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Full-Text Articles in Business

Tips On Working From Home When You Are On The Autism Spectrum, Dxc Technology Apr 2020

Tips On Working From Home When You Are On The Autism Spectrum, Dxc Technology

DXC Dandelion Program

In the COVID19 world, we have additional need and expectation to be able to work remotely. For many on the Autism Spectrum (AS) who have been adjusting to work environments this change can be a big disruption. Below are some tips for those of you on the spectrum working from home, to assist you in remaining calmer and being more productive. These tips may also prove helpful for those support AS people.


Deepening Democracy In Buffalo By Honoring Prior Commitments (And A Legacy), Russell Weaver Mar 2020

Deepening Democracy In Buffalo By Honoring Prior Commitments (And A Legacy), Russell Weaver

High Road Policy

The waning years of the 2010s and the opening weeks of the 2020s have been rife with headlines, editorials, academic articles, lectures, and book titles lamenting a “crisis of democracy”. Among other things, the concerned authors and observers participating in the discourse cite foreign election interference; the global rise of populist authoritarians; the exorbitant financial costs of electoral politics and the attendant subordination of policy to wealth and corporate interests; increasing social and cultural cleavages and polarization; sharply rising inequality; the ongoing erosion of public trust; and a host of other factors as both causes and consequences of the present ...


Keeping Members United In Contentious Times, Susan E. Woods Jan 2020

Keeping Members United In Contentious Times, Susan E. Woods

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In contentious times, members often don’t see eye to eye, generating division and rivalries that undermine solidarity. Increasing membership diversity can lead to misunderstandings, which can escalate to disrespect. As a steward, you play a critical role


Worker Centers: Labor Policy As A Carrot, Not A Stick, Kati L. Griffith, Leslie C. Gates Jan 2020

Worker Centers: Labor Policy As A Carrot, Not A Stick, Kati L. Griffith, Leslie C. Gates

Articles and Chapters

Worker centers empower communities of workers that are challenging for labor unions to organize. This includes immigrant workers and other vulnerable workers in high turnover jobs. These centers often organize workers that fall within the definition of “employee” under the Depression-era laws designed to protect some forms of collective worker activity from employer retaliation. Although employees associated with these centers can benefit from labor law’s carrot, worker centers are not “labor organizations” subject to labor law’s vast reporting requirements and restrictions on associational behavior (labor law’s stick). We use an original study of worker centers’ filings to ...


After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini Jan 2020

After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini

Articles and Chapters

This article contributes to debates on the conditions for strengthening collective worker voice in financialized organizations. It examines change in employment relations at France Télécom/Orange (FT) following a social crisis associated with employee suicides in 2007-2009. FT’s labor unions developed creative approaches to study and publicize the negative effects of employment restructuring on workers’ psychosocial health. The common framing they developed became a source of ‘communicative power’, used to influence how the suicides were interpreted both within the firm and in the media. This power was deployed to encourage substantive social dialogue that institutionalized worker participation in management ...


Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock Dec 2019

Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock

Institute for Compensation Studies

Compensation inequity is a key metric of workplace inequality. But there is scant documentation of internal company practices regarding gender pay equity and analytics. We present a rare case study of one company’s internal pay equity analytics. Using (anonymized) microdata from a single firm with more than 10,000 employees within ten selected countries, we estimated within-firm gender pay gaps, controlling for a host of measurable employee characteristics. We supplement these quantitative findings with some qualitative information about the organization’s associated HR practices for hiring and performance review as they relate to compensation. We also discuss the control ...


Occupational Exposure To Cytomegalovirus (Cmv): Preventing Exposure In Child Care And Educational Settings, Including Osha Advisories, Nellie J. Brown Nov 2019

Occupational Exposure To Cytomegalovirus (Cmv): Preventing Exposure In Child Care And Educational Settings, Including Osha Advisories, Nellie J. Brown

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

No abstract provided.


How Perceptions Of One’S Organization Can Affect Perceptions Of The Self: Membership In A Stable Organization Can Sustain Individuals’ Sense Of Control, Devon Proudfoot, Aaron C. Kay Oct 2019

How Perceptions Of One’S Organization Can Affect Perceptions Of The Self: Membership In A Stable Organization Can Sustain Individuals’ Sense Of Control, Devon Proudfoot, Aaron C. Kay

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Organizations have a strong stake in their employees’ sense of self-efficacy; that is, in their subjective sense of self-control and their capacity to act effectively and achieve desired outcomes in their personal lives, as well as on the job. Studies show that a strong sense of self-efficacy contributes to a host of favorable psychological and behavioral outcomes, including the tendency to set stretch goals, work hard, persist on difficult tasks, experience less stress, and bounce back in the face of adversity. Relatively little, however, is known about the factors that foster perceptions of self-efficacy in the first place. There ...


Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel Oct 2019

Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel

Articles and Chapters

With the growing attention to entrepreneurship as an engine of job creation and economic development, it is important for social scientists who are broadly interested in labor market and employment topics to focus attention on new firms and the policies and practices that surround them. The authors argue that the next generation of scholarship should pay particular attention to labor market institutions, the ecosystem of existing employers, and the human resource management practices that provide the strategic context for entrepreneurs and shape the career opportunities for workers. Remarkable variation occurs across space and time in the prevalence and performance of ...


Trump’S ‘Immployment’ Law Agenda: Intensifying Employment-Based Enforcement And Un-Authorizing The Authorized, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson Oct 2019

Trump’S ‘Immployment’ Law Agenda: Intensifying Employment-Based Enforcement And Un-Authorizing The Authorized, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

This article considers President Trump’s immigration efforts through an immployment law lens. Immployment is a conceptual frame that reminds us to consider (1) immigration policy’s impacts on employers and the employment-based rights of workers, and (2) employment and labor law’s impacts on immigration policy. It draws from available enforcement data to argue that Trump’s regime is intensifying the use of workplace-based immigration enforcement tools such as audits of employer records and arrests of workers at their place of work. While his predecessors used these tools too, Trump is simultaneously pursuing both high profile worker arrests and ...


The Goldilocks Effect Of Strategic Human Resource Management? Optimizing The Benefits Of A High-Performance Work System Through The Dual Alignment Of Vertical And Horizontal Fit, Joo Hun Han, Saehee Kang, In-Sue Oh, Rebecca R. Kehoe, David P. Lepak Sep 2019

The Goldilocks Effect Of Strategic Human Resource Management? Optimizing The Benefits Of A High-Performance Work System Through The Dual Alignment Of Vertical And Horizontal Fit, Joo Hun Han, Saehee Kang, In-Sue Oh, Rebecca R. Kehoe, David P. Lepak

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Fit is a foundational concept in strategic human resource management (SHRM). In this context, there are two types of ft: vertical ft, which refers to the degree of alignment between a frm’s HR strategy and its business strategy, and horizontal ft, or the extent to which a frm’s bundle of HR activities is aligned or mutually reinforcing. The dual alignment model of SHRM postulates that organizations perform best when both types of ft are in play. This study provides support for the dual alignment model and, thus, for a comprehensive and integrative approach to the design and ...


When Do Losers Become Leavers? Rejection And Turnover In Internal Talent Markets, Jr Keller Aug 2019

When Do Losers Become Leavers? Rejection And Turnover In Internal Talent Markets, Jr Keller

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Internal talent markets (ITMs) are making a comeback thanks to tight external labor markets and the well-documented shortcomings of the “fire and hire” approach to staffing. While specifics vary, ITMs share three common characteristics: the internal posting of vacant positions, proactive measures urging employees to apply for available spots, and extensive screening procedures to winnow applicant pools down those most qualified for the jobs at hand. Studies show that, in contrast to less open internal staffing procedures, ITMs consistently produce superior hires who are more likely to remain with their firms, be more productive in their new jobs, and ...


Health And Wellness Programs: Why Employees Don't Participate, Bradford S. Bell, Christopher Collins Apr 2019

Health And Wellness Programs: Why Employees Don't Participate, Bradford S. Bell, Christopher Collins

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Eighty-five percent of large firms and 58 percent of small ones currently offer at least one program to promote health and wellness (H&W) among employees. Usually these have the twin goals of reducing companies’ healthcare costs while improving the quality of employees’ lives. Research shows that well-designed programs often attain both goals. But even the best of them frequently experience low participation rates, particularly among employees who are most likely to benefit from taking part. Why is this? More specifically, what factors do employees see as the major barriers impeding their participation in these types of programs?

This ...


Give Them Some Slack - They're Trying To Change! The Benefits Of Excess Cash, Excess Employees, And Increased Human Capital In The Context Of Strategic Change, Rebecca R. Kehoe, F. Scott Bentley Mar 2019

Give Them Some Slack - They're Trying To Change! The Benefits Of Excess Cash, Excess Employees, And Increased Human Capital In The Context Of Strategic Change, Rebecca R. Kehoe, F. Scott Bentley

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Human resource strategists perennially struggle with the issue of staffing levels, especially the difficult task of determining the number of people required to meet their units’ business goals. Should they go “lean and mean”, as the saying goes, or is it better to overstaff a bit – to build a little slack in the system? Theory suggests that the answer to this question is “it depends”. Units experiencing periods of stability with little change are advised to opt for the former approach in the interest of enhancing operational efficiency and minimizing labor costs. Those undergoing strategic change, however, would do ...


