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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in History

"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving Jan 2014

"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving

Terence H Irving, Dr (Terry)

This address to a centenary issue forum for the Australian journal, "Labour History", focused on the political role of the journal in academic circles. It discussed the politics involved in the journal's foundation and the political implications of the redefinition of its field by Van der Linden, especially his use of the distinction between labour as toil and creative work. It is also a distinction made by recent 'autonomist' theorists. The article concludes by recommending that the journal should drop its present subtitle; that labour historians should pay more attention to the theoretical discussions of (working) class, multitude and ...


The Nobel Effect: Nobel Peace Prize Laureates As International Norm Entrepreneurs, Roger P. Alford Oct 2013

The Nobel Effect: Nobel Peace Prize Laureates As International Norm Entrepreneurs, Roger P. Alford

Roger P. Alford

For the first time in scholarly literature, this article traces the history of modern international law from the perspective of the constructivist theory of international relations. Constructivism is one of the leadings schools of thought in international relations today. This theory posits that state preferences emerge from social construction and that state interests are evolving rather than fixed. Constructivism further argues that international norms have a life cycle composed of three stages: norm emergence, norm acceptance (or norm cascades), and norm internalization. As such, constructivism treats international law as a dynamic process in which norm entrepreneurs interact with state actors ...


Race, Tribe And Nation On East Africa's Coast: From Dubois To Mahmood Mamdani, Jesse Benjamin Oct 2013

Race, Tribe And Nation On East Africa's Coast: From Dubois To Mahmood Mamdani, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Book Argues Lincoln Was A Capitalist Hero, Nick J. Sciullo Oct 2013

Book Argues Lincoln Was A Capitalist Hero, Nick J. Sciullo

Nick J. Sciullo

No abstract provided.


Review Of Niccolò Machiavelli: An Intellectual Biography, Brian Maxson Sep 2013

Review Of Niccolò Machiavelli: An Intellectual Biography, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

The author offers a comprehensive analysis of the thought of Machiavelli situated against the backdrop of political and biographical developments in the early 16th century.


Wilhelm Kroll's Preface To Justinian's Novels: An English Translation, Timothy G. Kearley, David J.D. Miller Jul 2013

Wilhelm Kroll's Preface To Justinian's Novels: An English Translation, Timothy G. Kearley, David J.D. Miller

Timothy G. Kearley

For the legal historian, the Age of Justinian is nothing short of pivotal. Medievalists and early modernists interested in the so-called reception of Roman law in later times and places must look back to Justinian and his law books, as classicists and historians interested in Roman republican or early imperial law must frequently look forward to them.

Justinian’s law books are, of course, the Digest, the Code, the Institutes, and the Novels (Novellae Constitutiones), which have become known collectively as the Corpus Iuris Civilis (CIC).

It soon becomes clear to those interested in the CIC that the standard modern ...


Wilhelm Kroll's Preface To Justinian's Novels: An English Translation, Timothy G. Kearley, David J.D. Miller Jul 2013

Wilhelm Kroll's Preface To Justinian's Novels: An English Translation, Timothy G. Kearley, David J.D. Miller

Timothy G. Kearley

Justice Frederick H. Blume, attorney and long-time Justice of the Wyoming Supreme Court, single-handedly translated Justinian's Code and Novels in the early twentieth century. His is the only English translation of the Code to have been made from the Latin version accepted as most authoritative. Using Blume's papers, this article describes, among other things: how Blume created the extensive Roman law library needed for his translation; his approach to translation; and his collaboration with Clyde Pharr on Pharr's "Corpus Juris Romani" series. The article also describes the author's editing and digitization of Justice Blume's translation.


The Humanists And The Emperor In 1452, Brian Maxson Mar 2013

The Humanists And The Emperor In 1452, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

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The Determination Of Man: Johann Joachim Spalding And The Protestant Enlightenment, Michael Printy Mar 2013

The Determination Of Man: Johann Joachim Spalding And The Protestant Enlightenment, Michael Printy

Michael Printy

This article uses Johan Joachim Spalding's Bestimmung des Menschen (1748) to explore the transformation of German Protestantism in the second half of the eighteenth century. The text was at once a philosophical and religious meditation about the senses, the spirit, the nature of creation, and the immortality of the soul. In unleashing a set of discussions about the purpose of "man" that went far beyond his apologetical and devotional intention, Spalding laid the groundwork for the culture of modern German Protestantism, and also introduced a rivalry between theology and philosophy that was one of its constitutive and abiding features.


Review Of A History Of Renaissance Rhetoric 1380-1620, Brian Maxson Mar 2013

Review Of A History Of Renaissance Rhetoric 1380-1620, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

Mack provides a comprehensive examination of the content and circulation of rhetorical manuals published during the European Renaissance.


Melville And The Trope Of The Starving American Artist In Rome, Erika Schneider Feb 2013

Melville And The Trope Of The Starving American Artist In Rome, Erika Schneider

Erika Schneider

No abstract provided.


