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Organizational Behavior and Theory

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Articles 1 - 30 of 3816

Full-Text Articles in Business

The Principles Of Organizational Inaction, Roger A. Lohmann Jan 2019

The Principles Of Organizational Inaction, Roger A. Lohmann

Faculty Scholarship

Organization inaction and the absence of change are seriously understudied topics. This article (a spoof) reports on a research problem that identifies and studies four principles of organizational inaction: The time, subject matter, group size and controversy theorems together and separately explain a great deal of committee and organizational inaction. The article also introduces innovative techniques of invariant statistics and mystery sampling. The article is an extensive rewrite of a 'research report' that originally appeared in a peer-reviewed administrative humor journal, The Bureaucrat, in 1979.


Coping Mechanisms To Failure And Adversity, Jacob Thorpe Jan 2019

Coping Mechanisms To Failure And Adversity, Jacob Thorpe

Marriott Student Review

No abstract provided.


The Empathetic Leader, Sarah Romney Jan 2019

The Empathetic Leader, Sarah Romney

Marriott Student Review

Research shows that “empathy” is an important quality in a leader and improves one’s ability to resolve group needs, obtain followers, perform prosocial behaviors, and get positive results. However, many business students do not recognize the value of empathy. Business schools can help improve this by teaching the importance of empathy and giving students the opportunity to develop it.


An Indentured Servant: The Impact Of Green Card Waiting Time On The Life Of Highly Skilled Indian Immigrants In The United States Of America, Pooja B. Vijayakumar, Christopher J. L. Cunningham Jan 2019

An Indentured Servant: The Impact Of Green Card Waiting Time On The Life Of Highly Skilled Indian Immigrants In The United States Of America, Pooja B. Vijayakumar, Christopher J. L. Cunningham

Industrial and Organizational Psychology Translational Research and Working Papers

Highlighting the archaic immigration system in the United States of America (US), the present study demonstrates for the first time the impact of green card waiting time on the work and family life of Indian immigrants living in the US. Our present findings show that 93.4% of our participants are very concerned about the estimated green card waiting time in the US. We find 70% of the total participants are seriously thinking at the present time about emigrating to a more visa-friendly country. Also, 30% of the participants have already applied for permanent residency in a visa friendly country ...


General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe Jan 2019

General Mental Ability And Goal Type As Antecedents Of Recurrent Adaptive Task Performance, Michael D. Howe

Management Publications

Even though considerable work has demonstrated a robust positive relationship between general mental ability (GMA) and task performance, recent work indicates that the expected relationship may not hold in the context of adaptive performance. By integrating the concept of choking, or performing worse than expected, with goal theory, the present work advances a theoretical framework aimed at furthering our understanding of how and when GMA is most likely to meaningfully impact performance. Drawing on this perspective, we propose that the relationship between GMA and adaptive performance is uniquely dependent on the type of goal individuals are striving to achieve. Additionally ...


Unethical Leadership And Followers’ Deviance: The Mediating Role Of Perception Of Politics And Injustice, Zeleke Asnakew, Yibeltal Mekonnen Jan 2019

Unethical Leadership And Followers’ Deviance: The Mediating Role Of Perception Of Politics And Injustice, Zeleke Asnakew, Yibeltal Mekonnen

The Journal of Values-Based Leadership

This paper posits that unethical leadership behavior increases followers’ deviance by increasing perception of injustice and politics in organizations. More specifically, perception of politics and injustice mediates the relationship between unethical leadership behavior and followers’ deviance. By using data from 262 employees of various public organizations in Ethiopia, we confirmed our hypothesis. Further, the result of multiple regression confirmed that the relationship between unethical leadership behavior and followers’ deviance would be stronger when followers develop a perception of politics in the workplace.


Training Program Effectiveness In Building Workforce Agility And Resilience, Olya Taran Jan 2019

Training Program Effectiveness In Building Workforce Agility And Resilience, Olya Taran

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Decades of qualitative case studies suggest that organizations must be able to deal with change effectively to compete and survive. Many researchers have linked higher workforce levels of agility and resilience to organizations' abilities to deal with change more successfully; however, there is a scarcity of empirical research addressing the efficacy of agility and resilience development in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively examine the development of workforce resilience and agility, as measured by FIT for Change assessment. The theory of planned behavior was the study's theoretical framework, theorizing that changing attitudes and beliefs about ...


