corruption Campaign In China, Xiaofei Pan, Gary G. Tian Jan 2017

Political Connections And Corporate Investments: Evidence From The Recent Anti-Corruption Campaign In China, Xiaofei Pan, Gary G. Tian

Faculty of Business - Papers

Taking advantage of corruption scandals in China, we construct a natural experiment and identify the ousting of corrupt politicians, and firms connected with them through bribery and personal relationships (event firms). We find that the investment expenditure of event firms declines significantly after the ousting of the politicians compared with that of non-event firms, especially for non-SOEs. We also find that, after the ousting of the politicians, investment efficiency improves for event SOEs, but declines for event non-SOEs, compared with their non-event counterparts. We also document that the ousting of the politicians influences firm investment decisions more after the recent ...


Consumers Lose Out In Funeral Industry Lacking Competition And Regulation: Study, Sandra Van Der Laan, Lee C. Moerman Jan 2017

Consumers Lose Out In Funeral Industry Lacking Competition And Regulation: Study, Sandra Van Der Laan, Lee C. Moerman

Faculty of Business - Papers

Consumers are often unnecessarily upsold on funerals due to a lack of information and real competition, in an industry that is fairly unregulated, new research finds.