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2019

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1476

Full-Text Articles in History

The Nineteenth Century British Workhouse: Mission Not Accomplished, Brenda Derin Dec 2019

The Nineteenth Century British Workhouse: Mission Not Accomplished, Brenda Derin

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

How to correct poverty in a society is extremely complex. In the nineteenth century, the British struggled to house, feed and care for the unemployed and destitute men, women and children created by the Industrial Revolution. Many in the upper classes considered poverty a moral failure, yet they had little impetus to end it. Poverty, as defined by an inability to provide for one’s needs due to a variety of factors, was seen as necessary, for without it there would be no motivation for the lower classes to work and provide a luxurious life for the wealthy.

Although some ...


I Go Gray.Com: A Photographic Celebration And Oral History Of Gray-Haired Women, Tabitha Deering Dec 2019

I Go Gray.Com: A Photographic Celebration And Oral History Of Gray-Haired Women, Tabitha Deering

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

This paper describes the creation of the igogray.com website which celebrates gray-haired women by featuring their oral histories and showcasing the aesthetic beauty of gray hair through fine art photography. The website is a platform to listen to what gray-haired women have to say on the subject of gray hair, and to encourage the audience to take a closer look at gray-haired women. When the author stopped dyeing her gray hair she experienced an ageist shift in society’s perceptions toward her, and she wondered if other graying women were having the same types of experiences, so this project ...


Modern Intolerance And The Medieval Crusades [Excerpted From Whose Middle Ages?], Nicholas L. Paul Oct 2019

Modern Intolerance And The Medieval Crusades [Excerpted From Whose Middle Ages?], Nicholas L. Paul

History

Whose Middle Ages? is an interdisciplinary collection of short, accessible essays intended for the non-specialist reader and ideal for teaching at an undergraduate level. Each of twenty-two essays takes up an area where humans have dug for meaning into the medieval past and brought something distorted back into the present: in our popular entertainment; in our news, our politics, and our propaganda; and in subtler ways that inform how we think about our histories, our countries, and ourselves. Each author teases out the stakes of a history that has refused to remain past and uses the tools of the academy ...


Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock Aug 2019

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock

Graduate School of Art Theses

I view my creative process as alchemy, the transformation of materials through experimentation. I use wax as a material that transcends its historical use as a sculptural process for casting and instead, use it for its transmutable qualities to inform content. Because of its plasticity and duality as fragile and resilient, wax is symbolically submissive and assertive. By applying heat, wax can be molded and formed into new shapes. Once it cools, wax reverts back to its natural state; solid and impermeable. I use objects to explore desires of origin and life. Transitional objects, the first “me not me” possession ...


Mao’S War On Women: The Perpetuation Of Gender Hierarchies Through Yin-Yang Cosmology In The Chinese Communist Propaganda Of The Mao Era, 1949-1976, Al D. Roberts Aug 2019

Mao’S War On Women: The Perpetuation Of Gender Hierarchies Through Yin-Yang Cosmology In The Chinese Communist Propaganda Of The Mao Era, 1949-1976, Al D. Roberts

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Chinese Communist Party established the People’s Republic of China in 1949 with the intention of creating a social utopia with equality between the sexes and China’s diverse ethnic groups. However, by portraying gender, ethnicity, and politics in propaganda along the lines of yin and yang, the Party perpetuated a situation of oppression for women and minorities.


Panel #7: Public Ownership Vs. Private Rights: The Case Of Maine's Disputed Public Lots, Lee Schepps, Richard Barringer, Martin Wilk, Thomas Urquhart Jun 2019

Panel #7: Public Ownership Vs. Private Rights: The Case Of Maine's Disputed Public Lots, Lee Schepps, Richard Barringer, Martin Wilk, Thomas Urquhart

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

When Maine separated from Massachusetts, the Articles of Separation (part of the new state's Constitution) required that as it sold off its public domain (about 8 million acres) Maine continue to reserve four lots of 320 acres per town. Panelists trace the legal analysis and history of the implications of Public Lot policy through the 1980s, finally asking the question, "How did this remarkable change in the history of Maine and to the very map of Maine come about?"


