Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

None

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 2623

Full-Text Articles in Business

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells Feb 2019

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells

Pamela Wells

To be an effective communicator, students need to learn how to select the appropriate means of communication and be aware of potential obstacles. The model of communication process can be an effective framework for students to understand many pitfalls of the communication process. The described activity enables students to experience communication at different levels of richness (e.g., face to face, instant messaging, email) and with varying levels of feedback and noise. After completing the activity, students will understand the importance of precise, rich messages, seeking and providing feedback, and the difficulties that can occur at every step in communication.


Ethics Programs, Board Involvement, And Potential Conflicts Of Interest In Corporate Governance, Andrew J. Felo May 2018

Ethics Programs, Board Involvement, And Potential Conflicts Of Interest In Corporate Governance, Andrew J. Felo

Andrew Felo

Board composition, insider participa tion on compensation committees, and director compensation practices can potentially cause conflicts of interest between directors and shareholders. If these corporate governance structures result in situations where actions beneficial to directors do not also benefit shareholders, then shareholders may suffer. Corporate ethics programs usually address conflicts of interest that may arise in the firm's activities. Some boards of directors take active roles in their firms' ethics programs by actively overseeing the programs. This paper empirically examines the relationship between ethics programs and potential conflicts of interest and the relationship between board involve ment in a ...


Employees And Sustainiability : The Role Of Incentives, K. K. Merriman, S. Sen, Andrew J. Felo, E. B. Litzky May 2018

Employees And Sustainiability : The Role Of Incentives, K. K. Merriman, S. Sen, Andrew J. Felo, E. B. Litzky

Andrew Felo

Purpose – Organizational sustainability has become a priority on many corporate agendas. How to integrate sustainability efforts throughout the organization, however, remains a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to examine two factors that potentially enhance incentive effects on employee engagement in environmental objectives: explicit organizational values for sustainability and the performance objective’s complementarity with incented financial objectives. Design/methodology/approach – The authors employed a quasi-experimental design in which participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions, including a status quo condition against which the treatments were contrasted. Participants (n=400) were comprised of a cross-section of US ...


Active Involvement, Familiarity, Framing, And The Illusion Of Control During Decision Support System Use, S. Surinder Kahai, A. Steve Solieri, Andrew J. Felo May 2018

Active Involvement, Familiarity, Framing, And The Illusion Of Control During Decision Support System Use, S. Surinder Kahai, A. Steve Solieri, Andrew J. Felo

Andrew Felo

Results of a laboratory experiment on Decision Support System (DSS) use indicated that (a) active involvement in model building and data entry, (b) familiarity with model execution and the decision situation, and (c) consistency between a normative solution and the alternative encouraged by the problem frame led to an illusion of control, defined as an unwarranted inflation in expectations of success. Furthermore, higher expectations of success were associated with greater user satisfaction, better mood, and lower preference for thinking more before making the final decision. Higher expectations of success were less likely to be associated with preference for creating another ...


The Evolving Patterns Of The Concept Of Positioning: Some Initial Findings, Charles Blankson, Bo Dai Jul 2017

The Evolving Patterns Of The Concept Of Positioning: Some Initial Findings, Charles Blankson, Bo Dai

Bo Dai

This paper aims to contribute toward a greater understanding of the concept of positioning through a review of and content analysis of extant research on the subject. The literature is clear on the importance of the concept and its central place in modern marketing management (Talke and Hultink 2010). Unfortunately, at present little is known about underlying themes of the concept let alone generic measurement constructs in the huge volume of marketing and allied journals that contain positioning-related studies. To address the gaps in the literature, we examine two key research questions: (1) What has been driving research themes in ...


Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson Dec 2016

Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

Developments in the law are making the corporate form more opaque and allowing the agents who animate it to escape individual accountability for their actions. The law now provides protection for agents to engage in widespread frauds that inflict massive harm on the public. This article challenges the academic orthodoxy that shareholder and director liability are enough to control agent behavior by developing a paper dragon analogy to focus on the importance of agents in corporate animation. Lack of agent accountability encourages the patterns of fraud that caused the financial crisis in which forty-five percent of the world’s wealth ...


