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Articles 1 - 30 of 1779

Full-Text Articles in African History

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer May 2023

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care and …


David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis Feb 2023

David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Under what conditions do violent nonstate actors (VNA) succeed against states? Why does David sometimes beat Goliath? Since at least the time of Thucydides and the Peloponnesian Wars, the realist narrative in international relations measures power primarily in relative, coercive, and deterrent terms. Strong states should accordingly face fewer constraints and enjoy more options while pursuing their national interests. Unconventional warfare, and its subsets of terrorism and insurgency, should—given these circumstances, end in VNA failure. Sometimes, however, VNAs find success. By comparing the literature on historical and current case studies, I propose that a set of preconditions and two mechanisms …


Dependency Politics In A South African Bantustan: The National Party, Inkatha, And The Zulu People, 1975-1990, Joshua Shepley Jan 2023

Dependency Politics In A South African Bantustan: The National Party, Inkatha, And The Zulu People, 1975-1990, Joshua Shepley

Major Papers

By the late 1980s, the apartheid structures of the racially segregated Republic of South Africa were fracturing. The ruling National Party’s Bantustan system, whereby the living spaces of the majority African population were restricted to discrete zones according to their ethnic subgroup, had been failing for decades. In order to understand the outbreak of violence that took place in South Africa’s townships in the midst of this breakdown of apartheid society, the relationships that developed within these Bantustans must first be addressed. The most consequential of these relationships developed within KwaZulu, the “homeland” of Zulu Africans, beginning in the early …


The Fight For Equality: African American Seabees During World War Ii, Victoria Castillo Jan 2023

The Fight For Equality: African American Seabees During World War Ii, Victoria Castillo

War and Society (MA) Theses

This thesis outlines the Navy’s movement towards black inclusion from the beginning of World War I to the end of World War II through the lens of African American Seabees as well as the two integrated Seabee Battalions, 34th and 80th. While examining African American Seabees during World War II, one can see the injustices they were facing in the Navy. Seabees are one of the forgotten branches during World War II, but while examining the history of African Americans serving in the U.S. Navy and the Seabees, we start to understand how they were able to …


A United Failure: The Failure Of The United Nations, United States, And Global Community In Preventing And Responding To The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Josh Ratsch Dec 2022

A United Failure: The Failure Of The United Nations, United States, And Global Community In Preventing And Responding To The 1994 Rwandan Genocide, Josh Ratsch

Honors College Theses

The Rwandan Genocide represents a glaring failure of the global community to provide humanitarian protection to targets of ethnic violence and slaughter. The complete indifference displayed by the United Nations provided extremist Hutu leaders with an environment for killing without a threat of foreign intervention. Calls by the leader of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), Roméo Dallaire to reinforce the mission both before and during the slaughter fell upon deaf ears as UN leaders attempted to justify their inaction. Accounts from Rwandan representatives, who at the start of the genocide held a position on the UN Security …


Feminists As Cultural ‘Assassinators’ Of Pakistan, Afiya S. Zia Nov 2022

Feminists As Cultural ‘Assassinators’ Of Pakistan, Afiya S. Zia

Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women's & Gender Studies

Pakistan’s annual Aurat March (Women’s March) signifies a milestone in the culture of feminist protest, but a tense impasse follows a series of encounters between sexual and religious politics, and this has serious implica- tions for rights-based activism in the Islamic Republic.


The Fundamentalist Nexus Of Neoliberalism, Rentier Capitalism, Religious And Secular Patriarchies, And South Asian Feminist Resistances, Fawzia Afzal-Khan Nov 2022

The Fundamentalist Nexus Of Neoliberalism, Rentier Capitalism, Religious And Secular Patriarchies, And South Asian Feminist Resistances, Fawzia Afzal-Khan

Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women's & Gender Studies

In two case studies from Pakistan, which I then link to Afghanistan (under the Taliban before and after the Soviet/ US proxy war there) as well as the Farmer’s Movement in India—I wish to proffer an intersectional analysis of debates around the issue of women’s rights in the global south. Feminist artivism (art-as-activism), can help build solidarities to mount resistances against globally-inflected state repression in our age of neoliberal economic and religious fundamentalisms, which, working in tandem, seek to roll back the rights of women and minorities in and across South Asia, as elsewhere.


