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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins Jan 2008

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the Family and Community Health Study, the present study analyzed the social relationships, attitudes, and behaviors of 766 Black and Biracial adolescents residing in Georgia and Iowa to note any significant differences as a function of racial identification. One factor involving social relationships showed a significant difference between the Black and Biracial girls: Biracial girls reported less ability to make and keep friends. Results indicate that attitudes regarding Black Pride and the perceptions of others who may engage in specific behaviors associated with masculine stereotypes were not statistically different between Black and Biracial adolescents. The behaviors included ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle Jan 2008

Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Overweight among preschool age children has increased at a rapid rate and is becoming a worldwide epidemic. Previous research suggests that overweight children are less active and have poorer motor skills than children of normal weight. The objective of this study was to assess motor skill and physical activity in low-income overweight and normal weight preschool children (ages 3--5 years) and determine the influence, if any, preschool activity policy had on children's activity levels.;Data were collected at low-income preschool centers (n = 5) in the state of Iowa. Children (n = 77) ages three to four years were included in ...


Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd Jan 2007

Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of my thesis was to research the preservation of African Heritage in the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro and the subsequent modernization of these Samba Schools and their entry into the world scene through globalization. Through these processes, Samba Schools are being recognized as a cultural product for export, and are receiving national and transnational sponsorships for whoever wants to display their image around the world. The paper also presents Carnaval as a festival related to religion, ethnicity and politics. In addition, this research shows the persistence of black Brazilians in preserving their heritage in their music ...


Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham Jan 2007

Dispositional Optimism And Pessimism: Stability, Change, And Adaptive Recovery Following Life Event Experiences, William Todd Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a trait-like disposition, optimism has received a wealth of research attention in connection with areas of physical and psychological well-being. However, less research attention has focused explicitly on the stability of optimism during adulthood. As such, we currently know very little about the long-term stability of optimism during middle adulthood, the developmental changes in optimism that occur across adulthood, or whether optimism changes in relation to specific life event experiences. The present research addressed these gaps in the optimism literature by examining stability and changes in optimism and pessimism over approximately nine years using longitudinal data from a sample ...


Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace Jan 2006

Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines neighborhood characteristics as predictors of parenting quality among African-American mothers. Drawing upon Wilson's (1996) ideas of how community conditions affect the urban poor, I examined protective qualities of community life including residential stability and social capital. I examined social capital in two separate social fields based on Wilkinson's (1970) field theory approach to community development. These two separate fields, community and organizational social capital were tested as predictors of African-American mothers' psychological well-being and parenting quality;Among the 759 African-American mothers who participated in this study, high residential stability significantly predicted community social capital but ...


Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne Jan 2006

Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For too long the universal leadership map for those interested in learning about leadership has drawn from the leadership values and beliefs of individuals whose life experiences do not fully represent the demographical changes that have occurred within the larger community (Parker, 2005). Consequently, African American women with intentions of using extant literature on leadership as a means or directional tool to gaining higher levels of personal and professional understanding of their own leadership approaches, inevitably confront a discourse shaped by the perceptions and experiences of White men and White women (Parker, 2005). To this end, exploration of leadership issues ...


Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill Jan 2006

Caregiver Relations Among African American Children: A Before And After Picture Of Changes In Caregiver , Danielle Jacqueline Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the event of family breakdown, removing the child from the home is one of the most common forms of state intervention, and is one of the primary interventions provided when a parent experiences severe problems related to caring for their children. This investigation examined predictors and consequences of the transition from one primary caregiver to another among African American youth. The sample consisted of African American children being raised by various members of their families including biological parents, relatives, and non-relatives. Respondents were participants in a large-scale study of African American children and their families, the Family and Community ...


Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins Jan 2004

Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects that social capital has on racializing business networks. Racializing business networks refers to business networks in which all or the majority of its members are from one ethnic group or the goals of the networks are specifically designed for economic development/success for a particular ethnic group. I examine the differences between White-dominated and African American business networks in four mid-Western states (Iowa, Ohio, Minnesota, and Nebraska) using Portes and Sensenbrenner four components of economic social capital. The four components of economic social capital are value introjection, reciprocity transaction, bounded ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...


The Socio-Political Influence Of Rap Music As Poetry In The Urban Community, Albert D. Farr Jan 2002

The Socio-Political Influence Of Rap Music As Poetry In The Urban Community, Albert D. Farr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rap, like poetry, is oral and traditionally set at a specified meter, maintains a consistent thought and is created to please the ear as well as the mind. I contend that rap music, just as traditional poetry, stands as not only as a means to express creativity on the part of African-Americans, but it also stands as an art-form that addresses an agenda that would stand to spark meaningful dialogue. In Richard Wright's essay, "Introduction: Blueprint for Negro Writing," he explicitly expresses that the untraditional means through which black literature has evolved and is not identical to European-based literature ...


