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2019

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Articles 1 - 30 of 3888

Full-Text Articles in History

Survivors’ Hardships Following The Atomic Bombing Of Nagasaki, Meghan Keenan Dec 2019

Survivors’ Hardships Following The Atomic Bombing Of Nagasaki, Meghan Keenan

History: Student Scholarship & Creative Work

Initially, those who survived the atomic bombing of Nagasaki and its immediate aftermath were considered fortunate. This assumption was soon disproved, as the survivors suffered from various environmental, health, socio-economic, and cultural hardships as result of the bomb.


Gemini 13 Memories, Eddie Key Dec 2019

Gemini 13 Memories, Eddie Key

Student/Alumni Personal Papers

Answers given by Eddie Key to WKU Gemini jazz bands questionnaire in winter of 2019. See Gemini Jazz Bands online exhibit for more information.


African Heritage And The Caribbean-Brazilian Experience, Michelle D. Thompson Dec 2019

African Heritage And The Caribbean-Brazilian Experience, Michelle D. Thompson

Open Educational Resources

This syllabus reflects having students do self-guided research over a semester that doesn't require textbooks.


Autoritat: An Early Glimpse Of The De Dictis Et Factis Regis Alphonsi Aragonum?, Barry Taylor Dec 2019

Autoritat: An Early Glimpse Of The De Dictis Et Factis Regis Alphonsi Aragonum?, Barry Taylor

Translat Library

The account of the funeral sermon of Alfonso the Magnanimous delivered in Valencia cathedral on 28 July 1458 in the Dietari del capellà d’Alfons el Magnànim refers to the king’s actes and auctoritats and therefore may offer a glimpse of his status as a rex facetus very soon after the composition of Beccadelli’s De dictis et factis regis Alphonsi Aragonum in 1455.


Beyond Nationalism? Blank Spaces At The Documenta 1955 – The Legacy Of An Exhibition Between Old Europe And New World Order, Mirl Redmann Dec 2019

Beyond Nationalism? Blank Spaces At The Documenta 1955 – The Legacy Of An Exhibition Between Old Europe And New World Order, Mirl Redmann

Artl@s Bulletin

Was the first documenta really beyond nationalism? documenta 1955 has been widely regarded as conciliation for the fascist legacy of the exhibition “Degenerate Art” (1937), and as an attempt to reintegrate Germany into the international arts community. This article employs published and archival sources in order to understand if and how documenta was impacted by the legacy of nationalism in post-fascist Germany. A biographic sketch of Antonio Corpora (1909-2004) shows how the purportedly “universalist” selection criteria employed by documenta erased cultural specificity and solidified nationalist conceptions of center and periphery.


From Enemy Asset To National Showcase: France’S Seizure And Circulation Of The Matsukata Collection (1944-1958), Léa Saint-Raymond, Maxime Georges Métraux Dec 2019

From Enemy Asset To National Showcase: France’S Seizure And Circulation Of The Matsukata Collection (1944-1958), Léa Saint-Raymond, Maxime Georges Métraux

Artl@s Bulletin

Sequestered by the French State as an "enemy asset" in 1944, Kojiro Matsukata’s collection was used as a national showcase through exhibitions until 1958. Few catalogues were transparent as to the works’ provenance from the collection. When we map and visualize this historical information, a significant contrast appears between the “real” circulation of artworks, as recorded in governmental archives, and the "official" circulation listed in catalogues. This discrepancy points to a propaganda effort in such a way as to bolster an artistic narrative that was key to French national pride, and studying it can further explain why the French ...


Kent Philpott And The Charismatic Roots Of Contemporary Conversion Therapy, Chris Babits Dec 2019

Kent Philpott And The Charismatic Roots Of Contemporary Conversion Therapy, Chris Babits

The Journal of Faith, Education, and Community

Second-wave feminism and the sexual revolution changed Americans’ relationship with not only sex and gender but also religion. In the late 1960s, Kent Philpott, a seminary student in San Francisco, experienced these changes first-hand. After feeling a calling to minister in Haight-Ashbury, Philpott increasingly devoted himself to one cause—remedying homosexual men and women. Philpott’s story, however, remains an underreported part of the history of contemporary conversion therapy. More specifically, Philpott’s charismatic beliefs have been lost in the expansive scholarship on sexual reorientation change therapies. The erasure of charismatic beliefs and healing practices from contemporary conversion therapy’s ...


