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Selected Works

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 86

Full-Text Articles in History

Zenzele: African Women’S Self-Help Organizations In South Africa, 1927-1998, Catherine Higgs Nov 2004

Zenzele: African Women’S Self-Help Organizations In South Africa, 1927-1998, Catherine Higgs

Catherine Higgs

The Zenzele clubs of the Eastern Cape of South Africa, which date from the late 1920s, were founded by mission-educated African women who sought to improve the lives of rural African women by enhancing their subsistence farming and cooking skills and educating them about household cleanliness, basic child care, and health care. Unlike associations for African women in British colonial Africa, Zenzele clubs did not evolve into political organizations. In the white-run segregated and apartheid states that persisted through 1994, Zenzele women did not engage in direct political action; rather, they sought to unite African women across class and ethnic ...


Curry On Marcus, 'The Documentary History Of The Supreme Court Of The United States, 1789-1800; Volume 7: Cases, 1796-1797' (Book Review), Lynne Curry Nov 2004

Curry On Marcus, 'The Documentary History Of The Supreme Court Of The United States, 1789-1800; Volume 7: Cases, 1796-1797' (Book Review), Lynne Curry

Lynne E. Curry

This work constitutes the penultimate volume in the series, The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800, a massive and wide-ranging collection of documents chronicling the Court's first decade. The series project is funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission with assistance from numerous institutions and individuals, including the Supreme Court Historical Society. Like its predecessors, volume 7 brings together a large body of materials, including court records, notes from justices and attorneys, public commentary, and private correspondence, to illuminate and contextualize the cases considered by the Court in its 1796-1797 term.


Slavery: Annual Bibliographical Supplement (2003), Fred Drogula Nov 2004

Slavery: Annual Bibliographical Supplement (2003), Fred Drogula

Fred K. Drogula

None available


Defining The Feminine Impact On The Progression Of Japanese Language: An Inquiry Into The Development Of Heian Period Court Diaries, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Defining The Feminine Impact On The Progression Of Japanese Language: An Inquiry Into The Development Of Heian Period Court Diaries, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

From the split of the private and public lives of gender divides, men lived on the outside imbibing Chinese language styles, while women on the inside established and preserved a uniquely Japanese form of language. This paper asserts the theory that the Heian period was one of the first times in which the schism was produced through the female’s power to embody a written language which the Japanese could claim as their own independently of the effect from other cultures. In its focus this paper aspires to analyze the public/private, male/female origins by placing them within the ...


Japan’S War With China: Context And Stakes, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Japan’S War With China: Context And Stakes, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

The context in which Japan was drawn into war with China, and what they had at stake going in, are flip sides of the same coin. The contexts and stakes are: democratic government, will of the people, international status, foreign trade, the Emperor, and racial superiority. In the 1920’s and 30’s, Japan was losing the ideal of democracy, the desire to have democracy, and the will of the people. They were drawn into the war with China in order to reunite the citizenry and because of a failed democratic leadership being supplanted by right wing militarists. International status ...


Post-Modern Pathologies And Pan-African Erasures: Problems Of Identity In Coastal East Africa, Jesse Benjamin Oct 2004

Post-Modern Pathologies And Pan-African Erasures: Problems Of Identity In Coastal East Africa, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Rule By Right Vs. Rule By Force, Michele Gibney Oct 2004

Rule By Right Vs. Rule By Force, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

There are at least two ways to legitimize a power base. One is to prove you have the right to rule, the other is to rule by force. In Japan’s feudal period, three leaders came to power and each ruler utilized some of the preceding ones principles of government, while at the same time adapting his mode of dominion on the prevailing factors of the day. Only one of these rulers had the right to rule by virtue of his lineage; perhaps this is why his reign lasted so much longer than the other two, or perhaps it is ...


The Busiest, The Most Dangerous, The Dan Ryan Expressway, Dominic Pacyga, Jay Wolke Oct 2004

The Busiest, The Most Dangerous, The Dan Ryan Expressway, Dominic Pacyga, Jay Wolke

Dominic Pacyga

Cutting across Chicago’s South Side in a broad swath of concrete, steel, and overpasses, the Dan Ryan Expressway is one of America’s busiest, and perhaps most chaotic highways. Yet underneath the cacophony of its ten lanes lies an intriguing world of urban ecology and human networks. In The Dan Ryan Expressway, artist and photographer Jay Wolke unearths an ecosystem unto itself that weaves human and industrial elements into an essential feature of Chicago’s identity.

