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Full-Text Articles in Intellectual History

Augustine: Learning In Community, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Augustine: Learning In Community, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

If all Western philosophy is a footnote to Plato as some have claimed, it might also be legitimate to suppose that all Christian philosophy of education is a footnote to Augustine.  After all, Augustine was the first to offer a systematic synthesis of ancient philosophy with biblical truth, and as Aristotle’s realism was a response to Plato’s idealism, Thomas Aquinas’ scholasticism was similarly a response to Augustine’s Christian liberal arts.  Though it has been nearly two millennia since this North African monk and bishop wrote and established his order of learning communities, Augustine’s writings and his ...


Søren Kierkegaard's Existentialism In Education: A Context Of Choice And Authentic Relationship, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Søren Kierkegaard's Existentialism In Education: A Context Of Choice And Authentic Relationship, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Though known primarily as a Christian theologian, philosopher, and apologist, Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) has also greatly influenced the field of education through his existential notions of subjective knowledge, student choice, and an emphasis on the individual as thinker and believer.  At first, educators may find it a challenge to understand the complexities of his writings, but once they take the “leap,” they may discover that his approach to learning serves to inspire their practice.  They may not be familiar with his name, but educators will recognize Kierkegaard’s ideas as having influenced educational theory and practice throughout the past century ...


The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner Dec 2015

The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


“Translation, The Introduction Of Western Time Consciousness Into The Chinese Language, And Chinese Modernity.”, Sinkwan Cheng Feb 2015

“Translation, The Introduction Of Western Time Consciousness Into The Chinese Language, And Chinese Modernity.”, Sinkwan Cheng

Sinkwan Cheng

No abstract provided.


The Worldmakers: Global Imagining In Early Modern Europe, Ayesha Ramachandran Dec 2014

The Worldmakers: Global Imagining In Early Modern Europe, Ayesha Ramachandran

Ayesha Ramachandran

In this beautifully conceived book, Ayesha Ramachandran reconstructs the imaginative struggles of early modern artists, philosophers, and writers to make sense of something that we take for granted: the world, imagined as a whole. Once a new, exciting, and frightening concept, “the world” was transformed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. But how could one envision something that no one had ever seen in its totality? The Worldmakers moves beyond histories of globalization to explore how “the world” itself—variously understood as an object of inquiry, a comprehensive category, and a system of order—was self-consciously shaped by human agents ...


Philosophy Of Ancient Athens, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2014

Philosophy Of Ancient Athens, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

“Know Thyself! The unexamined Life is not worth Living.” Whether you agree or not with Socrates’ claim that “the unexamined life is not worth living,” you cannot refute that Socrates, this ancient Athenian who lived four centuries before Christ, made a huge impact on the fields of philosophy and of education. Known primarily for his teaching method, Socrates was accused of riling up the youth of his time. When someone challenges others to think differently than the traditional ways that have been passed down, it sometimes upsets the apple cart, the power structure, the political system. And that’s exactly ...


Enlightenment And Catholicism In Europe. A Transnational History, Ulrich Lehner, Jeffrey Burson Mar 2014

Enlightenment And Catholicism In Europe. A Transnational History, Ulrich Lehner, Jeffrey Burson

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


Mou Zongsan And His Nineteen Lectures On Chinese Philosophy, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2013

Mou Zongsan And His Nineteen Lectures On Chinese Philosophy, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Mou Zongsan (1909-95) was a philosophical giant whose legacy looms large over Chinese-speaking regions of the world, and who is in the process of being discovered by non- Sinophone thinkers. Faced with many challenges to earlier Chinese self-understandings, Mou and his contemporaries undertook sustained, critical engagement with philosophical thought from outside their native traditions. In the twenty-first century, philosophers in the Western world are slowly beginning to follow suit. Some are motivated by worries about the narrowness or unsustainability of present Western trends; others are prompted by worries about the rise of China; and some are simply attracted to the ...


Mou Zongsan And His Nineteen Lectures On Chinese Philosophy, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2013

Mou Zongsan And His Nineteen Lectures On Chinese Philosophy, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Mou Zongsan (1909-95) was a philosophical giant whose legacy looms large over Chinese-speaking regions of the world, and who is in the process of being discovered by non- Sinophone thinkers. Faced with many challenges to earlier Chinese self-understandings, Mou and his contemporaries undertook sustained, critical engagement with philosophical thought from outside their native traditions. In the twenty-first century, philosophers in the Western world are slowly beginning to follow suit. Some are motivated by worries about the narrowness or unsustainability of present Western trends; others are prompted by worries about the rise of China; and some are simply attracted to the ...