Panel #6: Pine Tree Songscape: Historic Music Of The Folk Of Maine, Laura Artesani, Kristopher Paprocki, Stephen N. Sanfilippo, James Moreira Jun 2019

Panel #6: Pine Tree Songscape: Historic Music Of The Folk Of Maine, Laura Artesani, Kristopher Paprocki, Stephen N. Sanfilippo, James Moreira

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Three panelists will combine their musicianship and historical research to perform and present historic songs from Maine's past.


Panel #5: The Maine Centennial In 1920: Commemoration And Remembrance Through Photography, Kevin Johnson, Micah Pawling, Earle G. Shetteworth Jr., Anne Collins Goodyear Jun 2019

Panel #5: The Maine Centennial In 1920: Commemoration And Remembrance Through Photography, Kevin Johnson, Micah Pawling, Earle G. Shetteworth Jr., Anne Collins Goodyear

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A session that will include the following presentations:

A Genuine Look at Maine and Its Centennial: The Eastern Illustrating & Publishing Company, Kevin Johnson

The Wabanaki Encampment at the Maine Centennial in 1920: Homeland, Memory, and Ethnohistory, Micah Pawling

Documents of Truth and Beauty: Maine at One Hundred Years Through the Real Photo Post Cards of Charles A. Townsend, Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr.


Crisis In The European Union: The Politics Of Integration, Engagement, And Dissent, 2008-2016, Edward I.C. Reminiskey Jun 2019

Crisis In The European Union: The Politics Of Integration, Engagement, And Dissent, 2008-2016, Edward I.C. Reminiskey

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis is a comprehensive interpretation of European political history in the periodization from 2008 to 2016. The history begins with an exploration of the intellectual and political origins of the post-World War II project of European integration and the development of, and opposition to, the early institutions that eventually formed the contemporary assemblage of the European Union. Following a traditionally structured history, this work is styled as a ‘history of the present’ that specifies the role of the European Union in precipitating and attempting to overcome the financial and monetary crises, foreign policy quandaries on its Eastern periphery, an ...


Keynote Event, Alan Taylor, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich May 2019

Keynote Event, Alan Taylor, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Keynote Event

Opening Remarks

Jeffrey Hecker, Executive VP for Academic Affairs & Provost, UMaine

Maulian Dana, Penobscot Nation, Tribal Ambassador

Featured Speakers

Alan Taylor, Thomas Jefferson Foundation Chair, University of Virginia

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, 300th Anniversary University Professor emerita, Harvard University

Moderator

Liam Riordan, Professor of History, University of Maine


Maine History Festival, Students And Cultural Oganizations May 2019

Maine History Festival, Students And Cultural Oganizations

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A flyer that provides details for the Maine History Festival, a part of the Bicentennial Conference featuring concurrent poster-style presentations by students, scholars, and community groups. The festival will be held in the lobby and gallery space of the Collins Center for the Arts at the University of Maine prior to the Keynote Event.


Panel #4: The Madawaska Territory And The Aftermath Of Statehood, Beatrice Craig, Elizabeth Mancke, Lise Pelletier, Lisa Lavoie, Guy Dubay May 2019

Panel #4: The Madawaska Territory And The Aftermath Of Statehood, Beatrice Craig, Elizabeth Mancke, Lise Pelletier, Lisa Lavoie, Guy Dubay

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

Titles in this session include:

Free Trade Before Free Trade: John Emmerson, Petit Sault Merchant, His Suppliers and Customers in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, Béatrice Craig

Madawaska and the Convergence of Empire, Nation, and State, Elizabeth Mancke

The Effect of 9/11 on a Borderlands Community: Fort Kent, Maine and Clair, New Brunswick, Lisa Lavoie


Panel #3: Circulating Images: The Production, Distribution & Reception Of Visual Culture During The Statehood Era, Bernard Fishman, Martha Mcnamara, Kevin Murphy, Justin Wolff, Frank Goodyear May 2019