Between 1981 and 1985, Wolke shot thousands of photographs on and along the Dan Ryan during the day and night, traveling up and ...


Imperial German Politics In A New Key And Catholics As Subaltern, Kevin Ostoyich Oct 2004

Imperial German Politics In A New Key And Catholics As Subaltern, Kevin Ostoyich

Kevin Ostoyich

No abstract provided.


From Diva To Deco Body: Visual Culture And The Daily Performance Of Gender In Mexico City, 1915-1935, Ageeth Sluis Sep 2004

From Diva To Deco Body: Visual Culture And The Daily Performance Of Gender In Mexico City, 1915-1935, Ageeth Sluis

Ageeth Sluis

No abstract provided.


The Art Of American Hospitality: What Every Businessperson Should Know, Stephani Richards-Wilson Sep 2004

The Art Of American Hospitality: What Every Businessperson Should Know, Stephani Richards-Wilson

Stephani Richards-Wilson

No abstract provided.


The Scottish Reformation, Michael Graham Sep 2004

The Scottish Reformation, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

A Companion to Tudor Britain provides an authoritative overview of historical debates about this period, focusing on the whole British Isles. --An authoritative overview of scholarly debates about Tudor Britain --Focuses on the whole British Isles, exploring what was common and what was distinct to its four constituent elements --Emphasises big cultural, social, intellectual, religious and economic themes --Describes differing political and personal experiences of the time --Discusses unusual subjects, such as the sense of the past amongst British constituent identities, the relationship of cultural forms to social and political issues, and the role of scientific inquiry --Bibliographies point readers ...


'Mass Delusion' Or 'True Myth'? Pbs Considers The Question Of God, Stephen Asma Sep 2004

'Mass Delusion' Or 'True Myth'? Pbs Considers The Question Of God, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

The Question of God is a new 4-hour miniseries from PBS. It is based on a long-running course taught by Harvard University psychiatry professor Armand Nicholi that compares the biographies and theories of Sigmund Freud, skeptic, and C. S. Lewis, believer. On balance, the miniseries succeeds as an introduction to complex issues.


The Inter-Relations Of Geography And Human Advancement, Michele Gibney Aug 2004

The Inter-Relations Of Geography And Human Advancement, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

When I think about what factors into creating a culture, I seldom think of geography. But when one gets right down to it, geography plays an incredibly pivotal role in two of the most important categories of human interaction with the earth: agriculture and war. Both occupations go towards feeding a need in society and both produce innumerable advances in technology and human relations. According to texts currently under study in this class, the importance of geography (in the senses of features and border lines) is of paramount importance. But what makes them so important? How have the major geographical ...


Review Of Creating The American Mind: Intellect And Politics In The Colonial Colleges, David Robson Jul 2004

Review Of Creating The American Mind: Intellect And Politics In The Colonial Colleges, David Robson

David W. Robson

No abstract provided.


America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke Jul 2004

America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke

Christopher H Hoebeke

No abstract provided.


Boomer In A Boom Town, Linda Niemann May 2004

Boomer In A Boom Town, Linda Niemann

Linda G. Niemann

Presents an article about a woman working as a brakesman/switchman on the Southern Pacific Railroad in Houston, Texas. Events that led her to Houston; Her function as railroad woman; Challenges faced by workers on the railroad.


Obituary Thakor Shah By Amar Jesani & Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel May 2004

Obituary Thakor Shah By Amar Jesani & Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

At a time when the nation needs people who could keep alive the secular conscience of Gujarat, the passing away of Thakor Shah on April 10, 2004 in Vadodara due to massive heart attack has come as a big jolt. He died while participating in the meeting of the network of social movements in Gujarat. Of the 76 years he lived, he spent over 60 years in public life, making personal sacrifices, fearlessly withstanding all attacks – physical and political – in his incessant struggle for organising working masses for their rights and justice. His life was a political journey in search ...


Images Of Masculinity: Print Media Representations Of Canadian Male Athletes, Don Morrow Apr 2004

Images Of Masculinity: Print Media Representations Of Canadian Male Athletes, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Constructing The “Social Evil”: An Analysis Of Anti-Prostitution Crusades In Progressive-Era Chicago, 1907-1915, Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D. Apr 2004

Constructing The “Social Evil”: An Analysis Of Anti-Prostitution Crusades In Progressive-Era Chicago, 1907-1915, Amanda J. Swygart-Hobaugh M.L.S., Ph.D.