Les Codes De Conduite: Source Du Droit Global?, Gregory Lewkowicz Jan 2013

Les Codes De Conduite: Source Du Droit Global?, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

La doctrine récente en théorie et en philosophie du droit examine depuis plusieurs années les transformations du droit dans la mondialisation à partir de l’hypothèse de la formation d’un droit global. Les codes de conduites constitueraient un élément typique de ce droit global naissant.

Confrontés au phénomène massif de multiplication des codes de conduite, considéré comme extérieur au droit, selon la théorie et les critères classiques des normes juridiques, mais qui évolue pourtant en interaction sinon en concurrence avec lui, les auteurs examinent dans cette contribution le problème des rapports entre codes de conduite et sources du droit ...


To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill Dec 2012

To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill

A. Chadwick Thornhill

Paul's "doctrine" of election has remained a controversial and enigmatic topic for centuries. Few studies, however, have approached Paul's doctrine through the context of Second Temple Judaism. This study examines Paul's view of election through the lens of Second Temple Jewish texts written prior to 70 CE. In doing so, it is argued that the best framework through which to view Paul's discussion of election is through a primarily corporate model of election. While such a model is rooted in Judaism, Paul departs from his Jewish contemporaries in arguing that the locus of election is in ...


Ratings Contre Etats, Gregory Lewkowicz Mar 2012

Ratings Contre Etats, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

Interview of Gregory Lewkowicz on credit rating agencies by I. de Laminne for the newspaper "La Libre Belgique"


Agences De Notation: La Solution Se Trouverait Dans Les Banques, Gregory Lewkowicz Mar 2012

Agences De Notation: La Solution Se Trouverait Dans Les Banques, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

Interview of Gregory Lewkowicz on credit rating agencies by Jennifer Nille for the newspaper "L'Echo"


Arendtian Action And The Camp: Understanding The Connection Between Totalitarianism And Politics, Corey Dethier Feb 2012

Arendtian Action And The Camp: Understanding The Connection Between Totalitarianism And Politics, Corey Dethier

Corey Dethier

This paper argues for a reconceptualization of Arendt's concept of action based on her account of and experience with totalitarianism. Using Origins of Totalitarianism as a guide to what Arendt sees as the breakdown of a functioning society, it reconstructs her conception of politics found inThe Human Condition and On Revolution to show that what Arendt aims for is a form of government that can prevent the spread of totalitarianism and its characteristics. From this perspective, it argues that Arendt's concepts of politics and action are designed to create a public aware of its plurality and primarily concerned ...


La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz Jan 2010

La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

In this paper, the development of alternative regulatory tools (codes of conduct, monitoring mechanisms, etc.) dealing with the protection of civilians during armed conflicts is scrutinized in the context of “new wars”. The paper analyses the connections between these alternative regulatory tools and classical international humanitarian law (IHL) instruments. The paper suggests that the profusion of alternative regulatory tools can help to disseminate classical IHL norms and to adapt them to contemporary warfare. The paper also envisages the possibility of a new “lex armorum” emerging from these new regulatory tools and challenging classical IHL.


La Svista Di Darwin. Sulla Rivoluzione Della Tradizione Aristotelica, In «Chronos», 29 (2010), Pp. 5-28., Marco Solinas Dec 2009

La Svista Di Darwin. Sulla Rivoluzione Della Tradizione Aristotelica, In «Chronos», 29 (2010), Pp. 5-28., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


L’Impronta Dell’Inutilità. Il Tramonto Delle Cause Finali Nell’Impianto Evoluzionistico, In "Leussein. Rivista Di Studi Umanistici", Ii, 3/6 (2009), Pp. 127-145., Marco Solinas Dec 2008

L’Impronta Dell’Inutilità. Il Tramonto Delle Cause Finali Nell’Impianto Evoluzionistico, In "Leussein. Rivista Di Studi Umanistici", Ii, 3/6 (2009), Pp. 127-145., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Droits De L'Homme, Droits Du Citoyen: Les Présupposés De La Jurisprudence Américaine Et Européenne, Gregory Lewkowicz Jan 2008

Droits De L'Homme, Droits Du Citoyen: Les Présupposés De La Jurisprudence Américaine Et Européenne, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

This paper proposes a comparative analysis of some rulings of the US Supreme Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. Reviewing cases related to international legal problems or using comparative legal reasoning, the paper suggests that the difference of attitudes between the two courts in human rights cases is embedded in the classical opposition between men and citizen.


