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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Trajectories In Religious Development Among African American Young Adults, Yuk C. Pang Jan 2017

Trajectories In Religious Development Among African American Young Adults, Yuk C. Pang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Religiosity and spirituality have been an important component within the African American culture throughout U.S. history. Previous research has documented the importance of religion to African Americans, particularly in terms of coping with the negative experiences they face in the U.S. While many studies have focused on the positive impact of religiosity and spirituality on African American’s mental health, fewer studies have addressed change in African American’s religiosity over time, especially during the period when they transition from adolescence into young adulthood. Adolescence is a crucial developmental transition and can disclose a tremendous amount of knowledge ...


Contemporary Portrayals Of Blacks And Mixed-Blacks In Lead Roles: Confronting Historical Stereotypes Of African Americans On The Big Screen, Melissa Ann Garrett Jan 2017

Contemporary Portrayals Of Blacks And Mixed-Blacks In Lead Roles: Confronting Historical Stereotypes Of African Americans On The Big Screen, Melissa Ann Garrett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines portrayals of lead characters played by black and mixed-black men and women in four contemporary top-grossing box office films released from 2010-2015. The qualitative textual analysis assesses whether leads played by black or mixed-black people conform to or stray from Hollywood’s historical messages that have allowed for racial and gender inequalities on screen. By cross-analyzing characters in terms of genre and gender and forming an understanding of how each character functions in their respective narratives, my analysis identified four major themes. Lead characters played by black and mixed-black people are shown a) having broken or absent ...


Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin Jan 2017

Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

African-American students continue to face high attrition rates in graduate education. The goal of this thesis project was to gauge perceptions of the challenges those students face in graduate school at Iowa State University, a major land-grant institution in the Midwest. Focus groups were conducted and revealed several important themes, as follows: communication, funding and resources, peer/faculty mentoring, connectivity vs isolation, contributions from fellow graduate students and drive and expectations of self. Two key concepts that emerged from the focus group discussions were self-efficacy and social capital. The participants recommended better communication with university executives, department faculty as well ...


Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Lashanta Kennedy Benson Jan 2017

Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Lashanta Kennedy Benson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of Black female fashion design entrepreneurs by examining how they launched, financed and successfully maintained their businesses. Fifteen female fashion designers, ages 25 to 50 years old, who identified as Black or African American, participated in this study. The participants also met three out of the following criteria: (a) have completed a fashion design certificate or degree program, (b) design and produce a line at least twice a year, (c) participate in at least two fashion shows a year, (d) rely on their fashion design business as their primary source ...


Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens Jan 2016

Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on how four Black women described their retention and persistence; how institutional retention efforts support or hinder Black women’s perceptions of their ability to persist; and how institutional programs, processes, and policies can be transformed to support the retention and persistence of Black women attending community college. In 2012, 38 percent of Black women in college were enrolled in community colleges, 60 percent were over the age of 25, and 65.3 percent were considered low income.

Although there has been extensive research conducted on retention and persistence broadly, only two studies were identified that focused ...


The Meaning Of Type 2 Diabetes To A Sample Of African American Adults And Their Adult Children, Margaret Cathryn O'Connor Jan 2016

The Meaning Of Type 2 Diabetes To A Sample Of African American Adults And Their Adult Children, Margaret Cathryn O'Connor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research has explored how illness and its meaning can impact families (Scollan-Koliopoulos, 2004). However, there is limited literature on the interaction between parents who are ill and their adult children, and how family history influences communication about the illness. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate the communication between African American parents diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their African American adult children, especially because of the high rate of T2D in this population. More specifically, this study used the Family Systems Illness Model and Illness Narrative to investigate the meaning that T2D had in the lives ...


Still In The Fight: The Struggle For Community In The Upper Midwest For African American Civil War Veterans, Dwain Conrad Coleman Jan 2016

Still In The Fight: The Struggle For Community In The Upper Midwest For African American Civil War Veterans, Dwain Conrad Coleman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Civil War and Emancipation had a transformative effect on the nation as a whole but an even greater effect on the lives of African Americans. While historians have examined the effects of the Civil War and Emancipation on African Americans in the South in detail, few have explored the effects of such events on African Americans in the Upper Midwest.

Also lacking in this historiography is how the military service of African Americans affected the lives of these veterans and the communities in the Upper Midwest they helped to form after the Civil War. Using the black community of ...


The "Figuring World" Of Blackness Negotiated Through Rap Music, Jovan Hendrix Johnson Jan 2016

The "Figuring World" Of Blackness Negotiated Through Rap Music, Jovan Hendrix Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study looks at how young African-American males specifically in the state of Iowa construct their blackness in an environment where Blackness is lost in a White dominant space. I used Holland et al. theory “Figuring Worlds” as a foundation to how the study will go. In the theory, it explains that “social forces” or social expectations do not directly influence but dictate who we are and/or what we do govern people. I used rap music as a social force to examine rap music as a social force that governs who people are and what they do. Since rap ...


