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Articles 1 - 30 of 1959

Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

Editorial Introducing The Special Issue For Diversity In Aquatics, Angela Beale-Tawfeeq, Austin R. Anderson, Steven N. Waller Apr 2020

Editorial Introducing The Special Issue For Diversity In Aquatics, Angela Beale-Tawfeeq, Austin R. Anderson, Steven N. Waller

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Introduction to Special Issue - no abstract available


Citizen Engagement In Aquatics Equity: The Case Of Winston Waterworks, Steven N. Waller Phd, James H. Bemiller Jd, Emliy J. Johnson, Chermaine D. Cole, Jason Scott Phd, Angela Wozencroft, Phd Apr 2020

Citizen Engagement In Aquatics Equity: The Case Of Winston Waterworks, Steven N. Waller Phd, James H. Bemiller Jd, Emliy J. Johnson, Chermaine D. Cole, Jason Scott Phd, Angela Wozencroft, Phd

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Historically, swimming pools have been a source of inequity when it comes to the distribution of recreation services in the United States. Many of the problems that correlate with the inequitable allocation of recreation resources including public swimming pools began with ideas about race, geography, poor planning practices and faulty policymaking (Rothstein, 2017). Moreover, one of the primary outcomes of engaged, inclusive planning is equity in the provision of recreation programs and facilities. In this essay, we offer a summary of key legal cases that help address questions related resource allocation related to public swimming pools. Finally, we present a ...


A Comprehensive Analysis Of Aquatic Programming At Historically Black Colleges And Universities (Hbcus), Tiffany Monique Quash, Knolan C. Rawlins, Shaun M. Anderson Apr 2020

A Comprehensive Analysis Of Aquatic Programming At Historically Black Colleges And Universities (Hbcus), Tiffany Monique Quash, Knolan C. Rawlins, Shaun M. Anderson

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This article provides a comprehensive examination of aquatic programming at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). HBCUs consist of public, private, 2-year, and 4-year institutions (U.S. Department of Education, 2018). Historically, HBCUs provided descendants of the enslaved access to higher education opportunities (Brown, Donahoo, & Bertrand, 2001). HBCUs now serve a more diverse community and the core focus remains on inclusion, social justice, diversity, empowerment, leadership, and cultural competence (Kennedy, 2012; Rawlins, 2018). Consequently, HBCUs may provide an ideal environment to address aquatic activity and the drowning disparity in the African American community. In the current study, researchers sent a survey to 102 HBCUs to better assess the prevalence of aquatics programming at these institutions. Approximately 38 percent of the HBCUs responded to the survey. The ...


Barriers Of African American Football Student-Athletes In Seeking Mental Health Services, Todd Andrew Wilkerson Aug 2019

Barriers Of African American Football Student-Athletes In Seeking Mental Health Services, Todd Andrew Wilkerson

Theses and Dissertations

Nearly half (48%) of collegiate football student-athletes are African American (NCAA, 2018). African American student-athletes face adversity at their respective institutions in the forms of racism and unfair treatment (Hill, Hall & Appleton, 2010). African American male student-athletes face educational stressors, campus stressors and athletic stressors. These stressors consist of academics, family, athletics and social relationships (Miller & Hoffman, 2009). Many African American student-athletes do not seek mental health treatment due to their status on campus (Watson, 2006). However, few studies have examined mental health and barriers for African American male student-athletes when seeking mental health services. As such, the purpose of ...


Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, Steven Reynolds May 2019

Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, Steven Reynolds

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explores the mind-body experience through an arts-based research approach to examine, and redefine the emotional capacity and usefulness of males through societal determinants that limits and hinders men from living their authentic selves. Through the lens of a metaphoric “Man Box” 112 men participated in a workshop recreating their personal narratives of socialization through, style of dress, coping mechanisms, belief systems and who they should be as men through society's standards. In the “Man Box,” male bonding, and emotional feelings are discouraged, while the objectification of women, material property and physical/emotional strength are encouraged. This research ...


