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1991

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 30 of 72

Full-Text Articles in History

One Grand United Hymn: Boosterism In Knoxville, Tennessee At The Turn Of The Century, Jennifer E. Brooks Dec 1991

One Grand United Hymn: Boosterism In Knoxville, Tennessee At The Turn Of The Century, Jennifer E. Brooks

Masters Theses

In the first quarter of the century, Knoxville's business-civic leadership in the late nineteenth century agreed that the city's prosperity demanded an active program of economic development. Most believed that the proper direction to take was to foster industrial-commercial expansion. Such a plan required attracting outside industry and capital.

The city's promoters also believed that attracting new investment required community solidarity behind any and every booster proposal. Knoxville's business-civic leaders rarely managed, however, to translate these convictions into a unity of purpose behind various developmental schemes. The following study ask why Knoxville's boosters remained seriously ...


Ethical Implications Of Politics In English Speaking West African Countries: The Need For A Greater Ethical Concern, Adeyinka Christopher Thompson Dec 1991

Ethical Implications Of Politics In English Speaking West African Countries: The Need For A Greater Ethical Concern, Adeyinka Christopher Thompson

Master's Theses

This thesis evaluates the ethical implications of policies adopted by politicians in three West African countries: Ghana, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. The evaluation focuses on the policies African politicians adopt in their bid to solve two problems facing Africa: corruption, and achieving a democracy.

The evaluation relates selected policies of some African politicians to certain ethical theories propounded by various philosophers. Such questions as the respect politicians show for human life or dignity; the way they manipulate people, using them solely as a means to an end; secrecy in government; and whether their policies are meant for the general good ...


Canadian Federal Policy Towards Indian Education Since Confederation: Policy Making And Its Philosophy, Ling Yang Aug 1991

Canadian Federal Policy Towards Indian Education Since Confederation: Policy Making And Its Philosophy, Ling Yang

Master's Theses

Canadian Indian education is a complex problem in Canada's history. For the native people, education is the only way to preserve their cultural tradition. For the government, it has been the main means to assimilate the natives into the mainstream of the society. Because the majority culture has dominated Canadian society for more than two centuries, the Canadian federal government's policy and its making are the keys to understanding Indian education. Based on research in official records in the National Archives of Canada and field-research in Canadian Indian Reserves, this thesis shows that the federal government did not ...


The Original Rule Of The Knights Templar: A Translation With Introduction, Robert T. Wojtowicz Jun 1991

The Original Rule Of The Knights Templar: A Translation With Introduction, Robert T. Wojtowicz

Master's Theses

This study consists of a complete translation of a previously untranslated, twelfth-century Latin text: the original Rule of the Knights Templar (Regula commilitonum Christi). Furthermore, since previous scholarship has not dealt much with the content of the original Rule, the introduction, using the Rule as its source, attempts to present a more detailed exploration into the structure and organization of the Order during its incipiency.

Though the body of the text is chiefly translation, findings noted in the introduction indicate i that further research into the Rule is necessary to understand the main areas of influence which comprise the Order ...


Inside Or Outside The Whale: George Orwell's Art And Polemic, Richard H. Walker May 1991

Inside Or Outside The Whale: George Orwell's Art And Polemic, Richard H. Walker

Masters Theses

This chronological study of the evolution of the works of George Orwell is helpful for the futurist, the citizen awash in groupthink, scholars of standpoint epistemology, of mind and nature, of radical humanism, and others. A former British officer and Spanish revolutionary, he became a Democratic Socialist who believed in intellectual freedom above all and was a champion of the common man. Described as the leading exemplar of the public intellectual, he focused on activism vs passivism (and pacifism), and transforming art and politics into cultural power with mind and nature as the foundation. Like few others, he understood cultural ...


Antebellum Southampton County, Virginia, 1840-1860, Richard Tyler Kanak May 1991

Antebellum Southampton County, Virginia, 1840-1860, Richard Tyler Kanak

Master's Theses

This thesis is a descriptive account of life in antebellum Southampton. Established by the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1749, Southampton County gained notoriety as the site of Nat Turner's slave rebellion. Fears of another armed slave revolt prompted the Virginia General Assembly to enact a series of stringent slave codes, which remained in effect until the Civil War. Primary sources consulted in the preparation of this thesis include corporate records, church manuscripts, court order books, reports of county and state officers, tax journals, and personal papers of the county's contemporary citizens.