Church Dress: Oral Narratives Of African American Women, Beverly Ann Kemp Gatterson Jan 2016

Church Dress: Oral Narratives Of African American Women, Beverly Ann Kemp Gatterson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Abstract:

This study explored church dress of African American women. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why African American women today wear church dress and the significance of this dress. Through an oral history approach, ten participants ranging in age from 70 to 100 years old provided narrative which revealed major influencers on their style and what they have worn throughout their life span. The study explored the women’s experiences within the African American church and the importance it played in the lives of the community providing social, political, and educational support. Oral narratives ...


Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin Jan 2016

Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined the Civil Rights Movement, specifically focusing on hair and beauty choices of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18-25), between the years 1960-1974, which bridges both the classical period of the Civil Rights Movement and that of Black Power politics (Wilson, 2013). The specific time period corresponds with the adoption of African American hairstyles that were more Afrocentric, following the social climate of Black Pride (Walker, 2007). To achieve understanding of African American women's perspectives, seven participants were interviewed using Seidman's (2013) protocol for which a three-part, in-depth interview series was conducted. The ...


Source Credibility And Race: Black Viewers’ Responses To Television News Anchors, Pauli (Mayfield) Escobedo Jan 2015

Source Credibility And Race: Black Viewers’ Responses To Television News Anchors, Pauli (Mayfield) Escobedo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study used a qualitative approach to explore the impact of diversity on television through Black viewers' responses to newscasters of different races. The goal was to explore 1) the impact of a newscaster's race on his or her perceived credibility, 2) the perceived accuracy of news reports of racially driven stories, and 3) emotional responses provoked by the race of a newscaster. Twenty-two Black males participated in focus groups. Participants watched two sets of news clips, each followed by a series of questions. The first set of news clips included an assortment of random news stories, read by ...


The Role Of Soul: Stax Records And The Civil Rights Movement In Memphis, Tennessee, Jason Danielson Jan 2015

The Role Of Soul: Stax Records And The Civil Rights Movement In Memphis, Tennessee, Jason Danielson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scholarship of the civil rights movement developed academically constructed categories, creating binary understandings of the movement that did not capture the true nuance and complexity of specific circumstances. Music offers a lens through which to view the movement holistically, breaking down the essentialist binary interpretations through postmodern analysis of lyrics and music in its historical context. This work applies that approach to the music of Stax Records in the context of the civil rights movement in Memphis, Tennessee.

Much of the scholarship of the civil rights movement tended to establish four essentialist understandings, a method binary of integrationism versus nationalism ...


African American Mother's Socialization Of Daughter's Dress And Consumption Of Appearance-Related Products, Laporchia C. Davis Jan 2015

African American Mother's Socialization Of Daughter's Dress And Consumption Of Appearance-Related Products, Laporchia C. Davis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to explore how African American mothers socialize their daughters’ dress and consumption of appearance-related products. This study provides critical insights into how African American mothers serve as purposeful role models and how they employ teaching strategies to cultivate their daughters’ learning about being a Black female in America. Black feminist, Afrocentric, and standpoint theories guided the study to demonstrate how African American mothers are key agents in shaping their daughters development of understanding of social marginalization and how to deal with marginalization through self-presentation.

Sixteen mother–daughter pairs from Pine Bluff, Arkansas, were recruited ...


Examining Resources And Their Influence On Developmental Health Outcomes In Older African Americans, Meneka Johnson Jan 2015

Examining Resources And Their Influence On Developmental Health Outcomes In Older African Americans, Meneka Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this dissertation was to assess the psychosocial resources and their effect on developmental health outcomes in African-American older adults in their 60s, 80s, and 100s. One framework that was helpful in understanding the outcomes of aging African Americans was Hobfall's conservation of resources model (Hobfall, 1989). Three studies are presented and discussed using data from the Georgia Centenarian Study. The first study investigated the type and level of resources older African Americans report. In addition, age, gender, and cohort effects were examined to observe differences in the type and level of resources possessed. The second ...


The Unexpected Talented Tenth: Black D/Deaf Students Thriving Within The Margins, Lissa Denielle Stapleton Jan 2014

The Unexpected Talented Tenth: Black D/Deaf Students Thriving Within The Margins, Lissa Denielle Stapleton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study grew out of my own lived experiences working with d/Deaf college students as well as a handful of issues uncovered within the literature, particularly around racist and audist microaggressions on campus. In hopes of gaining insight into these issues, six Black d/Deaf alumni, which I refer to as the Unexpected Talented Tenth, joined me on a strength-based journey to co-construct the answers to three questions: (a) How did they make meaning of their undergraduate experiences? (b) How did they experience racial and audist microaggressions while navigating undergrad? (c) How did they use aspects of Black d ...


Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain Jan 2014

Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the experiences of African American female community college students who stop out, and interpret how their gender and race have influenced these lived experiences. Based on the research questions, a constructivist, narrative analysis was used to capture the experiences of the participants of this study as well as analyze the environment of their personal lives as the institution in which they have all attended.

A total of six participants were interviewed. Three semi-structured interviews were held to provide a clear understanding of each participant's experiences. When combined and analyzed, the narratives ...


