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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

History Of Agriculture In The United States, Pamela Riney-Kehrberg Aug 2018

History Of Agriculture In The United States, Pamela Riney-Kehrberg

History Publications

Agriculture is at the very center of the human enterprise; its trappings are in evidence all around, yet the agricultural past is an exceptionally distant place from modern America. While the majority of Americans once raised a significant portion of their own food, that ceased to be the case at the beginning of the 20th century. Only a very small portion of the American population today has a personal connection to agriculture. People still must eat, but the process by which food arrives on their plates is less evident than ever. The evolution of that process, with all of its ...


Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin Apr 2017

Blackademic Negotiations When The Ivory Tower Isn't Enough: Finding Pathways To Activism As An Emerging Black Scholar, Wideline Seraphin

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This reflexive essay chronicles the last two years of the author's PhD program and the negotiations of an emerging black female critical scholar in response to the growing tensions between academic obligations and growing racial unrest. Guiding questions of, “what are you going to do? And what are you willing to pay?” were used to think through what it meant to dedicate oneself to critical social justice work and apply that dedication to everyday practices despite perceived limitations.


Still In The Fight: The Struggle For Community In The Upper Midwest For African American Civil War Veterans, Dwain Conrad Coleman Jan 2016

Still In The Fight: The Struggle For Community In The Upper Midwest For African American Civil War Veterans, Dwain Conrad Coleman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Civil War and Emancipation had a transformative effect on the nation as a whole but an even greater effect on the lives of African Americans. While historians have examined the effects of the Civil War and Emancipation on African Americans in the South in detail, few have explored the effects of such events on African Americans in the Upper Midwest.

Also lacking in this historiography is how the military service of African Americans affected the lives of these veterans and the communities in the Upper Midwest they helped to form after the Civil War. Using the black community of ...


Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin Jan 2016

Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined the Civil Rights Movement, specifically focusing on hair and beauty choices of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18-25), between the years 1960-1974, which bridges both the classical period of the Civil Rights Movement and that of Black Power politics (Wilson, 2013). The specific time period corresponds with the adoption of African American hairstyles that were more Afrocentric, following the social climate of Black Pride (Walker, 2007). To achieve understanding of African American women's perspectives, seven participants were interviewed using Seidman's (2013) protocol for which a three-part, in-depth interview series was conducted. The ...


Will The Real Mariah Watkins Please Stand Up?: A Case Of Inaccuracy And Marginalization Of African American History And Appearance, Jennifer Farley Gordon, Eulanda A. Sanders Nov 2015

Will The Real Mariah Watkins Please Stand Up?: A Case Of Inaccuracy And Marginalization Of African American History And Appearance, Jennifer Farley Gordon, Eulanda A. Sanders

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Who was Mariah Watkins? What was her identity, and how did appearance inform that identity? Watkins was an African American woman. Although likely born a slave, she lived most of her free years as a woman of property and of skill, working as a documented nurse and midwife in Neosho, Missouri. This paper relies on archival records, photographic analysis, and material culture to explore Watkins as a case study in the challenges of documenting African American appearance during and after the antebellum period in the United States.


The Role Of Soul: Stax Records And The Civil Rights Movement In Memphis, Tennessee, Jason Danielson Jan 2015

The Role Of Soul: Stax Records And The Civil Rights Movement In Memphis, Tennessee, Jason Danielson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scholarship of the civil rights movement developed academically constructed categories, creating binary understandings of the movement that did not capture the true nuance and complexity of specific circumstances. Music offers a lens through which to view the movement holistically, breaking down the essentialist binary interpretations through postmodern analysis of lyrics and music in its historical context. This work applies that approach to the music of Stax Records in the context of the civil rights movement in Memphis, Tennessee.

Much of the scholarship of the civil rights movement tended to establish four essentialist understandings, a method binary of integrationism versus nationalism ...