Mining The Colorado Plateau: The Story Of Calamity Mesa 1910-19, Lisa Pitcher Godfrey May 1991

Mining The Colorado Plateau: The Story Of Calamity Mesa 1910-19, Lisa Pitcher Godfrey

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis was written to outline the history of five stone houses, which have survived almost a century of mining activity. The houses are located on a barren mesa, called Calamity, in southwestern Colorado. This work was funded by the Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior, in order to explore the possibility of designating this site as a National Historic Site.

Men and women lived and worked on this and the surrounding mesas for most of the twentieth century. The lives of the families, the men, women, and children who lived and worked on Calamity Mesa, provided the ...


Creating Ethnicity In The Hydraulic Village Of The Mormon West, Charles M. Hatch May 1991

Creating Ethnicity In The Hydraulic Village Of The Mormon West, Charles M. Hatch

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study has looked behind the mask of nineteenth-century theocracy to see Mormons in the Great Basin creating a democratic society of regionally concentrated kin groups where obligations and rewards for individuals were increasingly determined by age and life cycle position. As generations of young adults acted together in selfinterest dispersing their villages on receding frontiers, they forged a balance between competition and cooperation which merged the immediate need of individuals to establish and support families with the collective memory of their Mormon past. In so doing, they created an identity for themselves which was unique in the arid West ...


The Swett Homestead: An Oral History 1909-1970, Eric G. Swedin May 1991

The Swett Homestead: An Oral History 1909-1970, Eric G. Swedin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Making extensive use of oral interviews with the surviving children, this thesis is an biography of Oscar and Emma Swett and their children, who lived on a homestead in Greendale, Utah, (near Flaming Gorge Reservoir) from 1909 to 1970. The family is representative of a group of families who moved to Greendale and engaged in small-scale cattle ranching. The introduction of new technology changed their lifestyles and homestead economics, while simultaneously Greendale evolved from a rural agricultural environment to become part of a National Recreation Area.


A History Of Camp Rupert: Removing The Nationality Stereotypes During World War Ii, Colin Irvine Apr 1991

A History Of Camp Rupert: Removing The Nationality Stereotypes During World War Ii, Colin Irvine

History Undergraduate Theses

On 21 October 1943, a headline in the weekly Minidoka County News announced the following: "October 27 Set for the Official Opening of Prisoner Camp: Public Invited to Flag Raising Event and to Inspect Camp Near Rupert." 1 During World War II, this announcement publicized the government's plans to keep foreign prisoners of war near Rupert, Idaho. The local community, made up predominantly of farmers, anxiously anticipated the arrival of these prisoners. The majority of Americans were united in their support for the war and, as was the case near Rupert, in their need for labor. When Camp Rupert ...


The Impact Of Progressivism On Montana: The Child Labor Law And The Establishment Of Juvenile Courts, Julie Greenheck Apr 1991

The Impact Of Progressivism On Montana: The Child Labor Law And The Establishment Of Juvenile Courts, Julie Greenheck

History Undergraduate Theses

No abstract provided.


The Ku Klux Klan In Montana During The 1920s, Anne Sturdevant Apr 1991

The Ku Klux Klan In Montana During The 1920s, Anne Sturdevant

History Undergraduate Theses

The Ku Klux Klan was an impressive force in Montana during the 1920s. There were nearly 3,000 Klan members in at least 46 different Klan chapters throughout Montana. The most significant aspects of the Montana Klan included its opposition to many immigrant groups in the state, its involvement in key political issues, and the Klan leaders' use of the fraternal order to lure many Montanans into the organization by playing on their personal insecurities. In order to understand the dynamics of the Klan in Montana during the 1920s, however, it is important to examine the Klan at the national ...


The Ku Klux Klan In Montana During The 1920s, Anne Sturdevant Apr 1991

The Ku Klux Klan In Montana During The 1920s, Anne Sturdevant

History Undergraduate Theses

The Ku Klux Klan was an impressive force in Montana during the 1920s. There were nearly 3,000 Klan members in at least 46 different Klan chapters throughout Montana. The most significant aspects of the Montana Klan included its opposition to many immigrant groups in the state, its involvement in key political issues, and the Klan leaders' use of the fraternal order to lure many Montanans into the organization by playing on their personal insecurities. In order to understand the dynamics of the Klan in Montana during the 1920s, however, it is important to examine the Klan at the national ...