To Atone And To Forgive: Japsers, Jankélévitch/Derrida And The Possibility Of Forgiveness, Ethan Kleinberg Jan 2013

To Atone And To Forgive: Japsers, Jankélévitch/Derrida And The Possibility Of Forgiveness, Ethan Kleinberg

Ethan Kleinberg

No abstract provided.


To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill Dec 2012

To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill

A. Chadwick Thornhill

Paul's "doctrine" of election has remained a controversial and enigmatic topic for centuries. Few studies, however, have approached Paul's doctrine through the context of Second Temple Judaism. This study examines Paul's view of election through the lens of Second Temple Jewish texts written prior to 70 CE. In doing so, it is argued that the best framework through which to view Paul's discussion of election is through a primarily corporate model of election. While such a model is rooted in Judaism, Paul departs from his Jewish contemporaries in arguing that the locus of election is in ...


Monastic Prisons And Torture Chambers. Crime And Punishment In Central European Monasteries, 1600-1800, Ulrich Lehner Dec 2012

Monastic Prisons And Torture Chambers. Crime And Punishment In Central European Monasteries, 1600-1800, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

Based on archival research and an analysis of early modern monastic canon law, the reader is introduced to how crimes were prosecuted in a monastic setting and how they were punished.


"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving Dec 2012

"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving

Terry Irving

This address to a centenary issue forum for the Australian journal, "Labour History", focused on the political role of the journal in academic circles. It discussed the politics involved in the journal's foundation and the political implications of the redefinition of its field by Van der Linden, especially his use of the distinction between labour as toil and creative work. It is also a distinction made by recent 'autonomist' theorists. The article concludes by recommending that the journal should drop its present subtitle; that labour historians should pay more attention to the theoretical discussions of (working) class, multitude and ...


Chartism And The Income Tax, 2013 British Tax Review 192, Stephen Utz Dec 2012

Chartism And The Income Tax, 2013 British Tax Review 192, Stephen Utz

Stephen Gerard Utz

Although the identity of Chartism was bound up with political demands, many in the movement consistently pressed for the repeal of duplicative taxes on consumption and the introduction of even-handed taxation of land, capital and labour. Earlier popular radicals had asked for limited tax relief. Chartist leaders from the outset saw a link between fiscal problems and the democratic deficit prolonged by the Reform Act, insisting that a broader franchise would quickly lead to a broad direct tax. Novel features of their tax agenda emerged as they transformed views first aired in radical attacks on the replacement of workers with ...


Historia Literaria, Humanismo Y Sociedad. Juan López De Velasco. Perfil De Un Censor Político, Reyes Coll-Tellechea Dec 2012

Historia Literaria, Humanismo Y Sociedad. Juan López De Velasco. Perfil De Un Censor Político, Reyes Coll-Tellechea

Reyes Coll-Tellechea

No abstract provided.


The Biological Inferiority Of The Undeserving Poor, Michael B. Katz Dec 2012

The Biological Inferiority Of The Undeserving Poor, Michael B. Katz

Michael B. Katz

This article excavates the definition of poor people as biologically inferior. It not only documents its persistence over time but emphasizes three themes. First, the concept rises and falls in prominence in response to institutional and programmatic failure. It offers a convenient explanation for why the optimism of reformers proved illusory or why social problems remained refractory despite efforts to eliminate them. Second, its initial formulation and reformulation rely on bridging concepts that try to parse the distance between heredity and environment through a kind of neo-Lamarkianism. These early bridges invariably crumble. Third, hereditarian ideas always have been supported by ...


To Be Middle-Aged, Gifted And Black: Mourning Without Melancholia, Daniel Mcneil Dec 2012

To Be Middle-Aged, Gifted And Black: Mourning Without Melancholia, Daniel Mcneil

Daniel McNeil

Mourning without melancholia has become a mantra for cultural critics who arrived too late to say anything at the first large-scale Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung in 1955, or the First International Conference of NegroWriters and Artists held in Paris in 1956. Mindful of melancholic attachments to the struggles of anticolonial intellectuals during the cold war, prominent representatives of a post- Bandung generation rarely read Frantz Fanon as though they were about to join him in the trenches of the liberation struggle (Scott 1999, p. 199). Developing a different form of cosmopolitan commitment, distinguished professors such as Henry Louis Gates ...


Review Of Angelo Poliziano’S Lamia: Text, Translation, And Introductory Studies, Brian Maxson Dec 2012

Review Of Angelo Poliziano’S Lamia: Text, Translation, And Introductory Studies, Brian Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

This book reviewed discusses the life of Angelo Poliziano who was a leading humanist in Lorenzo de' Medici's Flroence. Poliziano was brought into the household of Lorenzo as a secretary and tutor for the Medici children in the early 1470's.


“This Sort Of Men”: The Vernacular And The Humanist Movement In Fifteenth-Century Florence, Brian Jeffrey Maxson Dec 2012

“This Sort Of Men”: The Vernacular And The Humanist Movement In Fifteenth-Century Florence, Brian Jeffrey Maxson

Brian J. Maxson

This article focuses on a sliver of the individuals we now know as the Neo-Latinists, who viewed the vernacular as a vehicle for expression throughout the quattrocento.