George Washington Carver: Textile Artist, Eulanda A. Sanders, Chanmi Hwang Sep 2014

George Washington Carver: Textile Artist, Eulanda A. Sanders, Chanmi Hwang

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Born a slave, George Washington Carver (1864-1943) is one of the most historically prominent African American scientists. Carver was a pioneer as an agriculturalist and botanist by introducing methods of soil conservation for farmers, inventing hundreds of by-products from peanuts, pecans, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, and practicing “zero waste” sustainability. Scholars have recognized Carver’s talent as a painter and his ability to develop paints and dyes from various natural sources; however, there is very little scholarship documenting his work as a textile artist. Holdings at the G.W. Carver National Monument and Tuskegee Institute National Historic indicate that Carver ...


Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace Jan 2006

Residential Stability, Social Capital And Parenting Quality Among African-American Mothers , Gail Wallace

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines neighborhood characteristics as predictors of parenting quality among African-American mothers. Drawing upon Wilson's (1996) ideas of how community conditions affect the urban poor, I examined protective qualities of community life including residential stability and social capital. I examined social capital in two separate social fields based on Wilkinson's (1970) field theory approach to community development. These two separate fields, community and organizational social capital were tested as predictors of African-American mothers' psychological well-being and parenting quality;Among the 759 African-American mothers who participated in this study, high residential stability significantly predicted community social capital but ...


Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne Jan 2006

Leadership Experiences Of African American Women Who Are Mid-Level Student Affairs Administrators , Hannah Louise Clayborne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For too long the universal leadership map for those interested in learning about leadership has drawn from the leadership values and beliefs of individuals whose life experiences do not fully represent the demographical changes that have occurred within the larger community (Parker, 2005). Consequently, African American women with intentions of using extant literature on leadership as a means or directional tool to gaining higher levels of personal and professional understanding of their own leadership approaches, inevitably confront a discourse shaped by the perceptions and experiences of White men and White women (Parker, 2005). To this end, exploration of leadership issues ...


Review Of Only One Place Of Redress: African Americans, Labor Regulations, And The Courts From Reconstruction To The New Deal, Brian D. Behnken Oct 2004

Review Of Only One Place Of Redress: African Americans, Labor Regulations, And The Courts From Reconstruction To The New Deal, Brian D. Behnken

Brian D. Behnken

In Only One Place of Redress, David Bernstein contends that between 1890 and 1937 American courts aided black workers in labor disputes. The court did this by upholding the freedom of contract doctrine enshrined in Lochner v. New York, the 1905 case that invalidated legislation limiting the hours a baker could work. "Lochnerism" or "Lochnerian jurisprudence," as Bernstein calls it, benefited blacks by voiding discriminatory labor laws, and he illuminates how these labor regulations harmed African Americans. "The Supreme Court," he writes, "was relatively sympathetic to plaintiffs who challenged government regulations, especially occupational regulations, as violations of the implicit constitutional ...


Review Of A Stone Of Hope: Prophetic Religion And The Death Of Jim Crow By David L. Chappell, Brian D. Behnken Apr 2004

Review Of A Stone Of Hope: Prophetic Religion And The Death Of Jim Crow By David L. Chappell, Brian D. Behnken

Brian D. Behnken

In this provocative new book, David Chappell examines the role of religion and religious thought in the Civil Rights movement. By focusing on the intellectual and religious underpinnings of both the activists and their segregationist rivals, he makes a persuasive argument that the struggle should best be understood as a prophetic religious movement, rather than as a social movement or as the triumph of a liberal consensus. Scrutinizing religion allows Chappell to shift the historiographical debate away from protests and violence to the role of ideas, principles, and faith.


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...


"We Will Have Gained Ourselves": Narrative Experiences Of African Women Pursuing Higher Education In The United States Of America , Mumbi Mwangi Jan 2002

"We Will Have Gained Ourselves": Narrative Experiences Of African Women Pursuing Higher Education In The United States Of America , Mumbi Mwangi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study uses feminist life-history narrative methodology to explore the experiences of three African women, who have pursued or are pursuing higher education in the United States, leaving their families in Africa. Contextualized within the socio-historical cultural, colonial, and post-colonial discourses on domesticity and education, this study not only illuminates the pain, ambivalence and struggles women experienced in pursuit of higher education, but also reveals the tension between domesticity and education and how this tension inhibits African women's access to education. The conceptual and methodological framework of this study is grounded in feminist perspective, which allows for a critical ...


Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor Jan 2001

Eleanor's Story: Growing Up And Teaching In Iowa: One African American Woman's Experience , Kay Ann Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eleanor's story is oral history biographical narrative research about the remarkable life of an 81-year old African American woman who was born and raised in Des Moines, Iowa. The study is rich with primary document artifacts from Eleanor Rebecca Powell Archer's personal collection. Primary documents are interspersed within the chapters and in three galleries. Fourteen interviews averaging two and one-half hours in length each were conducted over one year's time.;The Introduction provides a historical overview of the State of Iowa and sets the context for the state into which Eleanor's ancestors migrated and settled. The ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown Jan 1998

Economic Stress And Depressive Symptoms Among Southern African American Women: An Examination Of Mediating And Moderating Factors , Phyllis Ann Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effects of economic hardship on mental health for 501 African American women from Georgia and Mississippi. Three issues are of particular concern: (1) the differential response patterns to economic stress and depressive symptoms; (2) the utilization of coping resources such as social support, sense of control, and religiosity to moderate the link between economic stress and depressive symptoms; and (3) a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between economic hardship, economic stress, and depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that African American women in Georgia and Mississippi are less likely to report both economic stress and depressive symptoms if ...


Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers Jan 1997

Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The distinction of status groups and classes is one that is important, though often confused and overlooked in studies of the African American community. This research focuses on social status in a predominantly black coal mining community from 1900 to 1923. The first objective of the study was to examine social structure in predominantly African American, industry-based community. The second objective was to determine the criteria used in African American communities to establish levels of status. The third objective was to investigate whether standards of appearance were used in making status distinctions in an African American coal mining community. The ...


The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh Jan 1997

The Sins Of The Father: An Historical Analysis Of Race And Class Equality In Educational Resource Allocation And The Implications For Future Educational Technology Distribution , Patricia Randolph Leigh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The underlying premise of this research is that American educational and economic systems are intricately tied and educational opportunities correlate with economic participation. This dissertation consists of three research papers that focus on the unequal opportunities historically afforded Black Americans and those of low socio-economic status. The first paper, "Economics and Education: Kindred Inequalities in Kindred Systems," examines the research literature concerning the connection between education and economic factors such as land, labor and capital. Particular attention is paid to the effects of racial and class discrimination upon the allocation and distribution of these factors. There is an extensive examination ...


Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen Jan 1995

Black Female Leadership: A Preliminary Step Toward An Alternative Theory , Beverlyn Lundy Allen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One of the emerging issues in the sociological study of the black community is the phenomenon of black female leadership. The contribution of this dissertation to the discipline of sociology is to address the subject of black female leadership via the merging of three distinct bodies of literature: the sociology of leadership; black feminist thought; and black community development. Accordingly, this study has three components. In the first segment, the general literature on leadership is critiqued. The purpose of this segment is to articulate a need for a reconceptualization of leadership that is amenable to the analysis of the contemporary ...


Black Farm Families In The Yazoo-Mississippi Delta: A Study Of The Brooks Farm Community, 1920-1970 , Valerie Grim Jan 1990

Black Farm Families In The Yazoo-Mississippi Delta: A Study Of The Brooks Farm Community, 1920-1970 , Valerie Grim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is a study of a black farm community called Brooks Farm. The research was designed to examine the total experience of Brooks Farm residents. The Brooks Farm community is located in Drew, Mississippi, a small rural town in the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. This study covers a period of fifty years, 1920-1970, in order to show changes that occurred in the community. The Brooks Farm community was formerly established as a plantation during the 1920s. It became the only plantation in the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta that evolved into a community of black landowners during the 1940s. Brooks Farm was created by a ...


Black Des Moines: A Study Of Select Negro Social Organizations In Des Moines, Iowa, 1890-1930, John Charles Lufkin Jan 1980

Black Des Moines: A Study Of Select Negro Social Organizations In Des Moines, Iowa, 1890-1930, John Charles Lufkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.