Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3307

Full-Text Articles in Business

Personality Configurations In Teams: A Comparison Of Compilation And Composition Models, Kathryn Ostermeier, Mark Davis, Robert Pavur May 2020

Personality Configurations In Teams: A Comparison Of Compilation And Composition Models, Kathryn Ostermeier, Mark Davis, Robert Pavur

Management Department Journal Articles

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the facilitating and inhibiting influence of team-level negative affectivity and conscientiousness on a dyad of emergent states, adopting and comparing both the composition and compilation perspectives.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected over three time points from 410 undergraduate students nested within cross-functional project teams (N = 62). The data, including individual self-reports and judges’ ratings of team performance, were aggregated to the team-level using both composition (mean) and compilation (skewness) approaches.

Findings

The findings indicate that mean-levels of negative affectivity were associated with decreased psychological safety. The use of skewed conscientiousness ...


Qlime-A Quadratic Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanation Approach, Steven Bramhall, Hayley Horn, Michael Tieu, Nibhrat Lohia Apr 2020

Qlime-A Quadratic Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanation Approach, Steven Bramhall, Hayley Horn, Michael Tieu, Nibhrat Lohia

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we introduce a proof of concept that addresses the assumption and limitation of linear local boundaries by Local Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations (LIME), a popular technique used to add interpretability and explainability to black box models. LIME is a versatile explainer capable of handling different types of data and models. At the local level, LIME creates a linear relationship for a given prediction through generated sample points to present feature importance. We redefine the linear relationships presented by LIME as quadratic relationships and expand its flexibility in non-linear cases and improve the accuracy of feature interpretations. We coin ...


An Analysis Of Dredge Efficiency For Surfclam And Ocean Quahog Commercial Dredges, Leanne Poussard Apr 2020

An Analysis Of Dredge Efficiency For Surfclam And Ocean Quahog Commercial Dredges, Leanne Poussard

Master's Theses

Between 1997 and 2011, The National Marine Fisheries Service conducted 50 depletion experiments to estimate survey gear efficiency and stock density for Atlantic surfclam (Spisula solidissima) and ocean quahog (Arctica islandica) populations using commercial hydraulic dredges. The Patch Model was formulated to estimate gear efficiency and organism density from the data. The range of efficiencies estimated is substantial, leading to uncertainty in the application of these estimates in stock assessment. Analysis of depletion experiment simulations showed that uncertainty in the estimates of gear efficiency from depletion experiments was reduced by higher numbers of dredge tows per experiment, more tow overlap ...


The Macroeconomic And Cultural Microcosms Of Global Groceries, Emily C. Mccluskey, Stephanie A. Barton Apr 2020

The Macroeconomic And Cultural Microcosms Of Global Groceries, Emily C. Mccluskey, Stephanie A. Barton

Senior Theses

The aim of this thesis is to understand the global grocery market and to present a framework to assist sector players in developing go-to-market strategies as they expand abroad. In order to holistically study the cultural and economic implications of grocery stores across the world, we first selected six unique countries to focus our research: Singapore, Brazil, Chile, Australia, Germany, and the United States. In addition to having personally traveled to each of these countries, we chose to analyze these six very different markets in order to include a wide range of cultures and levels of economic development. We found ...


Analyzing Local Alcohol Vendor Inventory Management Strategy, Angelo J. Amore Apr 2020

Analyzing Local Alcohol Vendor Inventory Management Strategy, Angelo J. Amore

Senior Theses

This paper attempts to analyze how local alcohol vendors maintain their inventory throughout the year in Columbia, attempting to manage factors such as the season, sporting events, and other public gatherings and events. The research question resulted in contacting over 30 local alcohol vendors in Columbia, to ask them questions regarding their strategy in alcohol inventory management. The responses to these questions were then used to organize the vendors into groups by whether or not they utilize a reorder point to purchase/brew alcohol, or if they utilize periodic ordering. The vendors were also asked to rank the seasons from ...