The Effects Of Adolescent Stressors On African American Maternal Depression, Meneka Johnson Jan 2013

The Effects Of Adolescent Stressors On African American Maternal Depression, Meneka Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the African American community, women are the core that holds families together. These women consistently serve in multiple roles within their unique family structures. Like many women, African American women often overextend themselves and become highly involved within the lives of their loved ones, in a manner in which they take on family members' events, issues, and emotions as if they were their own experiences, especially the experiences of their children. This can be problematic for African American women because it can adversely affect their health, especially their mental health. The current study examined the relationship between child life ...


Borrowed Identity: The Tea Party And The Ethos Of Web Dubois' "Preacher", Pamela Jean Holt Jan 2013

Borrowed Identity: The Tea Party And The Ethos Of Web Dubois' "Preacher", Pamela Jean Holt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on WEB Du Bois' notion of the "Preacher," as defined in The Souls of Black Folk, this thesis explores the intersection of this traditionally black community figure with the leadership of the Tea Party. Du Bois's "Preacher," a figure characterized by a multiplicity of powerful leadership roles within the black church community, has been largely absent from rhetorical scholarship. I argue that the ethos of the "Preacher" has lately been appropriated by white, middle class political leaders, including Glenn Beck, Sarah Palin, and Michele Bachmann in an effort to form spiritual, charismatic relationships with their audiences. Through close ...


Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins Jan 2008

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the Family and Community Health Study, the present study analyzed the social relationships, attitudes, and behaviors of 766 Black and Biracial adolescents residing in Georgia and Iowa to note any significant differences as a function of racial identification. One factor involving social relationships showed a significant difference between the Black and Biracial girls: Biracial girls reported less ability to make and keep friends. Results indicate that attitudes regarding Black Pride and the perceptions of others who may engage in specific behaviors associated with masculine stereotypes were not statistically different between Black and Biracial adolescents. The behaviors included ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle Jan 2008

Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Overweight among preschool age children has increased at a rapid rate and is becoming a worldwide epidemic. Previous research suggests that overweight children are less active and have poorer motor skills than children of normal weight. The objective of this study was to assess motor skill and physical activity in low-income overweight and normal weight preschool children (ages 3--5 years) and determine the influence, if any, preschool activity policy had on children's activity levels.;Data were collected at low-income preschool centers (n = 5) in the state of Iowa. Children (n = 77) ages three to four years were included in ...


Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd Jan 2007

Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of my thesis was to research the preservation of African Heritage in the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro and the subsequent modernization of these Samba Schools and their entry into the world scene through globalization. Through these processes, Samba Schools are being recognized as a cultural product for export, and are receiving national and transnational sponsorships for whoever wants to display their image around the world. The paper also presents Carnaval as a festival related to religion, ethnicity and politics. In addition, this research shows the persistence of black Brazilians in preserving their heritage in their music ...


Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham Jan 2007

Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a trait-like disposition, optimism has received a wealth of research attention in connection with areas of physical and psychological well-being. However, less research attention has focused explicitly on the stability of optimism during adulthood. As such, we currently know very little about the long-term stability of optimism during middle adulthood, the developmental changes in optimism that occur across adulthood, or whether optimism changes in relation to specific life event experiences. The present research addressed these gaps in the optimism literature by examining stability and changes in optimism and pessimism over approximately nine years using longitudinal data from a sample ...


Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace Jan 2006

Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines neighborhood characteristics as predictors of parenting quality among African-American mothers. Drawing upon Wilson's (1996) ideas of how community conditions affect the urban poor, I examined protective qualities of community life including residential stability and social capital. I examined social capital in two separate social fields based on Wilkinson's (1970) field theory approach to community development. These two separate fields, community and organizational social capital were tested as predictors of African-American mothers' psychological well-being and parenting quality;Among the 759 African-American mothers who participated in this study, high residential stability significantly predicted community social capital but ...


Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne Jan 2006

Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For too long the universal leadership map for those interested in learning about leadership has drawn from the leadership values and beliefs of individuals whose life experiences do not fully represent the demographical changes that have occurred within the larger community (Parker, 2005). Consequently, African American women with intentions of using extant literature on leadership as a means or directional tool to gaining higher levels of personal and professional understanding of their own leadership approaches, inevitably confront a discourse shaped by the perceptions and experiences of White men and White women (Parker, 2005). To this end, exploration of leadership issues ...


Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill Jan 2006

Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the event of family breakdown, removing the child from the home is one of the most common forms of state intervention, and is one of the primary interventions provided when a parent experiences severe problems related to caring for their children. This investigation examined predictors and consequences of the transition from one primary caregiver to another among African American youth. The sample consisted of African American children being raised by various members of their families including biological parents, relatives, and non-relatives. Respondents were participants in a large-scale study of African American children and their families, the Family and Community ...


Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins Jan 2004

Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects that social capital has on racializing business networks. Racializing business networks refers to business networks in which all or the majority of its members are from one ethnic group or the goals of the networks are specifically designed for economic development/success for a particular ethnic group. I examine the differences between White-dominated and African American business networks in four mid-Western states (Iowa, Ohio, Minnesota, and Nebraska) using Portes and Sensenbrenner four components of economic social capital. The four components of economic social capital are value introjection, reciprocity transaction, bounded ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...