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Selected Works

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 271

Full-Text Articles in History

Atlantic Practices: Minding The Gap Between Literature And History, Elizabeth Dillon Dec 2013

Atlantic Practices: Minding The Gap Between Literature And History, Elizabeth Dillon

Elizabeth Maddock Dillon

No abstract provided.


Kriza, Jedinstvo I Osobne Slobode, Matija Kovačević Nov 2013

Kriza, Jedinstvo I Osobne Slobode, Matija Kovačević

Matija Kovačević

Kroz povijest, pojava krize služila je kao jedan od najsnažnijih okidača za postizanje društvenog i političkog jedinstva. Pozivi na jedinstvo u takvim okolnostima gotovo su u pravilu nosili sa sobom i veliki diskriminatorski potencijal protiv pojedinaca i manjina koji nisu u potpunosti dijelili općeprihvaćeni svjetonazor (bilo da se on nastojao očuvati, oživjeti ili tek izgraditi). Osobne slobode i prava, ako ih je i bilo, ustupali su svoje mjesto prioriteta društvenom projektu i državnoj sigurnosti. Nakon erupcije islandskog vulkana Eyjafjallajökulla i posljedične krize, Slavoj Žižek je u članku za Jutarnji list 24. travnja 2010. predložio globalnu političku reorganizaciju s povratkom „striktno ...


Book Review Of 'The Origins Of Himalayan Studies: Brian Houghton Hodgson In Nepal And Darjeeling, 1820-1858' Edited By David M. Waterhouse, Arjun Guneratne Nov 2013

Book Review Of 'The Origins Of Himalayan Studies: Brian Houghton Hodgson In Nepal And Darjeeling, 1820-1858' Edited By David M. Waterhouse, Arjun Guneratne

Arjun Guneratne

No abstract provided.


Industrialization And The British Colonial State: West Africa, 1939-1951 (Book Review), James Jones Nov 2013

Industrialization And The British Colonial State: West Africa, 1939-1951 (Book Review), James Jones

James Jones

No abstract provided.


States' Rights In The Twenty-First Century, Jay Tidmarsh, Mark Racicot, Robert Miller, Michael Greve Nov 2013

States' Rights In The Twenty-First Century, Jay Tidmarsh, Mark Racicot, Robert Miller, Michael Greve

Jay Tidmarsh

No abstract provided.


Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith Nov 2013

Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith

Mark Caleb Smith, Ph.D.

This article is a research note addressing various theoretical and methodological issues in the measurement and analysis of religiosity and secularism and their relationship to quantifiable measures of social health in advanced and prosperous democracies. Particular attention is given to cross-national frameworks for studying religiosity and secularism as well as to the conceptualization and statistical analysis of these notions for research design. Various procedural suggestions regarding the use of comparative frameworks are presented to assist in the development and implementation of future studies gauging the impact of worldview commitments upon societal wellbeing.


Elephants, Donkeys, And American Politics, David L. Rich Nov 2013

Elephants, Donkeys, And American Politics, David L. Rich

David L. Rich, D.P.A.

No abstract provided.


Charles H. Millard, Architect Of Industrial Unionism In Canada, Jeffrey L. Wilson Nov 2013

Charles H. Millard, Architect Of Industrial Unionism In Canada, Jeffrey L. Wilson

Jeffrey L. Wilson

In 1937 the strike at General Motors in Oshawa resulted in the first major victory for the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in Canada. The president of the Oshawa local was Charles Millard (1896-1978), who subsequently played an influential role in most of the major developments in organized labour between 1937 and 1956. He was the first National Director of the Canadian branch of the United Steel Workers of America in 1943, a position which he retained until his retirement in 1956. Under his leadership the steelworkers’ union became a dominant force in the Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL), taking ...


Finding Grandpa's Patent: Using Patent Information For Historical Or Genealogical Research, Jan Comfort Nov 2013

Finding Grandpa's Patent: Using Patent Information For Historical Or Genealogical Research, Jan Comfort

Jan Comfort

Hardly a week goes by without a phone call, an e-mail message, or a visit from a patron who is looking for a patent issued to a family member. Often, the patron does not have complete information, and sometimes has nothing more than a name and a notion that Grandpa once invented something. This article describes some strategies that can be used by Librarians to assist patrons in historical patent research. It, additionally, includes a list of sources and highlights special materials that are available at Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.


