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2020

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1529

Full-Text Articles in History

Unspoken Whiteness: #Whitexicans And Religious Conservativism In Mexico., Ricardo J. Alvarez-Pimentel Dec 2020

Unspoken Whiteness: #Whitexicans And Religious Conservativism In Mexico., Ricardo J. Alvarez-Pimentel

Journal of Hispanic and Lusophone Whiteness Studies (HLWS)

This article explores intersections between religious conservatism, pro-Americanism, and whiteness in Mexican society. Specifically, it examines past and present attempts by white elites and religious conservatives to surveille indigenous women’s bodies and sexuality, to “Americanize” Mexico, and to glorify the nation’s European legacies at the expense of erasing—and even justifying— anti-indigenous violence. This paper analyzes conservative activism as carried out by early-twentiethcentury Catholic activists and contemporary social media users grappling with the present-day “whitexican” phenomenon. It analyzes Mexicans’ unspoken appeals to whiteness as they permeate prevalent discourses of feminine propriety and religious restoration, North American cultural proximity ...


De Opresivo A Benigno: Historia Comparada De La Construcción De La Blancura En Brasil En La Época De La Post-Abolición., Darién Davis Dec 2020

De Opresivo A Benigno: Historia Comparada De La Construcción De La Blancura En Brasil En La Época De La Post-Abolición., Darién Davis

Journal of Hispanic and Lusophone Whiteness Studies (HLWS)

Este ensayo analiza cómo intelectuales patrióticos brasileños transformaron la blancura opresiva del proyecto colonial portugués a una “blancura benigna.” Después de proporcionar una breve historia del desarrollo de la blancura y mestizaje en América Latina, destaco el patriotismo y el racismo en pensadores como el cubano José Martí, el uruguayo Enrique Rodó y el brasileño Euclides da Cunha. Tras la Primera Guerra Mundial, las élites culturales de Brasil, junto con el estado burgués, promovieron e institucionalizaron la hibridación cultural como único rasgo que une brasileños en una manera superior a los Estados Unidos. Dicho tropo patriótico de la hibridación enmascaró ...


Neither 'Your' Hispanic Nor 'Your' White: Transitioning Between Whitenesses From Spain To The United States., Jm. Persánch Dec 2020

Neither 'Your' Hispanic Nor 'Your' White: Transitioning Between Whitenesses From Spain To The United States., Jm. Persánch

Journal of Hispanic and Lusophone Whiteness Studies (HLWS)

This essay succinctly combines the historical trajectories of whiteness in Europe and the United States regarding Spanishness underscoring the situationality of whiteness at large as an ideological means that goes beyond the mere physiology of white bodies. Firstly, the essay probes into the trajectory of Spain’s racial rhetoric in relation to whiteness, and its European counterparts’ historical processes of racialization of Spanishness. It is, then, followed by an exploration of racism against, and racialization of, Hispanic whiteness in the United States. Lastly, this essay offers reflections on the current emergence of Hispanic Whiteness in the United States. Theorizing the ...


(Preámbulo) De Whiteness A Blanquitud Y Branquitude - (Preface) From Whiteness To Blanquitud And Branquitude., Jm. Persánch Dec 2020

(Preámbulo) De Whiteness A Blanquitud Y Branquitude - (Preface) From Whiteness To Blanquitud And Branquitude., Jm. Persánch

Journal of Hispanic and Lusophone Whiteness Studies (HLWS)

Este preámbulo hace un recorrido de la trayectoria desde el estudio de whiteness a los de la blanquitud y la branquitude y presenta el volumen I, HLWS, 2020.

This preface traces the trajectory from the study of whiteness to those of blanquitud and branquitude and introduces Volume I, HLWS, 2020.


Running Scared In The Valley Below: El Salvador's Role In The Creation Of Central American Neoliberalism, Quentin Kanta Dec 2020

Running Scared In The Valley Below: El Salvador's Role In The Creation Of Central American Neoliberalism, Quentin Kanta

PURE Insights

When U.S. Representative Ilhan Omar (D-Minnesota) questioned Elliott Abrams about his involvement in the 1981 El Mozote Massacre — in which the Salvadoran Army brutally killed more than 800 civilians execution-style, many of them women and children — in front of the House Subcommittee on Foreign Affairs in February 2019, she awakened a monster that had been sleeping away from the public’s eye for nearly 40 years. The El Mozote Massacre, in which nearly one thousand Salvadorans were callously murdered —women and children included — helped to inaugurate the unprecedented and sadistic counterrevolutionary violence supported materially and ideologically by the Reagan ...