The Unwavering Movement: Integrating Reason Into British Penal Code 1730-1823, Rebecca M. Good Dec 2019

The Unwavering Movement: Integrating Reason Into British Penal Code 1730-1823, Rebecca M. Good

International ResearchScape Journal

Between the early 16th and 18th centuries, English attitude towards crime and correction were based on the strong held belief that faith and religion were the only cure to immorality. Lawmakers began to threaten citizens with capital punishment for menial crimes such as petty theft and begging. Resulting of a moral panic, lawmakers turned to the deterrence to dissuade citizens from partaking in criminal activity. The list of crimes punishable by death in England rose from 50 offenses in 1688 to over 220 in 1815. This article explains the origins of the Bloody Code and how Enlightenment-Era thought ...


Voices On The Horizon: A Theory Of Ludic Rhetoric, Jeff Lohr Dec 2019

Voices On The Horizon: A Theory Of Ludic Rhetoric, Jeff Lohr

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Voices on the horizon: A theory of ludic rhetoric begins with the assumption that rhetoric and play offer hope for cooperation and community in a fragmented and divided world. Rhetoric and play share an intellectual trajectory in the history of ideas. The earliest use of the terms rhetor and rhetoric in the Western tradition encouraged playful cooperation. The move toward reason and science during the Enlightenment relegated rhetoric to mere techniques for persuasion and silenced alternative avenues for seeking truth. Reclaiming traditional rhetoric as a meeting place for potential negotiation and cooperation encourages constructive civic discourse. The conclusion of this ...


The Ladle And The Knife: Power Projection And Force Deployment Under Reagan, Mathew Kawecki Dec 2019

The Ladle And The Knife: Power Projection And Force Deployment Under Reagan, Mathew Kawecki

War and Society (MA) Theses

This thesis examines the nature and impact of the Reagan administration’s self-described projection of “peace through strength.” It argues that Reagan’s defense spending surge, “Star Wars” (SDI) missile shield policy, and 1983 invasion of Grenada gave the president confidence and political cover that allowed him to withdraw U.S. Marines from Beirut in early 1984. Analysts and commentators focus on his muscular power projection like defense spending, SDI, and the invasion of Grenada, but in practice Reagan exercised a high level of restraint in troop deployment. These projections of power and the avoidance of protracted war in Lebanon ...


Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein Dec 2019

Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Over the last decades, Genocide Studies has entered in a “comfort zone.” With fellowships and support from governments or NGOs, we have developed a very comfortable environment in which the knowledge we produce about genocide prevention is neither critical nor useful. We have become trapped by assumptions we have never checked against reality and many of us have chosen to work inside the circle of those assumptions: genocide and mass violence are horrible acts committed by horrible people; we cannot stand by and do nothing; we have the responsibility to protect civilian populations and that responsibility takes the form, as ...


Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck Dec 2019

Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Hitler’s Atrocities Against Allied PoWs cannot be regarded as an academic study of the fate awaiting captured Allied servicemen and women. Its narrow focus, socio-political goal, and limited engagement with the historiography prevent it from serving as more than a survey text or springboard. Chinnery attempts to tie the individual fates to a larger argument that the German armed forces and their security force compatriots were systematically responsible for the abuses described in the book. While the individual cases are compelling and some have a clear connection to explicit policies, the book does not succeed in linking its other ...


Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić Dec 2019

Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


All Trails Lead To Sterling: How Sterling Brown Fathered The Field Of Black Literary And Cultural Studies, 1936-1969, Amber E. Zu-Bolton Dec 2019

All Trails Lead To Sterling: How Sterling Brown Fathered The Field Of Black Literary And Cultural Studies, 1936-1969, Amber E. Zu-Bolton

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Poet and professor Sterling A. Brown (1901-1989) played a significant role in the birth of black literary and cultural studies through his literary and academic careers. Brown helped to establish a new wave of black cultural and folklore studies during his time as the “Director of Negro Affairs” for the Federal Writers’ Project. As a professor at Howard University, Brown influenced black literary studies through his literary criticisms and seminars and his role as a mentor to literary figures of the next generations. Through letters to and from Sterling Brown and manuscripts, this thesis argues that Brown’s poetry, publications ...


