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2008

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Full-Text Articles in History

Studying The Jewish Book: A Review Essay. Zeev Gries, The Book In The Jewish World 1700-1900. Translated From The Hebrew By Jeffrey Green. Oxford, Portland, Oregon: The Littman Library Of Jewish Civilization, 2007., Arthur Kiron Dec 2008

Studying The Jewish Book: A Review Essay. Zeev Gries, The Book In The Jewish World 1700-1900. Translated From The Hebrew By Jeffrey Green. Oxford, Portland, Oregon: The Littman Library Of Jewish Civilization, 2007., Arthur Kiron

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Five Stylish Recent Books Dec 2008

Five Stylish Recent Books

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

As New Year’s is often a time of glitz and glamour (and last-minute holiday giving), we thought we would feature a few books that often include text with smart things to say, but would also be worth getting just for the pictures.

1. Lynn Pan’s Shanghai Style: Art and Design Between the Wars

An examination of the polyglot artistic influences in early twentieth century Shanghai, by one of the city’s acute observers.

2. Claire Roberts and Geremie R. Barme eds.,The Great Wall of China

This book features essays by many scholars about the varied history and ...


Taiwan Top Five, Paul Katz Dec 2008

Taiwan Top Five, Paul Katz

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

As we prepare to ring out 2008, here are a few thoughts about some of the leading stories that have shaped Taiwan during the past year:

1. Back and Blue: Ma Ying-jeou sweeps into office as Taiwan’s new president, winning a convincing majority of the popular vote based on a platform promising a more stable relationship with China, economic prosperity, and clean government. Cross-Straits tensions have declined markedly, while the opening of direct links should bring great benefits to the citizens of both China and Taiwan. At the same time, however, the economy remains in the doldrums (see #2 ...


Zeng Jingyan Accepts Hu Jia’S Sakharov Prize Dec 2008

Zeng Jingyan Accepts Hu Jia’S Sakharov Prize

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

In late October, the European Parliament announced that it would award this year’s Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Hu Jia, an activist for HIV/AIDS and the environment currently imprisoned in Beijing. Hu and his wife, Zeng Jingyan, have been adept at using new media to share their message of human rights activism with an international audience, making Hu Jia better known outside China than inside it.

The award ceremony was held December 17. China has continued to protest the award.

Zeng Jingyan, who remains under surveillance at the couple’s apartment, accepted the award via video ...


Rock Is Not Revolution, Part Ii, Chris Heselton Dec 2008

Rock Is Not Revolution, Part Ii, Chris Heselton

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

One of the early rock musicians to make the jump to mainstream and become a household name was Xu Wei. His popularity is probably due to a style that some have called Chinese country or folk rock. This style does not have the explosive rage of heavy metal that many in the popular audience find hard to accept. Instead, he Xu Wei style is a more calm and relaxing melodic rock. One of the distinguishing characteristics of Xu Wei’s music is how similar it is to many of the romantic and nostalgic lyrical themes of pop music. Hometown (故乡 ...


Philosophical Tours Of China, From Dewey To Derrida, Jeff Wasserstrom Dec 2008

Philosophical Tours Of China, From Dewey To Derrida, Jeff Wasserstrom

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Peter Zarrow’s piece last month on Bertrand Russell’s writing on and travels to China may have gotten some of our readers curious about the other two members of the triumverate of famous philosophers mentioned in the introduction to that post: the Indian poet and thinker Rabindranath Tagore and the American pragmatist and educational theorist John Dewey. What each of these two men thought about and did while in China could be well worth a posting. And perhaps in 2009 the blog will run such pieces, as it would be a very appropriate year to do so, at least ...


Rock Is Not Revolution, Chris Heselton Dec 2008

Rock Is Not Revolution, Chris Heselton

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Rock is revolution! Rock is rebellion! Rock is democracy! Well, at least Axl Rose seems to think so with his new album Chinese Democracy. A rock legend singing to democracy in China seems almost poetically fitting. When people tend to think of China and rock music, it almost always comes back to democracy, more specifically, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. Rock was the theme genre of the liberal, underground democratic movement. Ever since Cui Jian (崔健) played “I Have Nothing” (一无所有)—sometimes translated as “Nothing to My Name”—at the protest, rock music has been associated with democracy in ...