Mindspace And Development Of Organizational Culture In Aviation Safety Management, Wilson Gilliam Jr Jan 2019

Mindspace And Development Of Organizational Culture In Aviation Safety Management, Wilson Gilliam Jr

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Abstract

The organization’s role in establishing a culture fertile for safety development, risk management and mitigation is paramount. Barriers to the effectiveness of aviation safety systems may emerge when human biases interfere with the basic processes of safety management systems. Biases come in many forms and can serve as unconscious discriminatory behaviors against a person’s race, gender, sexual orientation, profession, skill level or other characteristic. Biases can also result from instinctive reactions and habitual patterns serving to protect one’s status, sense of belonging, desire to be viewed as normal and other characteristics. Minimizing biases within an organization ...


Senior-Level African American Women, Underrepresentation, And Career Decision-Making, Marquita Barron Jan 2019

Senior-Level African American Women, Underrepresentation, And Career Decision-Making, Marquita Barron

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In 2015, 0.2% of African American women were in chief executive officer (CEO) roles and 1.2% were in executive or senior-level roles within a 500 Standard & Poor's (S&P) organization. African American women's lived experiences are underutilized by organizational and human resources (HR) leaders in the development and implementation of recruitment, talent development, diversity and inclusion, and succession planning strategies. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to understand lived experiences regarding career advancement decision-making strategies for senior-level African American women. The conceptual framework used was social cognitive career theory (SCCT), which addresses the â ...


Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Perceived Meaning In Work, Denise Jones Jan 2019

Relationship Between Transformational Leadership And Perceived Meaning In Work, Denise Jones

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Researchers have conducted correlational studies on transformational leadership and perceived meaning in work; however, researchers have not used an experimental design to examine the relationship between transformational leadership and perceived meaning in work. The purpose of this study was to determine whether reading information on transformational leadership, which focused on charisma and individualized consideration, influenced participants' hypothetical judgment of perceived meaning in work. The quantitative study included a 2 x 2 between-subjects design in which information on the independent variables of charisma and individualized consideration was manipulated in a description of a hypothetical leader. The dependent variable was the hypothetical ...


Understanding Coping Strategies And Behaviors Of Employees Affected By Toxic Leadership, Jerry A. Morris, Jr. Jan 2019

Understanding Coping Strategies And Behaviors Of Employees Affected By Toxic Leadership, Jerry A. Morris, Jr.

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Toxic leaders affect nearly half of the U.S. employee base and create environments in which followers, peers, and staff might be less effective due to stress, devaluation, and potential job loss. A multiple case study approach was used to understand what coping strategies employees use to reduce the negative effects of toxic leadership on themselves, other employees, and the overall workplace; and to understand the behaviors that result from these strategies. The purposeful and snowball sample consisted of 29 participants within the United States, ages 30 to 65, who worked within two or more organizations and who either directly ...


The Effect Of Workplace Characteristics On Millennial Worker Organizational Commitment, Karen Elizabeth Heizman Jan 2019

The Effect Of Workplace Characteristics On Millennial Worker Organizational Commitment, Karen Elizabeth Heizman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Existing research on the Millennial generation has focused on identifying the workplace attributions and stereotypes between generations, and the relationship between those attributions and stereotypes, as related to organizational commitment. However, research has not addressed which workplace characteristics influence organizational commitment of the Millennial generation. Herzberg's 2-factor theory was used to investigate the relationship between workplace characteristics and organizational commitment of the Millennial generation. The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether workplace characteristics influence organizational commitment in the Millennial generation. This quantitative study used the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire. A convenience sample ...


Development And Validation Of The Workplace Dignity Scale, Benjamin Thomas, Kristen Lucas Dec 2018

Development And Validation Of The Workplace Dignity Scale, Benjamin Thomas, Kristen Lucas

Kristen Lucas

As organizational scholars have become critically attuned to human flourishing in the workplace, interest in workplace dignity has grown rapidly. Yet, a valid scale to measure employees’ perceptions of dignity in the workplace has yet to be developed, thereby limiting potential empirical insights. To fill this need, we conducted a systematic, multi‐study scale development project. Using data generated from focus groups (N = 62), an expert panel (N = 11), and two surveys (N = 401 and N = 542), we developed and validated an 18‐item Workplace Dignity Scale (WDS). Our studies reveal evidence in support of the WDS’s psychometric properties ...


