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1991

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

W.J. Cash: A Life (Book Review), Edward L. Ayers Dec 1991

W.J. Cash: A Life (Book Review), Edward L. Ayers

History Faculty Publications

Review of the book, W.J. Cash: A Life by Bruce Clayton. Baton Rouge: Louisiana University Press, 1991.


Crime, Drugs, And Race, Wornie L. Reed Sep 1991

Crime, Drugs, And Race, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

The crime and criminal record statistics of black Americans are frightening; and they keep getting worse. These figures, of course, give us pause. Yet, it must be kept in mind that none of these figures demonstrates that blacks as a race are more prone to crime. Rather, the figures show that the average black person in the United States is more likely than the average white person to be so situated in the social structure that he or she is more likely to be involved in crime, with an even higher likelihood of being arrested, convicted, and imprisoned.


African-Americans And The Administration Of Justice, E. Yvonne Moss, Roy Austin, Nolan Jones, Barry A. Krisberg, Hubert G. Locke, Michael L. Radelet, Susan Welch Sep 1991

African-Americans And The Administration Of Justice, E. Yvonne Moss, Roy Austin, Nolan Jones, Barry A. Krisberg, Hubert G. Locke, Michael L. Radelet, Susan Welch

Trotter Review

The status of African Americans in relationship to the administration of justice has improved since the 1940s. Significantly, however, researchers continue to find racial discrimination and racial disadvantage operating in various aspects of the criminal justice process in numerous jurisdictions. Such findings are unacceptable in a society that claims to honor equal justice under law.

This article is reprinted from Summary, Volume 1 of the Assessment of the Status of African-Americans series, published in 1990 by the William Monroe Trotter Institute, University of Massachusetts at Boston, and edited by Wornie L. Reed. Materials included in the article were adapted from ...


Trends In Homicide Among African-Americans, Wornie L. Reed Sep 1991

Trends In Homicide Among African-Americans, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

Homicide is a particularly significant phenomenon for African Americans because it is the leading cause of death for young black men and women. Blacks, who make up some 12% of the population in the country, account for 44% of all murder victims. Thus, reducing homicide deaths among American population groups, particularly among young black males, is a growing public concern. The term homicide refers to any killing of one person by another. In this chapter the phenomenon and the changing trends of homicide among African Americans over the past 30 to 40 years will be examined.


Blacks In Bridge, Wornie L. Reed Sep 1991

Blacks In Bridge, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

Two events in the spring of 1991 brought to mind the long battle to integrate the American Contract Bridge League (ACBL), which barely beat out the Boston Red Sox in integrating its membership. One was the closing of the famous Cavendish Bridge Club in New York City; the other was a bridge tournament that combined the efforts of ACBL and ABA (American Bridge Association) clubs in the Washington, D.C. area. The ABA is the national association of black bridge players. Both events appear to have been precipitated by a decline in the number of bridge players as the baby ...


Sports Notes, Wornie L. Reed Sep 1991

Sports Notes, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

In the Winter/Spring 1991 issue of the Trotter Institute Review I reported that a black dentist from Boston, Dr. George F. Grant, invented and patented the golf tee in 1899. However, in the May 1991 issue of Golf Digest, a white man, Dr. William Lowell of New Jersey, another dentist, is credited with having invented the golf tee. Having read in a number of reputable publications that Dr. Grant had invented the golf tee, I was interested in finding out how a second man could have been credited so readily with the development of the tee. So I contacted ...


Zora Neale Hurston: The Voice Of The Goddess, Mella Davis Aug 1991

Zora Neale Hurston: The Voice Of The Goddess, Mella Davis

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Zara Neale Purston has re-emerged as an author of promise due to the re-appraisal of her works led by Alice Walker and Robert Hemenway. In both literary and folklore academic circles, Hurston's work has been reclaimed by African-American female scholars and writers, but still a significant study has yet to be done about her ethnographic contributions to folklore and her farsightedness in fieldwork methodology. This thesis seeks to validate her work as a folklorist, thereby dismissing the charges of popularization and amateurishness by re-examining her work. Mules and Men and Jonah's Gourd Vine are Hurston's two most ...