Panel #3: Circulating Images: The Production, Distribution & Reception Of Visual Culture During The Statehood Era, Bernard Fishman, Martha Mcnamara, Kevin Murphy, Justin Wolff, Frank Goodyear

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A panel featuring four presentations:

Visualizing Historic Maine: 19th Century Maine Life in Stereophotography (presented in actual 3D), Bernard Fishman

Tovookan's Narrative: Depicting Freedom in Maine During the Statehood Era, Martha J. McNamara

Popular Print and Visual Culture in Statehood Period Maine, Kevin D. Murphy

Rufus Porter in Maine: Art, Spatial Thinking, and the Curious Mind, Justin Wolff


Panel #2: The Maine-Missouri Crisis And The Politics Of Slavery, Mary T. Freeman, Matthew Mason, Diane Mutti Burke, Patrick Rael May 2019

Panel #2: The Maine-Missouri Crisis And The Politics Of Slavery, Mary T. Freeman, Matthew Mason, Diane Mutti Burke, Patrick Rael

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A panel that will include three presentations:

African Americans and the Political Consequences of Maine Statehood, Mary T. Freeman

Doughface Pioneer: John Holmes of Maine, 1773-1843, Matthew Mason

Fire Bell in the Night: The Establishment of a Slave Society in Jefferson's Purchase, Diane Mutti Burke


Panel #1: Maine Indians And The Maine State Constitution, John Dieffenbacher-Krall, James Francis, Donna Loring, Lhd, Darren Ranco May 2019

Panel #1: Maine Indians And The Maine State Constitution, John Dieffenbacher-Krall, James Francis, Donna Loring, Lhd, Darren Ranco

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

After a welcome from Emily Haddad, Dean, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, panel participants will discuss the topic of Maine Indians and the Maine State Constitution.


Downloadable Conference Program, Maine Bicentennial Conference May 2019

Downloadable Conference Program, Maine Bicentennial Conference

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

A printable Maine Bicentennial Conference flyer that includes general event information, and anticipated conference schedule.


Maine Statehood And Bicentennial Conference Poster, Maine Bicentennial Conference May 2019

Maine Statehood And Bicentennial Conference Poster, Maine Bicentennial Conference

Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference

An 11 x 17 poster that can be printed and distributed to highlight the upcoming Maine Statehood and Bicentennial Conference to be held in Orono Thursday, May 30 - Saturday, June 1, 2019.


The Role Of Music In Assimilation Of Students At The Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Abigail C. Winston May 2019

The Role Of Music In Assimilation Of Students At The Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Abigail C. Winston

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Despite the vast research on the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, music is often overshadowed by the recognition of the school’s athletic program in the discussion of the place of extracurricular activities in Native American assimilation. This paper discusses the role of music in the assimilation of students at the Carlisle Indian School, drawing from the fields of both history and ethnomusicology to demonstrate that music had a much more profound effect on assimilation than athletics. Through a discussion on the differences between Native American and Western art music, and the disparity between their functions in society, it is clear ...


Best Of Intentions?: Rinderpest, Containment Practices, And Rebellion In Rhodesia In 1896, Brandon R. Katzung Hokanson May 2019

Best Of Intentions?: Rinderpest, Containment Practices, And Rebellion In Rhodesia In 1896, Brandon R. Katzung Hokanson

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Rinderpest was a deadly bovine virus that plagued cattle herds accross Europe and Asia for centuries. In the late 1880s to early 1890s, the virus found its way to Africa, where it wiped out thousands of non-immune cattle herds belonging to African pastoralists and agriculturalists. By February 1896, the virus had crossed the Rhodesian border along the Zambezi River and began killing off cattle owned by ethnic groups that included the Matabele and the Shona, as well as cattle owned by white settlers. In an effort to contain the virus, the British South African Company consulted with colonial officials in ...