Value Innovation Activities In The Wireless Telecommunications Service Sector: A Case Study Of The Malaysian Market, Mohammed A. Hajar, Daing Nasir Ibrahim, Mohd Ridzuan Darun, Mohammed A. Al-Sharafi Mar 2020

Value Innovation Activities In The Wireless Telecommunications Service Sector: A Case Study Of The Malaysian Market, Mohammed A. Hajar, Daing Nasir Ibrahim, Mohd Ridzuan Darun, Mohammed A. Al-Sharafi

Journal of Global Business Insights

Innovation has become an important source of growth and survival for the telecom industry, especially with the highly competitive, dynamic business environment of this sector. The telecom market attributes of liberalization, privatization and globalization result in fierce competition, which aggravates telecom firms’ challenges to expand their market share, and hence, increase customer base, sales volume, and ultimately profit. A new strategy to succeed is innovation differentiation, which leads to breaking out the competition and creating uncongested market space. The aim of this paper is to highlight the logic of value innovation in the wireless telecom sector. A qualitative research approach ...


Parent/Guardian Experience: How Schools Can Improve The Parent Experience And How That Leads To Positive Outcomes., Wesley H. Walters Mar 2020

Parent/Guardian Experience: How Schools Can Improve The Parent Experience And How That Leads To Positive Outcomes., Wesley H. Walters

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

Parent/Guardian eXperience: How creating an awesome Parent/guardian experience can lead to increased parent participation, and how parent participation leads to success of the student & the overall success of the school. The goal of this presentation is to engage parents in their child’s school experience by building a genuine connection with the school and a positive parent experience.


Mad-Lib Style Game Sheet For Calculating Returns, Brett Whysel Jan 2020

Mad-Lib Style Game Sheet For Calculating Returns, Brett Whysel

Open Educational Resources

A short activity in which students pair up, fill in blanks with nouns, numbers, etc., creating their own practice problems to calculate returns.


Bayesian Analysis In Strategic Management Research: Time To Update Your Priors, Brian T. Mccann, Andreas Schwab Jan 2020

Bayesian Analysis In Strategic Management Research: Time To Update Your Priors, Brian T. Mccann, Andreas Schwab

Management Publications

Bayesian statistical methods offer an important and increasingly endorsed alternative to traditional statistical significance testing. This paper presents a brief introduction to Bayesian methods, providing guidance to strategic management researchers who may wish to incorporate these methods into their research. We describe the advantages of Bayesian approaches and explain the steps involved in conducting and reporting a Bayesian analysis. For illustration, we provide a sample analysis, including all associated code using version 15 of Stata, which features significantly augmented Bayesian capabilities.


Teaming At A Distance: The Work Experience On Global Virtual Teams, Lejla Bilal Maley Jan 2020

Teaming At A Distance: The Work Experience On Global Virtual Teams, Lejla Bilal Maley

Dissertations & Theses

Global Virtual Teams (GVTs) enable organizations to become more flexible, and to adapt and react to turbulent, complex and dynamic environments. These teams span boundaries such as space, time, and geography, working collaboratively to achieve a shared purpose. Due to their reliance on technology for communication, knowledge sharing, and project management, structural and nonstructural components of their design must exist to enable these teams to exist and flourish at the edge of innovation. The human experience of working in virtual teams remains insufficiently observed, yet crucial to their sustainability. This dissertation study employed an exploratory sequential mixed methods design to ...


Airport Ceos And The Decentralized System Of Airports: A Case Study, Marjan Mazza Jan 2020

Airport Ceos And The Decentralized System Of Airports: A Case Study, Marjan Mazza

Publications

The job of the airport CEO is complex with responsibility for the security and safety of a large and dynamic facility and, yet the FAA does not have regulatory qualification and performance standards for the position. The purpose of this qualitative multi-case study was to explore the primary attributes that could be the leading indicators in the event national standards for the hiring of airport CEOs are pursued at major commercial airports. The guiding conceptual framework of the study was to combine competency with the concept of training and development. Airport CEOs from six airport facilities were interviewed, and an ...


Understanding Employee Engagement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Joren M. Scharn Dec 2019

Understanding Employee Engagement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Joren M. Scharn

Theses & Dissertations

For over 4 decades businesses around the world have been conducting employee satisfaction surveys at regular intervals and this surfaced a strong positive relationship between employee satisfaction, customer satisfaction, and overall company performance. In recent years however, academics and researchers have reopened the debate on whether employee or job satisfaction metrics are in fact reliable indicators of productivity, suggesting that employee engagement has a far stronger correlation to productivity. This study addresses two interrelated problems that are associated with a practice that is common in working environments all over the world. According to literature, it is generally accepted that (a ...