Gendered Companies, Gendered Security, Joseph Bongiovi, Lisa Leitz Dec 2018

Gendered Companies, Gendered Security, Joseph Bongiovi, Lisa Leitz

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Do Source Or Host Contry Practices Dominate In Female Executive Hiring?, Alessandra Gonzalez Dec 2018

Do Source Or Host Contry Practices Dominate In Female Executive Hiring?, Alessandra Gonzalez

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


"We Have Nothing Against Women": How Business Imperatives Tie The Hands Of Elite Business Organizations, Pernilla Bolander, Karin Svedberg Helgesson, Ebba Sjögren Dec 2018

"We Have Nothing Against Women": How Business Imperatives Tie The Hands Of Elite Business Organizations, Pernilla Bolander, Karin Svedberg Helgesson, Ebba Sjögren

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Early Priorities And Adult Employment Outcomes, Julie Wellmann Dec 2018

Early Priorities And Adult Employment Outcomes, Julie Wellmann

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Sexual Harassment Of Hospitality Student Interns, Joseph "Mick" La Lopa, Robert H. Woods Dec 2018

Sexual Harassment Of Hospitality Student Interns, Joseph "Mick" La Lopa, Robert H. Woods

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Gender Competence Bias Communication At Work: Exploring Mansplaining, Voice Nonrecognition, And Interruption Behaviors, Catlin Q. Briggs, Danielle Gardner, Ann Marie Ryan Dec 2018

Gender Competence Bias Communication At Work: Exploring Mansplaining, Voice Nonrecognition, And Interruption Behaviors, Catlin Q. Briggs, Danielle Gardner, Ann Marie Ryan

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Can Self-Affirmation Reduce Backlash?, Chiara Trombini, Hannah R. Bowles, Celia Moore Dec 2018

Can Self-Affirmation Reduce Backlash?, Chiara Trombini, Hannah R. Bowles, Celia Moore

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Generating Power Currency: Afro-Diasporic Women Navigating The Black Ceiling, Samantha E. Erskine, Estelle Archibold, Diana Bilimoria Dec 2018

Generating Power Currency: Afro-Diasporic Women Navigating The Black Ceiling, Samantha E. Erskine, Estelle Archibold, Diana Bilimoria

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Glass Cliff Or Invisible Bridge? How Intersectional Invisibility Allows Black Women Executives To Turn Risk Into Oportunity, Alexis S. Washington, Marla B. Watkins, Jamie Ladge Dec 2018

Glass Cliff Or Invisible Bridge? How Intersectional Invisibility Allows Black Women Executives To Turn Risk Into Oportunity, Alexis S. Washington, Marla B. Watkins, Jamie Ladge

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Identity Partners: Facilitating Women's Development Of Improbable Work Identities, Elise B. Jones Dec 2018

Identity Partners: Facilitating Women's Development Of Improbable Work Identities, Elise B. Jones

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Women's Leadership Identity Emergence, Ruth Sealy Dec 2018

Women's Leadership Identity Emergence, Ruth Sealy

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Developing Future Leaders: Examining The Predictors And Consequence Of Leader Identity, Donna Chrobot-Mason, Kristen Campbell Dec 2018

Developing Future Leaders: Examining The Predictors And Consequence Of Leader Identity, Donna Chrobot-Mason, Kristen Campbell

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


How Much Do We Really Know About Women And Entrepreneurship? A Meta-Analysis And Research Call, David Gaddis Ross, Dognhyun Shin Dec 2018

How Much Do We Really Know About Women And Entrepreneurship? A Meta-Analysis And Research Call, David Gaddis Ross, Dognhyun Shin

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


The Gender Composition Of Firms And Risk-Taking Behavior: Evidence From Mutual Funds, Cristian L. Dezso, Evan Rawley, David Gaddis Ross Dec 2018

The Gender Composition Of Firms And Risk-Taking Behavior: Evidence From Mutual Funds, Cristian L. Dezso, Evan Rawley, David Gaddis Ross

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Why Should Women Actively Serve On The Family Business Board?, Georges Samara, Dima Jamali, Maria Lapeira Dec 2018

Why Should Women Actively Serve On The Family Business Board?, Georges Samara, Dima Jamali, Maria Lapeira

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Women In Boards: Does Their Presence Matter For The Gender Diversity Of Executive Positions In The Companies? And Can We Rely On The Existing Explanations?, Sigtona Halrynjo, Mary Blair-Loy Dec 2018

Women In Boards: Does Their Presence Matter For The Gender Diversity Of Executive Positions In The Companies? And Can We Rely On The Existing Explanations?, Sigtona Halrynjo, Mary Blair-Loy

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Beyond The C-Suite: Women's Access, Entry, And Engagement In Community Elites, Danna Greenberg, Wendy Murphy Dec 2018

Beyond The C-Suite: Women's Access, Entry, And Engagement In Community Elites, Danna Greenberg, Wendy Murphy

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.