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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins Jan 2008

Attitudes, Social Relationships And Behaviors Of Black And Biracial Adolescents, Indria Michelle Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the Family and Community Health Study, the present study analyzed the social relationships, attitudes, and behaviors of 766 Black and Biracial adolescents residing in Georgia and Iowa to note any significant differences as a function of racial identification. One factor involving social relationships showed a significant difference between the Black and Biracial girls: Biracial girls reported less ability to make and keep friends. Results indicate that attitudes regarding Black Pride and the perceptions of others who may engage in specific behaviors associated with masculine stereotypes were not statistically different between Black and Biracial adolescents. The behaviors included ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins Jan 2004

Racializing Business Networks: A Study Of The Impact That Social Capital Has On African American And White-Dominated Business Networks , Robert Kelvin Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects that social capital has on racializing business networks. Racializing business networks refers to business networks in which all or the majority of its members are from one ethnic group or the goals of the networks are specifically designed for economic development/success for a particular ethnic group. I examine the differences between White-dominated and African American business networks in four mid-Western states (Iowa, Ohio, Minnesota, and Nebraska) using Portes and Sensenbrenner four components of economic social capital. The four components of economic social capital are value introjection, reciprocity transaction, bounded ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp Jan 2001

Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The large national sample of racial-ethnically diverse participants in this study was derived from the vast information obtained during the revision of the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII: L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen & A. L. Hammer, 1994). The balanced sample utilized in the study contained 3,087 individuals from four of the major U.S. racial-ethnic groups: 805 African Americans, 795 Asian Americans, 800 Caucasian Americans, and 687 Hispanic Americans. Item-based factor scales derived using each racial and ethnic group separately and with the balanced sample produced factor scale interest structures that were highly similar. In ...


Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor Jan 2001

Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eleanor's story is oral history biographical narrative research about the remarkable life of an 81-year old African American woman who was born and raised in Des Moines, Iowa. The study is rich with primary document artifacts from Eleanor Rebecca Powell Archer's personal collection. Primary documents are interspersed within the chapters and in three galleries. Fourteen interviews averaging two and one-half hours in length each were conducted over one year's time.;The Introduction provides a historical overview of the State of Iowa and sets the context for the state into which Eleanor's ancestors migrated and settled. The ...


Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson Jan 2000

Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to create and analyze the oral narrative of one African American female's struggle for success in higher education. This method allowed investigation of life experiences meaningful to the participant-narrator's success in higher education to be accomplished in collaboration with the participant-narrator; a student voice was heard and preserved. The oral narrative was then analyzed by the researcher in order to identify and examine elements (family and individual characteristics, life events, interactions, personal meanings) relevant to factors that have been identified by existing research findings as related to student ...


Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus Jan 1998

Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The nature of access to higher education at predominately white institutions for African-Americans has been focused largely on the preparation of the student. Little attention has been placed on the quality of the interaction of the student with standardized institutional practices and procedure. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences obtained by African-Americans, when the institution adjusts practices and procedures to be inclusive of the academic, social and environmental characteristics versus the creation of specialized interventions;African-American students attending a Midwestern regional comprehensive university between 1985-1990 are the bases of the study. Each entry class was introduced ...


Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown Jan 1998

Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effects of economic hardship on mental health for 501 African American women from Georgia and Mississippi. Three issues are of particular concern: (1) the differential response patterns to economic stress and depressive symptoms; (2) the utilization of coping resources such as social support, sense of control, and religiosity to moderate the link between economic stress and depressive symptoms; and (3) a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between economic hardship, economic stress, and depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that African American women in Georgia and Mississippi are less likely to report both economic stress and depressive symptoms if ...


Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers Jan 1997

Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The distinction of status groups and classes is one that is important, though often confused and overlooked in studies of the African American community. This research focuses on social status in a predominantly black coal mining community from 1900 to 1923. The first objective of the study was to examine social structure in predominantly African American, industry-based community. The second objective was to determine the criteria used in African American communities to establish levels of status. The third objective was to investigate whether standards of appearance were used in making status distinctions in an African American coal mining community. The ...


The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh Jan 1997

The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The underlying premise of this research is that American educational and economic systems are intricately tied and educational opportunities correlate with economic participation. This dissertation consists of three research papers that focus on the unequal opportunities historically afforded Black Americans and those of low socio-economic status. The first paper, "Economics and Education: Kindred Inequalities in Kindred Systems," examines the research literature concerning the connection between education and economic factors such as land, labor and capital. Particular attention is paid to the effects of racial and class discrimination upon the allocation and distribution of these factors. There is an extensive examination ...


Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen Jan 1995

Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One of the emerging issues in the sociological study of the black community is the phenomenon of black female leadership. The contribution of this dissertation to the discipline of sociology is to address the subject of black female leadership via the merging of three distinct bodies of literature: the sociology of leadership; black feminist thought; and black community development. Accordingly, this study has three components. In the first segment, the general literature on leadership is critiqued. The purpose of this segment is to articulate a need for a reconceptualization of leadership that is amenable to the analysis of the contemporary ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.