The Architectural Epigraphy Of Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi Tariqah In Central Asia In The Xviii-Xix Centuries, Mekhrojiddin Amonov Dec 2020

The Architectural Epigraphy Of Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi Tariqah In Central Asia In The Xviii-Xix Centuries, Mekhrojiddin Amonov

The Light of Islam

This article examines the architectural and epigraphic monuments associated with the history of the Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi tariqah in the 18th-19th centuries. Information about this tariqah is obtained based on epigraphic data. The article contains information about the murshids who carried out their activities within the “Suf Allahyar” and “Musakhonkhodja Dahbedi” branches of the Central Asian Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi tariqah in the 18th- 19th centuries, as well as information about architectural monuments and epigraphic inscriptions directly related to them. It also provides valuable information about the activities of the murshids of the tariqah Qamariddin Khuzari and Mavlono Mirmuhammad Ibrahim Khodja Samarqandi, as well as ...


Stages Of Development Of The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation (1969-1990), Fazilat Qo'ysinova Dec 2020

Stages Of Development Of The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation (1969-1990), Fazilat Qo'ysinova

The Light of Islam

The article analyzes the stages of development of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, historical events in which the organization was created, its goals and objectives, place and role in the political consolidation of the member states, as well as its formation as an international organization and its role in the system of international organizations. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation as an international organization has its special place and has a great institutional impact on the integration processes of Muslim countries. Dynamic transformations in political processes, strengthening of Muslim consolidation, cooperation in the fght against common threats and challenges, assistance and ...


Taxation Policy And Land Reforms In Colonial Malaya, Avazbek Ganiyev Dec 2020

Taxation Policy And Land Reforms In Colonial Malaya, Avazbek Ganiyev

The Light of Islam

During the 18th-19th centuries, British influence started to change the situation of the economy and the society of Malaya as a whole. Steps towards the further expansion of the tin mining industry was a turning point, which affected the whole society. The British Straits Settlements of Penang, Malacca, and Singapore were established between 1786 and 1825 and were governed by the East India Company. The tin trade was thrown open to private individuals. Further developments required more labor and funds involvement and as a result, the Chinese came to the central scene and started to invest hugely in Sungei Ujong ...


Yunini Copy Of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Feruz Kholmuminov, Oybek Sotvoldiev Dec 2020

Yunini Copy Of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Feruz Kholmuminov, Oybek Sotvoldiev

The Light of Islam

Among the collections of hadiths, the work of Imam al-Bukhari “Sahih al-Bukhari” is recognized as the most reliable book of hadiths. From the history of the creation of the work, it is known that Imam al-Bukhari created this work with great patience and perseverance for 16 years. It should be noted that the ideal and perfect state in which it has come down to our days is the result of the enormous work put into it. This process consisted of several stages. At the frst stage, several storytellers listened to “Sahih” from Imam Bukhari himself and wrote the book directly ...


Sufi Issues On The Pages Of The Spiritual Journal Of The Arabists Of Dagestan “Bayan Al-Haqa’Iq” (1925-1928), Amir Navruzov Dec 2020

Sufi Issues On The Pages Of The Spiritual Journal Of The Arabists Of Dagestan “Bayan Al-Haqa’Iq” (1925-1928), Amir Navruzov

The Light of Islam

The article introduces us to the Arabic-language magazine of the Dagestani Muslim reformers of the frst third of the XX century “Bayan al-Haqa’iq” In a short introduction, the author explains the policy of tsarism towards the Muslims of Dagestan in the pre-revolutionary period, and then the Bolsheviks in the frst years of Soviet power, explains the reason for the permission of the Soviet government to publish an Arabic-language magazineand gives a description of the main goals and objectives of this magazine. Topics that took place in the Islamic discourse of Muslim reformers of Dagestan on the pages of the ...


Tools Of Rescue: A Review Of Silencio Para Rescatar: Documental Sonoro, Sonia Robles Dec 2020

Tools Of Rescue: A Review Of Silencio Para Rescatar: Documental Sonoro, Sonia Robles

RadioDoc Review

In this audio documentary, Mexican cultural promoter and sound artist Abraham Chavelas recounts rescue activities in which he took part after a 7.1 magnitude earthquake rattled Mexico on 19 September 2017. Answering a call for help, Chavelas was assigned to a collapsed factory where an unknown number of undocumented Asian and Central American women working as seamstresses were trapped under the rubble. For two days, he aided rescue efforts by using a high-tech microphone to help determine whether or not there was life under piles of concrete, glass and debris. Chavelas used the audio he gathered before the Mexican ...