Collaborative Constructions: Designing High School History Curriculum With The Lost & Found Game Series, Owen Gottlieb, Shawn Clybor Oct 2022

Collaborative Constructions: Designing High School History Curriculum With The Lost & Found Game Series, Owen Gottlieb, Shawn Clybor

Articles

This chapter addresses design research and iterative curriculum design for the Lost & Found games series. The Lost & Found card-to-mobile series is set in Fustat (Old Cairo) in the twelfth century and focuses on religious laws of the period. The first two games focus on Moses Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah, a key Jewish law code. A new expansion module which was in development at the time of the fieldwork described in this article that introduces Islamic laws of the period, and a mobile prototype of the initial strategy game has been developed with support National Endowment for the Humanities. The …


Gatumba Massacre, Background Essay, Christopher Davey, Ezra Schrader, Fidele Sebahizi, Jean Paul Iranzi Oct 2022

Gatumba Massacre, Background Essay, Christopher Davey, Ezra Schrader, Fidele Sebahizi, Jean Paul Iranzi

Background

On August 13th 2004, 166 people were killed and 106 were wounded at the UN’s Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi. Nearly all the victims were members of the Banyamulenge community, a Congolese Tutsi ethnic group who were deliberately targeted in the attack. The massacre was carried out by the Forces Nationales pour la Liberation (FNL), a Hutu supremacist rebel group fighting in Burundi’s civil war. Understanding the Gatumba Massacre requires understanding what forced those Banyamulenge refugees to flee their homes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and why the FNL targeted them. This background essay addresses the context …


Review Of A Time To Heal: Missionary Nurses In Churches Of Christ, Southeastern Nigeria (1953-1967). By Martha E. Farrar Highfield, Mcgarvey Ice Oct 2022

Review Of A Time To Heal: Missionary Nurses In Churches Of Christ, Southeastern Nigeria (1953-1967). By Martha E. Farrar Highfield, Mcgarvey Ice

Library Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Captured At The Cape: The Enslaved Africans Aboard Bom Caminho, Gracie L. Edler Sep 2022

Captured At The Cape: The Enslaved Africans Aboard Bom Caminho, Gracie L. Edler

The Forum: Journal of History

No abstract provided.


Full Issue Sep 2022

Full Issue

The Forum: Journal of History

No abstract provided.


“Fighting For La Veloz Passagera”: Abolition And The Spanish Slave Trade, Jessica Smith Sep 2022

“Fighting For La Veloz Passagera”: Abolition And The Spanish Slave Trade, Jessica Smith

The Forum: Journal of History

No abstract provided.


Forest City Memories: A Comprehensive Look At Black History In London Ontario, Isaac Edward Mapp Aug 2022

Forest City Memories: A Comprehensive Look At Black History In London Ontario, Isaac Edward Mapp

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The way we record history and reflect on the events of the past often shows the present foundation a community stands on to be socially sustainable and to look toward the future with better clarity. The city of London’s history is some of the richest in Ontario, and the heroism surrounding this history is proudly planted throughout the nooks and crannies of London and beyond. Anyone walking through Victoria Park will notice the Holy Roller tank which fought on D-Day and beyond, or the war memorial featuring a proud and rigid soldier and canons to celebrate Victoria Park and London’s …


Review Of Undoing The Knots: Five Generations Of American Catholic Anti-Blackness, Peter R. Gathje Jul 2022

Review Of Undoing The Knots: Five Generations Of American Catholic Anti-Blackness, Peter R. Gathje

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


Review Of Toward Freedom: The Case Against Race Reductionism, Charles Whitmer Wright Jul 2022

Review Of Toward Freedom: The Case Against Race Reductionism, Charles Whitmer Wright

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


Review Of How To Be An Antiracist (An African’S View), Joseph L. Mbele Jul 2022

Review Of How To Be An Antiracist (An African’S View), Joseph L. Mbele

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Postcolonial African Genocide Novel: Quests For Meaningfulness, Sabah Carrim Jul 2022

Book Review: The Postcolonial African Genocide Novel: Quests For Meaningfulness, Sabah Carrim

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Interview With Sasha Chanoff Of Refuge Point, Sasha Chanoff, Chris Davey Jul 2022

Interview With Sasha Chanoff Of Refuge Point, Sasha Chanoff, Chris Davey

Interviews

Transcript of interview and audio recording conducted with Sasha Chanoff. Per the "Methodology" section, the transcript has been lightly edited for clarity.

This interview was recorded over Zoom and manually transcribed.


Afn 122 Course Design Worksheet And Content: An Anti - Racist And Culturally Inclusive Pedagogy, Oluremi "Remi" Alapo Jul 2022

Afn 122 Course Design Worksheet And Content: An Anti - Racist And Culturally Inclusive Pedagogy, Oluremi "Remi" Alapo

Open Educational Resources

Studying (and teaching) such a vast and diverse continent can be challenging. Because no introductory course can claim to be fully comprehensive, this one will explore several themes in the history of Africa and its peoples that the professor finds important and noteworthy. The readings, lectures, films, and activities will consider broad regions of the continent, and the goals of this course include both knowledge and enjoyment. You should come away from this class with a new appreciation for Africa and a general idea of its history from 1500 to the present.


