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Articles 1 - 30 of 514

Full-Text Articles in Holocaust and Genocide Studies

From “Total Destruction” To “Total Dictatorship”: The Influence Of Ernst Jünger’S Visionary Fascism, Nick Schiff Jun 2024

From “Total Destruction” To “Total Dictatorship”: The Influence Of Ernst Jünger’S Visionary Fascism, Nick Schiff

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper seeks to answer one central question: How can the life and work of Ernst Jünger help illuminate the development of fascist ideas, culture, politics, and power across Europe from 1920-1945? The components of that question are: what were the core elements of Jünger’s aesthetics, morality, and politics? How did he synthesize these elements to create his influential vision of German fascism? What were Jünger’s interactions and exchanges with other European fascists, as well as influential Nazis including Carl Schmitt, Joseph Goebbels, and Adolph Hitler himself? How did Jünger’s new Fascist politics and aesthetics affect them? I argue that …


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Teresa Langness, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Teresa Langness, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Susan Osborn, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Susan Osborn, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Rodney Paul Gilliam, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Rodney Paul Gilliam, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Mary Larson, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Mary Larson, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Mimi Silbert, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Mimi Silbert, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Kevin Morris, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Kevin Morris, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Marcy Adamski, Sam And Pearl Oliner May 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - Dr. Marcy Adamski, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.


Too Little, Too Late: The Icc And The Politics Of Prosecutorial Procrastination In Georgia, Marco Bocchese May 2024

Too Little, Too Late: The Icc And The Politics Of Prosecutorial Procrastination In Georgia, Marco Bocchese

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In August 2008, just days after belligerent parties had reached a ceasefire agreement, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) announced the opening of a preliminary examination into the situation of Georgia. Yet, it was only in March 2022 that International Criminal Court (ICC) Chief Prosecutor Karim Khan applied for arrest warrants in relation to three individuals from Georgia’s breakaway region of South Ossetia. That said, how can such prolonged inaction be accounted for? How much blame does the OTP carry for it? And how did ICC-state relations develop over time? This paper conducts a within-case analysis of the situation of …


Community, Race, And National Socialism: The Evolution Of The Ideology Of Volksgemeinschaft, 1807-1945, Robert B. Anderson May 2024

Community, Race, And National Socialism: The Evolution Of The Ideology Of Volksgemeinschaft, 1807-1945, Robert B. Anderson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Historiography of the National Socialist Volksgemeinschaft, or people’s community, has traditionally been divided between historians surmising its construction under the Third Reich as a genuine undertaking meant to uplift German society, and those who view the project as a propaganda effort which assisted the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in retaining legitimacy. Utilizing the plethora of works written on the topic, and a handful of primary sources from pre-Nazified Germany, NSDAP officials, and average citizens alike, this work will demonstrate that, as early as 1807, German philosophers, statesmen, and eventually a large majority of the population yearned for the national unity …


Sites Of Incarceration And Forced Labour Under The Nazi Regime And Its Allies, 1933-1945, Maja Kruse, Anne Kelly Knowles Apr 2024

Sites Of Incarceration And Forced Labour Under The Nazi Regime And Its Allies, 1933-1945, Maja Kruse, Anne Kelly Knowles

History Faculty Scholarship

This map was commissioned by the United Nations Education Outreach Section to be part of a refreshed permanent Holocaust exhibition at UN headquarters in New York City. The contents of the map draw on years of research by Anne Kelly Knowles, Maja Kruse, and other members of the Holocaust Project research team at the University of Maine, Duke University, Washington University at St. Louis, and Middlebury College. This research was supported chiefly by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, with additional support from team members' institutions. No territorial boundaries are shown because they changed many times from 1938 …


Hogan's Heroes: Fact Or Fiction?, Mark Granicke Apr 2024

Hogan's Heroes: Fact Or Fiction?, Mark Granicke

Undergraduate Research Symposium

When it first debuted in 1965, Hogan’s Heroes was not met with the fondness it later garnered. Set in Stalag 13, a fictional German Luftwaffe (Air Force) prisoner of war (POW) camp during World War II (WWII), the show follows the American POW Colonel Robert E. Hogan and his band of compatriots as they run a secret sabotage operation within the camp under the nose of the inept camp commandant Colonel Wilhelm Klink. Hilarity ensues as Hogan and crew outwit the Germans, portrayed as bumbling idiots, in all sorts of missions, from smuggling prisoners, stealing plans, blowing up trains, and …


Radically Feminist Or Monstrously Feminine?: Witches And Goddesses In Guadagnino's Suspiria (2018), Lindsay Macumber Apr 2024

Radically Feminist Or Monstrously Feminine?: Witches And Goddesses In Guadagnino's Suspiria (2018), Lindsay Macumber

Journal of Religion & Film

Guadagnino’s 2018 remake of Suspiria explicitly and implicitly incorporates two connected myths, witchcraft and goddess centered matriarchal prehistory. The fact that each of these myths have been claimed by feminists in myriad ways may explain Guadagnino’s claim that Suspiria is a great feminist film that escapes the male gaze. In this article, I argue that Guadagnino’s representation of these myths lays bare their misogynistic origins and perpetuates, rather than subverts, patriarchal power structures.