Arts & Literature: The Grey Zone, Sabah Carrim Dec 2020

Arts & Literature: The Grey Zone, Sabah Carrim

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

A manifesto of the grey areas in scenarios of mass killings.


S-21 As A Liminal Power Regime: Violently Othering Khmer Bodies Into Vietnamese Minds, Daniel Bultmann Dec 2020

S-21 As A Liminal Power Regime: Violently Othering Khmer Bodies Into Vietnamese Minds, Daniel Bultmann

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

The article analyzes the structure, scripts, and procedural logics behind the violent practices in S-21, the central prison of the Khmer Rouge, as a liminal power regime. The institution’s violent practices and operations served to reveal a “Vietnameseness” and/or otherness within the victims and to prove not only their guilt regarding a singular crime but also a long history of treason and collaboration with the Vietnamese, as well as a moral shortcoming that put them outside their own imagined Khmer moral universe and made them part of a larger scheme. The initial and—for the ideology of the ...


Failure To Protect?: Applying The Drri-2 Scales To Rwanda And Srebrenica, Elizabeth Mason Dec 2020

Failure To Protect?: Applying The Drri-2 Scales To Rwanda And Srebrenica, Elizabeth Mason

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article critically reanalyses the action, or lack of action, taken by UN peacekeepers in Rwanda and Srebrenica in the 1990's. The lack of action of UN peacekeepers in Rwanda and Bosnia has long been criticised as a conscious decision made by peacekeepers to not act in defence of those being targeted but instead to act as bystanders of genocide when they had the ability to prevent acts of genocide taking place. This article re-examines the actions of the UN command under Romeo Dallaire in Rwanda and Thom Karremans in Srebrenica, Bosnia in terms of the stress-related factors which ...


Book Review: Extraordinary Justice: Law, Politics, And The Khmer Rouge Tribunals, Suzanne Schot Dec 2020

Book Review: Extraordinary Justice: Law, Politics, And The Khmer Rouge Tribunals, Suzanne Schot

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Cambodian Family Albums: Tian's "L'Année Du Lièvre", Angelica P. So Dec 2020

Cambodian Family Albums: Tian's "L'Année Du Lièvre", Angelica P. So

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article explores how Franco-Cambodian cartoonist Tian’s graphic novel, L’année du lièvre [Year of the Rabbit], represents second-generation postmemory in the form of, what I call, a “Cambodian family album,” or a personal-collective archive. The album serves to convey to subsequent generations: 1) the history of the Cambodian genocide, 2) the collective memories of pre-1975 Cambodia preceding the Khmer Rouge takeover of Phnom Penh, and 3) the Cambodian humanitarian crisis and exodus of the 1970s-1990s. The conceptualization of the family album is derived from the literal translation, from Khmer into English, of the term “photo album” – “book designated ...


Gender, Age, And Survival Of Italian Jews In The Holocaust, Susan Welch Dec 2020

Gender, Age, And Survival Of Italian Jews In The Holocaust, Susan Welch

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Political scientists have examined the role of gender in genocide but have largely ignored the Holocaust in these analyses. Yet, the Holocaust is the largest genocide in human history and there is much we do not know about how gender affected individual experiences. Nor do we have a very precise understanding of the impact of age in survival, beyond the common wisdom that old and young people usually did not survive. Here we examine in more detail the impact of gender and age and their intersection among the nearly 7,000 Italian Jews deported to the east, mostly to Poland ...


Full Issue 14.3 Dec 2020

Full Issue 14.3

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


A Queer(Er) Genocide Studies, Lily Nellans Dec 2020

A Queer(Er) Genocide Studies, Lily Nellans

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This paper examines how queerness interacts with and is implicated in traditional genocides, i.e. those directed at racial, religious, national, and ethnic groups - the groups defined as protected classes in the Genocide Convention. It poses the following question: How can scholars of Genocide Studies learn from the queer theory-Genocide Studies nexus? To answer, this paper demonstrate how three distinct queer theory concepts can be woven with Genocide Studies to reveal novel insights into some of the field’s preeminent questions. Specifically, it draws on queer intellectual curiosity, heteronormativity, and reproductive futurism. Connecting queer theory with Genocide Studies yields empirical ...