Corégulation Et Responsabilité Sociale Des Entreprises, Gregory Lewkowicz, Ludovic Hennebel Jan 2007

Corégulation Et Responsabilité Sociale Des Entreprises, Gregory Lewkowicz, Ludovic Hennebel

Gregory Lewkowicz

This paper analyses the evolution of corporate social responsibility from an empirical and a theoretical point of view. After having described the framework of a theory of coregulation, the authors scrutinize the main regulatory instruments used in the context of corporate social responsibility. They demonstrate that the evolution of corporate social responsaibility delineates a new regulatory logic peculiar to a globalizing legal world. The paper concludes stating that this logic could be a paradigm for the study of an emerging global law.


La Paternità Dell’Eros: Il “Simposio” E Freud, In G. Ugolini (Hg. A Cura Di), "Die Kraft Der Vergangenheit – La Forza Del Passato", Hildesheim-Zürich-New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2005, Pp. 231-241., Marco Solinas Dec 2004

La Paternità Dell’Eros: Il “Simposio” E Freud, In G. Ugolini (Hg. A Cura Di), "Die Kraft Der Vergangenheit – La Forza Del Passato", Hildesheim-Zürich-New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2005, Pp. 231-241., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Law, Justice, And Power: Between Reason And Will (Stanford University Press), Sinkwan Cheng Dec 2003

Law, Justice, And Power: Between Reason And Will (Stanford University Press), Sinkwan Cheng

Sinkwan Cheng

This is an unprecedented volume that brings together J. Hillis Miller, Julia Kristeva, Slavoj Zizek, Ernesto Laclau, Alain Badiou, Nancy Fraser, and other prominent intellectuals from five countries in seven disciplines to provide fresh perspectives on the new configurations of law, justice, and power in the global age. The work engages and challenges past and present scholarship on current topics in legal studies: globalization, post-colonialism, multiculturalism, ethics, post-structuralism, and psychoanalysis. The book is divided into five parts. The first debates issues of (trans-)national justice and human rights in the global age, focusing on military interventions and refugee policies. Part ...


The Foundations Of Western Thought: Hebrews, Greeks, And Romans, Tim Shutt Dec 2003

The Foundations Of Western Thought: Hebrews, Greeks, And Romans, Tim Shutt

Tim Shutt

No abstract provided.


Socrate E Freud. Due Psicoterapie A Confronto, In "Kykéion. Semestrale Di Idee In Discussione", 8 (2002), Pp. 105-116., Marco Solinas Dec 2001

Socrate E Freud. Due Psicoterapie A Confronto, In "Kykéion. Semestrale Di Idee In Discussione", 8 (2002), Pp. 105-116., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

No abstract provided.


Should We All Be More English? Liang Qichao, Rudolf Von Jhering, And Rights, Stephen C. Angle Dec 1999

Should We All Be More English? Liang Qichao, Rudolf Von Jhering, And Rights, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

Rudolf von Jhering (1818-92) published Der Kampf ums Recht (The Struggle for Law) in 1872. He was already regarded as one of Germany’s most important legal philosophers, and Der Kampf helped to ensure a world-wide reputation. His argument that people should be less like the “adult children” of China and more like the English found audiences everywhere, including China, where Der Kampf was translated between 1900 and 1901. Jhering’s doctrines stimulated Liang Qichao (1873-1929), one of China’s leading thinkers, to publish “Lun Quanli Sixiang (On Rights Consciousness),” in 1902 as part of his manifesto On the New ...


What's Wrong With Exploitation?, Justin Schwartz Jan 1995

What's Wrong With Exploitation?, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Abstract: Marx thinks that capitalism is exploitative, and that is a major basis for his objections to it. But what's wrong with exploitation, as Marx sees it? (The paper is exegetical in character: my object is to understand what Marx believed,) The received view, held by Norman Geras, G.A. Cohen, and others, is that Marx thought that capitalism was unjust, because in the crudest sense, capitalists robbed labor of property that was rightfully the workers' because the workers and not the capitalists produced it. This view depends on a Labor Theory of Property (LTP), that property rights are ...


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...