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Iowa State University

American Literature

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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan Jan 1996

Exposing The Pain And Celebrating The Triumphs Of The Black Female Spirit: An Analysis Of Alice Walker's In Love And Trouble, Brittan Nelisa Swanagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An evaluation of the Black female spirit as present in Alice Walker's In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women (1973) must begin by exposing the adversities Black women have been forced to overcome in America; despite undying efforts to nourish their selfhood, they have battled a society that continuously uses race and gender as suppressers of their identity. Existing as a Black woman in the twentieth century involves dismantling the "double-negative stigma," a term used to describe the towering obstacles placed before the individual who is both Black and female. In addition, little nourishment has been given to ...


Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson Jan 1994

Black Women Writers: A Comparative Study Of The Nineteenth Century's Our Nig And The Twentieth Century's Dessa Rose, Petrina D. Jackson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My comparative study of Our Nig (1859) by Harriet Wilson and Dessa Rose (1986) by Sherley Anne Williams cannot begin without first examining the historical reality of America's societal views and perceptions of the black woman in slavery and servitude during the nineteenth-century; her actual history must precede her literary story. To be a black woman in nineteenth-century America was to be plagued with the label of belonging to a stigmatized race and gender. But devaluing of the black woman is not limited to the nineteenth-century; in fact its legacy persists in today's culture. I believe that one ...


Intraracial Conflict In Harlem In The Fiction Of Rudolph Fisher, Grant Burns Jr. Jan 1985

Intraracial Conflict In Harlem In The Fiction Of Rudolph Fisher, Grant Burns Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

During the 1920s and 1930s the consciousness of black America was raised to newer and higher levels of self-worth and social importance. A number of events led up to this awakening, or, more appropriately, reawakening. Large numbers of blacks had streamed into the northern cities in the first years of the new century, in a movement that historians call the Great Migration. These blacks were forced by bigotry to leave the south. They were drawn north by, among other things, the promise of better vocational and educational opportunities.


Mark Twain's Racial Attitudes As Related In His Works To Shifting Patterns In Tone, John William Miller Jan 1970

Mark Twain's Racial Attitudes As Related In His Works To Shifting Patterns In Tone, John William Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Mark Twain's attitudes toward non-whites are seen to be thinly spread throughout the content of much of his published material. Because of this and because these attitudes are often vague and inconsistent, they are not easily explained. However, one overall pattern to these views seems to be evident. Twain most often vacillates between two extreme views or dual myths pertaining to a given race. These views generally represent popular myths current in Twain's own time, such as the myth of hereditary evil in Negro "blood," and the myth of white supremacy. Twain's affinities for and conflicts between ...


Malcolm X: Chronology Of Change, Rose-Ann Cecers Jan 1970

Malcolm X: Chronology Of Change, Rose-Ann Cecers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When a man dies, especially a man like Malcolm X, those who survive him often feel compelled to study his life. My own reading of The Autobiography of Malcolm ! indicates that the most important factor in his career may have been his ability to modify his own life greatly. This man made conscious changes in his existence. The four names he used symbolize these changes.


James Wheldon Johnson: Black American Poet, Diane Moore Jan 1970

James Wheldon Johnson: Black American Poet, Diane Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a man James Weldon Johnson is fascinating if only for his many careers: lawyer, counselor to Latin America, founding father of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, lecturer, teacher, elementary school principal, novelist, essayist, song writer, translator, and :poet. However, it is as a poet that he most fascinates me, and as a poet he has not received attention proportionate to his accomplishments. In this paper I wish to trace his development as it moved through four rather distinct stages from his early dialect poetry to his later religious poetry (as represented by God's Trombones ...