Mandy (Amanda) Swygart-Hobaugh

This study analyzes anti-prostitution crusades in Chicago during the Progressive Era, using a social constructionist theoretical perspective to explore how crusaders constructed prostitution as a social problem. My multi-faceted theoretical framework drew on both social constructionist theories as well as social movement theories examining collective action frames as master frames. For organizational purposes, the separate analytical chapters examine different groups of crusaders: the crusaders against “white slavery,” those battling “vice,” and a group of Hull House women crusading against the “social evil.” My analyses revealed the following: (1) broader discourses present during the Progressive Era shaped the contours of the ...


The Transatlantic Soul: German Catholic Emigration During The Nineteenth Century, Kevin Ostoyich Apr 2004

The Transatlantic Soul: German Catholic Emigration During The Nineteenth Century, Kevin Ostoyich

Kevin Ostoyich

No abstract provided.


A Riotous Reflection: The Heroic, Richard, And Canadian Sport History, Don Morrow Mar 2004

A Riotous Reflection: The Heroic, Richard, And Canadian Sport History, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


‘God Needed One More Angel Child’: A Study Of Children's Grave Stones In God's Acre, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1770-2000, Joanne Klein Mar 2004

‘God Needed One More Angel Child’: A Study Of Children's Grave Stones In God's Acre, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1770-2000, Joanne Klein

Joanne Klein

The Moravian Church established Salem, North Carolina, in the mid-1700s as a community for Moravians from their settlement in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, as well as from Europe. Historically, the Moravian Church divided its parishioners into married sisters, single sisters, married brothers and single brothers. They were buried with their choir so that they would enter the kingdom of Heaven as one church family at the time of the resurrection. Unlike many colonial cemeteries, God’s Acre has been continuously used for 230 year by this same community and includes over six thousand grave stones, around 20% of which are for children ...


Mary Shelley, Romantic-Era Women, And Frankenstein's Genesis, Jan Wellington Feb 2004

Mary Shelley, Romantic-Era Women, And Frankenstein's Genesis, Jan Wellington

Jan Wellington

No abstract provided.


Labels Of African American Ballers: A Historical Contemporary Investigation Of African American Male Youth's Depletions From America's Favorite Pastime 1885-2000, Keith Harrison Feb 2004

Labels Of African American Ballers: A Historical Contemporary Investigation Of African American Male Youth's Depletions From America's Favorite Pastime 1885-2000, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

No abstract provided.


Len Fox, 1905-2004, Rowan Cahill Feb 2004

Len Fox, 1905-2004, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Obituary on the life of Australian author, journalist, historian, and Left activist Len Fox.


“Still Life: Sephardi, Ashkenazi And West African Art And Form In Suriname’S Jewish Cemeteries”, Aviva Ben-Ur Feb 2004

“Still Life: Sephardi, Ashkenazi And West African Art And Form In Suriname’S Jewish Cemeteries”, Aviva Ben-Ur

Aviva Ben-Ur

No abstract provided.


The American Democratic Tradition & The Quest For Access & Equity In Higher Education: The Browns And Blues Of Social Change, Amilcar Shabazz Feb 2004

The American Democratic Tradition & The Quest For Access & Equity In Higher Education: The Browns And Blues Of Social Change, Amilcar Shabazz

Amilcar Shabazz

In this lecture I revisit the meaning of the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision and the legal and social struggles that led to the ruling and its consequences especially in the area of higher educational opportunity. I develop the idea of the American Democratic Tradition not as a fossilized ideal but as a contested terrain. The Brown decision and the blues of social change as a protracted, continuous process of struggle is the moment I am trying to render here in this lecture. The Cornell Law Review invited me to participate in its 2004 Symposium, particularly Panel One ...


Not All Nurses Are Good, Not All Doctors Are Bad..., Julie Fairman Dec 2003

Not All Nurses Are Good, Not All Doctors Are Bad..., Julie Fairman

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.


Cultured Travelers And Consumer Tourists In Edo-Period Sagami, Laura Nenzi Dec 2003

Cultured Travelers And Consumer Tourists In Edo-Period Sagami, Laura Nenzi

Laura Nenzi

In the course of the Edo period (1600-1868) several cultured travelers visited Sagami Province to admire the landscapes they had known through the written word and to highlight the connections between the scenery and its historical and literary heritage. By the 19th century a different breed of visitors began making its way to Sagami: the consumer tourists. Rather than striving to recover the literary or historical precedents of a site, the consumer tourists appropriated them by means of quick monetary transactions; instead of savoring the decay of time, they preferred the glow of commercial facilities. The sites of Sagami adapted ...