Optimal Pricing And Treatment Policies In Health Care, Gregory J. Critchley Nov 2019

Optimal Pricing And Treatment Policies In Health Care, Gregory J. Critchley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Health care decision makers are faced with many types of uncertainty. There may be uncertainty in the benefit a new treatment provides, uncertainty in the demand for the new treatment, and uncertainty in the drug approval process. In three essays, I study the impact of various types of uncertainty within health care systems.

In the first essay, I study the welfare properties of six practical pharmaceutical pricing and access policies. Using a game theoretic approach, I find that when demand can be influenced by costly marketing effort, there are meaningful differences to the desirability of various pricing and listing agreements ...


Corporate Social Responsibility And Likelihood Of Financial Distress, Ying Zheng, Yong Wang, Crystal Jiang Nov 2019

Corporate Social Responsibility And Likelihood Of Financial Distress, Ying Zheng, Yong Wang, Crystal Jiang

Management Department Journal Articles

Does doing good to society make firms less likely to have financial trouble? This paper looks at the benefit of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and examines whether firms’ CSR engagement affects their chance of falling into financial distress. After analyzing a broad U.S. database spanning 25 years from 1991 to 2015, we find that CSR engagement indeed reduces the likelihood of firms falling into financial distress, and the results are statistically robust and economically significant. Further, we find the impact of CSR on the likelihood of financial distress is more pronounced in economic downturns and for firms with high ...


Suffering From Whiplash? The Effects Of Pencil Whipping On Data Variability In The Safety Industry, Maira Compagnone, Royale Nicholson, Sam Biggs, Connor Linden, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Philip Hinson, Yalcin Acikgoz Oct 2019

Suffering From Whiplash? The Effects Of Pencil Whipping On Data Variability In The Safety Industry, Maira Compagnone, Royale Nicholson, Sam Biggs, Connor Linden, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Philip Hinson, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Big data is being used by organizations to identify trends and predict future safety incidents. However, analytics using big data relies heavily on data quality, which can be compromised by a lack of data variability. In the safety industry, the data reports most frequently analyzed include checklists that are filled out by managers and operators, and research is being attempted to link the variables from these reports to safety outcomes. A major obstacle is the reduced variability in these reports due to a phenomenon known as “pencil whipping.” Pencil whipping occurs when an employee completes a safety checklist during behavior-based ...


Does A Quota A Day Keep The (Safety) Doctor Away? The Effect Of Mandatory Observation Quotas On Safety Outcomes, Maira Compagnone, Ava Young, Rachel Bellflowers, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Yalcin Acikgoz Oct 2019

Does A Quota A Day Keep The (Safety) Doctor Away? The Effect Of Mandatory Observation Quotas On Safety Outcomes, Maira Compagnone, Ava Young, Rachel Bellflowers, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Injuries and fatalities continue to occur at high rates across industries (BLS, 2018) despite attempts from researchers and practitioners to identify risks and improve operating procedures. Data analysis is currently used across other industries to improve outcomes, and the safety industry is turning to the use of big data in an attempt to lower injury rates. Despite the growing body of research including both data and safety outcomes, little has been done to understand the mechanisms of one of the most popular intervention techniques, behavior-based safety (BBS). BBS relies on human observation techniques, along with checklists, which increases the amount ...


How Your I-O Psychology Training Has Prepared You Handle The Big, Complex, And Scary World Of Data Analytics, Shawn M. Bergman Oct 2019

How Your I-O Psychology Training Has Prepared You Handle The Big, Complex, And Scary World Of Data Analytics, Shawn M. Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Organizations, looking for new ways to collect and harness big data, are scouring the Internet in search of untapped outlets of information about job applicants and are using analytics on their internal big data generated by internal HRIS and processes. Despite being experts in organizational systems, quantitative and research methodologies, human behavior, and organizational change, human resource professionals are often intimidated by big data and analytics and are left out of critical analytic business planning, implementation, and evaluation conversations. While it is undeniable that technology has the capability to enhance human resource decision-making, the strong emphasis on technology also highlights ...


