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Articles 1 - 30 of 1817

Full-Text Articles in Business

Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson Oct 2018

Do Start-Ups Pay Less?, M. Diane Burton, Michael S. Dahl, Olav Sorenson

Articles and Chapters

The authors analyze Danish registry data from 1991 to 2006 to determine how firm age and firm size influence wages. Unadjusted statistics suggest that smaller firms paid less than larger firms paid, and that firm age had little or no bearing on wages. After adjusting for differences in the characteristics of employees hired by these firms, however, they observe both firm age and firm size effects. Larger firms paid more than did smaller firms for observationally equivalent individuals but, contrary to conventional wisdom, younger firms paid more than older firms. The size effect, however, dominates the age effect. Thus, although ...


Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr. Aug 2018

Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr.

Working Papers

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries host at least 2.4 million foreign domestic workers, who are legally excluded from national labor laws and regulations, thus placing them in precarious social, legal, and economic conditions in the GCC labor markets. Despite the recent growth of academic scholarship on domestic work in the GCC and beyond, little attention has been paid to absconding foreign domestic workers and the complex role abuse plays in determining their future decision to migrate. This paper examines the likelihood that Filipina domestic workers will migrate after absconding from their previous employer. Applying a unique dataset of ...


Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn Aug 2018

Introduction To A Special Issue On The Impact Of Immigrant Legalization Initiatives: International Perspectives On Immigration And The World Of Work, Maria Lorena Cook, Shannon Gleeson, Kati L. Griffith, Lawrence M. Kahn

Articles and Chapters

This article is the third in a series to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the ILR Review. The series features articles that analyze the state of research and future directions for important themes the journal has featured over its many years of publication. In this issue, we also feature a special cluster of articles and book reviews on one of the most critical labor market issues across the globe—the legalization and integration of immigrants into national labor markets.

Despite the urgent need for immigration reform in the United States, there is a paucity of US research that looks at ...


The Expansion And Implications Of Various Forms Of Collective Representation In The United States, Harry C. Katz Jun 2018

The Expansion And Implications Of Various Forms Of Collective Representation In The United States, Harry C. Katz

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

[Excerpt] I have been student of collective bargaining my entire career as much of my scholarship and teaching has focused on understanding why and how U.S. collective bargaining evolved over the post-World War II period. What I am now struck by is the fact that various new organizations are being used by employees to pursue group action do as to improve those employees’ terms and conditions of work. Let me first describe how I came to see this emerging trend as the origins of my thinking leads me to a related point about this development, namely, that the U ...


Cahrs Partners' Implementation Of Artificial Intelligence, Hannah Lee, Soyeon Lee, Michaela Tarpey Jun 2018

Cahrs Partners' Implementation Of Artificial Intelligence, Hannah Lee, Soyeon Lee, Michaela Tarpey

CAHRS White Papers

[Excerpt] The ideas and uses for Artificial Intelligence (AI) are abundant, and each business is seemingly ripe for disruption, including HR. As the hype surrounding AI continues to be championed by popular press, we began our research in order to determine whether the press’ biased view that AI was here and ready to implement was accurate. We found that in reality, AI programs were far behind the progress discussed, as the software was slower, more expensive, and there was a general lack of amalgamation throughout the industry. From there, we asked CAHRS partners to tell us where AI was used ...


Workers Of The World: International Journal On Strikes And Social Conflicts, Vol. 1 No. 9, Strikes And Social Conflicts International Association May 2018

Workers Of The World: International Journal On Strikes And Social Conflicts, Vol. 1 No. 9, Strikes And Social Conflicts International Association

Workers of the World - International Journal on Strikes and Social Conflict

No abstract provided.


What Are Findings And Practices Associated With Measuring And Taking Steps To Increase The Engagement Of Contingent Workers?, Amelia Tsui Apr 2018

What Are Findings And Practices Associated With Measuring And Taking Steps To Increase The Engagement Of Contingent Workers?, Amelia Tsui

Student Works

[Excerpt] Over the past few decades, the workforce has been shifting to include a larger number of contingent workers. While the corporate agenda regarding these temporary workers has been to cut cost and shirk some legal responsibilities, these past years show there is greater interest a greater interest in labor flexibility or tight market for specialized skills. In order for companies to attract and retain their valued professional contingent workforce, there needs to be greater focus placed on their integration with the firm.


Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 2, Ilr Sports Business Society Apr 2018

Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 2, Ilr Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky Jan 2018

Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

This article empirically examines whether employment discrimination claims differ from other types of disputes resolved through arbitration. Whether arbitration is appropriate for resolving violations of anti-discrimination statutes at work is a focus of ongoing policy debates. Yet empirical scholarship has rarely considered whether different types of complaints might have distinct characteristics and receive varied outcomes in arbitration. The authors analyze all of the employment arbitration awards for cases filed between 1991 and 2006 in the financial services industry to determine whether differences in the type of allegation affect award outcomes. They also examine the effects of the financial industry’s ...


Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2018

Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This article applies the concept of levels of abstraction to legal thinking. Perhaps the most important use of the concept is to constrain judicial lawmaking in a principled way.

Level of abstraction refers to:

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that generate an issue,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions of which a piece of evidence is true,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions to which an argument applies, and

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that are affected by the resolution of an issue.

In general, the more persons and transactions to which an issue and its resolution ...


Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case Jan 2018

Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Since the publication of Janice Fine’s path-breaking book, Worker Centers: Communities at the Edge of the Dream in 2006, scholars and commentators on the left and the right of the political spectrum have grappled with how to characterize these emergent worker organizations on the US labor relations scene. This chapter deepens our understanding of the nature of worker centers by examining the funding trends that underlay the wide range of experimental organizing and advocacy strategies highlighted in other chapters of this volume. Undoubtedly, to emerge and survive, these organizations need money (Bobo and Pabellon 2016). But how financially ...


Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore Jan 2018

Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore

Articles and Chapters

Dramatic changes have occurred in learning, training, and development in organizations in recent years. This chapter examines the implications of these changes for research in four areas: (1) training design and delivery, (2) team training and development, (3) training transfer, and (4) training evaluation. We suggest that research in these areas not only has been most heavily impacted by recent trends in training and development but also can help guide the field as it responds to emerging opportunities and challenges. We review recent research that advances our understanding of how to design and deliver training to meet the needs of ...


Dying To Work: Death And Injury In The American Workplace, Jonathan D. Karmel Dec 2017

Dying To Work: Death And Injury In The American Workplace, Jonathan D. Karmel

Book Samples

[Excerpt] In Dying to Work, Jonathan Karmel raises our awareness of unsafe working condidtions with accounts of workers who were needlessly injured or killed on the job. Based on heart-wrenching interviews Karmel conducted with injured workers and surviving family members across the country, the stories in this book are introduced in a way that helps place them in a historical and political context and represent a wide survey of the American workplace, including, among others, warehouse workers, grocery store clerks, hotel housekeepers, and river dredgers.

Karmel’s examples are portraits of the lives and dreams cut short and reports of ...


High Tech And High Touch: Headhunting, Technology, And Economic Transformation, James E. Coverdill, William Finlay Nov 2017

High Tech And High Touch: Headhunting, Technology, And Economic Transformation, James E. Coverdill, William Finlay

Book Samples

[Excerpt] In High Tech and High Touch, James E. Coverdill and William Finlay invite readers into the dynamic world of headhunters, personnel professionals who acquire talent for businesses and other organizations on a contingent-fee basis. In a high-tech world where social media platforms have simplified direct contact between employers and job seekers, Coverdill and Finlay acknowledge, it is relatively easy to find large numbers of apparently qualified candidates. However, the authors demonstrate that headhunters serve a valuable purpose in bringing high-touch search into the labor market: they help parties on both sides of the transaction to define their needs and ...


Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross Nov 2017

Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This provocative book by the leading historian of the National Labor Relations Board offers a reexamination of the NLRB and the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) by applying internationally accepted human rights principles as standards for judgment. These new standards challenge every orthodoxy in U.S. labor law and labor relations. James A. Gross argues that the NLRA was and remains at its core a workers’ rights statute.