The History And Influence Of Black Baseball In The United States And Indianapolis, Scott Clayton Bower Mar 1991

The History And Influence Of Black Baseball In The United States And Indianapolis, Scott Clayton Bower

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

When Americans discuss the history of baseball, names like Lou Gehrig, Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Connie Mack, and Walter Johnson are mentioned. But what about men like Rube Foster, Buck Leonard, C. I. Taylor, Josh Gibson, and Oscar Charleston? Most American baseball fans know little about black baseball and the lives of black players. A study of black baseball, focusing on the Negro leagues, answers some of the questions baseball fans and historians might ask out of ignorance. How did baseball become segregated? How did the Negro leagues evolve? What was life like for black baseball players? How was the ...


The Origin Of Integration In Virginia's Public Schools : A Narrative History From 1951-1959, James Morrman Weigand Jan 1991

The Origin Of Integration In Virginia's Public Schools : A Narrative History From 1951-1959, James Morrman Weigand

Master's Theses

This thesis traces the origins of integration in Virginia's public schools from a strike for equal facilities by black students in Prince Edward County in 1951 to Governor Almond's capitulation of the resistance movement in 1959. The 1951 student strike became a law suit challenging the constitutionality of Virginia's segregation laws. It was one of four cases heard collectively before the United States Supreme Court in 1954 as Brown v. Board of Education. Virginia resisted the Court's decision until 1959.

The thesis relied upon newspaper accounts and personal interviews. It concluded that a fear of amalgamation ...


Cumberland County, Virginia, In The Late Antebellum Period, 1840-1860, William Maphis Whitworth Jr. Jan 1991

Cumberland County, Virginia, In The Late Antebellum Period, 1840-1860, William Maphis Whitworth Jr.

Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to examine and describe the lives of the citizens of a rural, agricultural Virginia County which had a social and economic order based on the institution of slavery. This system was dominated by a wealthy white minority which had the ability to use the existing components of government to perpetuate itself. All aspects of the county were explored, including its origins, geography, population, county court system, representation in state and federal government, economy, transportation, communication, religion, education, and health care.

There was an abundance of available primary sources which gave insights into the county ...


Vietnam In Turmoil : The Japanese Coup, The Oss, And The August Revolution In 1945, Edward Tayloe Wise Jan 1991

Vietnam In Turmoil : The Japanese Coup, The Oss, And The August Revolution In 1945, Edward Tayloe Wise

Master's Theses

World War II brought about the demise of colonialism. The Japanese overthrew the French Indochinese government in March 1945. Their establishment of a puppet government encouraged the Vietnamese to seek independence. Ho Chi Minh, who had a Communist background, was ready to lead his nation, and was assisted in that undertaking by the United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the precursor of the Central Intelligence Agency. This work explores Ho Chi Minh's nationalist and Communist background along with the role that the OSS played in his rise to power in 1945.

Primary sources include U.S. Government documents ...


City Council Minutes Reveal Black Life In Charleston And Greenville, South Carolina, 1850-1900, Harold Glymph Talley Jan 1991

City Council Minutes Reveal Black Life In Charleston And Greenville, South Carolina, 1850-1900, Harold Glymph Talley

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

In this dissertation, the writer has been concerned with the life of blacks In Charleston and Greenville, South Carolina during slavery, Reconstruction and early segregation. Throughout history, the black: segment- of the pOPlJlatlon hae played an important role in the aevelopment of their cities. However, the I nst i tut Ions of s j avery ana segrega tl on createa a distinct economic, political and social order for blacks.

As blacks struggled to improve their life style, they found the city government to be an avenue of change. The writer has selected city council minutes as a means of filling ...


An Ethnohistorical Study Of The Swan-Canning Fishery In Western Australia, 1697-1837, Paul R. Weaver Jan 1991

An Ethnohistorical Study Of The Swan-Canning Fishery In Western Australia, 1697-1837, Paul R. Weaver

Theses : Honours

The study takes a multidisciplinary approach by examining historical and contemporary scientific literature in order to determine the degree of intercultural competition which took place between Aborigines and Europeans for the native food resources which were associated with the Swan-Canning estuarine system, which is located in the south west of Western Australia, at approximately longitude 116" E. and latitude 32" S. The 1697-1827 time frame of the study, covers all the documented pre-colonial European visits to the fishery environs and also incorporates the first decade of the British colonisation process at the Swan River, which can be said to have ...