A Data Mining Approach To Building A Predictive Model Of Low-Cost Carriers' Presence In The U.S. Domestic Routes, Canh Nguyen, John E. Deaton, Nurettin Dinler Oct 2019

A Data Mining Approach To Building A Predictive Model Of Low-Cost Carriers' Presence In The U.S. Domestic Routes, Canh Nguyen, John E. Deaton, Nurettin Dinler

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

The purpose of the study was to build the predictive model of the presence of U.S. low-cost carriers (LCCs) in the domestic network structure. SEMMA (Sample, Explore, Modify, Model, and Assess) schematic in data mining was followed and employed as the primary methodological procedure. Data in the period of 1Q2016-1Q2018 were extracted from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (DB1B database) and reconstructed to form predictors. Stepwise logistic regression showed a significant predictive performance compared to decision tree technique in terms of fitting measures, which was then used as the concluding model. Significant predictors included: (1) Market concentration positively related ...


Multi-Generational Workforce Strategies For 21st Century Managers, Gail M. Cushing Oct 2019

Multi-Generational Workforce Strategies For 21st Century Managers, Gail M. Cushing

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

At any given time, managers can employ up to five generations of individuals in the workplace. Each generational cohort enhances the workplace with their own belief system, habits, attitude, and work expectations. The manager's responsibility to both the organization and the workforce is to bring all the employees together to foster shared values and work towards the organization’s common goal. The aim of this qualitative collective case study was to investigate the strategies managers use to direct a multigenerational workforce in today’s marketplace. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews from managers in the banking, educational, grocery, medical ...


Application Of Critical Chain Project Management To The Production Part Approval Process, David Podolak Oct 2019

Application Of Critical Chain Project Management To The Production Part Approval Process, David Podolak

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Daicel Safety Systems Americas, INC has traditionally utilized various methods to manage project completions including the Critical Path Method (CPM). Though these methods have led to successful project completions, they often come with adverse effects. Due to the amount of literature and advancement in the project management discipline, alternative options such as Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM) have gained popularity. CCPM seeks to perfect the CPM approach by recognizing resource constraints and the critical chains dependency on them while safeguarding completion dates with buffers. CCPM offers project managers an option to remove resource inefficiency and stalling while meeting deadlines.

The ...


Big-Data Talent Analytics In The Public Sector: A Promotion And Firing Model Of Employees At Federal Agencies, Rabih Neouchi Oct 2019

Big-Data Talent Analytics In The Public Sector: A Promotion And Firing Model Of Employees At Federal Agencies, Rabih Neouchi

Engineering Management, Information, and Systems Research Theses and Dissertations

Talent analytics is a relatively new area of focus to researchers working in analytics and data science. Talent Analytics has the potential to help companies make many informed critical decisions around talent acquisition, promotion and retention. This work investigates data science to predict “shiny star” employees in the U.S. public sector, defined as top-notch performers over the years of a given time span. Its scope falls within talent analytics, also called people analytics, a relatively new research area.

We clean a data set made available by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and present two models to ...


Essays On The Economics Of Digital Piracy, Zhuang Liu Sep 2019

Essays On The Economics Of Digital Piracy, Zhuang Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters relating to the economics of digital piracy. Digital piracy is a debated topic catching tremendous academic and public attention. My studies contribute to the understanding of the impact of digital piracy on legitimate sales revenue with a focus on the motion picture industry.

In my first chapter, I examine the effects of screener piracy on the movie box office. Screeners are movie copies sent to critics and industry professionals for evaluation purposes. Sometimes, screeners are leaked and made available to download on the Internet. This chapter exploits the plausibly exogenous variation of file sharing ...


Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston Sep 2019

Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston

Peter Ralston

Firms recognize that working together through collaborative relationships offers potential benefits such as improving cooperation, information sharing, and overall performance. An additional and extremely valuable benefit of working together is the potential for creating innovative business approaches and solutions. Thus, developing external linkages has become a higher priority within many organizations. Boundary spanning employees offer one means of achieving closer cross‐firm relationships. We investigate the roles of boundary spanners by examining service providers and their relationships with customers. More specifically, we examine boundary spanning employees that are physically on‐site at customer facilities. Results provide strong support that boundary ...


Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty Sep 2019

Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty

Peter Ralston

Purpose – The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the impact of logistics salience on logistics capabilities and performance. Specifically, the impact of logistics salience on logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation is measured along with logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation effect on logistics performance. Design/methodology/approach – Conclusions were drawn from survey data gathered from logistics and supply chain managers at US firms. Structural equation modelling was utilized to measure the statistical significance of the hypothesized model paths with all findings meeting the basic requirements of interpretation. Findings – The results suggest that logistics salience positively impacts both logistics ...