Gross shows how value clashes and choices between those who interpret the NLRA as a workers’ rights statute and those who contend that the NLRA seeks only a "balance" between the ...


A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper Nov 2017

A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

The authors contribute to dispute resolution theory and provide new insights on such important issues as employee voice, workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit. They conducted and analyzed a survey of managers in Australian workplaces. They apply Budd and Colvin’s (2008) path-finding dispute resolution framework to examine two research questions: first, is there a relationship between the resolution of disputes and employee voice as measured by employee perceptions of influence over decision-making? Second, is there a relationship between the resolution of workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit? These are important questions in view of the high costs ...


Do It Right Or Not At All: A Longitudinal Evaluation Of A Conflict Managment System Implementation, Benjamin B. Dunford, Kevin J. Mumford, R. Wayne Boss, Alan D. Boss, David S. Boss Nov 2017

Do It Right Or Not At All: A Longitudinal Evaluation Of A Conflict Managment System Implementation, Benjamin B. Dunford, Kevin J. Mumford, R. Wayne Boss, Alan D. Boss, David S. Boss

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

We analyzed an eight-year multi-source longitudinal data set that followed a healthcare system in the Eastern United States as it implemented a major conflict management initiative to encourage line managers to consistently perform Personal Management Interviews (or PMIs) with their employees. PMIs are interviews held between two individuals, designed to prevent or quickly resolve interpersonal problems before they escalate to formal grievances. This initiative provided us a unique opportunity to empirically test key predictions of Integrated Conflict Management System (or ICMS) theory. Analyzing survey and personnel file data from 5,449 individuals from 2003 to 2010, we found that employees ...


The Devil Is In The Details: Attorney Heterogeneity And Employment Arbitration Outcomes, J. Ryan Lamare Nov 2017

The Devil Is In The Details: Attorney Heterogeneity And Employment Arbitration Outcomes, J. Ryan Lamare

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Conventional wisdom holds that hiring a lawyer will improve outcomes for non-union employees who take individual rights complaints to arbitration. However, the limited amount of empirical scholarship into this topic has rarely accounted for the concurrent influence of employer representatives, or for the presence and effects of employee and employer attorney heterogeneity. I analyze all arbitration awards rendered within the securities industry from the implementation of its ADR program through the late-2000s, and first find that hiring an attorney benefits employees only in the rare cases that employers do not also include an agent. I then account for attorney selection ...


Disputant Preferences For Mediated Or Adjudicated Processes In Administrative Agencies: The Occupational Safety And Health Review Commission Settlement Part Program, Deanna Malatesta, Lisa Blomgren Amsler, Susanna Foxworthy Scott Nov 2017

Disputant Preferences For Mediated Or Adjudicated Processes In Administrative Agencies: The Occupational Safety And Health Review Commission Settlement Part Program, Deanna Malatesta, Lisa Blomgren Amsler, Susanna Foxworthy Scott

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Previous research examining disputants’ preferences for mediation over more formal adjudicative proceedings is limited and mostly experimental. Moreover, this work has not examined preferences in relation to repeated experience with various types of proceedings. We surveyed disputants who have experienced different types of proceedings in administrative adjudication and administrative law judge mediation in the Settlement Part Program at the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC). We find that the higher the perceptions of procedural justice, the greater the preference for use of mediation. In addition, the more total experience disputants have in the OSHRC dispute system (including both adjudication ...


Labor Relations Conflict In The Workplace: Scale Development, Consequences And Solutions, Lulu Zhou, Meng Xi, Xufan Zhang, Shuming Zhao Nov 2017

Labor Relations Conflict In The Workplace: Scale Development, Consequences And Solutions, Lulu Zhou, Meng Xi, Xufan Zhang, Shuming Zhao

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Because the goals of employers and employees are often incompatible, conflicts are inevitable and an essential part of organizational life. The three studies reported in this paper addressed the issues of identifying the dimensions of workplace conflicts within organizations, exploring the consequences of conflicts, and finding appropriate methods of conflict resolution. The first study identified and developed three dimensions of labor relations conflict, including interest-based, rights-based, and emotion-based conflicts. The second study explored two sets of individual outcomes of labor relations conflicts and found labor relations conflicts had a negative effect on employee job satisfaction and affective commitment and positive ...