Ua1c3/3 Student/Alumni Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c3/3 Student/Alumni Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of students and alumni of Western Kentucky University and its founding institutions. Individual portraits and small identified groups.


Ua1c5/3 Basketball - Womens Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c5/3 Basketball - Womens Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of women's basketball teams and games.


Ua1c5/6 Football Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c5/6 Football Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of football teams, games, individual players and coaches, includes College High, Ogden College and Southern Normal School teams.


Ua1c5/2 Basketball - Men Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c5/2 Basketball - Men Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of men's basketball teams and games, including College High and Ogden College teams.


Ua1c3/6 Student/Alumni Small Group Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c3/6 Student/Alumni Small Group Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of small groups of identified students.


Ua1c5/5 Cheerleader Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c5/5 Cheerleader Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of cheerleaders including College High cheerleaders.


Ua1c3/2 Faculty/Staff Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c3/2 Faculty/Staff Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of faculty and staff of Western Kentucky University and its founding institutions.


Ua5/4 University Attorney - Correspondence/Subject File, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua5/4 University Attorney - Correspondence/Subject File, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

No abstract provided.


Ua3/8/2 President's Office-Meredith Athletics, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua3/8/2 President's Office-Meredith Athletics, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Athletics subject file created by the President's Office during Thomas Meredith's tenure as president of WKU.


Ua19/16/2 Track & Field Press Releases, Wku Athletic Media Relations Jan 2019

Ua19/16/2 Track & Field Press Releases, Wku Athletic Media Relations

WKU Archives Records

Press releases regarding WKU's track and field teams for 2019.


Ua19/16/2 Athletic Media Relations Press Releases, Wku Athletic Media Relations Jan 2019

Ua19/16/2 Athletic Media Relations Press Releases, Wku Athletic Media Relations

WKU Archives Records

General WKU athletic press releases for 2019.


Ua19/16/1 Hilltopper Basketball 2019-20, Wku Athletic Media Relations Jan 2019

Ua19/16/1 Hilltopper Basketball 2019-20, Wku Athletic Media Relations

WKU Archives Records

2019-20 men's basketball media guide produced by WKU Athletic Media Relations, includes athletic records and statistics, photographs, schedule and information regarding opponents.


Irish Whips And German Suplexes: Professional Wrestling And The American Immigrant And Minority Experience, Colin Rush Walker Dec 2018

Irish Whips And German Suplexes: Professional Wrestling And The American Immigrant And Minority Experience, Colin Rush Walker

Theses and Dissertations

Trends within sports and popular entertainment have long been regarded as great indicators of larger transitions in the social, political, and economic landscape of the United States. Repeatedly mined and often used for context, sports have become intrinsically linked to the broader discussions of people, their beliefs, ideals, and actions occurring in the historiography of American culture. However, one sport has regularly been passed over in these examinations. I argue that the modern day entertainment monolith of professional wrestling serves as one of the most important indicators of socioeconomic change in the history of the U.S., and that it ...


Conflicted: An Autoethnography On Researching The Minority Swimming Gap, Dawn M. Norwood Aug 2018

Conflicted: An Autoethnography On Researching The Minority Swimming Gap, Dawn M. Norwood

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

In this research note, I use an autoethnographic method to undertake the task of uncomfortable reflexivity to address the intra-conflict of being a Black woman researching the minority swimming gap, who, like my research participants, struggles with hair maintenance to engage in swimming activities. My uncomfortable reflexivity moves from stages of confession, self-discovery, catharsis and a plan to incorporate deeper reflexivity in future research and other academic practices. Reflexivity in qualitative research is used as a methodological practice to give validation and legitimacy to a research study. Oftentimes, a qualitative researcher will do a bracketed interview to become aware ...