"We Will Have Gained Ourselves": Narrative Experiences Of African Women Pursuing Higher Education In The United States Of America , Mumbi Mwangi Jan 2002

"We Will Have Gained Ourselves": Narrative Experiences Of African Women Pursuing Higher Education In The United States Of America , Mumbi Mwangi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study uses feminist life-history narrative methodology to explore the experiences of three African women, who have pursued or are pursuing higher education in the United States, leaving their families in Africa. Contextualized within the socio-historical cultural, colonial, and post-colonial discourses on domesticity and education, this study not only illuminates the pain, ambivalence and struggles women experienced in pursuit of higher education, but also reveals the tension between domesticity and education and how this tension inhibits African women's access to education. The conceptual and methodological framework of this study is grounded in feminist perspective, which allows for a critical ...


A Case Study Analysis Of The Implementation Process Of The Small Farmers Outreach Training And Technical Assistance (2501) Program, 1994-2001: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education Targeting African American Farmers , Tasha Monique Hargrove Jan 2002

A Case Study Analysis Of The Implementation Process Of The Small Farmers Outreach Training And Technical Assistance (2501) Program, 1994-2001: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education Targeting African American Farmers , Tasha Monique Hargrove

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to provide a case study analysis of the implementation process of the Small Farmers Outreach Training and Technical Assistance (2501) Program with implications for African American farmers. The 2501 Program is an agricultural educational program that was designed to reverse or slow the decline of socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.;In 1994, twenty-seven small farm projects were established as a result of the 2501 Program. Institutions including South Carolina State University, Fort Valley State University, Tuskegee University, Alcorn State University, Lincoln University, and the Federation of Southern Cooperatives/Land Assistance Fund received five-year ...


Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor Jan 2001

Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eleanor's story is oral history biographical narrative research about the remarkable life of an 81-year old African American woman who was born and raised in Des Moines, Iowa. The study is rich with primary document artifacts from Eleanor Rebecca Powell Archer's personal collection. Primary documents are interspersed within the chapters and in three galleries. Fourteen interviews averaging two and one-half hours in length each were conducted over one year's time.;The Introduction provides a historical overview of the State of Iowa and sets the context for the state into which Eleanor's ancestors migrated and settled. The ...


Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp Jan 2001

Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The large national sample of racial-ethnically diverse participants in this study was derived from the vast information obtained during the revision of the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII: L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen & A. L. Hammer, 1994). The balanced sample utilized in the study contained 3,087 individuals from four of the major U.S. racial-ethnic groups: 805 African Americans, 795 Asian Americans, 800 Caucasian Americans, and 687 Hispanic Americans. Item-based factor scales derived using each racial and ethnic group separately and with the balanced sample produced factor scale interest structures that were highly similar. In ...


An Ecological Assessment Of Neighborhood, Family, Peer, And Individual Characteristics In Predicting Violence: A Multilevel Analysis Of African-American Families, Eric Allen Stewart Jan 2000

An Ecological Assessment Of Neighborhood, Family, Peer, And Individual Characteristics In Predicting Violence: A Multilevel Analysis Of African-American Families, Eric Allen Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study used epidemic, cultural deviance, and social learning perspectives to examine the extent to which exposure to various forms of violence predicted violent behavior among 867 African-American youth. The study examined the following macro-level predictors of childhood violence: neighborhood violence, neighborhood SES, neighborhood subculture of violence, and percent African American. The following micro-level predictors were examined: street code, associating with violent peers, corporal punishment, parental violence, and warm/supportive parenting. Using hierarchical linear modeling techniques (HLM), the results showed that neighborhood SES was the only macro-level variable to exert a significant influence on violence. Furthermore, childhood violence was significantly ...


Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson Jan 2000

Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to create and analyze the oral narrative of one African American female's struggle for success in higher education. This method allowed investigation of life experiences meaningful to the participant-narrator's success in higher education to be accomplished in collaboration with the participant-narrator; a student voice was heard and preserved. The oral narrative was then analyzed by the researcher in order to identify and examine elements (family and individual characteristics, life events, interactions, personal meanings) relevant to factors that have been identified by existing research findings as related to student ...