Victoria: The Girl Who Would Become Queen, Lindsay R. Richwine May 2019

Victoria: The Girl Who Would Become Queen, Lindsay R. Richwine

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

This research reviews the early life of Queen Victoria and through analysis of her sequestered childhood and lack of parental figures explains her reliance later in life on mentors and advisors. Additionally, the research reviews previous biographical portrayals of the Queen and refutes the claim that she was merely a receptacle for the ideas of the men around her while still acknowledging and explaining her dependence on these advisors.


Destroying The Right Arm Of Rebellion: Lincoln’S Emancipation Proclamation, Benjamin Pontz May 2019

Destroying The Right Arm Of Rebellion: Lincoln’S Emancipation Proclamation, Benjamin Pontz

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation was a gamble. If it were to succeed, it could cripple the economy of the South, decimating its war effort, drive the border states to accept compensated emancipation, ending slavery as an institution in the United States, and accelerate the end of the war, ensuring the endurance of the United States of America. If it were to fail, it could spur the border states to secede, galvanizing the South, render Abraham Lincoln a political pariah with two years remaining in his term, deflating the North, and encourage European states to broker a two-state solution in North ...


A Race To The Stars And Beyond: How The Soviet Union’S Success In The Space Race Helped Serve As A Projection Of Communist Power, Jack H. Lashendock May 2019

A Race To The Stars And Beyond: How The Soviet Union’S Success In The Space Race Helped Serve As A Projection Of Communist Power, Jack H. Lashendock

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

In the modern era, the notion of space travel is generally one of greater acceptance and ease than in times previously. Moreover, a greater number of nations (and now even private entities) have the technological capabilities to launch manned and unmanned missions into Earth’s Orbit and beyond. 70 years ago, this ability did not exist and humanity was simply an imprisoned species on this planet. The course of humanity’s then-present and the collective future was forever altered when, in 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched the world’s first satellite into space, setting off a decades-long completion with ...


Letter From The Editors, Brandon R. Katzung Hokanson, Abigal K. Major May 2019

Letter From The Editors, Brandon R. Katzung Hokanson, Abigal K. Major

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The Gettysburg Historical Journal embodies the History Department’s dedication to diverse learning and excellence in academics. Each year, the journal publishes the top student work in a range of topics across the spectrum of academic disciplines with different mythological approaches to the study of history. In the word of Marc Bloch, author of The Historian’s Craft, “history is neither watchmaking nor cabinet construction. It is an endeavor toward better understanding.” In the spirit of this maxim, our authors strive to elucidate the many facets of human societies and cultures. Whether this research is focused on politics, religion, economics ...


Featured Piece, Katheryn E. Whitcomb May 2019

Featured Piece, Katheryn E. Whitcomb

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

This year’s feature piece was written by Professor Kathryn Whitcomb who is new to Gettysburg College’s Department of Classics. In addition to Classics courses, she has taught courses that have been cross-listed with the History Department and thus adds to the diversity that make the historical field so great and broadens the horizons of historical scholarship to her students.


Front Matter May 2019

Front Matter

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Front Matter of the Gettysburg Historical Journal 2019


Gettysburg Historical Journal 2019 May 2019

Gettysburg Historical Journal 2019

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Complete issue of The Gettysburg Historical Journal 2019.


Song Lyrics (Undated), Author Unknown May 2019

Song Lyrics (Undated), Author Unknown

Correspondence

The author prays to god and promies to care for his dying sister's child before she passes.


Poem (Undated), Author Unknown May 2019

Poem (Undated), Author Unknown

Correspondence

Handwritten poetry


Sallie Miller To Mrs. Atwood (Undated), Sallie Miller, Mrs. Atwood May 2019

Sallie Miller To Mrs. Atwood (Undated), Sallie Miller, Mrs. Atwood

Correspondence

Sallie Miller asks Mrs. Atwood for help in releasing her husband.


Unknown To Unknown (Undated), Author Unknown May 2019

Unknown To Unknown (Undated), Author Unknown

Correspondence

Author discusses illness, relatives' children & their own plans for children.