Paul Celan And The Processes Of Survival In Post-Shoah Jewish Writing, Ari Savage Apr 2024

Paul Celan And The Processes Of Survival In Post-Shoah Jewish Writing, Ari Savage

Theses

The following is a study of the poetry of Paul Celan as a representation of psychological and social processes present in the written works of Shoah survivors. It begins with an analysis of the place of writing in Jewish culture, then identifies three primary processes which operate in sequence: alienation, individuation, and integration. By examining Paul Celan’s highly personal and autobiographical texts in the context of his life experience as a Shoah survivor it is possible to discern the social and psychological forces at work which compel survivors to express their traumas in written form, and to gain a better …


Dogma: How A Convenient Narrative Led To The Holocaust, Morgan R. Schroeder Apr 2024

Dogma: How A Convenient Narrative Led To The Holocaust, Morgan R. Schroeder

Geifman Prize in Holocaust Studies

No abstract provided.


Jewish Women As Subjects And Creators Of Holocaust Art, Digital Commons, Rebekah N. Kalmbach Apr 2024

Jewish Women As Subjects And Creators Of Holocaust Art, Digital Commons, Rebekah N. Kalmbach

Geifman Prize in Holocaust Studies

There are pieces of Holocaust and post-Holocaust art that portray the Jewish woman as a symbol of victimhood and suffering, but do these depictions allow the narratives of Jewish women to be heard, or do they stifle them? Instead of focusing on the Jewish women as symbols of objectified self-sacrifice, there should be more focus on the art created by Jewish women who witnessed the horrors of the Holocaust through their creations. By examining the art and experiences of Jewish women in concentration camps, space is made for their voices, and they are no longer representational, but intrinsically human.


Sonic Salvation: A Neuroscientific Exploration Of Music's Role In Cultural Preservation In The Wake Of The Holocaust, Regan K. Recklaus Apr 2024

Sonic Salvation: A Neuroscientific Exploration Of Music's Role In Cultural Preservation In The Wake Of The Holocaust, Regan K. Recklaus

Geifman Prize in Holocaust Studies

As easy as it would be to begin this essay with a succinct “music is” statement (e.g. “music is life” or “music is power”), it would be akin to encapsulating the boundless expanse of the cosmos in a single photograph. It would fail to honor the immeasurable richness and complexity of the force which has transformed humanity from a group of disparate apes into a symphony of interconnected souls. For all of history, music has served as a means for humans to tap into and express the very things that make them human—their emotions, culture, and individual identities. Its profound …


A Personal Autobiographical Essay On The Origins And Beginning Years Of Genocide Studies, And Some Reflections On The Field Today, Israel W. Charny Mar 2024

A Personal Autobiographical Essay On The Origins And Beginning Years Of Genocide Studies, And Some Reflections On The Field Today, Israel W. Charny

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Editors' Introduction Mar 2024

Editors' Introduction

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Horizontal Economic Inequality And Mass Atrocity Risk: A Large-Sample Empirical Inquiry, Charles H. Anderton, Roxane A. Anderton Feb 2024

Horizontal Economic Inequality And Mass Atrocity Risk: A Large-Sample Empirical Inquiry, Charles H. Anderton, Roxane A. Anderton

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Our research question is: Does inter-group horizontal economic inequality elevate state-perpetrated mass atrocity risk? Theoretical perspectives in genocide studies show how economic and other forms of discrimination against ethnic or religious groups can elevate the risk of government violence against them. Among the approximately five dozen large-sample empirical studies of mass atrocity risk, only a few consider the effects of economic discrimination. Moreover, no large-sample empirical studies, to the best of our knowledge, test hypotheses related to how inter-group horizontal economic inequalities (as distinct from vertical economic inequalities based on GINI coefficients or quantile income or wealth measures) affect mass …


“Genocide Of The Soviet People”: Putin’S Russia Waging Lawfare By Means Of History, 2018–2023, Anton Weiss-Wendt Feb 2024

“Genocide Of The Soviet People”: Putin’S Russia Waging Lawfare By Means Of History, 2018–2023, Anton Weiss-Wendt

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article exposes the political underpinnings of the term “genocide of the Soviet people,” introduced and actively promoted in Russia since 2019. By reclassifying mass crimes committed by the Nazis and their accomplices against the civilian population—specifically Slavic—as genocide, Russian courts effectively engage in adjudication of the history of the Second World War. In the process, genocide trials, ongoing in twenty-five Russian provinces and five occupied Ukrainian territories, present no new evidence or issue new indictments, thus fulfilling none of the objectives of a standard criminal investigation. The wording of the verdicts, and a comprehensive political project put in place …


How Technology Is Helping Holocaust Deniers Rewrite History, Michael Raffelson Jan 2024

How Technology Is Helping Holocaust Deniers Rewrite History, Michael Raffelson

Undergraduate Research Symposium

In the age of social media, it is easier to connect to people with like-minded views. Well, my poster offers an explanation for how prevalent holocaust deniers are on social media and what exactly companies are doing about it.