Adr-Based Workplace Conflict Management Systems: A Case Of American Exceptionalism, Paul Teague, William Roche, Denise Currie, Tom Gormley Nov 2017

Adr-Based Workplace Conflict Management Systems: A Case Of American Exceptionalism, Paul Teague, William Roche, Denise Currie, Tom Gormley

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

[Excerpt] The diffusion of ADR-based conflict management systems is a development increasingly highlighted in the literature. Organizations are seen as putting in place multiple procedures and practices so that different varieties of workplace conflict can be effectively addressed. Just why organizations are electing to introduce these integrated bundles of innovative conflict management practices is a matter of debate, but many view the development as transforming the manner in which workplace problems are managed in modern organizations, with some even pronouncing that it amounts to the rewriting of the social contract at work (Lipsky and Seeber 2006). This paper argues that ...


Why Don’T They Complain? The Social Determinants Of Chinese Migrant Workers’ Grievance Behaviors, Duanyi Yang Nov 2017

Why Don’T They Complain? The Social Determinants Of Chinese Migrant Workers’ Grievance Behaviors, Duanyi Yang

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Using survey data from China, I examine how migrant workers respond to violations of labor law in their workplaces. The central puzzle explored is why, given apparent widespread violations, some workers choose not to pursue remedies. I find that although workers with shared local identities with their employers are more likely to work without employment contracts, they are less likely to be exposed to safety and health hazards at work and less likely to interpret problems experienced as a violation of their legal rights. This paper extends the research on grievance behavior by drawing on research from Law and Society ...


Organizational Conflict Resolution And Strategic Choice: Evidence From A Survey Of Fortune 1000 Companies, David B. Lipsky, Ariel C. Avgar, J. Ryan Lamare Nov 2017

Organizational Conflict Resolution And Strategic Choice: Evidence From A Survey Of Fortune 1000 Companies, David B. Lipsky, Ariel C. Avgar, J. Ryan Lamare

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

In this paper we develop the argument that a firm’s ADR strategies are likely to be associated with a firm’s use of one conflict resolution option or the other. More specifically, we examine whether a firm’s use of either arbitration or mediation is a function of (1) the extent to which the use of either of these dispute resolution processes aligns with the goals and objectives management is seeking to advance, and (2) the extent of the firm’s commitment to the use of these practices. We expect to find that an organization’s use of either ...


Third-Party Intervention And The Preservation Of Bargaining Relationships, Bradley R. Weinberg Nov 2017

Third-Party Intervention And The Preservation Of Bargaining Relationships, Bradley R. Weinberg

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

This article uses longitudinal contact data to examine if third-party dispute resolution procedures available in Ontario improve the health of bargaining relationships and contribute to their preservation. It performs this in two manners: (1) using survival analysis to see how the mechanisms correlate with the likelihood of relationship dissolution and (2) using dynamic panel models to observe their state dependence. The latter is undertaken to see if third-party intervention pushes the parties to settle subsequent agreements earlier in the process – a finding that would reveal another aspect of relationship preservation if those earlier interventions are shown to correlate with lower ...


Transforming New Zealand Employment Relations: At The Intersection Of Institutional Dispute Resolution And Workplace Conflict Management, Gaye Greenwood Ph.D., Erling Rasmussen Nov 2017

Transforming New Zealand Employment Relations: At The Intersection Of Institutional Dispute Resolution And Workplace Conflict Management, Gaye Greenwood Ph.D., Erling Rasmussen

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

In New Zealand, the contemporary shift from highly regulated, collectivist employment rights to individual employment relationships included statutory direction to mediation. Good faith negotiation in the workplace and state provision of mediation were to be the primary mechanisms for resolution of ‘employment relationship problems’ (ERP). This paper investigates the intersection between workplace conflict management and institutional provision of mediation. We investigated ERP resolution by drawing on empirical evidence from 38 narrative interviews where participants recounted experiences of employment relationship problem (ERP) resolution. We analysed 243 ERP by comparing settlements to end employment relationships with resolution of ERP where relationships endured ...