Currier And Ives Trotting Horses: The Maine Connection, Clark P. Thompson Dec 2008

Currier And Ives Trotting Horses: The Maine Connection, Clark P. Thompson

Maine History Documents

According to one source, nearly one out of every ten prints published by Currier and Ives had the trotting horse as its subject. The so-called "Golden Age of Trotting" in America, from 1840 to 1895, corresponded with the time that the prints of Currier and Ives were most popular. This article provides a brief description of some Currier and Ives trotters with a connection to Maine, including Mac, Tacony and Zachary Taylor, Pelham, Daniel D. Tompkins and Blanc Negre, Trustee, Stella, Flora Temple, Hopeful, Lady Maud, Camors, Smuggler, Emma B, Jay-Eye-See, Pallas, Kremlin, and Nelson.


More Last Minute Gifts: Books From China Beat Contributors Dec 2008

More Last Minute Gifts: Books From China Beat Contributors

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Many of our regular contributors have recent books out on China as well. We highly recommend the following as gifts for those many China non-experts in your life.

1. Factory Girls, Leslie T. Chang

For: The Worldly Progressive

Chang’s book, published this year to positive reviews (including this one at the New York Times by Howard French, where Factory Girlswas also recently named one of the Times‘ 100 notable books for 2008), follows the lives of young factory workers in Dongguang. Read an excerpt, published earlier at China Beat, here.

2. Socialism is Great!, Lijia Zhang

For: The Memoir ...


Johnnie Eloise Washington Byrd Dec 2008

Johnnie Eloise Washington Byrd

African American Funeral Programs, Willow Hill Heritage & Renaissance Center, Bulloch County, Georgia

No abstract provided.


Divine Justice, Paul Katz Dec 2008

Divine Justice, Paul Katz

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

As China ascends to its place as a leading nation on the world stage, questions have arisen concerning the role of its legal system. As Joseph Kahn noted in a feature article entitled Deep Flaws, and Little Justice, in China’s Court System, “Justice in China is swift but not sure.” Many protests in China today center on the issue of justice, with one blogger responding to the January 2008 fatal beating by parapolice officials of a man trying to videotape a protest by lamenting “Where is justice? Where is the law? Aren’t there any rules in China?”

My ...


Interview With Rich Arenberg By Brien Williams, Richard 'Rich' A. Arenberg Dec 2008

Interview With Rich Arenberg By Brien Williams, Richard 'Rich' A. Arenberg

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Richard A. “Rich” Arenberg, the son of Bernard and Mary Arenberg, was born on October 16, 1945, in Norwich Connecticut. He was a campus activist during his undergraduate years at Boston University, and worked on some local campaigns, including the campaign of Tom Atkins, the first African American city councilor in Boston. He received a Ph.D. in political science also from Boston University and has a background in survey research. He worked as the issues director for Paul Tsongas’s first congressional campaign in Massachusetts and continued on Tsongas’s congressional and Senate staff until Tsongas retired ...


Best Of All Possible Care : An Examination Of Scientifically Progressive Medicine In Hays From 1867 To 1918, Ben Peeler Dec 2008

Best Of All Possible Care : An Examination Of Scientifically Progressive Medicine In Hays From 1867 To 1918, Ben Peeler

Master's Theses

From the mid-nineteenth century until the early decades of the twentieth century, medicine underwent a tremendous transformation. No longer was medicine to be based on archaic theories that were grounded on unquantifiable guesswork. Instead, medicine became scientifically progressive, pushing the reliability and credibility of medical professionals to new heights. Scientific progressivism was the concept of standardizing medicine around a common set of ideals, such as basing treatment upon scientifically sound methods and procedures. A scientifically progressive community can be identified through the application of one or more of the following criteria: education adaptability, and technology. These three criteria could be ...


Last Minute Gifts: China Books Dec 2008

Last Minute Gifts: China Books

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

So you’ve put off holiday shopping until now. If you’d like to share your love of China this year, here are a few recommendations for old classics and more recent releases for the recipients on your list. All these books are widely available and relatively affordable.

1. Fortress Besieged, by Qian Zhongshu

For: The Literature Lover

We’ve written about this 1947 novel at China Beat before. It is a classic of Chinese literature, but not particularly well known in the West, making it the perfect gift for a well-read friend or relative.