Scenarios Of Intractability: Reframing Intractable Conflict And Its Transformation, Kerry Whigham Dec 2019

Scenarios Of Intractability: Reframing Intractable Conflict And Its Transformation, Kerry Whigham

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

For those working toward long-term conflict transformation and atrocity prevention, cases of so-called “intractable conflict” are an enduring source of frustration, continually resisting what seems to be an otherwise useful toolbox of "lessons learnt" and "best practices." Referring to these cases as intractable, however, only serves to naturalize their intractability, rendering it an essential and immutable quality of the conflicts, and thus foreclosing options for engagement and prevention. Moreover, it obscures interventions that may have already emerged from within these conflicts that are transforming the way they play out. This article suggests, instead, to perceive these cases as scenarios of ...


Film Review: Operation Finale, Melanie O'Brien Dec 2019

Film Review: Operation Finale, Melanie O'Brien

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In 1960, the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, undertook an operation in Argentina to capture the architect of the Final Solution, Adolf Eichmann, and bring him to Israel to stand trial. Operation Finale [Chris Weitz, 2018] tells the story of this intelligence operation: the actions of and challenges for the agents involved, in a way that captures the banality of Eichmann’s personality before it was put on show for the world to see in his televised trial. Operation Finale is available on Netflix, rendering it a Holocaust film with an extraordinarily large reach.


Umaine Office Of Institutional Research And Assessment Report, University Of Maine Dec 2019

Umaine Office Of Institutional Research And Assessment Report, University Of Maine

General University of Maine Publications

Data from the National Student Clearinghouse on where UMaine’s admitted but non-matriculating students went instead.


A Different Master Of War: The Influence Of The Folk Music Revival On The Antiwar Movement During The Vietnam Era, Isabelle Gillibrand Dec 2019

A Different Master Of War: The Influence Of The Folk Music Revival On The Antiwar Movement During The Vietnam Era, Isabelle Gillibrand

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

Although the folk revival diminished as the United States entered the height of the Vietnam War, it lived on through antiwar activists. Music historians note how folk music was one of the early sparks of antiwar sentiment during the Vietnam era. This research builds on the ideas of previous scholars by analyzing the evolution of folk music from the 1930s to 1960s, how the folk revival's young audience connected to the music, and the influence the folk revival later had during the rise of the Vietnam antiwar movement. The antiwar sentiment expressed in the folk revival carried into antiwar ...


Adam Smith On Education: Schooling, Jack Russell Weinstein Dec 2019

Adam Smith On Education: Schooling, Jack Russell Weinstein

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Heritage Of The Spanish Antilles, Daniel Nieves Dec 2019

The Heritage Of The Spanish Antilles, Daniel Nieves

Open Educational Resources

This course seeks to explore the heritage of the Spanish Caribbean—primarily Cuba, Dominican Republic/Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico. We will place particular emphasis on the historical, cultural and ethnic forces that have shaped the character of the people of these islands. As well we will explore the variety of societies and cultures of the Spanish Caribbean in their historical and contemporary setting up to and including the (im)migration experience of Spanish Caribbean people to urban North America.


Unangan Orthodox Christianity: Conversion Through Similarity, Robert Daley Dec 2019

Unangan Orthodox Christianity: Conversion Through Similarity, Robert Daley

Master of Arts in Humanities | Master's Theses

Between 1741, when Russians first entered the Aleutian archipelago, to 1867, when Russia sold Alaska to the United States, virtually the entire Aleutian indigenous population, the Unangan peoples, having been minimally missionized and influenced only by traders, had subsumed their ancient religious beliefs and practices into a new framework and converted to Russian Orthodox Christianity. This, despite the fact that by 1800, murder, disease and forced labor at the hands of the Russian traders were major causes of a near-extinction-level Unangan population decline of eighty percent.

This thesis will argue that, despite the injustices suffered by the Unangax at Russian ...