Black, Brown, Poor & Poisoned: Minority Grassroots Environmentalism And The Quest For Eco-Justice, Regina Austin, Michael H. Schill Jul 1991

Black, Brown, Poor & Poisoned: Minority Grassroots Environmentalism And The Quest For Eco-Justice, Regina Austin, Michael H. Schill

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Ua68/13/4 Limited Edition, Vol. 8, No. 1, Wku Journalism Jun 1991

Ua68/13/4 Limited Edition, Vol. 8, No. 1, Wku Journalism

WKU Archives Records

Newspaper created by students participating in the Minority Journalism Workshop hosted by the WKU Journalism Department.

  • Cunningham, Lashafta. Minority Retention too Low at Western, CHE Charges
  • Green, Lakisha. Children Receive Love and Hugs from Caring Foster Grandparents
  • Donigan, Annecta. Students Anticipate Little Change Despite CHE Visit
  • Sims, Antriece. Journalism Family Tradition for Merv, Eleska Aubespin
  • Brown, Karen. Commitment, Dedication, Hard Work Make Automobile Dealership Successful - Cornelius Martin
  • Brown, karen. Joe Denning Contributes by Serving Community
  • Allen, April. Class Meets Class at Corvette Assembly Plant
  • Ewing, Brad. AIMS Program Gives Minorities a Shot at Success
  • Moon, Aisha. It's Time to ...


Patterns Of Race Hate In The Americas Before 1800, Rhett S. Jones Jun 1991

Patterns Of Race Hate In The Americas Before 1800, Rhett S. Jones

Trotter Review

The recent growth in the study of the African diaspora reflected in a number of comparative studies calls attention to the ways in which the black experience in the United States — and the thirteen British colonies in North America that preceded its formation — differs from that of blacks elsewhere in the Americas. This paper examines the unique form of race hatred that emerged in North America and places that hatred in the cultural context of race relations in the hemisphere.


Still The Long Journey: Thoughts Concerning The State Of Afro-American History, Charles Pete T. Banner-Haley Jun 1991

Still The Long Journey: Thoughts Concerning The State Of Afro-American History, Charles Pete T. Banner-Haley

Trotter Review

Now that Afro-American history is within the mainstream of scholarly discourse, it has become important to take a serious look at the contributions that the last three decades have produced. Of course, that would take more time than I have today, but it may be useful to talk of the latest developments and what they portend for future studies in the discipline and how they have affected my own research and thinking. The areas that I would like to look at today concern the revision of the recent past, the re-emphasis of the centrality of Afro-American history, and the evolving ...


The Death Of Markus Lopius: Fact Of Fantasy? First Documented Presence Of A Black Man In Oregon, August 16, 1788, Darrell Millner Jun 1991

The Death Of Markus Lopius: Fact Of Fantasy? First Documented Presence Of A Black Man In Oregon, August 16, 1788, Darrell Millner

Trotter Review

The introduction of the American presence in the early Pacific Northwest has traditionally been portrayed as an exclusively Caucasian endeavor. But with the recent emergence of ethnic studies as a legitimate academic discipline and the development of competent scholars from diverse ethnic and racial backgrounds, the traditional perspectives on this period of exploration have been broadened and revised. One benefit of this new scholarship is the story of the first documented presence of a black man in the area known today as Oregon. Markus Lopius came to and died in Oregon in 1788.


Commentary: Characteristics Of African-American Leadership, Wornie L. Reed Jun 1991

Commentary: Characteristics Of African-American Leadership, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

Discussions about the progress of African-Americans frequently involve discussions about the nature and strength of black leadership and leadership roles. Increasingly such discussions contend that with the growth and diversification of the African-American community there can be no one leader for a black America — if there ever was such a thing. Rather various individuals at different places and at different times are the leaders among African-Americans. As these arguments develop it may be useful to examine the nature of leadership in general and the historical patterns of African-American leadership in particular.


Two Tales Of A City: Nineteenth-Century Black Philadelphia, Nick Salvatore Apr 1991

Two Tales Of A City: Nineteenth-Century Black Philadelphia, Nick Salvatore

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In the tension between Forging Freedom and Roots of Violence certain themes present themselves for further research and thought. Neither volume successfully analyzes the historical roots of the African-American class structure. This is especially evident in each book's treatment of the black middling orders. While neither defines the category with clarity, their basic assumption that small shopkeepers and regularly employed workers were critical to the community's ability to withstand some of the worst shocks of racism is important. The clash between these books also raises questions concerning the role of pre-industrial cultural values in the transition to ...