Managing Innovation And Marketing In A Globally Dynamic Firm: Best Practices In Management At Diageo, I. Khan, S. Ostheimer, Bahaudin Mujtaba Oct 2016

Managing Innovation And Marketing In A Globally Dynamic Firm: Best Practices In Management At Diageo, I. Khan, S. Ostheimer, Bahaudin Mujtaba

Bahaudin G. Mujtaba

Organizing and coordinating the activities of a business organization for the purpose of achieving its objectives is the goal of management. As such, management as a whole is extremely important in smoothly running a corporation and maintaining a profitable business. All the day-to-day activities can only be accomplished properly if there is good management in place. It covers all aspects of a business including marketing, daily operations, and innovation. This paper elaborates on the innovation and marketing strategies of Diageo, while using the company as a comparison for highlighting the positives and negatives of using certain management philosophies, practices and ...


Circumstantial Impact Of Contact On Social Distance, Semih S. Yilmaz, Asli D.A. Tasci Jun 2016

Circumstantial Impact Of Contact On Social Distance, Semih S. Yilmaz, Asli D.A. Tasci

Dr. Asli Tasci

Despite its century long existence, social distance is still a rare area of investigation in the tourism and hospitality context. In particular, there is a lack of attention on the empirical investigations about the relationship between contact and social distance in host–guest relations in a tourism setting. Hence, the purpose of this study is to determine whether there is such a relationship between social distance and different contact factors (previous visits and close friendships). An on-site survey on tourists and locals at a popular tourist destination, Mugla, in Turkey revealed partial support for these relationships under certain circumstances. Implications ...


Workplace Bullying: Is Lack Of Understanding The Reason For Inaction?, Sara Branch, Jane Murray Apr 2016

Workplace Bullying: Is Lack Of Understanding The Reason For Inaction?, Sara Branch, Jane Murray

Jane Murray

At what point is the line crossed between a series of humorous work pranks and workplace bullying? This question is actually more complex than it looks. Take the very well publicized office complaint case of David Thorne and Simon Dempsey—a story that has taken social media sites and the wider Internet by storm over the last couple of years. Although it has now been revealed that the interactions between Thorne and Dempsey are somewhat fictitious (loosely based on actual interactions between the author and a previous coworker), the behaviors and their ensuing complaints provide a lens from which this ...


A Markov-Switching Structural Vector Autoregressive Model Of Boom And Bust In The Australian Labour Market, Noel Gaston, Gulasekaran Rajaguru Apr 2016

A Markov-Switching Structural Vector Autoregressive Model Of Boom And Bust In The Australian Labour Market, Noel Gaston, Gulasekaran Rajaguru

Gulasekaran Rajaguru

Major economic events, such as the global financial crisis, are episodes of identifiable duration that differ from other time periods. Using monthly data on the unemployment rate, labour force participation rate and employment for Australia for the period from 1978 to 2012, we estimate a Markov-switching SVAR model to examine the relationship between unemployment and labour force participation and the performance of the Australian labour market. Three distinct labour market regimes are identified. We find that the labour market switches between periods of low unemployment and high participation, prolonged periods of relative stability and short, sharp periods of high unemployment ...


Innovationspotentialanalyse Für Die Neuen Technologien Für Das Verwalten Und Analysieren Von Großen Datenmengen (Big Data Management), Volker Markl, Alexander Löser, Thomas Hoeren, Helmut Krcmar, Holmer Hemsen, Michael Schermann, Matthias Gottlieb, Christoph Buchmüller, Philip Uecker, Till Bitter Apr 2016

Innovationspotentialanalyse Für Die Neuen Technologien Für Das Verwalten Und Analysieren Von Großen Datenmengen (Big Data Management), Volker Markl, Alexander Löser, Thomas Hoeren, Helmut Krcmar, Holmer Hemsen, Michael Schermann, Matthias Gottlieb, Christoph Buchmüller, Philip Uecker, Till Bitter