A Cause To Action: Learning To Develop A Culturally Responsive/Relevant Approach To 21st Century Water Safety Messaging Through Collaborative Partnerships, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, Austin Anderson, William D. Ramos Aug 2018

A Cause To Action: Learning To Develop A Culturally Responsive/Relevant Approach To 21st Century Water Safety Messaging Through Collaborative Partnerships, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, Austin Anderson, William D. Ramos

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Globally, and in the United States, drowning is considered a “neglected public health threat” (WHO, 2014b). Reports have shown that there are groups of people in certain communities who are at greater risk. African Americans, as a group, have a drowning death rate 9% higher than that of the overall population, with the greatest disparity being among African American youth (Gilchrist & Parker, 2014). While many national programs and organizations present water safety awareness and drowning prevention efforts within communities, very few offer multi-sectorial collaborative efforts (WHO, 2017a) among culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) aquatic stakeholders designed to empower, promote, and ...


Guest Editors' Introduction To The Special Issue, Diversity In Aquatics, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, Steven N. Waller Ph.D., Austin Anderson Aug 2018

Guest Editors' Introduction To The Special Issue, Diversity In Aquatics, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, Steven N. Waller Ph.D., Austin Anderson

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This is the introductory editorial leading off the special issue, "Diversity in Aquatics."


Modeling Initial Participation Of Diverse Communities In Competitive Swimming, Dane W. Wolfrom, Emily J. Murray, Angela M. Dominguez Aug 2018

Modeling Initial Participation Of Diverse Communities In Competitive Swimming, Dane W. Wolfrom, Emily J. Murray, Angela M. Dominguez

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This research note introduces the Initial Participation Model, which theorizes continued participation in a activity or group before individuals make commitment is a function of: enjoyment, feeling of inclusion, and/or involvement opportunities. The specific focus of this research is investigating how deficiency in enjoyment, feeling of inclusion, and involvement opportunities may discourage continuing participation in competitive swimming by underrepresented populations such as African American, Black, Hispanic, Latino, Native American, Pacific Islander and low-socioeconomic communities. Details explain how initial participation differs from other sport stages by emphasizing participation; relating to program instead of sport; and resetting each time an individual ...


Navigating Rough Waters: Public Swimming Pools, Discrimination, And The Law, Steven N. Waller Ph.D., Jim Bemiller Jd Aug 2018

Navigating Rough Waters: Public Swimming Pools, Discrimination, And The Law, Steven N. Waller Ph.D., Jim Bemiller Jd

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Historically, swimming pools have been a focal point of racial tension. Discrimination and segregation are inextricably tied to the history of public swimming usage in the United States. Pools are public spaces that are physically and visually intimate. History has revealed that both de jure (enacted through the law by the government) and de facto (occurs through social interaction) discrimination have contributed to segregatory practices in the United States. The purpose of this article is twofold: 1) to examine the social pattern of discrimination that has stymied the growth of swimming in communities of color in the United States; and ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs Jul 2018

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter recapping the top stories of the week.


Books Or Baskets: Compromising The Education And Future Of Black Student-Athletes, Jessica L. Laemle Apr 2018

Books Or Baskets: Compromising The Education And Future Of Black Student-Athletes, Jessica L. Laemle

Student Publications

In this paper, I discuss the challenges and inequalities that Black male athletes face while playing college sports, particularly basketball and football at PWIs. I explore how this focus on sports pushes these individuals to focus on athletics rather than academics, as they are there on scholarships and are focused primarily on representing their schools and becoming professional athletes. I discuss multiple factors that play into these student-athletes' idea that athletics are more important than academics. Using multiple studies, I give information and statistics on the outcomes of these athletes. I also provide limitations of the studies I use so ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs Mar 2018

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter recapping the top stories of the week.


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs Mar 2018

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter recapping the top stories of the week.


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs Feb 2018

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter recapping the top stories of the week.


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs Feb 2018

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter recapping the top stories of the week.


Ua1c6/4 Banquets/Dinners Photos, Wku Archives Jan 2018

Ua1c6/4 Banquets/Dinners Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of banquets and dinners.