The Irish Police, 1836-1914 : A Social History, Brian Griffin Jan 1991

The Irish Police, 1836-1914 : A Social History, Brian Griffin

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Education In France During World War Ii, Anie Sergis Jan 1991

Education In France During World War Ii, Anie Sergis

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Re-Evaluation Of The Aesthetics Of Jean-Baptiste Dubos And Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, John Grayson Nichols Jan 1991

A Re-Evaluation Of The Aesthetics Of Jean-Baptiste Dubos And Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, John Grayson Nichols

Honors Theses

Horace did remark "ut pictura poesis," as in painting so

poetry. But the rest of the pronouncement, rarely quoted, - "one

work seizes your fancy if you stand close to it, another if you

stand at a distance" - refers to how the arts can been viewed

from similar angles, not that the arts are essentially created

with the same purposes. Yet, misreadings of that quotation

began a history of debate over the qualities of painting and

poetry. In particular the eighteenth century became a

battleground over the ut pictura poesis formula. To the modern

reader, this controversy may seem rather ridiculous ...


Heavenly Messages And The Path To Redemption: An Examination Of Inspired Prophecy In Mid-Seventeenth Century England, Gerald Lorentz Jan 1991

Heavenly Messages And The Path To Redemption: An Examination Of Inspired Prophecy In Mid-Seventeenth Century England, Gerald Lorentz

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

No abstract provided.


German-Soviet Cooperation In The Baltic States And Poland, 1918 To 1920, Brian David Cameron Jan 1991

German-Soviet Cooperation In The Baltic States And Poland, 1918 To 1920, Brian David Cameron

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This thesis is based on German, Soviet, American, and British primary source material, as well as memoirs and a variety of secondary sources. Through an investigation of the Polish-Lithuanian dispute, the Polish-Soviet War, the Baltic attempts to achieve independence, as well as German and Soviet military manoeuvres in the Baltic region, far reaching and active cooperation, previously largely unnoticed, has been revealed. The research demonstrates that Germany and Soviet Russia, between the years 1918 and 1920, cooperated extensively in order to prevent Poland for exerting domination over the Baltic States and in attempting to prevent effective cooperation among the Baltic ...


The English Feminist Debate Over Protective Labour Legislation, 1880-1914, Leanne Baugh-Peterson Jan 1991

The English Feminist Debate Over Protective Labour Legislation, 1880-1914, Leanne Baugh-Peterson

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

No abstract provided.


The Capsid, Black Pod And Swollen Shoot Cacao Diseases In Ghana, 1910-1966 , Francis K. Danquah Jan 1991

The Capsid, Black Pod And Swollen Shoot Cacao Diseases In Ghana, 1910-1966 , Francis K. Danquah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It is the thesis of this study, that the colonial and post-colonial state in Ghana used research results in agronomy, mycology, entomology and the earth sciences to protect the country's cacao economy from plant pathogens. Without such initiatives, the world's largest cacao plantations which evolved in Ghana would have floundered when the Swollen Shoot plant virus epidemic unleashed its destructive force in the mid-1930s and beyond. This thesis has challenged the widely held misconception that Ghana's cacao plantation system developed without technical support from the state. This latter view is held to be simplistic and altogether untenable.


The Displacement Of Native Americans From Iowa, Gustavo A. Gutiérrez Jan 1991

The Displacement Of Native Americans From Iowa, Gustavo A. Gutiérrez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central topic of this research is the displacement of autochthonous Americans from their territories in Iowa during the first half of the nineteenth century. At the beginning of that century an interaction period was initiated between the native nations and the U.S. government, which culminated in the U.S. claim for the land of those nations and their gradual displacement . In particular, this research will focus on the method by which the displacement was carried out , as well as the demographic impact, according to the consulted sources, that the displacement could have had upon the Native Americans' removal.


The Question Of Authorship Of Christine De Pisan's War Manual, Le Livre Des Fais D'Armes Et De Chevalerie, Melissa A. Biederman Jan 1991

The Question Of Authorship Of Christine De Pisan's War Manual, Le Livre Des Fais D'Armes Et De Chevalerie, Melissa A. Biederman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The works of Christine de Pizan and their treatment over the centuries since her death serve as an excellent example of the changing nature of criticism and how critical approaches to literature are adapted to suit the needs of different ages. This appears to have been the case in the critical history of Christine's war manual, Le livre des fais d'armes et de chevalerie or, in Caxton's English, The Book of the Faytes of Armes and Chivalrye.


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland Jan 1991

The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study traces the political developments out of which federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers emerged in post-World War II America. These programs arose slowly over a period of three decades, built on the experience of the depression and war years and sustained through the 1950s by persistent interest groups and sympathetic individuals within government. During those decades, the political strength of both opposing and supporting forces rose and fell with the rise and fall of public sympathy for the poverty of farmworkers. Yet throughout the period, particularly in the 1950s when assistance to farmworkers foundered in the ...