Michael Schermann

Die vorliegende Studie wurde durch einen Auftrag des BMWi zum Thema „Innovationspotentialanalyse für die neuen Technologien für das Verwalten und Analysieren von großen Datenmengen (Big Data Management)“ ermöglicht. Für das in uns gesetzte Vertrauen und die finanzielle Unterstützung möchten wir uns daher beim BMWi bedanken. Zudem möchten wir Frau Dr. Regine Gernert (Projektträger DLR) ganz herzlich Dank sagen für die fachliche und organisatorische Begleitung der Studie. Wir bedanken uns zudem bei den zahlreichen Mitarbeitern der jeweiligen Institute, die durch kritische Durchsicht der Studie und Kommentare dazu beigetragen haben die Studie zu verbessern. Für die Umsetzung des finalen Layout der Studie ...


Sources Of Gender Difference In Rural To Urban Migration In Kenya: Does Human Capital Matter?, Richard U. Agesa, Jacqueline Agesa Apr 2016

Sources Of Gender Difference In Rural To Urban Migration In Kenya: Does Human Capital Matter?, Richard U. Agesa, Jacqueline Agesa

Jacqueline Agesa

Using data from Kenya this article estimates the urban to rural gender gap in the rate of migration and then decomposes the gap into the explained portion and the portion due to gender differences in coefficients. The former is further decomposed to unveil the relative influence of each explanatory variable on the explained portion of the gender gap in the rate of migration. A non-trivial finding suggests that human capital variables may exert the strongest influence on gender differences in migration, partially explaining the higher incidence of male migration.


A World Ranking Of The Top 100 Hospitality And Tourism Programs, Denver Severt, Dana Tesone, Tim Bottorff, Monica Carpenter Mar 2016

A World Ranking Of The Top 100 Hospitality And Tourism Programs, Denver Severt, Dana Tesone, Tim Bottorff, Monica Carpenter

Tim Bottorff

The article provides an analysis of scholarly contributions to 11 hospitality and tourism refereed journals for the years 2002 to 2006. It presents the top 100 programs as ranked by instances of publications across 11 journals for a recent 5-year period. For the 5-year period, results indicate The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in the top position based on sums of instances, authors, and articles. Second, the researchers updated, modified, and extended a previous study published by the Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research for similar information for the years 1992 to 2001. Following the update, an additional 15-year aggregate snapshot of ...


Urban Beach Venues: Vulnerability And Sustainability In The Face Of Climate Change, Michael Raybould, David Anning, Liz Fredline, Dan Ware Mar 2016

Urban Beach Venues: Vulnerability And Sustainability In The Face Of Climate Change, Michael Raybould, David Anning, Liz Fredline, Dan Ware

Michael Raybould

This paper investigates the threats to beach venues posed by climate change and attempts to identify strategies that might be adopted by coastal managers and event managers to ensure that beaches continue to be viable event and recreation venues into the future. Analysis of coastal management research, local council records and tender documents, maps and plans of coastal works identifies six specific strategies for minimising the impacts of climate change on beach venues. These strategies aim to protect existing beach venues, increase the supply of alternative venues, minimise the event tourism impacts of negative media coverage of beach erosion events ...


Parsing Out The Effects Of Personal Consumption Norms And Industry Influences On Food Consumption Volume, Natalina Zlatevska, Mark Spence Mar 2016

Parsing Out The Effects Of Personal Consumption Norms And Industry Influences On Food Consumption Volume, Natalina Zlatevska, Mark Spence

Mark Spence

Purpose

Norms have received attention as a factor influencing food consumption volume although a lack of clarity persists concerning what these norms are and how they affect behaviour. The supposition tested herein is that individuals possess personal consumption norms, idiosyncratic reference points to which they target behaviour. These personal consumption norms are related to the amount of food consumed independent of industry influences, specifically the size of the package offered and the perceived healthiness of the food. We also examine the extent to which one’s commitment to adhere to their personal consumption norm (referred to as ‘commitment to norm ...