2. The Question of Hu ...


Chinese In Laos, Caroline Finlay Dec 2008

Chinese In Laos, Caroline Finlay

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Chimes jingle on gold-painted stupas and teenagers strum guitars to the beat of passing tuk-tuks in Luang Prabang, Laos’ UNESCO World Heritage sight nestled on the Mekong. Sadly, a more obtrusive rhythm has hit the scene: the squawk of walkie-talkie phones. Like a large percentage of Lao’s motorbikes, clothes and electronics, the walkie-talkie phones are a Chinese import, strapped to the belts of the increasingly numerous Chinese tourists visiting Luang Prabang, famous for its now fragile serenity.

China has begun to re-establish ties with sparsely populated Laos, which has historically aligned with Indochina War ally Vietnam. The Chinese have ...


Selectivity In Imaging The First Emperor, K. E. Brashier Dec 2008

Selectivity In Imaging The First Emperor, K. E. Brashier

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

The story of Qin may vaunt grandiose armies and new empires that encompass all under heaven, but it also extends to more humble images:

Li Si, [the chief minister of Qin], was a man of Shangcai in Chu. In his youth, when he was a minor clerk in the province, he noticed rats eating filth in the latrines of the clerks’ hostel; and if they approached a man or dog, they were generally scared of them. But when Si entered a granary, he observed that the rats in the granary were eating the stored-up grain, living underneath the main chamber ...


China Celebrates Human Rights, Jeremy Paltiel Dec 2008

China Celebrates Human Rights, Jeremy Paltiel

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Today, December 12, 2008 Xinhua reports that China’s President and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Hu Jintao sent a letter to a symposium held by the China Association for the Study of Human Rights to commemorate International Human Rights Day, the 60th Anniversary of the passage by the UN General Assembly of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In his letter, Hu avers that since the founding of New China in 1949 China has made steady progress in the protection of human rights according to China’s “national situation” culminating in the solemn enshrinement of ...


Reclaiming Old Shanghai? Dec 2008

Reclaiming Old Shanghai?

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

A few weeks ago, it was reported that horseracing had returned to China for the first time since 1949. Though this time, the horses are running in Wuhan, horseracing in China was for a long time almost synonymous with Shanghai. In case that history is new to you, here are a few places to go for more on Shanghai’s racing history:

1. When news came earlier this year that the government might allow horseracing in Wuhan (and that spectators would be allowed to participate in a “lottery”—gambling remains illegal), Far Eastern Economic Review posted a short excerptfrom a ...


The Historiography Of The Allied Bombing Campaign Of Germany., Ryan Patrick Hopkins Dec 2008

The Historiography Of The Allied Bombing Campaign Of Germany., Ryan Patrick Hopkins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a historiographical study concerning the strategic bombing campaign of Germany during World War II. The study questions how effective the campaign was in comparing the prewar theories to wartime practices. Secondly, it questions the morality of the bombings and how and why bombing techniques changed throughout the course of the war. Lastly, the study looks at a recent topic in the historic community, which is the question of remembrance and Germans as victims of the war.

This study concludes that the strategic bombing campaign of Germany was a success but not in the sense that prewar planners ...


Tea And Sympathy: The United States And The Sudan Civil War, 1985-2005., Peter William Klein Dec 2008

Tea And Sympathy: The United States And The Sudan Civil War, 1985-2005., Peter William Klein

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The specters of violence and economic insecurity have haunted the Sudan since its independence in 1956. The United States Congress has held numerous hearings on the Sudan's civil war and U.S. television news outlets have reported on the conflict since 1983. While attempting to engage the Sudan in a viable peace process, the U.S. Congress has been beset by ineffectual Cold War paradigms and an inability to understand the complexities of the Sudan civil war. U.S. television news programs, on the other hand, engaged in a process of oversimplification, using false dichotomies to reduce the conflict ...


Hope For The Holidays, Buffalo Gay Men's Chorus Dec 2008

Hope For The Holidays, Buffalo Gay Men's Chorus

Programs

I believe Hope for the Holidays is the most appropriate topic for us to consider in these trying times. With so many changes taking place affecting us all, the time for examining one's inner self is greater than ever before. Perhaps the market conditions are a necessary evil, probably long overdue, forcing us to open our eyes to what really matters. Whichever way we choose to look at it, change is required.