Democratization As A Protective Layering For Crimes Against Humanity: The Case Of Myanmar, Anna B. Plunkett Dec 2020

Democratization As A Protective Layering For Crimes Against Humanity: The Case Of Myanmar, Anna B. Plunkett

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Myanmar has a history of state sanctioned violence against its own people. However, as the regime transition occurs the methods of conducting such violence have also changed. This has not led to an end to violence but an alteration in the methods used by the state. What can be identified is the use of democratic regime transition to legitimise the state’s actions whilst delegitimising the plight of communities that have historically resisted the state. By engaging in the minimal standards of democratic practice whilst developing relations with the international community on the basis of trade, Myanmar has been able ...


When Ford And Chevy Were Argentine: The Great Era Of Turismo De Carretera, David Sheinin Dec 2020

When Ford And Chevy Were Argentine: The Great Era Of Turismo De Carretera, David Sheinin

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Hodges’ Scout: A Lost Patrol Of The French And Indian War" By Len Travers, Evan C. Rothera Dec 2020

Review Of "Hodges’ Scout: A Lost Patrol Of The French And Indian War" By Len Travers, Evan C. Rothera

Canadian Military History

Review of Hodges’ Scout: A Lost Patrol of the French and Indian War by Len Travers.


Review Of "Scattering Chaff: Canadian Air Power And Censorship During The Kosovo War" By Bob Bergen, Krenare Recaj Dec 2020

Review Of "Scattering Chaff: Canadian Air Power And Censorship During The Kosovo War" By Bob Bergen, Krenare Recaj

Canadian Military History

Review of Scattering Chaff: Canadian Air Power and Censorship During the Kosovo War by Bob Bergen.


Review Of "Oil And World Politics: The Real Story Of Today’S Conflict Zones: Iraq, Afghanistan, Venezuela, Ukraine And More" By John Foster, Patrick Chukwudike Okpalaeke Dec 2020

Review Of "Oil And World Politics: The Real Story Of Today’S Conflict Zones: Iraq, Afghanistan, Venezuela, Ukraine And More" By John Foster, Patrick Chukwudike Okpalaeke

Canadian Military History

Review of Oil and World Politics: The Real Story of Today’s Conflict Zones: Iraq, Afghanistan, Venezuela, Ukraine and More by John Foster.


Review Of "Defending The Inland Shores: Newfoundland In The War Of 1812" By Gordon K. Jones, Mark Klobas Dec 2020

Review Of "Defending The Inland Shores: Newfoundland In The War Of 1812" By Gordon K. Jones, Mark Klobas

Canadian Military History

Review of Defending the Inland Shores: Newfoundland in the War of 1812 by Gordon K. Jones.


Review Of "No Man’S Land: The Life And Art Of Mary Riter Hamilton" By Kathryn A. Young And Sarah M. Mckinnon, Laurel Halladay Dec 2020

Review Of "No Man’S Land: The Life And Art Of Mary Riter Hamilton" By Kathryn A. Young And Sarah M. Mckinnon, Laurel Halladay

Canadian Military History

Review of No Man’s Land: The Life and Art of Mary Riter Hamilton by Kathryn A. Young and Sarah M. McKinnon.


Review Of "Fighting The People’S War: The British And Commonwealth Armies And The Second World War" By Jonathan Fennell, Alexander Fitzgerald-Black Dec 2020

Review Of "Fighting The People’S War: The British And Commonwealth Armies And The Second World War" By Jonathan Fennell, Alexander Fitzgerald-Black

Canadian Military History

Review of Fighting the People’s War: The British and Commonwealth Armies and the Second World War by Jonathan Fennell.


Review Of "Women As Veterans In Britain And France After The First World War" By Alison S. Fell, Renée Davis Dec 2020

Review Of "Women As Veterans In Britain And France After The First World War" By Alison S. Fell, Renée Davis

Canadian Military History

Review of Women as Veterans in Britain and France After the First World War by Alison S. Fell


Review Of "Wasteland: The Great War And The Origins Of Modern Horror" By W. Scott Poole, Tim Cook Dec 2020

Review Of "Wasteland: The Great War And The Origins Of Modern Horror" By W. Scott Poole, Tim Cook

Canadian Military History

Review of Wasteland: The Great War and the Origins of Modern Horror by W. Scott Poole.


Review Of "The Imperial Irish: Canada’S Irish Catholics Fight The Great War, 1914-1918" By Mark G. Mcgowan, Tim Cook Dec 2020

Review Of "The Imperial Irish: Canada’S Irish Catholics Fight The Great War, 1914-1918" By Mark G. Mcgowan, Tim Cook

Canadian Military History

Review of The Imperial Irish: Canada’s Irish Catholics Fight the Great War, 1914-1918 by Mark G. McGowan.