Is More Always Better? Risk Trade-Offs Among Internationalizing New Ventures, Stephanie Fernhaber, Patricia Mcdougall-Covin Mar 2016

Is More Always Better? Risk Trade-Offs Among Internationalizing New Ventures, Stephanie Fernhaber, Patricia Mcdougall-Covin

Stephanie A. Fernhaber

Purpose
– The purpose of this paper is to investigate how ventures manage the negative returns associated with higher levels of internationalization. Many new ventures are internationalizing to fully exploit new innovations and/or gain access to larger markets. Yet at some point the rising costs associated with internationalization outweigh any benefits, resulting in an inverted U-shaped relationship between internationalization and performance.
Design/methodology/approach
– New ventures are theorized to better manage high levels of internationalization by limiting exposure to other sources of risk. This can be achieved by leveraging greater size and/or limiting simultaneous diversification efforts on product innovation ...


Effects Of Team Cognition And Constraint On New Product Ideation, Tanawat Hirunyawipada, Audhesh Paswan Mar 2016

Effects Of Team Cognition And Constraint On New Product Ideation, Tanawat Hirunyawipada, Audhesh Paswan

Tanawat Hirunyawipada

Idea generation is a critical activity in new product development. This study investigates the effects of ideation team's cognitive depth (specialization) and breadth (diverse expertise) as well as goal constraint on the generation of new product ideas. Focusing on the determinants of new product idea development helps articulate the mechanisms to generate more useful and novel product ideas. The findings indicate that specialization and diverse expertise affect idea novelty directly, albeit differently. Goal constraint helps enhance the usefulness dimension of new product ideas, but has little effect on the newness dimension of the ideas. Finally, goal constraint helps harness ...


Use Of Benchmarks In Predicting Earnings Management?, Richard Kent, James Routledge Mar 2016

Use Of Benchmarks In Predicting Earnings Management?, Richard Kent, James Routledge

James Routledge

This study conducts multiple approaches to identify whether earnings benchmarks are an indicator for earnings management within the Australian market. We investigate firms reporting small positive earnings and small positive earnings changes, referred to as benchmark beaters. Accrual quality models, earnings distributions and earnings persistence measures are applied to identify whether benchmark beating firms are manipulating earnings. Our findings suggest that the small positive earnings benchmark attracts earnings managers. However, we do not identify any evidence to indicate that the positive earnings change benchmark is a signal for earnings management.


The Association Between Audit Partner Rotation And Audit Fees: Empirical Evidence From The Australian Market, Jenny Steward, Pamela Kent, James Routledge Mar 2016

The Association Between Audit Partner Rotation And Audit Fees: Empirical Evidence From The Australian Market, Jenny Steward, Pamela Kent, James Routledge

James Routledge

We examine the relation between audit partner rotation and audit fees for a sample of Australian firms from 2007 to 2010. We find a significant positive association between audit fees and partner rotation in the year of rotation. The association persists in the first year post rotation and to a lesser extent in the second year post rotation. Our analysis suggests that higher audit fees are associated with both mandatory and voluntary partner rotation. However, when we divide the sample into large global clients, mid-level clients and small local clients, we find that mandatory and voluntary rotation are associated with ...


Audit Committee Incentive Compensation And Accounting Restatements, Deborah Archambeault, F. Todd Dezoort, Dana Hermanson Mar 2016

Audit Committee Incentive Compensation And Accounting Restatements, Deborah Archambeault, F. Todd Dezoort, Dana Hermanson

Deborah Archambeault

This study investigates whether incentive-based compensation for audit committee members is associated with accounting restatements. We use an agency framework to predict that short-term (long-term) incentive compensation for audit committee members will increase (decrease) the likelihood of accounting restatements due to error or fraud. Using a matched-sample logistic regression with 153 restatement and 153 nonrestatement companies, we find the predicted positive relation between short-term incentive compensation (short-term stock option grants) for audit committee members and likelihood of restatement. However, the long-term incentive compensation results contradict prediction and indicate a significant positive relation between audit committee member long-term incentive compensation {long-term ...