The Clerks Of The Four Horsemen, Barry Cushman Nov 2013

The Clerks Of The Four Horsemen, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

The names of Holmes clerks such as Tommy Corcoran and Francis Biddle, of Brandeis clerks such as Dean Acheson and Henry Friendly, and of Stone clerks such as Harold Leventhal and Herbert Wechsler ring down the pages of history. But how much do we really know about Carlyle Baer, Tench Marye, or Milton Musser? This article follows the interesting and often surprising lives and careers of the men who clerked for the Four Horsemen - Justices Van Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland, and Butler. These biographical sketches confound easy stereotypes, and prove the adage that law, like politics, can make for strange bedfellows.


Some Varieties And Vicissitudes Of Lochnerism, Barry Cushman Nov 2013

Some Varieties And Vicissitudes Of Lochnerism, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

This article is a contribution to the Lochner Centennial Symposium at Boston University School of Law. Until recently, a consensus appeared to be emerging among constitutional historians concerning how best to interpret Lochner-era decisions involving Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment challenges to state and federal economic regulation. After decades during which the Court's jurisprudence had been characterized as the product of a reactionary judiciary's commitments to Social Darwinism and laissez-faire economics, more recent scholars had come to see the Court's police powers decisions as animated by what Professor Howard Gillman has called the principle of neutrality. On this ...


The Structure Of Classical Public Law, Barry Cushman Nov 2013

The Structure Of Classical Public Law, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

Duncan Kennedy's The Rise and Fall of Classical Legal Thought circulated in manuscript for three decades before it was formally published in 2006. This essay reviews the book's treatment of Classical public law, focusing on its two principal contributions to the historiography of the subject: the concept of legal consciousness, and the structural analysis of constitutional doctrine.


The Secret Lives Of The Four Horsemen, Barry Cushman Nov 2013

The Secret Lives Of The Four Horsemen, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

"Outlined against red velvet drapery on the first Monday of October, the Four Horsemen rode again. In dramatic lore they are known as Famine, Pestilence, Destruction, and Death. These are only aliases. Their real names are Van Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland, and Butler. They formed the crest of the reactionary cyclone before which yet another progressive statute was swept over the precipice yesterday morning as a packed courtroom of spectators peered up at the bewildering panorama spread across the mahogany bench above." Or so Grantland Rice might have written, had he been a legal realist. For more than two generations scholars ...


Table Annexed To Article: Secrecy Broken: Reports Of The Delegates Following The Federal Convention, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Oct 2013

Table Annexed To Article: Secrecy Broken: Reports Of The Delegates Following The Federal Convention, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Despite the measures taken to ensure the secrecy of the proceedings during the federal convention, many delegates made reports to their states and explained the choices behind various clauses. However, no delegate had access to the official journal of the constitutional convention.


Table Annexed To Article: Our Constitutional Kinesis: Words That Can Go Like A Machine, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Oct 2013

Table Annexed To Article: Our Constitutional Kinesis: Words That Can Go Like A Machine, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Constitution II, the Philadelphia constitution (1787), inspired many ‘machine/ry’ references. OCL catalogs, with the help of acknowledged secondary sources, a working list of metaphors which were deployed to credit and discredit our second constitution.


Table Annexed To Article: Congress And Parliament Deploy Appraisives (1801-1802), Peter J. Aschenbrenner Oct 2013

Table Annexed To Article: Congress And Parliament Deploy Appraisives (1801-1802), Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Parliament (primary text writer, the House of Commons) produced 24,647 words beginning in 1801; in in a comparable interval, Congress produced 27,123 words. By coincidence, this was the first year that Parliament served as the text-writer for the newly-minted United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Appraisives in the English language, numbering 3,683 have been tested against the Early Constitution. Appraisives in the Early Constitution, 2 OCL 193. This investigation tests the known class of appraisives in these target vocabularies employed by Congress and Parliament. Mean words between ‘hits’ are returned.


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...


Digital Collection Evaluation: Review Of A Digital Newspaper Collection Held By The Library Of Congress, The University Of Florida Library, And The University Of North Texas Library, James Gross Oct 2013

Digital Collection Evaluation: Review Of A Digital Newspaper Collection Held By The Library Of Congress, The University Of Florida Library, And The University Of North Texas Library, James Gross

James Gross

Drexel University, Info 653, Assignment #3, Digital Collection Evaluation. Brief review of three repositories, each one housing a unique digital Newspaper Collection. Repositories reviewed include: The Library of Congress, Chronicling America, Historic American Newspapers; The University of Florida Digital Collections, Florida Digital Newspaper Library; and The University of North Texas Library, Portal to Texas History, Texas Digital Newspaper Program.