Law Library Blog (July 2022): Legal Beagle Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Jul 2022

Law Library Blog (July 2022): Legal Beagle Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


A Just And True Return: A Dataset Of Pennsylvania's Surviving County Slave Registries, Cory James Young Jun 2022

A Just And True Return: A Dataset Of Pennsylvania's Surviving County Slave Registries, Cory James Young

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

A Just and True Return (JATR) contains information about more than 6,300 Black people and their enslavers principally taken from extant registries from fifteen Pennsylvania counties: Adams, Allegheny, Bedford, Berks, Bucks, Centre, Chester, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Fayette, Lancaster, Northampton, Washington, and Westmoreland. It also includes a handful of records from four counties—Crawford, Franklin, Philadelphia, and York—whose registries have not been located, but which can be partially reconstructed from a variety of other sources. Pennsylvania's 1780 gradual abolition law required enslavers to register with their county clerk any people they wished to continue holding in lifetime slavery. A 1788 law required …


Brazil And Racism: Examining The Unified Black Movement, 1970-2000, Max Laine Jun 2022

Brazil And Racism: Examining The Unified Black Movement, 1970-2000, Max Laine

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

In 1978, two events changed the current understanding of race in Brazil. The killing of a Black worker who died while in police custody, and the dismissal of four black volleyball players because the manager didn’t want to inspire more Black players to join the team and lose white customers who were against the inclusion of Afro-Brazilians. These two events inspired the creation of the Unified Black Movement (MNU) a month after the events occurred, leading to the challenging of social apartheid which had been implemented by Brazilian society this day leading to an increase in Black Consciousness through the …


Runaway Advertisements From Grenada, 1790-91 And 1798-99, Simon P. Newman Jun 2022

Runaway Advertisements From Grenada, 1790-91 And 1798-99, Simon P. Newman

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Newspaper advertisements written and published by enslavers seeking the capture and return of enslaved people who had escaped. Published in the St Georges Chronicle and Grenada Gazette between July 1790 and January 1791, and between January 1798 and December 1799.


Runaway Advertisements From Barbados, 1770 And 1783-89, Simon P. Newman Jun 2022

Runaway Advertisements From Barbados, 1770 And 1783-89, Simon P. Newman

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Newspaper advertisements written and published by enslavers seeking the capture and return of enslaved people who had escaped. Published in the Barbados Mercury in September to October 1770, and between April 1773 and March 1789, and in the Barbados Gazette between July 1787 and February 1789.


Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1782, 1813, 1816, 1822, And 1823, Simon P. Newman Jun 2022

Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1782, 1813, 1816, 1822, And 1823, Simon P. Newman

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Newspaper advertisements written and published by enslavers seeking the capture and return of enslaved people who had escaped. Published in the Royal Gazette April 1781 to January 1782, January to December 1813, July to October 1816, February to October 1822, and February to March 1823.


Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1781-2, Simon P. Newman Jun 2022

Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1781-2, Simon P. Newman

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Newspaper advertisements written and published by enslavers seeking the capture and return of enslaved people who had escaped. Published in the Gazette of St Jago (Spanish Town), Jamaica, February 1781 to October 1782.


Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1791, Simon P. Newman Jun 2022

Runaway Advertisements From Jamaica, 1791, Simon P. Newman

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Newspaper advertisements written and published by enslavers seeking the capture and return of enslaved people who had escaped. Published in the Kingston Daily Advertiser, Jamaica, January-December 1791.


Autobiography Of George Washington Owens: First African American Graduate Of Kansas State University, Anthony R. Crawford Jun 2022

Autobiography Of George Washington Owens: First African American Graduate Of Kansas State University, Anthony R. Crawford

Special Publications

George Washington Owens was the son of former slaves who migrated to Kansas in the early 1870s to find free land, finally settling in Wabaunsee County, Kansas, near Alma. It was there that he was born in 1875. In his handwritten autobiography, Owens chronicles the difficulties and successes of working hard growing up on the plains and as a student at District School #3 of Alma, and then at Kansas State Agricultural College. After learning that no African American had graduated from KSAC (now Kansas State University), “he resolved to be the first.” He did so, graduating in 1899. Owens …


Archetype, Story, And Myth Within Bulgarian Folklore And Black American Music, Wes C. Georgiev Jun 2022

Archetype, Story, And Myth Within Bulgarian Folklore And Black American Music, Wes C. Georgiev

University Honors Theses

The confluence of several disciplines is explored through the investigation of archetypes, stories, folklore, and myths within the realm of music composition. This research aims to draw fresh conclusions which contend with some of the meanings of being a human. All research is done in conjunction with the creation of a new body of compositions written and arranged for piano, upright bass, and drum set. The academic objective of these pieces is to combine many of the salient characteristics of Bulgarian Folk music with those of Black American music. The supporting research in this essay examines centuries of migration, conflict, …