Hr And The Implementation Of High-Performance Work Practices: Tactics That Work, Michel Hermans Mar 2019

Hr And The Implementation Of High-Performance Work Practices: Tactics That Work, Michel Hermans

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Studies consistently show that bundles of High Performance Work Practices (HPWPs) can and often do contribute to the achievement of a number of positive organizational outcomes including higher productivity, better quality, improved customer service, and enhanced revenues and profits. At the same time, evidence suggests that the HPWPs concept is only slowly diffusing across companies both in the U.S. and abroad. Why is this? Better still, what can HR managers do to close this gap and, thus, better serve their organizations?

A study by Michel Hermans, a recent graduate of the ILR School’s PhD program, addresses these ...


What's Hr Got To Do With It? A Look At Its Effects On The Bottom Line In Service-Based Organizations, Lee Eun Jae, Rosemary Batt, Lisa Moynihan Mar 2019

What's Hr Got To Do With It? A Look At Its Effects On The Bottom Line In Service-Based Organizations, Lee Eun Jae, Rosemary Batt, Lisa Moynihan

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] For a long time it was assumed that service-based organizations could compete on the basis of differentiation or on the basis of low prices, but not both. Great customer service was thought to require customized offerings that were necessarily time-consuming and costly to provide, whereas low prices could be achieved only by offering standardized services delivered in high-volume. More recently, however, spurred on by the Total Quality Management movement in manufacturing, an increasing number of service providers in hospitality, retail, healthcare, and other industries have rejected the conventional wisdom and adopted a so-called hybrid marketing strategy aimed at delivering ...


When It Comes To Top Hr Leadership Success, It's A Matter Of Both Timing And Tempo: A Look At The Effects Of Ceo Tenure And Style On The Bottom Line, Christopher Collins Feb 2019

When It Comes To Top Hr Leadership Success, It's A Matter Of Both Timing And Tempo: A Look At The Effects Of Ceo Tenure And Style On The Bottom Line, Christopher Collins

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] For decades, human resource strategists have relied on HR theorists and researchers to generate insights to help them hone their craft. For much of this time the focus has been on defining and refining an HR strategy – a bundle of integrated HR activities – that would help firms attain their business goals. The product of these efforts, often referred to as a high commitment human resource (HCHR) system (or sometimes a high performance work system), contains the following elements: the careful selection of employees, well-developed internal labor markets, high levels of workforce autonomy and participation, significant investments in training and ...


Stopping Sexual Harassment In The Empire State: Past, Present, And A Possible Future, Sanjay Pinto, K. C. Wagner, Zoë West Jan 2019

Stopping Sexual Harassment In The Empire State: Past, Present, And A Possible Future, Sanjay Pinto, K. C. Wagner, Zoë West

Research Studies and Reports

This report maps current patterns of workplace sexual harassment and their impact in New York State. It also provides a broader frame for understanding how efforts to confront sexual and gender-based harassment and assault have evolved over time, and charts possible directions for future organizing, policy, and research in New York and beyond.

The findings presented here are drawn from the 2018 Empire State Poll, an annual statewide survey of 800 New Yorkers conducted by the Cornell Survey Research Institute. Questions added to the survey reflecting existing legal definitions of workplace sexual harassment reveal the following:

  • 10.9 percent of ...


The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

The Fair Labor Standards Act At 80: Everything Old Is New Again, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

On the 80th anniversary of the federal wage and hour statute, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), critics warn that it cannot keep pace with shifting business trends. More and more individuals engage in “contract work,” some of which takes place in the much publicized “gig economy.” These work arrangements raise questions about whether these workers are “employees,” covered by U.S. labor and employment law, or “independent contractors.” Subcontracting arrangements, or what some call domestic outsourcing, are also expanding. Indeed, more and more workers in the U.S. economy engage with multiple businesses, raising questions of which ...


An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith Jan 2019

An Empirical Study Of Fast-Food Franchising Contracts: Towards A New "Intermediary" Theory Of Joint Employment, Kati L. Griffith

Articles and Chapters

The “Fight for Fifteen and a Union” movement among fast-food workers and their allies has raised awareness about wage inequality in the United States. Rather than negotiating for better wages and working conditions with economically weak restaurant-level franchisees, the movement aims to affect the practices of what they view as the all-powerful brands—the franchisors. Few would dispute the notion that the franchisor brands, not their franchisees, set industry-wide standards and, thus, have the ability to offset rising wage inequality and improve working conditions. And yet, the movement has raised controversial law and policy questions about the legal responsibilities of ...


A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2019

A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

The purpose of this article is to establish a principled basis for restraint of judicial lawmaking. The principle is that all findings of fact, whether of legislative or adjudicative facts, must be based on evidence in the record of a case. This principle is grounded in moral philosophy. I will begin with a discussion of the relevant aspect of moral philosophy, then state and defend the principle, and finally apply it to a line of cases.


