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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Philadelphia 1772 Tax List (Complete) Matched With 1775 Constables Returns, Billy G. Smith, Gary B. Nash Dec 2018

Philadelphia 1772 Tax List (Complete) Matched With 1775 Constables Returns, Billy G. Smith, Gary B. Nash

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

This dataset contains Everyone on THE 1772 TAX LIST FOR PHILADELPHIA (10 WARDS) & Suburbs (NORTHERN LIBERTIES AND SOUTHWARK). Also included is information from “matching” taxpayers with a sample of 50% of the 1775 Constables Return from Philadelphia. Added to the 1772 tax list is information for taxpayers who also received assistance from various agencies for whom records are still extant. (Project 50)


Before Black Boys Are Criminalized?: Race, Boyhood, And School Discipline In Early Childhood, Calvin Rashaud Zimmermann Jan 2018

Before Black Boys Are Criminalized?: Race, Boyhood, And School Discipline In Early Childhood, Calvin Rashaud Zimmermann

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The image of the “criminal” black male is one that shapes the social experiences of black males in U.S. society. The racialized and gendered representation of black males as criminal, primarily through the depiction of the “thug,” functions to justify various forms of social marginalization including disproportionate school suspension, mass incarceration, and even death. Research and policy often describe the source of these problems as a product of black males’ culturally deviant behaviors, and thus, minimize the role of race and racism in producing these outcomes. Thus, social and educational discourse frequently depict black males as the source of ...


Touching Paranoia: A Black Feminist Autoethnography On Race, Desire, And Erotic Massage, Jasmine Salters Jan 2016

Touching Paranoia: A Black Feminist Autoethnography On Race, Desire, And Erotic Massage, Jasmine Salters

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Despite declarations of a “post-race” America, race and racism continue to pervade all aspects of American life and society—from our laws and language to our daily interactions and erotic desires. Drawing on five years of ethnographic research at a Black-owned adult massage studio in Los Angeles County, California, Touching Paranoia focuses on the experiences of erotic masseuses of color (Black, Latina, Filipina, and mixed-race) to examine the ways race and racism infiltrate our intimate encounters and fantasies, and how women of color—who exist at the intersection of race, gender, class, and the economy—navigate and negotiate prejudice in ...


Empire Unbound - Imperial Citizenship, Race And Diaspora In The Making Of South Africa, Khwezi Mkhize Jan 2015

Empire Unbound - Imperial Citizenship, Race And Diaspora In The Making Of South Africa, Khwezi Mkhize

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"Empire Unbound" is an exploration of the history and politics of empire and imperial citizenship that went into the making of South Africa before the Second World War. The making of racial difference in South Africa is often located in the temporal and political terrain that is Apartheid (1948-1994). In this dissertation I look to the history of South Africa in the long nineteenth century and recuperate the frameworks of empire and imperial citizenship in making sense of struggles for belonging. Empire, both as a form of government and imaginary, invokes a degree of scale that exceeds the nation-state. It ...


Too Fast: Coloniality And Time In Wylers Of St. Kitts And Nevis, Jessica Swanston Baker Jan 2015

Too Fast: Coloniality And Time In Wylers Of St. Kitts And Nevis, Jessica Swanston Baker

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Wylers, the popular music most strongly associated with the annual Christmas carnival in St. Kitts and Nevis, is generally regarded as â??too fast.â?? And yet, while wylers is broadly understood as â??too fast,â?? metric analysis of representative songs does not indicate a major difference in tempo or beats per minute between wylers and other, widely accepted, popular Caribbean music such as Trinidadian Power soca or Dominican bouyon. Why, then, is wylers perceived as â??too fast?â?? What is at stake in making this claimâ??that is, too fast for whom or for what? This dissertation ...


Policing, Race, And Politics In Chicago, Peter Constantine Pihos Jan 2015

Policing, Race, And Politics In Chicago, Peter Constantine Pihos

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Policing, Race, and Politics in Chicago asks how local political institutions structured the relationship between race and policing in Chicago. It follows Renault Robinson, the Afro-American Patrolmen’s League, and their allies, as they challenged both a political order in which black politicians and voters played critical roles and a Police Department that had the most black officers of any in the United States by the early 1960s. Their activism impelled recognition that Richard J. Daley’s Democratic Party and city government simultaneously incorporated and subordinated black urbanites. Daley’s political monopoly forced the League to seek leverage outside of ...


