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The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham Aug 2008

The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This is the first modern book-length study of the case of Thomas Aikenhead, the sometime University of Edinburgh student who in 1697 earned the unfortunate distinction of being the last person executed for blasphemy in Britain. Taking a micro-historical approach, Michael Graham uses the Aikenhead case to open a window into the world of Edinburgh, Scotland and Britain in its transition from the confessional era of the Reformation and the covenants, which placed high emphasis on the defence of orthodox belief, to the polite, literary world of the Enlightenment, of which Edinburgh would become a major centre. Graham traces the ...


Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham Sep 2002

Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This volume is an excellent introduction to Calvinist morals’ control in sixteenth-century Geneva, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Scotland. The Calvinists were typically seen as stricter than Lutherans, Catholics, or Anglicans—and in some ways as strict as groups associated with the Radical Reformation. The six case studies presented here are based largely on archival research. They explore the Calvinist endeavor to set high standards of behavior and to enforce them through the consistory.


Conflict And Sacred Space In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Sep 2001

Conflict And Sacred Space In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


The Uses Of Reform: 'Godly Discipline' And Popular Behavior In Scotland And Beyond, 1560-1610, Michael Graham May 1996

The Uses Of Reform: 'Godly Discipline' And Popular Behavior In Scotland And Beyond, 1560-1610, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

The "Uses of Reform" is a study of the Reformation as a movement for behavioral reform, concentrating on Scotland during the first fifty years (1560-1610) of its Reformation as a primary example. The opening chapters trace the development of "Godly Discipline" as part of the European-wide reform movement. Graham follows this general narrative with a study of the creation and implementation of a disciplinary system in Scotland. Finally, he compares disciplinary practices in the Scottish Church with those of the Huguenot communities of France. Looking closely at the proceedings of church courts which enforced regulations concerning behavior, Graham paints a ...


The Civil Sword And The Scottish Kirk, 1560–1600, Michael Graham Mar 1994

The Civil Sword And The Scottish Kirk, 1560–1600, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This volume presents the evolution of Calvin’s ideas in the latter part of the sixteenth and early part of the seventeenth centuries along national lines. Calvin’s influence is traced in Switzerland, France, Scotland, the Rhinelands, Holland, and England. As John Leith points out in his “Foreword,” this book enables many American Protestants to understand their history, how they came to believe what they do, how scholastic theology of the nineteenth century is firmly rooted in later Calvinism.


Equality Before The Kirk? Church Discipline And The Elite In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Nov 1993

Equality Before The Kirk? Church Discipline And The Elite In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.