Jones, Rich (Fa 332), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2008

Jones, Rich (Fa 332), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 332. Paper: "Folklore and Media Project on the 'Daily News' Newspaper Articles" written by Rich Jones for a Western Kentucky University folk studies class.


Sexton, Edward Vernon, 1925-2007 (Sc 1825), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2008

Sexton, Edward Vernon, 1925-2007 (Sc 1825), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1825. Documents, news clippings, ephemera, and correspondence related to Edward Vernon Sexton's military service in Word War II.


Interview With Steve Hart By Brien Williams, W. 'Steve' Stephen Hart Dec 2008

Interview With Steve Hart By Brien Williams, W. 'Steve' Stephen Hart

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Walter Stephen Hart was born January 17, 1955, in Washington, DC, to Peter William Hart and Mary Jane Strauss Hart; his parents were librarians. He attended Arizona State University, where he earned a degree in mass communications. He worked at a radio station in New Hampshire and covered the 1980 presidential primaries. He returned to school at Ball State, graduating with a degree in journalism and a minor in public relations, after which he moved to Maine, where his wife was working. He worked for Maine congressional candidate Phil Merrill in the 1982 primary, and after Merrill lost ...


Strobel, Robert Nelson, B. 1988 - Collector (Sc 1826), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2008

Strobel, Robert Nelson, B. 1988 - Collector (Sc 1826), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1826. 1846 business letter from Benjamin Warfield, Lexington, Kentucky to Micajah Smith, Harrison County, Kentucky; 18 September 1865 letter from Dan, New Orleans, to his sister Olive in [Massachusetts] discussing his military service; letter from J. Stoddard Johnston, Kentucky Secretary of State to his counterpart in Illinois, 9 August 1877.


Reading Recommendations Dec 2008

Reading Recommendations

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

Gems on China often appear in unexpected places, and we were recently alerted to a handful worth looking into at the Literary Review of Canada. These three pieces review recent works in Chinese studies that touch on issues central to current discussions on the China blogosphere. We’ve included short excerpts below, but encourage you to make the leap to the longer versions.

The first is a review by Timothy Cheek, the author of a book on Mao that we flagged in one of our first posts last January, and a regular commentator on contemporary China, as here and here ...


Kirk, Ola L., D. 1983 - Letters To (Sc 1816), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2008

Kirk, Ola L., D. 1983 - Letters To (Sc 1816), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1816. Two letters written to Ola L. Kirk, Bowling Green, Kentucky, from U.S. Representative William H. Natcher, Washington, D.C. Also, one letter to Kirk from FBI director J. Edgar Hooever, Washington, D.C., related to a speaking engagement.


Charter 08: Five Links Dec 2008

Charter 08: Five Links

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

The biggest China news story of the moment is the issuance of Charter 08, a declaration that was created to mark the 60th anniversary of the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is inspired in part by “Charter 77,” the famous Czech group, and the arrest and detention of some of its signatories. Here are five things to read to help put the document into context, or learn more about those being help because of it.

1) Charter 08 itself, translated into English by Perry Link, can be found here.

2) A sophisticated exploration of the events of ...


Interview No. 1388, Maria Zarate Dec 2008

Interview No. 1388, Maria Zarate

Combined Interviews

Maria Zarate was born in Paracho, Michoacán, México. Her father worked as a bracero in the United States. At a young age her father pasted away, for this reason she started working with her brothers caring for animal and planting seeds. At an age of twenty, she married for the first time. One year later, her husband passed away. Eight years later she married a second time only to take care of her second husband’s daughters. Her second husband, Federico worked as a bracero in the United States in 1954. Ms. Zarate lasted long periods of time without her ...


From Iron Girls To Oriental Beauties, Hongmei Li Dec 2008

From Iron Girls To Oriental Beauties, Hongmei Li

The China Beat Blog Archive 2008-2012

In a piece I did for the Huffington Post on women and the Olympics, I provided a brief overview of the history of ideas about feminine beauty in China and their links to concepts of modernity. This post supplements it by looking at the shift in representations of women from celebrating iron girls to extolling Oriental beauties over the course of the still relatively short history of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

During the three decades that followed the 1949 founding of the PRC, one goal promoted in official discourse was that of erasing gender differences and promoting ...