Black Semiosis: Young Liberian Transnationals Mediating Black Subjectivity And Black Heterogeneity, Krystal A. Smalls Jan 2015

Black Semiosis: Young Liberian Transnationals Mediating Black Subjectivity And Black Heterogeneity, Krystal A. Smalls

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

From the colonization of the “Dark Continent,” to the global industry that turned black bodies into chattel, to the total absence of modern Africa from most American public school curricula, to superfluous representations of African primitivity in mainstream media, to the unflinching state-sanctioned murders of unarmed black people in the Americas, antiblackness and anti-black racism have been part and parcel to modernity, swathing centuries and continents, and seeping into the tiny spaces and moments that constitute social reality for most black-identified human beings. The daily living and theorizing of a small group of twenty-something young people from Liberia provide the ...


Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf Jan 2013

Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the narrative strategies and performative devices of African-American politics in the post-civil rights era. My inquiry focuses on demagoguery--a term dating from classical antiquity--in order to implicate it in African-American political discourses, in particular those of Tavis Smiley's former State of the Black Union, 2000-2010. Indeed, I posit that Smiley's former annual event is an important site for thinking about modern black demagoguery and the aestheticization of black politics. Through close readings and original transcriptions of Louis Farrakhan (b. 1933), Cornel West (b. 1953), and Michael Eric Dyson (b. 1958), I show that the inevitable ...


African Americans From "Back Yonder": The Historical Archaeology Of The Formation, Maintenance, And Dissolution Of The American Enclave In Samanã¡, Dominican Republic, Kristen R. Fellows Jan 2013

African Americans From "Back Yonder": The Historical Archaeology Of The Formation, Maintenance, And Dissolution Of The American Enclave In Samanã¡, Dominican Republic, Kristen R. Fellows

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

By the end of 1825, 6,000 African Americans had left the United States to settle in the free black Republic of Haiti. After arriving on the island, 200 immigrants formed an enclave in what is now Samaná, Dominican Republic. The Americans in Samaná continued to speak English, remained Protestant (in a country of devout Catholics), and retained American cultural practices for over 150 years. Relying on historical archaeological methods, this dissertation explores the processes of community formation, maintenance, and dissolution, while paying particular attention to intersections of race and nation. Fieldwork took place in the Spring and Summer of ...


The Mobocratic City: Race, Space And Citizenship In Nineteenth Century Philadelphia, Andrew Crocco Jan 2013

The Mobocratic City: Race, Space And Citizenship In Nineteenth Century Philadelphia, Andrew Crocco

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on publics and the public sphere to argue that communication theory should investigate connections across discourse, space, and practice in the creation and maintenance of publics. I chose antebellum Philadelphia as my test case for two reasons. First, theorists such as Jurgen Habermas have identified the antebellum period as the time when the public sphere ceased to be maintained through face-to-face relations and became connected by means of the news media. Second, tremendous social and political conflict also characterized this period when categories considered by communications theory to be discursively constructed, such as "race" and "nation," were ...


What Is On The Other Side Of The Tracks? A Spatial Examination Of Neighborhood Boundaries And Segregation, Rory Kramer Jan 2012

What Is On The Other Side Of The Tracks? A Spatial Examination Of Neighborhood Boundaries And Segregation, Rory Kramer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Space has always been a critical component of the sociological study of racial inequality, yet it has rarely been the central focus of empirical projects. Studies of segregation, an inherently spatial concept, have relied on techniques that are aspatial introduce an unknown amount of error into their results. This project extends standard spatial analytic techniques to the sociological study of racial segregation, using Philadelphia as its case study. By introducing non-euclidean kernel density analysis to the study of racial segregation, the project explores how a more visual and more spatially informed approach changes the geography of racial segregation. A more ...


Raising Race Questions: Whiteness, Education And Inquiry In Seven Teacher Case Studies, Ali Michael Jan 2012

Raising Race Questions: Whiteness, Education And Inquiry In Seven Teacher Case Studies, Ali Michael

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Race matters in schools. In addition to the highly publicized racialized achievement gap, race has historically determined who can access education and what kind of education people receive. Additionally, teachers and students bring racial identities to school that impact how they relate to one another, to the school community and to the curriculum. Finally, schools are places where race gets constructed. This study uses qualitative and action research methods to do research with teachers—rather than on teachers—as they learn about how and why race matters in education—and what that means for their classrooms. Because 85% of the ...


"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger Dec 2010

"We Are The Revolutionaries": Visibility, Protest, And Racial Formation In 1970s Prison Radicalism, Dan Berger

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes black and Puerto Rican prison protest in the 1970s. I argue that prisoners elucidated a nationalist philosophy of racial formation that saw racism as a site of confinement but racial identity as a vehicle for emancipation. Trying to force the country to see its sites of punishment as discriminatory locations of repression, prisoners used spectacular confrontation to dramatize their conditions of confinement as epitomizing American inequality. I investigate this radicalism as an effort to secure visibility, understood here as a metric of collective consciousness. In documenting the ways prisoners were symbols and spokespeople of 1970s racial protest ...