The Use Of Performance Measurement In Universities Of Pakistan, Muhammad Tanveer, Asif Mahbub Karim Dr. Sep 2019

The Use Of Performance Measurement In Universities Of Pakistan, Muhammad Tanveer, Asif Mahbub Karim Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Purpose: The performance measurement includes collecting the information regarding the individual’s performance to analyze for the reporting. . Performance measurement’s main aspect is to identify the exertion are being achieved or not. This is the main purpose of performance measurement in the current study of Pakistani Universities. Moreover, the focus on the performance measurement is still not very strong in Pakistani educational system. Few observations made from the recent studies are that the enrollment in the university has been raised up to a great extent from past few years.

Methodology: This research paper is focus on “The Use of ...


A Study In Three Practical Management Science Problems, John S.F. Lyons Aug 2019

A Study In Three Practical Management Science Problems, John S.F. Lyons

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study of practical problems in Management Science (MS) describes novel mathematical models for three different decision settings. It addresses questions of: (a) what optimal route should be taken through a time-windows and topographically complex network; (b) what optimal sequencing of scheduled surgeries best coordinates flow of patients through central recovery; and (c) what prices should be charged and what stock amounts should be produced for two markets or channels to maximize profit explicitly, given various capacity and uncertainty conditions.

The first problem is in a sport analytics context, using a novel Integer Programming and big data from Whistler-Blackcomb ski ...


Supply Chain Collaboration: A Literature Review And Empirical Analysis To Investigate Uncertainty And Collaborative Benefits In Regards To Their Practical Impact On Collaboration And Performance, Peter Ralston Aug 2019

Supply Chain Collaboration: A Literature Review And Empirical Analysis To Investigate Uncertainty And Collaborative Benefits In Regards To Their Practical Impact On Collaboration And Performance, Peter Ralston

Peter Ralston

This dissertation investigates supply chain collaboration. Supply chain collaboration is defined as a long-term relationship where participants generally cooperate, share information, and work together to plan and even modify their business practices to improve joint performance (Whipple et al., 2010). Analyzing supply chain collaboration provides researchers further understanding of the concept as we seek to move the body of knowledge related to supply chain collaboration forward. Investigating supply chain collaboration delivers practical value to firm managers by seeking methods to increase supply chain collaboration success, identifying what factors lead to, or are generated from, successful collaboration, and determining firm performance ...


Corporate Entrepreneurship Of Emerging Market Firms: Current Research And Future Directions, Irem Demirkan, Qin Yang, Crystal X. Jiang Aug 2019

Corporate Entrepreneurship Of Emerging Market Firms: Current Research And Future Directions, Irem Demirkan, Qin Yang, Crystal X. Jiang

Management Department Journal Articles

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the current state of corporate entrepreneurship (CE) of emerging market firms (EMFs) and provide direction for future research on the topic.

Design/methodology/approach – The authors specifically review the recent literature between the years 2000 and 2019 on CE with the keywords “corporate entrepreneurship,” “emerging economies” and “emerging countries” published in the Australian Business Deans Council list journals. The authors review the existing literature about CE in emerging markets, summarize current achievements and present an agenda for future research.

Findings – Based on the review, the authors categorized the macro and micro ...


A Quasi-Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Experience Staging Techniques On Engagement, Emerson Ferrell Watanabe Aug 2019

A Quasi-Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Experience Staging Techniques On Engagement, Emerson Ferrell Watanabe

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of experience staging techniques (personalization through co-creation and multisensory stimuli) on engagement level. This study also explores the possible contribution of experience staging techniques as practical tools that recreation professionals can use to better engage participants in recreation activities and events. A 2-way univariate ANOVA revealed no significant relationship between the use of co-creative and multisensory stimulating techniques and engagement levels in participants (F (3,200) = .263, p = .826, partial η2 = .004). Practical applications for recreation professionals and further research opportunities are discussed.


Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis Jul 2019

Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis

Ilker Karaca

Highway administrators, engineers, and researchers often face problems for which information already exists, either in documented form or as undocumented experience and practice. This information may be fragmented, scattered, and unevaluated. As a consequence, full knowledge of what has been learned about a problem may not be brought to bear on its solution. Costly research findings may go unused, valuable experience may be overlooked, and due consideration may not be given to recommended practices for solving or alleviating the problem. There is information on nearly every subject of concern to highway administrators and engineers. Much of it derives from research ...