Time And Space In The Novels Of Palestinian Writer Sahar Khalifa, Sharon Sasson Dec 2019

Time And Space In The Novels Of Palestinian Writer Sahar Khalifa, Sharon Sasson

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

This article seeks to examine the connections between time and space in the novels of the prominent Palestinian writer, Saḥar Khalīfa. In her writing, Khalīfa emphasizes the status of women in society. She describes Palestinian society, and links each of her works to the collective Palestinian struggle and the parallel female struggle. She draws inspiration from her personal identity, and contributes to the development of a cultural discussion and creation of a collective identity. Khalīfa’s works constitute a broad literary corpus, describing through time and space the events of Palestinian society in general and the status of Palestinian women ...


Book Review: Our Towns: A 100,000 Mile Journey Into The Heart Of America, Keith Morton Dec 2019

Book Review: Our Towns: A 100,000 Mile Journey Into The Heart Of America, Keith Morton

eJournal of Public Affairs

Book review of James and Deborah Fallows, Our towns: a 100,000 mile journey into the heart of America


An Ancient Elixir: Beer In Sumer, Jared Kelly Dec 2019

An Ancient Elixir: Beer In Sumer, Jared Kelly

International Social Science Review

Alcoholic beverages have had an extensive impact on the earliest human societies. Scholars have argued that the desire to reap the health and social benefits associated with alcohol was a precursor to the Neolithic revolution and led individuals to abandon a nomadic lifestyle and develop agrarian economies. Fermented beverages developed convergently across the world at similar timeframe. In these societies’ alcohol played an important role in the business, social, and spiritual worlds. This article aims to look at the importance and the role that beer played in ancient Sumer. In addition, this article looks at the geography of beer; as ...


History Of Pulaski County Dec 2019

History Of Pulaski County

John Hugh Reynolds materials, 1855-1923

History of Pulaski County, and its capital city Little Rock, including the creation of Arkansas Post as the state capital and its movement to Little Rock, Arkansas. This touches on important people in Pulaski County history, including Arkansas's first Governor [James] Miller, Chester Ashley, and Augustus H. Garland. This also includes population numbers and various counties that were created from Pulaski County.


2019-12-16 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President. Dec 2019

2019-12-16 Message From The President, Morehead State University. Office Of The President.

Staff Congress Records

A message sent to the faculty and staff by the Office of the President on December 16, 2019.


Georgic Rhetoric, Virtue And The Commercialization Of Agriculture In Pennsylvania From 1785 To 1870, Naomi Ulmer Dec 2019

Georgic Rhetoric, Virtue And The Commercialization Of Agriculture In Pennsylvania From 1785 To 1870, Naomi Ulmer

Masters Theses, 2010-2019

This research examines how farmers in Pennsylvania between 1785 and 1870 were persuaded by georgic agrarianism to take social, economic and even moral risks to abandon a semi-subsistence mode of production in favor of commercial production. The georgic rhetoric is derived from Virgil’s poem “The Georgics.” It discusses agriculture and man’s labor in nature. Virgil discusses the relationship between man, nature and his ability, or inability, to control nature to ensure his own survival. Beginning in the late 18th century, supporters of improved agriculture, mostly wealthy and upper-class gentlemen, tried to persuade common yeomen farmers to produce ...


Introduction, Loretta Price Dec 2019

Introduction, Loretta Price

College of Law Library History

This introduction is written by M. Loretta Price, Collection Management Department Head and Associate Professor at the University of Tennessee College of Law


The Flow Of History Along Ridley Creek Dec 2019

The Flow Of History Along Ridley Creek

Walt Cressler

Ridley Creek flows southeast for 24 miles from the South Valley Hills of southern Chester County through Delaware County, Pennsylvania, where it enters the Delaware River between the City of Chester and the Borough of Eddystone. Ridley Creek and its tributaries flow within a narrow 38 square mile watershed that includes parts of eleven townships, five boroughs, and one city. This illustrated story highlights many of the natural and cultural features of the Ridley Creek watershed, from its sources to where the creek finally meets the waters of the Delaware River.


The Flow Of History Along Crum Creek Dec 2019

The Flow Of History Along Crum Creek

Walt Cressler

Crum Creek flows for 24 miles from the southern flank of the South Valley Hills in Malvern Borough in Chester County, Pennsylvania, through Willistown Township and into Delaware County, where it joins the Delaware River between Eddystone Borough and Ridley Township. The watershed includes 15 municipalities within its 38 square mile area. This illustrated story highlights many of the natural and cultural features of the Crum Creek watershed, from its sources to where the creek finally meets the waters of the Delaware River.