The Seven Years War: American Warfare Goes Global, Peter Way Oct 2013

The Seven Years War: American Warfare Goes Global, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


Common Soldiers, The Army And The Making Of Empire In The Seven-Years’ War, Peter Way Oct 2013

Common Soldiers, The Army And The Making Of Empire In The Seven-Years’ War, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


French And Indian War: Culture Clashes During Wartime, Peter Way Oct 2013

French And Indian War: Culture Clashes During Wartime, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


Brewed In Blood: Military Justice And Hydra’S Many Heads, Peter Way Oct 2013

Brewed In Blood: Military Justice And Hydra’S Many Heads, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


Engendering War: Military Masculinities And The Making Of Britain’S Eighteenth Century American Empire, Peter Way Oct 2013

Engendering War: Military Masculinities And The Making Of Britain’S Eighteenth Century American Empire, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


The British And American War: Cultural Conflict In The Seven Years’ War, Peter Way Oct 2013

The British And American War: Cultural Conflict In The Seven Years’ War, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


Locating The Lower Orders: Recovering The Lives Of 18th Century Soldiers, Peter Way Oct 2013

Locating The Lower Orders: Recovering The Lives Of 18th Century Soldiers, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

No abstract provided.


Labour's Love Lost: Observations On The Historiography Of Class And Ethnicity In The Nineteenth Century, Peter Way Oct 2013

Labour's Love Lost: Observations On The Historiography Of Class And Ethnicity In The Nineteenth Century, Peter Way

Peter J Way Professor

During the last thirty years, American labor and ethnic historiography, generally relying on pioneers like E. P. Thompson and Herbert Gutman, interpreted the 19th-century industrial experiences of the working classes and ethnic groups by explaining how such groups fashioned their own, separate, subcultures. Such scholarship idealized workers, minimized the primacy of industrial capitalism and its power to shape society according to capitalist ideologies, and ignored worker unrest that flared sporadically into violence. This unrest was never driven sufficiently by social class solidarity and ethnic consciousness that an autonomous subculture could root in those circles.


Book Review Of Arnold H. Leibowitz, An Historical-Legal Analysis Of The Impeachments Of Presidents Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, And William Clinton: Why The Process Went Wrong, Jeffrey B. Morris Oct 2013

Book Review Of Arnold H. Leibowitz, An Historical-Legal Analysis Of The Impeachments Of Presidents Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, And William Clinton: Why The Process Went Wrong, Jeffrey B. Morris

Jeffrey B. Morris

No abstract provided.


The Nobel Effect: Nobel Peace Prize Laureates As International Norm Entrepreneurs, Roger P. Alford Oct 2013

The Nobel Effect: Nobel Peace Prize Laureates As International Norm Entrepreneurs, Roger P. Alford

Roger P. Alford

For the first time in scholarly literature, this article traces the history of modern international law from the perspective of the constructivist theory of international relations. Constructivism is one of the leadings schools of thought in international relations today. This theory posits that state preferences emerge from social construction and that state interests are evolving rather than fixed. Constructivism further argues that international norms have a life cycle composed of three stages: norm emergence, norm acceptance (or norm cascades), and norm internalization. As such, constructivism treats international law as a dynamic process in which norm entrepreneurs interact with state actors ...


Historical Society And County Record Publications From The United Kingdom: A Finding Guide, Rebecca A. Stuhr, Sarah Wipperman Oct 2013

Historical Society And County Record Publications From The United Kingdom: A Finding Guide, Rebecca A. Stuhr, Sarah Wipperman

Sarah Wipperman

The attached excel sheet is intended to be used as a finding aid for county records series and the publications of various historical societies in the United Kingdom. This document was created to support the work of Professor Margo Todd, her students, and the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of History. The information provided in this document is based on series holdings in the University of Pennsylvania libraries, primarily Van Pelt‐Dietrich, as well as those held in storage at LIBRA. It is designed to give a quick reference to these holdings, where they are located, and which geographic region ...


Cima 2014: What Do You Want For Your Conference?, Julia Stringfellow Oct 2013

Cima 2014: What Do You Want For Your Conference?, Julia Stringfellow

Julia Stringfellow

No abstract provided.