An Ecological Perspective Of Science And Math Academic Achievement Among African American Students , Endya Bentley Stewart Jan 2000

An Ecological Perspective Of Science And Math Academic Achievement Among African American Students , Endya Bentley Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), path analytic procedures were performed to test an ecological model of the effects of family, individual and school characteristics on the academic African American students. A distinctive study is the inclusion of school computer use in the model. The study results show that several of the variables directly or indirectly affected 12th grade academic achievement. Furthermore, most of the individual influence variables were directly related to 12 th grade achievement. Two surprising findings from this study were the insignificant effects of family income and school computer use on ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown Jan 1998

Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effects of economic hardship on mental health for 501 African American women from Georgia and Mississippi. Three issues are of particular concern: (1) the differential response patterns to economic stress and depressive symptoms; (2) the utilization of coping resources such as social support, sense of control, and religiosity to moderate the link between economic stress and depressive symptoms; and (3) a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between economic hardship, economic stress, and depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that African American women in Georgia and Mississippi are less likely to report both economic stress and depressive symptoms if ...


Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus Jan 1998

Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The nature of access to higher education at predominately white institutions for African-Americans has been focused largely on the preparation of the student. Little attention has been placed on the quality of the interaction of the student with standardized institutional practices and procedure. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences obtained by African-Americans, when the institution adjusts practices and procedures to be inclusive of the academic, social and environmental characteristics versus the creation of specialized interventions;African-American students attending a Midwestern regional comprehensive university between 1985-1990 are the bases of the study. Each entry class was introduced ...


Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers Jan 1997

Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The distinction of status groups and classes is one that is important, though often confused and overlooked in studies of the African American community. This research focuses on social status in a predominantly black coal mining community from 1900 to 1923. The first objective of the study was to examine social structure in predominantly African American, industry-based community. The second objective was to determine the criteria used in African American communities to establish levels of status. The third objective was to investigate whether standards of appearance were used in making status distinctions in an African American coal mining community. The ...


The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh Jan 1997

The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The underlying premise of this research is that American educational and economic systems are intricately tied and educational opportunities correlate with economic participation. This dissertation consists of three research papers that focus on the unequal opportunities historically afforded Black Americans and those of low socio-economic status. The first paper, "Economics and Education: Kindred Inequalities in Kindred Systems," examines the research literature concerning the connection between education and economic factors such as land, labor and capital. Particular attention is paid to the effects of racial and class discrimination upon the allocation and distribution of these factors. There is an extensive examination ...


The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch Jan 1997

The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan Jan 1996

Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An evaluation of the Black female spirit as present in Alice Walker's In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women (1973) must begin by exposing the adversities Black women have been forced to overcome in America; despite undying efforts to nourish their selfhood, they have battled a society that continuously uses race and gender as suppressers of their identity. Existing as a Black woman in the twentieth century involves dismantling the "double-negative stigma," a term used to describe the towering obstacles placed before the individual who is both Black and female. In addition, little nourishment has been given to ...


Visions Of Violet: Hollywood Images Of Lesbians In The Color Purple And Boys On The Side, Sharon V. Goodin Jan 1995

Visions Of Violet: Hollywood Images Of Lesbians In The Color Purple And Boys On The Side, Sharon V. Goodin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While allusions to the flower and the color continue to hold significance for lesbians themselves, the association between lesbianism and violet still eludes the heterosexual majority of American society. The color violet has often served as a secret code of identification for lesbians and as a marker for lesbianism which, historically, only lesbians could identify. Since the invention of film, lesbians have been forced to identify similar markers in the movies in order to construct .a lesbian subtext with which they could identify. When they actually did appear on screen in traditional Hollywood movies, until recently lesbians were limited to ...


Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen Jan 1995

Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One of the emerging issues in the sociological study of the black community is the phenomenon of black female leadership. The contribution of this dissertation to the discipline of sociology is to address the subject of black female leadership via the merging of three distinct bodies of literature: the sociology of leadership; black feminist thought; and black community development. Accordingly, this study has three components. In the first segment, the general literature on leadership is critiqued. The purpose of this segment is to articulate a need for a reconceptualization of leadership that is amenable to the analysis of the contemporary ...


Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson Jan 1994

Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My comparative study of Our Nig (1859) by Harriet Wilson and Dessa Rose (1986) by Sherley Anne Williams cannot begin without first examining the historical reality of America's societal views and perceptions of the black woman in slavery and servitude during the nineteenth-century; her actual history must precede her literary story. To be a black woman in nineteenth-century America was to be plagued with the label of belonging to a stigmatized race and gender. But devaluing of the black woman is not limited to the nineteenth-century; in fact its legacy persists in today's culture. I believe that one ...