African Americans And The Future Of The U.S. Economy, Lou Ferleger, Jay R. Mandle Jan 1991

African Americans And The Future Of The U.S. Economy, Lou Ferleger, Jay R. Mandle

Trotter Review

For the first time in the country's history, the level of skills and education of the African-American labor force is a critical determinant of the potential for growth of the economy itself. The integration of black labor into the economy now means that the development of one is dependent upon the development of the other. To investigate this relationship we first examine the recent performance of the economy and the consequences of that performance for the black standard of living, and then the role the African-American labor force can play in overcoming the economic deficiencies that have plagued the ...


Economic Prescriptions For Black Americans, Jeremiah P. Cotton Jan 1991

Economic Prescriptions For Black Americans, Jeremiah P. Cotton

Trotter Review

The following is a policy statement issued October 12, 1989, by the "Study Group on Employment, Income, and Occupations" of the Assessment of the Status of African-Americans project conducted by the William Monroe Trotter Institute. The full report of the study group is published in an article entitled "Race and Inequality in the Managerial Age," which appears in Social, Political, and Economic Issues in Black America.

One of the major conclusions of this report on the relative economic status of blacks in the United States is that a substantial and persisting gap exists between the general circumstances of blacks and ...


Blacks In Golf, Wornie L. Reed Jan 1991

Blacks In Golf, Wornie L. Reed

Trotter Review

From 1961 until the mid-1980s a weekend ritual was repeated by many African Americans who follow golf. For these individuals, each weekend morning included a peek at the standings of the weekly Professional Golf Association (PGA) tournament printed in the newspaper to see how the black golfers were doing and whether any one of them was the tournament leader or was close enough to the lead to win the tournament. As the 1980s came to an end anyone still practicing the old ritual was doing so in vain. No blacks were winning tournaments on the regular PGA Tour, nor were ...


African Americans And The Bible: Outline Of An Interpretive History, Vincent L. Wimbush Jan 1991

African Americans And The Bible: Outline Of An Interpretive History, Vincent L. Wimbush

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Since every reading of important texts, especially mythic or religious texts, reflects a "reading" or assessment of one's world, and since the Bible has from the founding of the nation served as an icon, a history of African Americans' historical readings of the Bible is likely to reflect their historical self-understandings—as Africans in America.


Ua1f Wku Archives Vertical File - Football, Wku Archives Jan 1991

Ua1f Wku Archives Vertical File - Football, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Records

Digitized vertical file materials regarding the WKU football team in 1991.


An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields Jan 1991

An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to determine if on-campus versus off-campus housing location affected academic achievement among African-American students. The major objective was to survey and provide information on the different types of accommodations, African-American students' concerns, and how these affected their academic achievement. The results of this study indicated that there is no significant difference between the academic performance of African-American students residing on-campus and those who lived off-campus using grade point average as a measure. However, a relationship existed between the students' Scholastic Aptitude and American College Testing scores and their academic performance (GPA);The interviews ...


The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Black Male Student-Athletes Retention And Graduation Rates At A Predominantly White Institution, Dennis Ross

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Ua19/17/1/4 Wku Football Media Guide, Wku Athletic Media Relations Jan 1991

Ua19/17/1/4 Wku Football Media Guide, Wku Athletic Media Relations

WKU Archives Records

WKU football media guide for 1991.


A Case Study Of Black West Indian Migrants In Urban Canada: The Decision To Migrate, Patrick Richardson Jan 1991

A Case Study Of Black West Indian Migrants In Urban Canada: The Decision To Migrate, Patrick Richardson

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The main purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which traditional models of the migration decision making process adequately account for and describe the decision making process of black West Indian immigrants in Canada. Traditional models of the migration decision making process have suggested that individuals migrate after a rational comparison of place utilities (Wolpert, 1964; Roseman, 1971). These human capital models of migration (De Jong et al, 1981) suggest that individuals, acting in a very rational manner, seek always to maximize their “profits” at an optimum location. However, this study suggests that in the case of ...


Stretching The Chains: Runaway Slaves In South Carolina And Jamaica, Jan Mark Williams Jan 1991

Stretching The Chains: Runaway Slaves In South Carolina And Jamaica, Jan Mark Williams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Free African-American Archeology: Interpreting An Antebellum Farmstead, Robin Leigh Ryder Jan 1991

Free African-American Archeology: Interpreting An Antebellum Farmstead, Robin Leigh Ryder

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Womanpower In The Civil Rights Movement, Yvette Hutchinson Jan 1991

Womanpower In The Civil Rights Movement, Yvette Hutchinson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.