Audit Committee Effectiveness: A Synthesis Of The Empirical Audit Committee Literature, F. Todd Dezoort, Dana R. Hermanson, Deborah S. Archambeault, Scott A. Reed Mar 2016

Audit Committee Effectiveness: A Synthesis Of The Empirical Audit Committee Literature, F. Todd Dezoort, Dana R. Hermanson, Deborah S. Archambeault, Scott A. Reed

Deborah Archambeault

The article describes the factors that contribute to audit committee effectiveness. An effective audit committee has qualified members with the authority and resources to protect stakeholder interests by ensuring reliable financial reporting, internal controls, and risk management through its diligent oversight efforts. The determinants of audit committee effectiveness includes the audit committee composition, authority, resources and diligence. The major U.S. stock exchanges require that audit committees be composed of at least three independent, financially literate directors. Team issues also are relevant when considering audit committee composition. The audit committee derives its authority from the full board of directors, federal ...


Using Mixed Methods To Measure The Perception Of Community Capacity In An Academic–Community Partnership For A Walking Intervention, Charkarra Anderson-Lewis, Diana Castellanos, Arnecca Byrd, Karen Zynda, Alicia Sample, Vickie Reed, Mary Beard, Latessa Minor, Kathleen Yadrick Mar 2016

Using Mixed Methods To Measure The Perception Of Community Capacity In An Academic–Community Partnership For A Walking Intervention, Charkarra Anderson-Lewis, Diana Castellanos, Arnecca Byrd, Karen Zynda, Alicia Sample, Vickie Reed, Mary Beard, Latessa Minor, Kathleen Yadrick

Diana Cuy Castellanos

H.U.B. City Steps is a 5-year community-based participatory research walking intervention designed to help lower blood pressure in a majority African American population in southern Mississippi via community collaboration and capacity building, increased walking, culturally tailored health education sessions, and motivational interviewing. Building community capacity for physical activity is a key component of this intervention. Qualitative and quantitative methods have been used to assess how project stakeholders perceive the community capacity-building efforts of the project. This article illustrates the baseline results of this mixed methods approach from the perspective of three groups of stakeholders: project researchers and staff ...


Individuals Approaching Retirement Have Options (Literally) To Secure A Comfortable Retirement, Bryan Foltice Mar 2016

Individuals Approaching Retirement Have Options (Literally) To Secure A Comfortable Retirement, Bryan Foltice

Bryan Foltice

This article examines the critical final five-year period leading up to retirement and analyzes whether traditional asset-allocation strategies effectively and consistently assist individuals in reaching their retirement income goals as they approach retirement. These traditional strategies are evaluated against alternative, option-based investment strategies that assure a certain amount of retirement income, after adjusting for inflation, while maximizing stock participation with the remaining funds in the portfolio through the use of options. In this simulation, we find higher overall expected yields in the traditional investment strategies over the evaluated five-year period. However, after applying a constant relative risk aversion (CRRA) coefficient ...


In Equations We Trust? Formula Learning Effects On The Exponential Growth Bias, Bryan Foltice, Thomas Langer Mar 2016

In Equations We Trust? Formula Learning Effects On The Exponential Growth Bias, Bryan Foltice, Thomas Langer

Bryan Foltice

This paper evaluates the possible benefits and drawbacks of the formal formula learning of compound growth as it pertains to eliminating, or at least reducing, the exponential growth bias in various household savings and debt decisions. In our main experimental study, we determine if the ability to calculate the simple compound savings formula only assists in its direct area of application with an available calculator, or if this knowledge extends into similar exponentially-based savings and debt decisions when either a calculator is prohibited or when the formula is unknown. In the process of tackling this research question, we develop a ...


Evidence Based Practice Research Survey, Kathleen Abrahamson, Priscilla Arling, Jenna Gillette, Kathy Wyngarden, Cathy Schwartz Mar 2016

Evidence Based Practice Research Survey, Kathleen Abrahamson, Priscilla Arling, Jenna Gillette, Kathy Wyngarden, Cathy Schwartz

Priscilla Arling

In the spring and summer of 2011, CPM Consortium members were invited to participate in a descriptive research study examining knowledge of and beliefs surrounding evidence-based practice (EBP) within healthcare organizations. This study, in partnership with Regenstrief Institute, is the first step in a series of studies regarding transformation science. These research studies are part of the CPM Transformation Science journey that was ‘kicked off’ at the 2009 Consortium Transformation Science Summit.