The Lipsky Effect: An Analysis Of Professor David Lipsky's Influence On His Graduate Students Over Time, Kelly Pike, Todd Dickey, Ryan Lamare Jan 2019

The Lipsky Effect: An Analysis Of Professor David Lipsky's Influence On His Graduate Students Over Time, Kelly Pike, Todd Dickey, Ryan Lamare

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

No abstract provided.


On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler Jan 2019

On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler

Policy & Issue Briefs

[Excerpt] On-demand platform work, like other forms of contingent and temporary employment, destabilizes industries, undermines worker protections and living standards, and significantly contributes to wealth and income inequality.


On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu Jan 2019

On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] This report examines one specific subset of New York state’s contingent workforce: on-demand workers who obtain work through online platforms or “apps.” Often referred to popularly as “gig” workers, we use the phrase “on-demand platform workers” in an attempt to clarify the workers to whom we refer.

Our research shows that on-demand platform workers:

  • Are notoriously difficult to count, due to factors such as the part-time quality of their work, high turnover rates and confusion over the definition of terms;

  • Experience low and unstable earnings and a lack of benefits, requiring reliance on second or third jobs, other ...


Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara Dec 2018

Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara

CAHRS White Papers

[Excerpt] Considering the increased societal attention given to sexual harassment and assault, and the wide range of reactions to #MeToo, we wanted to know how companies are reacting, whether they are changing their policies and practices, and whether the societal movement is impacting company culture. The highlights of our study show opportunities in culture, leadership, policy and reporting formulation, and training practices. During our study, we also found innovative practices that could be replicated across companies. Lastly, we have included a self-assessment tool to measure progress in addressing sexual harassment and assault within an organization


Don't Abandon The Water Cooler Yet: Flexible Work Arrangements And The Unique Effect Of Face-To-Face Informal Communication On Idea Generation And Innovation, Kristie Mcalpine Oct 2018

Don't Abandon The Water Cooler Yet: Flexible Work Arrangements And The Unique Effect Of Face-To-Face Informal Communication On Idea Generation And Innovation, Kristie Mcalpine

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] Flexible work arrangements (FWAs), especially those offering employees a degree of control over when and where they work, have become increasingly prevalent in recent years.Research has shown that these arrangements generally lead to higher levels of job satisfaction as well as lower levels of stress, work-family conflict, absenteeism, and turnover among employees.At the same time, however, some suggest that FWAs may not be appropriate in all situations, particularly in the context of creative teamwork (i.e., in the prototypical 21st century organization). It is important, in this view, to have all team members face to face in ...


Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson Oct 2018

Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson

Articles and Chapters

The authors analyze Danish registry data from 1991 to 2006 to determine how firm age and firm size influence wages. Unadjusted statistics suggest that smaller firms paid less than larger firms paid, and that firm age had little or no bearing on wages. After adjusting for differences in the characteristics of employees hired by these firms, however, they observe both firm age and firm size effects. Larger firms paid more than did smaller firms for observationally equivalent individuals but, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger firms paid more than older firms. The size effect, however, dominates the age effect. Thus, although ...


Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr. Aug 2018

Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr.

Working Papers

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries host at least 2.4 million foreign domestic workers, who are legally excluded from national labor laws and regulations, thus placing them in precarious social, legal, and economic conditions in the GCC labor markets. Despite the recent growth of academic scholarship on domestic work in the GCC and beyond, little attention has been paid to absconding foreign domestic workers and the complex role abuse plays in determining their future decision to migrate. This paper examines the likelihood that Filipina domestic workers will migrate after absconding from their previous employer. Applying a unique dataset of ...


Talk And Let Talk: The Effects Of Language Proficiency On Speaking Up And Competence Perceptions In Multinational Teams, Jessica Li, Y. Connie Yuan, Natalie Bazarova, Bradford S. Bell Aug 2018

Talk And Let Talk: The Effects Of Language Proficiency On Speaking Up And Competence Perceptions In Multinational Teams, Jessica Li, Y. Connie Yuan, Natalie Bazarova, Bradford S. Bell

CAHRS ResearchLink

[Excerpt] In global firms multinational teams (MTs) are a way of life. Increasingly these firms find it essential to assemble just the right mix of talent from around the globe to tackle complex tasks.Typically MTs perform much if not all of their work using a common language which, while necessary, can have its drawbacks. For example, it is unlikely that all team members will be equally proficient in the chosen language. This can cause problems for team members who are less facile with the language and, thus, find it difficult to contribute to the work of their teams in ...


Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn Aug 2018

Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn

Articles and Chapters

This article is the third in a series to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the ILR Review. The series features articles that analyze the state of research and future directions for important themes the journal has featured over its many years of publication. In this issue, we also feature a special cluster of articles and book reviews on one of the most critical labor market issues across the globe—the legalization and integration of immigrants into national labor markets.

Despite the urgent need for immigration reform in the United States, there is a paucity of US research that looks at ...