Preserving Sacred Memory: The Effort To Create The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Jessica Wachtel Jan 2024

Preserving Sacred Memory: The Effort To Create The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Jessica Wachtel

Undergraduate Research Symposium

This poster attempts to provide insight on how the American government remembers the Holocaust through its formation of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. Topics include the physical structure of the museum, the history of the museum, and the relationship between original museum chairman Elie Wiesel and U.S. presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan.


Holocaust Denial: The Conspiracy Of Ignorance, Morgan Nelson Jan 2024

Holocaust Denial: The Conspiracy Of Ignorance, Morgan Nelson

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Holocaust denial means denying that the intentional mass extermination of Jews by the Nazi Regime during WWII happened. It is essential to know about these deniers and to refute their claims to stop the spread of misinformation. Topics investigated were what Holocaust denial is, why deniers support it, who are Holocaust deniers, an example being David Irving, the major claims of deniers, and how historians refute those claims. Those answers were found from multiple sources, including Denying the Holocaust by Deborah Lipstadt and Hitler's War by David Irving. The major findings were there are many denier claims. Three major ones …


Erwin Rommel: Noble Knight Of Germany Or Nazi Knave?, Jake Schultz Jan 2024

Erwin Rommel: Noble Knight Of Germany Or Nazi Knave?, Jake Schultz

Undergraduate Research Symposium

This poster seeks to explore the historical memory of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his legacy today in commemoration in modern Germany.


Magneto’S Origin In The Holocaust And How It Influences His Character Today, Rena Usprich Jan 2024

Magneto’S Origin In The Holocaust And How It Influences His Character Today, Rena Usprich

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Marvel's Magneto was created in 1963, originally with no connection to the Holocaust. However that changed in the late 1970's when his origin was reworked to make him a Jewish Holocaust survivor. That origin persists to this day and is explored in modern media produced by Marvel, both film and comic-wise.


Unraveling The Truth: The Wannsee Conference And Holocaust Denial, Howie Parkes Jan 2024

Unraveling The Truth: The Wannsee Conference And Holocaust Denial, Howie Parkes

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The Wannsee Conference, held in January 1942, marked a crucial turning point in the Holocaust, as it signified the Nazi regime's decision to systematically exterminate Europe's Jewish population on an industrial scale. This poster presentation examines the role of the Wannsee Conference in Holocaust denial narratives and the portrayal of the conference in the critically acclaimed film, Conspiracy (2001). I discuss how Holocaust deniers use the Wannsee Conference to argue against the existence of a plan to exterminate Jews or to suggest that the conference never took place. Through an analysis of the conference transcript, I demonstrate its significance in …


Conceptualizing Nazism In America Through Alternative History Media, Matthew Fear Jan 2024

Conceptualizing Nazism In America Through Alternative History Media, Matthew Fear

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Even before the United States' entry into World War II, there has been a unique fascination regarding the prospect of the triumph of Nazism over the collective Allied powers. While every work exists as a product of its time, all share common themes and examine historical facts with an allohistorical lens to imagine a world wherein Hitler and the German Reich were successful in their schemes of world domination and the Final Solution. Despite plenty of historical narratives available for review and analysis, the idea of Nazism surviving beyond the confines of a doomed Germany has remained the most explored, …


Swastikas At Swat And Student Holocaust Memorial Culture, Nathanael D. Brown Jan 2024

Swastikas At Swat And Student Holocaust Memorial Culture, Nathanael D. Brown

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

A series of antisemitic incidents on the campus of Swarthmore College in 2016 invoked a larger memory culture of the Holocaust for Jewish students. This phenomenon was not an aberration, but rather the product of a well-documented effort by Jewish organizations to create a Holocaust memorial culture that would leave a lasting impact on those who experienced it, especially students. By researching the larger picture of how Holocaust Memory culture was created, and using that and Maurice Halbwachs's “lieu de mémoire'' method of historiography as frameworks, we gain insight into how some Jewish students’ perceptions of antisemitism in 2016 were …


Moral Exemplars Of Note - David Risling, Sam And Pearl Oliner Jan 2024

Moral Exemplars Of Note - David Risling, Sam And Pearl Oliner

Moral Exemplars Study

No abstract provided.