Ringing The Bell: Does It Matter And Why?, Steven Dolvin, Hinh Khieu, Mark Pyles Mar 2016

Ringing The Bell: Does It Matter And Why?, Steven Dolvin, Hinh Khieu, Mark Pyles

Steven D. Dolvin

We explore the ongoing debate between market efficiency and behavioral finance by examining the market’ s reaction to what most investors would consider an information-neutral event: a firm ringing the opening or closing bell on the NYSE. Consistent with behavioral theories, we find that firms who ring the opening bell experience, on average, a positive abnormal return on the event day; however, we find that the reaction is concentrated in a particular group of participants. Specifically, we find the abnormal returns are driven almost entirely by firms who are celebrating the transfer of their stock listing to the NYSE. Given ...


The Impact Of Board Structure On Ipo Underpricing, Steven Dolvin, Jack Kirby Mar 2016

The Impact Of Board Structure On Ipo Underpricing, Steven Dolvin, Jack Kirby

Steven D. Dolvin

Prior research has examined the impact of board structure on firm performance and found that characteristics such as board size affect both operating and stock price performance. Existing research has concentrated primarily on performance in periods well removed from a firm’s initial public offering (IPO), and relatively little research has examined the impact of board structure on the stock price performance of IPOs, particularly with regard to characteristics other than board size. This study fills this gap, finding that the key board characteristic is the percentage external directors on the board. The authors find that the greater the percentage ...


Unpacking Unintended Consequences In Planned Organizationalchanges: A Process Model, Guowei Jian Mar 2016

Unpacking Unintended Consequences In Planned Organizationalchanges: A Process Model, Guowei Jian

Guowei Jian

The author develops a process model of the unintended consequences in planned organizational change that draws on the structuration, organizational change, and organizational tension literatures. The model depicts the communicative actions of both senior management and employees and reveals the dynamic through which unintended consequences unfold. The model extends theoretical understandings of planned organizational change and discusses how future research can build a dialectic and dialogic model of planned change focused on employee participation. The author illustrates the model with a case study of organizational change and its unintended consequences. The article concludes with insights on change management for practitioners ...


Where Do I Stand? The Interaction Of Leader–Member Exchange And Performance Ratings, Hassan Baker, Guowei Jian, Gail Fairhurst Mar 2016

Where Do I Stand? The Interaction Of Leader–Member Exchange And Performance Ratings, Hassan Baker, Guowei Jian, Gail Fairhurst

Guowei Jian

The congruence model of leader–member exchange (LMX) quality predicts that agreement between leader and members regarding relationship quality is associated with follower performance. However, questions remain over how cultural relational norms influence congruence. This study, based on a government-linked international joint venture in Malaysia, investigates cultural relational norms in relation to leader–member agreement on relational quality and leader evaluation of member performance. Our findings revealed that LMX quality agreement was related to in-role and extra-role performance among dyadic relationships conforming to Malaysian cultural norms. This study contributes to understanding how cultural relational norms provide conditions to the congruence ...


Aggression In Mixed Martial Arts: An Analysis Of The Likelihood Of Winning A Decision, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero Mar 2016

Aggression In Mixed Martial Arts: An Analysis Of The Likelihood Of Winning A Decision, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero

Trevor Collier

Within the last decade, mixed martial arts has become one of the most popular sports worldwide. The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is the largest and most successful organization within the industry. In the USA, however, the sport is not sanctioned in all states because some politicians view the sport as too violent. The sport consists of many fighting forms and, unlike boxing, winning a decision requires judging in multiple facets including wrestling, boxing, kickboxing, and jiu-jitsu. In this study, we estimate the likelihood of winning a decision in the UFC. Using data on individual fights, we estimate the probability of ...