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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Lashanta Kennedy Benson Jan 2017

Black Fashion Designers Matter: A Qualitative Study Exploring The Experiences Of Black Female Fashion Design Entrepreneurs, Samii Lashanta Kennedy Benson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of Black female fashion design entrepreneurs by examining how they launched, financed and successfully maintained their businesses. Fifteen female fashion designers, ages 25 to 50 years old, who identified as Black or African American, participated in this study. The participants also met three out of the following criteria: (a) have completed a fashion design certificate or degree program, (b) design and produce a line at least twice a year, (c) participate in at least two fashion shows a year, (d) rely on their fashion design business as their primary source ...


Church Dress: Oral Narratives Of African American Women, Beverly Ann Kemp Gatterson Jan 2016

Church Dress: Oral Narratives Of African American Women, Beverly Ann Kemp Gatterson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Abstract:

This study explored church dress of African American women. The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons why African American women today wear church dress and the significance of this dress. Through an oral history approach, ten participants ranging in age from 70 to 100 years old provided narrative which revealed major influencers on their style and what they have worn throughout their life span. The study explored the women’s experiences within the African American church and the importance it played in the lives of the community providing social, political, and educational support. Oral narratives ...


Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin Jan 2016

Hair And Beauty Choices Of African American Women During The Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1974, Ashley R. Garrin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined the Civil Rights Movement, specifically focusing on hair and beauty choices of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18-25), between the years 1960-1974, which bridges both the classical period of the Civil Rights Movement and that of Black Power politics (Wilson, 2013). The specific time period corresponds with the adoption of African American hairstyles that were more Afrocentric, following the social climate of Black Pride (Walker, 2007). To achieve understanding of African American women's perspectives, seven participants were interviewed using Seidman's (2013) protocol for which a three-part, in-depth interview series was conducted. The ...


Who’S Your Mammy?: Figuring Aunt Jemima, Harrison W. Inefuku May 2007

Who’S Your Mammy?: Figuring Aunt Jemima, Harrison W. Inefuku

Harrison W. Inefuku

In existence for over a century, the advertising icon Aunt Jemima remains a point of contention for many African Americans, despite a recent makeover that attempted to remove visual signifiers of slavery. To understand the icon's negativity, I explore its roots in slavery,the minstrel stage and The Exhibition of the Other. I then move to an analysis of "The Legend of Aunt Jemima," a series of advertisements produced in the 1920s, to determine how racism was manifested in the icon*s promotional materials.


Who's Your Mammy?: Figuring And Refiguring Aunt Jemima, Harrison W. Inefuku May 2007

Who's Your Mammy?: Figuring And Refiguring Aunt Jemima, Harrison W. Inefuku

Harrison W. Inefuku

In existence since the late 1890s, advertising icon Aunt Jemima has been indelibly etched into the American memory—virtually unchanged from her debut until her makeover in 1989. Before this recent transformation, Aunt Jemima was the quintessential embodiment of the mammy stereotype—a heavyset black woman, complete with apron and bandana. Her creation was situated at the locus of several racist traditions and discourses directed towards African Americans—the mammy stereotype, the minstrel show, The Myth of the Old South, and the Exhibition of the Other. This embodiment of multiple racist practices helps to explain how the mammy in general ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


The Socio-Political Influence Of Rap Music As Poetry In The Urban Community, Albert D. Farr Jan 2002

The Socio-Political Influence Of Rap Music As Poetry In The Urban Community, Albert D. Farr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rap, like poetry, is oral and traditionally set at a specified meter, maintains a consistent thought and is created to please the ear as well as the mind. I contend that rap music, just as traditional poetry, stands as not only as a means to express creativity on the part of African-Americans, but it also stands as an art-form that addresses an agenda that would stand to spark meaningful dialogue. In Richard Wright's essay, "Introduction: Blueprint for Negro Writing," he explicitly expresses that the untraditional means through which black literature has evolved and is not identical to European-based literature ...


Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan Jan 1996

Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An evaluation of the Black female spirit as present in Alice Walker's In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women (1973) must begin by exposing the adversities Black women have been forced to overcome in America; despite undying efforts to nourish their selfhood, they have battled a society that continuously uses race and gender as suppressers of their identity. Existing as a Black woman in the twentieth century involves dismantling the "double-negative stigma," a term used to describe the towering obstacles placed before the individual who is both Black and female. In addition, little nourishment has been given to ...


Visions Of Violet: Hollywood Images Of Lesbians In The Color Purple And Boys On The Side, Sharon V. Goodin Jan 1995

Visions Of Violet: Hollywood Images Of Lesbians In The Color Purple And Boys On The Side, Sharon V. Goodin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While allusions to the flower and the color continue to hold significance for lesbians themselves, the association between lesbianism and violet still eludes the heterosexual majority of American society. The color violet has often served as a secret code of identification for lesbians and as a marker for lesbianism which, historically, only lesbians could identify. Since the invention of film, lesbians have been forced to identify similar markers in the movies in order to construct .a lesbian subtext with which they could identify. When they actually did appear on screen in traditional Hollywood movies, until recently lesbians were limited to ...


Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson Jan 1994

Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My comparative study of Our Nig (1859) by Harriet Wilson and Dessa Rose (1986) by Sherley Anne Williams cannot begin without first examining the historical reality of America's societal views and perceptions of the black woman in slavery and servitude during the nineteenth-century; her actual history must precede her literary story. To be a black woman in nineteenth-century America was to be plagued with the label of belonging to a stigmatized race and gender. But devaluing of the black woman is not limited to the nineteenth-century; in fact its legacy persists in today's culture. I believe that one ...


Intraracial Conflict In Harlem In The Fiction Of Rudolph Fisher, Grant Burns Jr. Jan 1985

Intraracial Conflict In Harlem In The Fiction Of Rudolph Fisher, Grant Burns Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the 1920s and 1930s the consciousness of black America was raised to newer and higher levels of self-worth and social importance. A number of events led up to this awakening, or, more appropriately, reawakening. Large numbers of blacks had streamed into the northern cities in the first years of the new century, in a movement that historians call the Great Migration. These blacks were forced by bigotry to leave the south. They were drawn north by, among other things, the promise of better vocational and educational opportunities.


Mark Twain's Racial Attitudes As Related In His Works To Shifting Patterns In Tone, John William Miller Jan 1970

Mark Twain's Racial Attitudes As Related In His Works To Shifting Patterns In Tone, John William Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Mark Twain's attitudes toward non-whites are seen to be thinly spread throughout the content of much of his published material. Because of this and because these attitudes are often vague and inconsistent, they are not easily explained. However, one overall pattern to these views seems to be evident. Twain most often vacillates between two extreme views or dual myths pertaining to a given race. These views generally represent popular myths current in Twain's own time, such as the myth of hereditary evil in Negro "blood," and the myth of white supremacy. Twain's affinities for and conflicts between ...


Malcolm X: Chronology Of Change, Rose-Ann Cecers Jan 1970

Malcolm X: Chronology Of Change, Rose-Ann Cecers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When a man dies, especially a man like Malcolm X, those who survive him often feel compelled to study his life. My own reading of The Autobiography of Malcolm ! indicates that the most important factor in his career may have been his ability to modify his own life greatly. This man made conscious changes in his existence. The four names he used symbolize these changes.


James Wheldon Johnson: Black American Poet, Diane Moore Jan 1970

James Wheldon Johnson: Black American Poet, Diane Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a man James Weldon Johnson is fascinating if only for his many careers: lawyer, counselor to Latin America, founding father of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, lecturer, teacher, elementary school principal, novelist, essayist, song writer, translator, and :poet. However, it is as a poet that he most fascinates me, and as a poet he has not received attention proportionate to his accomplishments. In this paper I wish to trace his development as it moved through four rather distinct stages from his early dialect poetry to his later religious poetry (as represented by God's Trombones ...