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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

African Immigrants In The United States: Implications For Affirmative Action, Abdi M. Kusow Jan 2014

African Immigrants In The United States: Implications For Affirmative Action, Abdi M. Kusow

Sociology Publications

For more than half a century, an extensive literature has consistently reported that first-and second-generation black immigrants are more educated and economically successful than African Americans. This literature has also suggested that black immigrants are benefiting from affirmative action more so than African Americans without having been the direct objects of slavery and historical discrimination. An important shortcoming of this literature, however, is that it presumes an undifferentiated black immigrant success story and obscures important differences across black immigrants from different countries of origin. Using data from the three census years (1980, 1990, and 2000), I examine the extent to ...


Black Men And Marriage: Is The Glass Half Empty Or Half Full?, Tera R. Hurt Jan 2014

Black Men And Marriage: Is The Glass Half Empty Or Half Full?, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

To date, a number of scholars have focused on understanding Black men’s retreat from marriage, rather than focusing on those who have succeeded in marriage. According to recent estimates, one-third of Black men in the U.S. were married; this proportion is fewer than Hispanics (44%), Whites (53%), and Asians (58%), as reported by the United States Census Bureau in 2014. Cultivating strong marital relationships is important because marriages impact physical, psychological, emotional, and financial well-being as well as children’s developmental outcomes. Thus, disparities in marital formation and stability could negatively impact individual, child, and family well-being (Bryant ...


Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt Jul 2013

Toward A Deeper Understanding Of The Meaning Of Marriage Among Black Men, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Black men benefit from healthy, satisfying marriages in domains of physical, psychological, and financial well-being. Yet marriage among Black men has declined and remains elusive for many. One gap in the research concerns the positive meaning that Black men find in their marriages. Prior research has failed to collect in-depth accounts of Black men’s experiences of marriage. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the meaning of marriage among 52 Black men, using interview data. Findings highlight four themes in the meaning of marriage—secure emotional support, lifelong commitment, enhanced life success, and secure attachment. Two themes ...


Understanding Distinct Marital Separation Patterns Among Black Couples, Tera R. Hurt Jan 2013

Understanding Distinct Marital Separation Patterns Among Black Couples, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

When Black married couples separate, they do so for longer durations without ever divorcing when compared to married adults from other racial and ethnic groups. Long periods of separation also have the potential to undermine individual well-being, child welfare, and family stability. This fact sheet provides an opportunity to learn more in hopes of better serving clients who may seek social services or take part in relationship development and marriage enrichment programs. The purpose of this fact sheet is to : (a) describe unique patterns in marital separation among Black couples, (b) highlight factors linked to marital separation, (c) outline consequences ...


Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen Jan 2013

Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry, Tera R. Hurt, Gene H. Brody, Velma Mcbride Murry, Cady Berkel, Yi-Fu Chen

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study’s purpose was to learn why some youth who participated in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program increased alcohol use after 2 years whereas other youth did not. Using a sample of 28 African American caregiver-youth dyads, the authors collected qualitative data to explore these issues. Findings underscore the importance of caregivers’ practicing vigilant monitoring to keep their adolescents from experimenting with alcohol. Recommendations for limiting access to alcohol and encouraging vigilant parenting are discussed.


Synthesizing And Focusing The Debate, Tera R. Hurt Dec 2012

Synthesizing And Focusing The Debate, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Ralph Richard Banks makes a substantial contribution to the field of Black relationships, and marriage in general, with the book Is Marriage for White People? How the African American Marriage Decline Affects Everyone. Banks synthesizes research from law, sociology, and public health (to name a few) in his presentation of issues salient to the changing landscape of relationship formation and maintenance. To offer concrete examples of relationship issues and to provide evidence to support his claims, Banks revisits well‐known passages from popular movies and fictional literature and integrates examples from qualitative interviews he conducted with single Black women in ...


The Enduring Significance Of Racism: Discrimination And Delinquency Among Black American Youth, Monica J. Martin, Bill Mccarthy, Rand D. Conger, Frederick X. Gibbons, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Gene H. Brody Sep 2011

The Enduring Significance Of Racism: Discrimination And Delinquency Among Black American Youth, Monica J. Martin, Bill Mccarthy, Rand D. Conger, Frederick X. Gibbons, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Gene H. Brody

Psychology Publications

Prominent explanations of the overrepresentation of Black Americans in criminal justice statistics focus on the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, racial isolation, and social disorganization. We suggest that perceived personal discrimination is an important but frequently neglected complement to these factors. We test this hypothesis with longitudinal data on involvement in general and violent juvenile delinquency in a sample of Black youth from a variety of communities in 2 states. We examine the direct effects of concentrated disadvantage and racial isolation and the direct and mediating effects of social organization, support for violence, and personal discrimination. Consistent with our hypothesis ...


It Takes A Village: Protecting Rural African American Youth In The Context Of Racism, Cady Berkel, Velma Mcbride Murry, Tera R. Hurt, Yi-Fu Chen, Gene H. Brody, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn Cutrona, Frederick X. Gibbons Feb 2009

It Takes A Village: Protecting Rural African American Youth In The Context Of Racism, Cady Berkel, Velma Mcbride Murry, Tera R. Hurt, Yi-Fu Chen, Gene H. Brody, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn Cutrona, Frederick X. Gibbons

Psychology Publications

Prior research demonstrates negative consequences of racism, however, little is known about community, parenting, and intrapersonal mechanisms that protect youth. Using a mixed-methods approach, this study illuminated linkages between positive and negative contextual influences on rural African American adolescent outcomes. Quantitative results provide support for Structural Ecosystems Theory, in that the influence of discrimination and collective socialization on adolescent outcomes was mediated by racial socialization and positive parenting. Parenting and community influences contributed to adolescent racial identity and self image, which protected against common negative responses to racism; including academic underachievement, succumbing to peer pressure, and aggressive tendencies. Qualitative results ...