Decision-Maker And Context Effects In Employment Arbitration, Mark Gough, Alexander Colvin Nov 2017

Decision-Maker And Context Effects In Employment Arbitration, Mark Gough, Alexander Colvin

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

Using a novel survey of 284 employment arbitrators, this study investigates how decision-maker characteristics and the context of the arbitration proceeding affect employee outcomes. We analyze the predictors of settlement before an arbitrator award and, if no settlement is reached, the likelihood an employee will receive a verdict in their favor after a full hearing. We find pre-arbitration dispute resolution procedures have significant effects on settlement behavior and employee outcomes. The characteristics of the presiding arbitrator as well as the structure of the arbitration proceeding were also found to affect employee outcomes at trial. This study contributes to the existing ...


Industrial Novels In Perspective Of Industrial Sociology: A Comparison Between Weimar Germany And Post-Wwii Italy, Erik De Gier Oct 2017

Industrial Novels In Perspective Of Industrial Sociology: A Comparison Between Weimar Germany And Post-Wwii Italy, Erik De Gier

Visiting Fellow Working Papers

[Excerpt] Since the English Industrial Revolution in the eighteenth century, almost up to the present century, the so-called industrial novel played a significant role in many industrializing and industrialized countries in making aware workers, politicians and policy makers, as well as the general public, of the lack of quality of working conditions in separate enterprises and/or sectors. Also, these novels contributed in a positive way to the emancipation of workers in society. Well-known examples are the famous industrial novels of the English Victorian writers Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Gaskell. But also in other countries the genre of the industrial ...


Systems For Conflict Resolution In Comparative Perspective, Martin Behrens, Alexander Colvin, Lisa Dorigatti, Andreas H. Pekarek Oct 2017

Systems For Conflict Resolution In Comparative Perspective, Martin Behrens, Alexander Colvin, Lisa Dorigatti, Andreas H. Pekarek

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

[Excerpt] It is a cornerstone of industrial relations (IR) theory that the potential for conflict is inherent to the employment relationship. Across countries, forms of workplace conflict and methods of conflict resolution take a range of different forms. Yet aside from attempts to understand cross-national variation in strikes, there is little research examining systemic differences in the manifestation and management of workplace conflict (a notable exception is Roche et al. 2014). The following analysis seeks to fill this void by analyzing through a comparative lens practices for addressing employment related conflict in four countries: Germany, Italy, the US and Australia.


Integrating Conflict: A Proposed Framework For The Interdisciplinary Study Of Workplace Conflict And Its Management, Ariel C. Avgar Oct 2017

Integrating Conflict: A Proposed Framework For The Interdisciplinary Study Of Workplace Conflict And Its Management, Ariel C. Avgar

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

[Excerpt] Conflict and its management are perennial dimensions of organizational life--ever present with significant consequences for a host of employer and employee related outcomes. All organizations, regardless of industry, union status, workforce characteristics, managerial strategy, organizational culture, or performance levels are confronted with the need to address, deal with or manage the myriad manifestations of workplace conflict. As such, all organizations manage conflict in one way or another, whether they adopt a proactive stance or whether they are avoidant and reactive.

Recognized as a central workplace feature, scholars from a variety of different disciplines, including, but not limited to, industrial ...


The Precarity Of Temporality: How Law Inhibits Immigrant Worker Claims, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson Oct 2017

The Precarity Of Temporality: How Law Inhibits Immigrant Worker Claims, Kati L. Griffith, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

In this article, we propose that temporary immigrant workers in the United States face unique law-induced challenges to claimsmaking when compared to other categories of workers with precarious immigration statuses, such as unauthorized workers and H-2 guest workers. We present a systematic comparison of each group, drawing on a review of the existing literature and a new pilot study, to examine how the challenges facing each set of immigrants overlap in some ways, but are unique in others. We conclude that particular differences in U.S. immigration law categories (unauthorized, H-2 guest workers, and temporary immigrant workers) may shape how ...